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Accounting Policies of Parle Software Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

ii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in-progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the company's business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Management's intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year- on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii) Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable /virtual certainty that the asset will be realised in future. Provision for Income Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Foreign Currency Transactions

Revenues are accounted at daily rates. Exchange fluctuations arising on realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

l. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

m. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

n. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

ii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in-progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the company''s business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Management''s intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year- on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii) Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable /virtual certainty that the asset will be realised in future. Provision for Income Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Foreign Currency Transactions

Revenues are accounted at daily rates. Exchange fluctuations arising on realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

l. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

m. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

n. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

ii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in-progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and amortization Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date. Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments: Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the company''s business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Management''s intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs: Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year-on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii)Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable /virtual certainty that the asset will be realised in future. Provision for Income Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Foreign Currency Transactions

Revenues are accounted at daily rates. Exchange fluctuations arising on realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

l. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

m. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

n. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated. 20 Income Taxes:

No provisions for current tax is made because brough forward losses has been set off against current year profit, in terms of the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

ii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in-progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight- line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the company's business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Management's intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year-on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii)Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable / virtual certainty that the asset will be realised in future. Provision for Income Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Foreign Currency Transactions

Revenues are accounted at daily rates. Exchange fluctuations arising on realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

l. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

m. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

n. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue is primarily derived from software development and related services, licensing of software products and business process management. Arrangements with clients are either on a fixed-price, fixed-timeframe or on a time-and-material basis. Revenue on time-and- material contracts is recognized as the related services are performed. Revenue from fixed- price, fixed-timeframe contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability of consideration, is recognized based upon the percentage-of-completion.

Parle Software Ltd. When there is uncertainty as to measurement or ultimate collectability, revenue recognition is postponed until such uncertainty is resolved. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license. Revenue from client training, support and other services arising out of the sale of software products is recognized as the related services are performed.

ii. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

iii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in-progress: Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the company's business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Management's intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses

arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year-on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii)Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable /virtual certainty that the asset will be realized in future. Provision for Income Tax includes provision for current Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/ Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Foreign Currency Transactions

Revenues are accounted at daily rates. Exchange fluctuations arising on realization are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account.

l. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

m. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

n. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.


Jul 31, 2010

A. Basis of Preparation of financial statement:

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian GAAP under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and guidelines issued by SEBI. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the GAAP requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expenses during the reporting period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of the assets net selling price and value in use, which means the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset other than goodwill is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset other than goodwill is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset in previous years.

c. Revenue Recognition:

The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognises significant terms of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

i. Revenue is primarily derived from software development and related services, licensing of software products and business process management. Arrangements with clients are either on a fixed-price, fixed-timeframe or on a time-and-material basis. Revenue on time-and-material contracts is recognized as the related services are performed. Revenue from fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts, where there is no uncertainty as to measurement or collectability of consideration, is recognized based upon the percentage-of-completion. When there is uncertainty as to measurement or ultimate collectability, revenue recognition is postponed until such uncertainty is resolved. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current estimates. Revenue from the sale of user licenses for software applications is recognized on transfer of the title in the user license. Revenue from client training, support and other services arising out of the sale of software products is recognized as the related services are performed.

ii. Revenue from sale of finished properties / buildings / Land are recognized on transfer of property and once significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Similarly, revenue from sale of Transferable Development Rights (TDR) is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer. Revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of significant uncertainty.

iii. Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title by the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the investment. Lease rentals are recognized ratably on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method, based on rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d. Fixed assets, including goodwill, intangible assets and capital work-in- progress:

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Capital work-in- progress comprises outstanding advances paid to acquire fixed assets and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date. Intangible assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment. Goodwill comprises the excess of purchase consideration over the fair value of the net assets of the acquired enterprise. Goodwill arising on acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

e. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method based on useful lives of assets as estimated by the Management. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold during the period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. Leasehold improvements are written off over the lower of the remaining primary Period of lease or the life of the asset. Depreciation methods, useful lives and residual values are reviewed at each reporting date.

Cost of Application Software for internal use are generally charged to revenue as incurred due to its estimated useful lives being relatively short, usually less than one year.

f. Investments:

Trade investments are the investments made to enhance the companys business interests. Investments are either classified as current or long term based on the Managements intention at the time of purchase. Current investments are carried at

lower of cost and fair value of each investment individually. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

g. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Income Taxes:

i) Income taxes are accrued at the same period in which the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters is probable. MAT paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet if there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal tax after the tax holiday period and the resultant asset can be measured reliably. The company offsets, on a year-on-year basis, the current tax assets and liabilities, where it has a legally enforceable right and where it intends to settle such assets and liabilities on a net basis.

ii)Deferred tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and taxable profit is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable /virtual certainty that the asset will be realised in future. Provision for Income Tax includes provision for current Tax & Deferred Tax liabilities/ Assets.

i. Provision and Contingent Liabilities:

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow of economic benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

j. Research and development:

Research costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred unless technical and commercial feasibility of the project is demonstrated, future economic benefits are probable, the Company has an intention and ability to complete and use or sell the software and that these costs can be measured reliably.

k. Earning Per Share:

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit after tax by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares that could have been issued upon conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value, which is the average market value of the outstanding shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the period,

unless issued at a later date. The number of shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted retrospectively for all periods presented for any share splits and bonus shares issues, including for changes effected prior to the approval of the financial statements by the Board of Directors.

l. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash and cash on deposit with banks and corporations. The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents.

m. Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

 
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