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Accounting Policies of Polaris Consulting & Services Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b) Tangible fixed assets and capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Capital work in progress comprises cost of tangible fixed assets not ready for intended use as at the balance sheet date.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. All other expenses on existing fixed assets, including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts, are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period during which such expenses are incurred.

Gains or losses arising from derecognition of fixed assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight line method based on rates specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, prescribed requirements concerning depreciation of fixed assets. From the current year, Schedule XIV has been replaced by Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The applicability of Schedule II has resulted in the following changes related to depreciation of fixed assets. Unless stated otherwise, the impact mentioned for the current year is likely to hold good for future years also.

Useful lives/ depreciation rates

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, depreciation rates prescribed under Schedule XIV were treated as minimum rates and the company was not allowed to charge depreciation at lower rates even if such lower rates were justified by the estimated useful life of the asset. Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 prescribes useful lives for fixed assets which, in many cases, are different from lives prescribed under the erstwhile Schedule XIV. However, Schedule II allows companies to use higher / lower useful lives and residual values if such useful lives and residual values can be technically supported and justification for difference is disclosed in the financial statements.

Considering the applicability of Schedule II, the management has re-estimated useful lives and residual values of all its fixed assets. The management believes that depreciation rates currently used fairly reflect its estimate of the useful lives and residual values of fixed assets, though these rates in certain cases are different from lives prescribed under Schedule II. Had the company continued to use the earlier accounting policy, the impact on depreciation of fixed assets would have been higher by Rs. 53.93 lakhs

Depreciation on assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/-

Till the year ended March 31, 2014, to comply with the requirements of Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, the company was charging 100% depreciation on assets costing less than Rs. 5,000/- in the year of purchase. However, Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013, applicable from the current year, does not recognize such practice. Hence, to comply with the requirement of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, the company has changed its accounting policy for depreciations of assets costing less than Rs.5,000/-. As per the revised policy, the company is depreciating such assets over their useful life as assessed by the management. The management has decided to apply the revised accounting policy prospectively from accounting periods commencing on or after April 1, 2014.

d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired are stated at cost, less accumulated amortization and impairment losses if any.

Research and development costs

Software product and intellectual property development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility is established. Software development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technological feasibility are capitalized and amortised over estimated useful life of the products. This capitalisation is done only if the Company has the intention and ability to complete the product, the product is likely to generate future economic benefits, adequate resources to complete the product are available to the Company and the Company is able to accurately measure such expense.

Such software development costs comprise expenditure that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to the development of the product and intellectual property rights.

Amortisation

The amortisation of software development and intellectual property costs is allocated on a straight-line basis over the best estimate of its useful life after the product is ready for use. The factors considered for identifying the basis include obsolescence, product life cycle and actions of competitors. The amortization period and the method are reviewed at each year end. The expected useful life is reassessed at each year end and the amortization period is changed accordingly. The estimated useful life of company''s intangible assets are stated below:

e) Leases

Lease under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired are capitalized at fairvalue of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense on a straight line basis in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term.

f) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the pre-tax discount rate reflecting current market assessment of time value of money and risks specific to asset.

After impairment, depreciation/amortisation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments are classified as long-term investments and current investments. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at the lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.

h) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Software development and support services

Revenue from software development and support services comprises income from time-and-material and fixed price contracts. Revenue with respect to time-and-material contracts is recognized as related services are performed. Revenue from fixed-price contracts is recognized in accordance with the proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses on incomplete contract is recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Product licenses and related revenues

Revenues from product licenses and related services comprise income under multiple element arrangements recognized as follows:

* License fees and fees for customization/implementation services are recognized using proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on current contract estimates.

* Product maintenance revenues are recognized over the period of the maintenance contract.

Revenue from sale of licenses which are not in the nature of multiple element arrangements are recognized upon delivery of these licenses which constitute transfer of all risks and rewards and has no further obligations under those arrangements.

Revenues in excess of billing represent earnings on ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts over amounts invoiced to customers. Billings in excess of revenues represent amounts billed in case of ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts wherein amounts have been billed in accordance with the billing cycle and efforts would be incurred subsequent to the balance sheet date.

Business Process Outsourcing

Revenue from call centre services comprises income from time and material contracts. Revenue is recognized in accordance with the terms of the contract with the customer, as related services are performed.

Other Income

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

i) Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement/reporting of monetary items, at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expense in the year in which they arise.

Translation of integral and non-integral foreign operations

The company classifies all its foreign operations as either "integral foreign operations" or "non-integral foreign operations."

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated as if the transactions of the foreign operation have been those of the company itself.

The assets and liabilities of a non-integral foreign operation are translated into the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Their statement of profit and loss are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the dates of transactions or weighted average weekly rates, where such rates approximate the exchange rate at the date of transaction. The exchange differences arising on translation are accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. On disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that foreign operation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification.

j) Forward contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk

The Company uses foreign exchange contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign currency rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts is aimed to reduce the risk/cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculative purposes.

The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company''s policies approved by the Board of Directors, which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company''s risk management strategy.

The Company designates these hedging instruments as Cash flow hedges applying the recognition and measurement principles set out in Accounting standard 30 - "Financial Instruments -Recognition and measurement".

Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value, and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised directly in shareholders'' funds (hedge fluctuation reserve) and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss. Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in the statement of profit and loss as they arise.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time for forecasted transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in shareholders'' funds (hedge fluctuation reserve) is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders'' funds is transferred to the profit and loss.

k) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident Fund

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Regional Provident Fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. The Company has no further obligations under the plan beyond its monthly contributions. The contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due and there are no other obligations other than the contribution payable.

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, a defined benefit retirement plan (the Plan) covering all employees. The plan, subject to the provisions of the above Act, provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. A trust by name "Polaris Software Lab group gratuity trust" has been constituted to administer the gratuity fund. Gratuity liability is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

Superannuation

The Company contributes a specified percentage of the eligible employees'' basic salary towards superannuation (the Plan) to a fund. A trust has been created and approved by the Income-tax authorities for this purpose. This Plan provides for various options for payment of pension at retirement or termination of employment as per the trust rules. The Company has no further obligations under the Plan beyond its monthly contributions which are periodically contributed to a trust.

Leave Benefits

Provision for long-term compensated absences is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial period. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. Short-term encashment of accumulated leave balances are accounted for in the year in which the leave balances are credited to employees on actual basis. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

l) Income and Deferred Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. The current tax provision and advance income tax as at balance sheet date have been arrived at after setting off advance tax and current tax provision where the Company has legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities across various countries of operation are not set off against each other as the Company does not have legal right to do so.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised and are reassessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised.

MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

The Company enjoys tax holiday under Sec 10AA of the Income tax Act on some of its units set up in the Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

m) Stock Based Compensation

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

n) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Provisions and contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

p) Segment reporting

The company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products and serves different markets. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the company operate.

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

q) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risks of change in value.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b) Tangible fixed assets and capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Capital work in progress comprises cost of tangible fixed assets not ready for intended use as at the Balance Sheet date.

c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method based on rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or rates arrived at based on estimated useful lives of assets estimated by the management, whichever is higher. Individual assets costing less than Rs 5,000/- are depreciated at the rate of 100 %.

d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired are stated at cost, less accumulated amortization and impairment losses if any.

Research and development costs

Software product and intellectual property development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility is established. Software development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technological feasibility are capitalized and amortised over estimated useful life of the products. This capitalisation is done only if the Company has the intention and ability to complete the product, the product is likely to generate future economic benefits, adequate resources to complete the product are available to the Company and the Company is able to accurately measure such expense.

Such software development costs comprise expenditure that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to the development of the product and intellectual property rights.

Amortisation

The amortisation of software development and intellectual property costs is allocated on a straight-line basis over the best estimate of its useful life after the product is ready for use. The factors considered for identifying the basis include obsolescence, product life cycle and actions of competitors. The amortization period and the method are reviewed at each year end. If the expected useful life of the product is shorter from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. The estimated useful life of company''s intangible assets are stated below:

e) Operating leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and the benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

f) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the pre-tax discount rate reflecting current market assessment of time value of money and risks specific to asset.

After impairment, depreciation/amortisation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments are classified as long-term investments and current investments. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at the lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

h) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Software development and support services

Revenue from software development and support services comprises income from time-and- material and fixed price contracts. Revenue with respect to time-and-material contracts is recognized as related services are performed. Revenue from fixed-price contracts is recognized in accordance with the proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses on incomplete contract is recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Product licenses and related revenues

Revenues from product licenses and related services comprise income under multiple element arrangements recognized as follows:

- License fees and fees for customization/implementation services are recognized using proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on current contract estimates.

- Product maintenance revenues are recognized over the period of the maintenance contract.

Revenue from sale of licenses which are not in the nature of multiple element arrangements are recognized upon delivery of these licenses which constitute transfer of all risks and rewards and has no further obligations under those arrangements.

Revenue in excess of billing represents earnings on ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts over amounts invoiced to customers. Billings in excess of revenue represent amounts billed in case of ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts wherein amounts have been billed in accordance with the billing cycle and efforts would be incurred subsequent to the Balance Sheet date.

Business Process Outsourcing

Revenue from call centre services comprises income from time and material contracts. Revenue is recognized in accordance with the terms of the contract with the customer, as related services are performed.

Other Income

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established.

i) Foreign currency transactions and translations

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement/reporting of monetary items, at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

Translation of integral and non-integral foreign operations

The company classifies all its foreign operations as either "integral foreign operations" or "non- integral foreign operations."

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated as if the transactions of the foreign operation have been those of the company itself.

The assets and liabilities of a non-integral foreign operation are translated into the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Their statement of profit and loss are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the dates of transactions or weighted average weekly rates, where such rates approximate the exchange rate at the date of transaction. The exchange differences arising on translation are accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. On disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that foreign operation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification.

j) Forward contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk

The Company uses foreign exchange contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign currency rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk/cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculative purposes.

The use of hedging instruments is governed by the Company''s policies approved by the Board of Directors, which provide written principles on the use of such financial derivatives consistent with the Company''s risk management strategy.

Upto the previous year, pursuant to the announcement of the ICAI dated March 29, 2008, in respect of forward exchange contracts entered in to hedge a highly probable forecast transaction, the Company recorded net mark-to-market losses, after considering the offsetting effect of the underlying hedged item, if any. Net mark-to-market gains were not recorded for such transactions. Effective April 1, 2012, the Company has adopted AS 30, ''Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement'', to the extent that the adoption did not conflict with existing accounting standards and other authoritative pronouncements of the Company Law and other regulatory requirements. In accordance with the transitional provision, the Company has debited its general reserve for Rs. 7,276.26 Lakhs representing the impact as of April 1, 2012 on account of such adoption.

Hedging instruments are initially measured at fair value, and are remeasured at subsequent reporting dates. Changes in the fair value of these derivatives that are designated and effective as hedges of future cash flows are recognised directly in shareholders'' funds (hedge fluctuation reserve) and the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the statement of profit and loss. Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recognised in the statement of profit and loss as they arise.

Hedge accounting is discontinued when the hedging instrument expires or is sold, terminated, or exercised, or no longer qualifies for hedge accounting. At that time for forecasted transactions, any cumulative gain or loss on the hedging instrument recognised in shareholders'' funds (hedge fluctuation reserve) is retained there until the forecasted transaction occurs. If a hedged transaction is no longer expected to occur, the net cumulative gain or loss recognised in shareholders'' funds is transferred to the statement of profit and loss for the period.

k) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident Fund

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Regional Provident Fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The company recognizes contribution payable to the provident fund scheme as an expenditure, when an employee renders the related service. The Company has no further obligations under the plan beyond its monthly contributions. The contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due and there are no other obligations other than the contribution payable.

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, a defined benefit retirement plan (the Plan) covering all employees. The plan, subject to the provisions of the above Act, provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. A trust by name "Polaris Software Lab group gratuity trust" has been constituted to administer the gratuity fund. Gratuity liability is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

Superannuation

The Company contributes a specified percentage of the eligible employees'' basic salary towards superannuation (the Plan) to a fund. A trust has been created and approved by the Income-tax authorities for this purpose. This Plan provides for various options for payment of pension at retirement or termination of employment as per the trust rules. The Company has no further obligations under the Plan beyond its annual contribution.

Leave Benefits

Provision for long-term compensated absences is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial period. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. Short-term encashment of accumulated leave balances are accounted for in the year in which the leave balances are credited to employees on actual basis. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the Balance Sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

l) Income and Deferred Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. The current tax provision and advance income tax as at Balance Sheet date have been arrived at after setting off advance tax and current tax provision where the Company has legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities across various countries of operation are not set off against each other as the Company does not have legal right to do so.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised and are reassessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each Balance Sheet date. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised.

MAT credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each Balance Sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

The Company enjoys tax holiday under Sec 10AA of the Income tax Act on some of its units set up in the Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

m) Stock based Compensation

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

n) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risks of change in value.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

b) Tangible fixed assets and capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Capital work in progress comprises cost of tangible fixed assets not ready for intended use as at the balance sheet date.

c) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method based on rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or rates arrived at based on estimated useful lives of assets estimated by the management, whichever is higher. Individual assets costing less than Rs 5,000/- are depreciated at the rate of 100 %.

d) Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired are stated at cost, less accumulated amortization and impairment losses if any.

Research and development costs

Software product and intellectual property development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility is established. Software development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technological feasibility are capitalized and amortised over estimated useful life of the products. This capitalisation is done only if the Company has the intention and ability to complete the product, the product is likely to generate future economic benefits, adequate resources to complete the product are available to the Company and the Company is able to accurately measure such expense.

Such software development costs comprise expenditure that can be directly attributed, or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to the development of the product and intellectual property rights.

Amortisation

The amortisation of software development and intellectual property costs is allocated on a straight-line basis over the best estimate of its useful life after the product is ready for use. The factors considered for identifying the basis include obsolescence, product life cycle and actions of competitors. The amortization period and the method are reviewed at each year end. If the expected useful life of the product is shorter from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. The estimated useful life of company's intangible assets are stated below:

e) Operating leases

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and the benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

f) Impairment of tangible and intangible fixed assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the pre-tax discount rate reflecting current market assessment of time value of money and risks specific to asset.

After impairment, depreciation/amortisation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments are classified as long-term investments and current investments. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long- term investments.

On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Current investments are carried in the financial statements at the lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

h) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Software development and support services

Revenue from software development and support services comprises income from time-and-material and fixed price contracts. Revenue with respect to time-and- material contracts is recognized as related services are performed. Revenue from fixed-price contracts is recognized in accordance with the proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses on incomplete contract is recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Revenue in excess of billing represents earnings on ongoing fixed price & time and material contracts over amounts invoiced to customers. Billings in excess of revenue represent amounts billed in case of ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts wherein amounts have been billed in accordance with the billing cycle and efforts would be incurred subsequent to the balance sheet date.

Product licenses and related revenues

Revenues from product licenses and related services comprise income under multiple element arrangements recognized as follows:

- License fees and fees for customization/implementation services are recognized using proportionate completion method. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on current contract estimates.

- Product maintenance revenues are recognized over the period of the maintenance contract.

- Revenue from sale of licenses which are not in the nature of multiple element arrangements are recognized upon delivery of these licenses which constitute transfer of all risks and rewards and has no further obligations under those arrangements.

Business Process Outsourcing

Revenue from call centre services comprises income from time and material contracts. Revenue is recognized in accordance with the terms of the contract with customer, as related services are performed.

Other Income

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.

Dividend income is recognized when the Company's right to receive dividend is established.

i) Foreign currency transactions and translations Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement/reporting of monetary items not covered above, at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

Translation of integral and non-integral foreign operations

The company classifies all its foreign operations as either "integral foreign operations" or "non-integral foreign operations."

The financial statements of an integral foreign operation are translated as if the transactions of the foreign operation have been those of the company itself.

The assets and liabilities of a non-integral foreign operation are translated into the reporting currency at the exchange rate prevailing at the reporting date. Their statement of profit and loss are translated at exchange rates prevailing at the dates of transactions or weighted average weekly rates, where such rates approximate the exchange rate at the date of transaction. The exchange differences arising on translation are accumulated in the foreign currency translation reserve. On disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the accumulated foreign currency translation reserve relating to that foreign operation is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification.

j) Forward contracts entered into to hedge foreign currency risk

The Company used foreign exchange contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign currency rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk/cost to the Company and the Company does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculative purposes.

Pursuant to the Announcement of the ICAI dated March 29, 2008, in respect of forward exchange contracts entered in to hedge a highly probable forecast transaction, the Company records net mark-to-market losses, after considering the offsetting effect of the underlying hedged item, if any. Net mark-to-market gains are not recorded for such transactions.

k) Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident Fund

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Regional Provident Fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee's salary. The Company has no further obligations under the plan beyond its monthly contributions. The contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due and there are no other obligations other than the contribution payable.

Gratuity

The Company provides for gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, a defined benefit retirement plan (the Plan) covering all employees. The plan, subject to the provisions of the above Act, provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity liability is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial period. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Statement of profit and loss account and are not deferred.

Superannuation

The Company contributes a specified percentage of the eligible employees' basic salary towards superannuation (the Plan) to a fund. A trust has been created and approved by the Income-tax authorities for this purpose. This Plan provides for various options for payment of pension at retirement or termination of employment as per the trust rules. The Company has no further obligations under the Plan beyond its annual contribution.

Leave Benefits

As per the current employment policy of the Company, employees can carry forward accumulated leave balances to be utilized in the subsequent years. In case of overseas branches, the employees are eligible to encash the accumulated leave balances.

Provision for long-term compensated absences is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial period. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. Short-term encashment of accumulated leave balances are accounted for in the year in which the leave balances are credited to employees on actual basis.

The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

Employees taken over from BPO division of Optimus, consequent to the scheme of demerger discussed in Note 12.III.(a) below Consequent to the demerger, as per the approved Scheme of Arrangement, from October 1, 2011 all employees of the demerged undertaking, have become employees of the Company without any break or interruption in their service and with continuity of the service on same terms and conditions on which they were engaged with the demerged undertaking immediately before the demerger. In accordance with the Scheme of Arrangement, the Company has taken over the liability of the demerged undertaking towards Provident fund, gratuity fund and special funds created for the benefit of the employees at their respective book values.

l) Income and Deferred Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. The current tax provision and advance income tax as at balance sheet date have been arrived at after setting off advance tax and current tax provision where the Company has legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities across various countries of operation are not set off against each other as the Company does not have legal right to do so.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised and are reassessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are re- assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Statement profit and loss account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

The Company enjoys tax holiday under Sec 10AA of the Income tax Act on some of its units set up in the Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

m) Stock based Compensation

Measurement and disclosure of the employee share-based payment plans is done in accordance with SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999 and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share- based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method. Compensation expense is amortized over the vesting period of the option on a straight line basis.

n) Earnings per share

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

o) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

p) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash at bank and in hand and highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risks of change in value.


Mar 31, 2011

1. All amounts in the financial statements are presented in Rupees Lacs, unless otherwise stated. The note numbers appearing in the brackets "[ ]" are as they appear in the complete set of Financial Statements. These abridged financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of Rule 7A of the Companies (Central Governments) General Rules and Forms, 1956 and clause 32 of the Listing Agreement. These abridged financial statements have been prepared on the basis of the complete set of financial statements for the year ended March 31, 2011.

2. [B5] Capital commitments and contingent liabilities

i) The estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided for (net of advances) as at March 31, 2011 is Rs.3,171.10 (March 31, 2010: Rs.1,689.85).

ii) As at March 31, 2011, the Company has outstanding guarantees and counter guarantees of Rs.1,222.29 (March 31, 2010: Rs.1,447.86) issued to various banks, in respect of guarantees given by the banks in favour of various government authorities and others.

iii) Claims against the Company, not acknowledged as debts include:

a) Demand from Indian income tax authorities as at March 31, 2011 is Rs.754.63 (March 31, 2010: Rs.692.08). The tax demand is mainly on account of disallowance of a portion of the deduction claimed by the company under Section 10A of the Income Tax Act. The Company is in the process of filing an appeal with the higher appellate authorities.

b) Sales Tax demand from Commercial Tax Officer Chennai is Rs.520.00 as at March 31, 2011 (March 31, 2010: Rs.520.00).

c) Sales Tax demand from Commercial Tax Officer, Hyderabad is Rs.98.00 as at March 31, 2011 (March 31, 2010: Rs.42.40).

d) Service tax demand from Commissioner of Central Excise, Chennai as at March 31, 2011 is Rs.32.25 (March 31, 2010: Rs.32.25).

The Company is contesting the demands raised by the respective tax authorities, and the management, including its tax advisers, believes that its position will likely be upheld in the appellate process and ultimate outcome of these proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial position and results of operations.

iv) The Company is also involved in other law suit and claims including suits filed by former employees, which arise in the ordinary course of business. However there are no such matters pending that the Company expects to be material in relation to its business.

4. [B7] Quantitative details

The Company is engaged in the development of computer software. The production and sale of such software cannot be expressed in any generic unit. Hence, it is not possible to give the quantitative details of sales and the information as required under paragraphs 3, 4C and 4D of part II of Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

5. [B8] Managerial remuneration

The Directors are covered under the Companys gratuity policy along with the other employees of the Company. Proportionate amount of gratuity is not included in the disclosure above. However actual payments, if any, made on their resignation / retirement is considered.

Salaries and perquisites to other directors include commission of Rs.38.00 (March 31, 2010 Rs. 30.00) payable to non-executive directors.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of preparation

(a) The consolidated financial statements of the Polaris Group are prepared under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, and in all material respects comply with the notified accounting standard by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 ( as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, (the Act). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

The consolidated financial statements include the financial statements of Polaris Software Lab Limited and all its subsidiaries, which are more than 50%, owned or controlled. The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the principles and procedures required for the preparation and presentation of consolidated financial statements as laid down under the accounting standard on Consolidated Financial Statements as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended).

The financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are consolidated on a line by line basis by adding together like items of assets, liabilities, income and expenses. In respect of investments made in Associate Companies, the equity method prescribed under Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements as specified in the Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 (as amended), has been adopted in the preparation of these financial statements. The consolidated financial statements are prepared by applying uniform accounting policies in use at the Group. All material inter-company transactions and balances are eliminated on consolidation.

(b) In case of foreign subsidiaries, revenue items are consolidated at the average rate prevailing during the year. All the assets and liabilities are converted at the rates prevailing at the end of the year. Exchange gains / (losses) arising on conversion are recognized under Foreign Currency Translation Reserve. The excess of cost to the Company of its investment in subsidiary companies over its share of the equity of the subsidiary companies at the date on which the investments in the subsidiary companies are made, is recognized as goodwill being an asset in the consolidated financial statement.

(c) Goodwill arising on acquisition of an associate by the Group has been included in the carrying amount of investments in the associates and has been disclosed separately.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting year end. Although these estimates are based upon management’s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal.

The impairment loss to be expensed is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset’s net sales price or present value as determined above. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

3. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Software development and support services

Revenue from software development and support services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue with respect to time and material contracts is recognized as related services are performed. Revenue from fixed-price contracts is recognised in accordance with the proportionate completion method. The stage of completion of project is determined by the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed upto the balance sheet date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Provision for estimated losses on incomplete contract is recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates.

Revenue in excess of billings represent earnings on ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts over amounts invoiced to customers.

Billings in excess of revenue represent amounts received in advance in case of ongoing fixed price and time and material contracts wherein amounts have been billed in accordance with the billing cycle and efforts would be incurred subsequent to the year end.

Product licenses and related revenues

Revenues from product licenses and related services comprise income under multiple element arrangements recognized as follows:

• License fees and fees for customization/implementation services are recognized using proportionate completion method. The stage of completion of project is determined by the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the balance sheet date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on incomplete contracts are recorded in the year in which such losses become probable based on current contract estimates.

• Product maintenance revenues are recognized over the period of the maintenance contract.

Business Process Outsourcing

Revenue from call center services comprises income from time and material contracts. Revenue is recognized in accordance with the terms of the contract with the customer, as related services are performed.

Other Income

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method.

Dividend income is recognized when the Group’s right to receive dividend is established.

4. Fixed assets and capital work in progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation until the date of the balance sheet and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Capital work-in-progress includes advances paid to acquire fixed assets and cost of assets not ready for intended use before the balance sheet date.

5. Leases

Assets acquired on finance leases are capitalized and a corresponding liability disclosed as lease obligations under “Secured Loans”. Such assets are capitalised at fair values or present value of minimum lease payments, whichever is lower, at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Rentals paid by the Group are apportioned between the finance charge and as a reduction of the outstanding liability. Finance charge reflects a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of liability for each period. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalised.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and the benefits of ownership of the leased term are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

6. Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method based on rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or on estimated useful life of assets estimated by the management, whichever is higher. Individual assets costing less than Rs.5,000/- are depreciated at the rate of 100%.

7. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset’s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

8. Research and development expenses for software products

Expenditure

Software product and Intellectual property development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility is established. Development costs incurred subsequent to the achievement of technological feasibility are capitalised and amortised over estimated useful life of the products. This capitalisation is done only if the Group has the intention and ability to complete the product, the product is likely to generate future economic benefits, adequate resources to complete the product are available to the Group and the Group is able to accurately measure such expense.

Such costs comprise expenditure that can be directly attributed or allocated on a reasonable and consistent basis, to development of the product and intellectual property rights.

Amortization

The amortization of software development costs and intellectual property rights are allocated on a systematic basis over the best estimate of its useful life after the product is ready for use. The factors considered for identifying the basis include obsolescence, product life cycle and actions of competitors.

The amortization period and the method are reviewed at each year end. If the expected useful life of the product is shorter from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly.

9. Foreign currency transactions and translations

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rates that approximates prevailing at the date of the transaction.

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non- monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Groups monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise except those arising from investments in non-integral operations.

The financial statements of a non-integral foreign operation are translated into Indian Rupees as follows:

• Income and Expense items are translated at the average exchange rate for the year.

• Assets and Liabilities, both monetary and non-monetary, are translated at the closing rate.

• All resulting exchange differences are accumulated in foreign currency translation reserve, which is reflected under Reserves and Surplus.

On the disposal of a non-integral foreign operation, the cumulative amount of the exchange differences which have been deferred and which relate to that operation are recognized as income or as expenses in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognized.

When there is a change in the classification of a foreign operation, the translation procedures applicable to the revised classification are applied from the date of the change in the classification.

10. Forward contracts in foreign currencies

The Group uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign currency rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contracts reduces the risk or cost to the Group and the Group does not use the foreign exchange forward contracts for trading or speculation purposes. Forward exchange contracts that are not hedges of forecasted transactions are accounted for using the Guidance in Accounting Standard (‘AS’) 11, ‘The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates’. The premium or discount on all such contracts arising at the inception of each contract is amortised as income or expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on the cancellation or renewal of forward contracts is recognized as income or as expense for the period. The exchange difference is calculated as the difference between the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date, or the settlement date where the transaction is settled during the reporting period, and the corresponding foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of the forward exchange contract and the last reporting date. Such exchange differences are recognised in the Profit and Loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change.

Pursuant to the Announcement of the ICAI dated March 29, 2008, the Group records net mark-to-market losses, if any, in respect of forward exchange contracts entered in to hedge a highly probable forecast transaction but, net mark-to-market gains are not recorded for such transactions.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long-term investments and current investments. Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Long-term investments are stated at cost and any decline other than temporary, in the value of such investments is charged to the Profit and Loss account. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and market value determined on an individual investment basis. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

12. Retirement and other employee benefits

Provident Fund

Employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the Company make monthly contributions to the Regional Provident Fund equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee’s salary. The Group has no further obligations under the plan beyond its monthly contributions. The contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due and there are no other obligations other than the contribution payable.

Gratuity

The Group provides for gratuity in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, a defined benefit retirement plan (the Plan) covering all employees. The plan, subject to the provisions of the above Act, provides a lump sum payment to eligible employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee’s salary and the tenure of employment. Gratuity liability is accrued and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

Superannuation

The Group contributes a specified percentage of the eligible employees’ basic salary towards superannuation (the Plan) to a fund. A trust has been created and approved by the Income-tax authorities for this purpose. This Plan provides for various options for payment of pension at retirement or termination of employment as per the trust rules. The Group has no further obligations under the Plan beyond its annual contribution.

Leave Benefits

As per the current employment policy of the Group, employees can carry forward accumulated leave balances as per Group’s leave policy which can be utilized in the subsequent years. In case of overseas branches, the employees are eligible to encash the accumulated leave balances.

Provision for compensated absences is accrued and provided for on the basis of actuarial valuation made at the end of the each financial year. The actuarial valuation is done as per projected unit credit method. Encashment of accumulated leave balances are accounted for in the year in which the leave balances are credited to employees on actual basis.

Subsidiaries

Retirement benefits are provided to employees of subsidiaries in accordance with the local laws and regulations prevailing in the Country in which the subsidiary is located.

13. Income Taxes and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises of current, Deferred and Fringe Benefit Tax. The current charge for income taxes and fringe benefit tax is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Group. The current tax provision and advance income tax as at balance sheet date have been arrived at after setting off advance tax and current tax provision where the Group has legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities and where such assets and liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Group will pay normal income tax after the tax holiday period. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the balance sheet when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Group and the asset can be measured reliably.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognised for the future tax consequences attributable to timing differences between the taxable income and accounting income. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognised in the year that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities across various countries of operation are not set off against each other as the Group does not have legal right to do so.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised and are re-assessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date. Unrecognised deferred tax assets of earlier years are re-assessed and recognised to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. The Group writes-down the carrying amount of a deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized.

The Company has availed the tax holiday benefits under Section 10A of the Income tax Act, 1961 for some of the units and accordingly, its business income (to the extent covered by that section) is exempt from tax up to and including year ending March 31, 2011.

14. Stock based compensation

In accordance with the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (“SEBI”) and the Guidance Note on Accounting for Employee Share-based Payments, issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the ‘Option Discount’ has been amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the shares to be issued if any, under Stock Option Plans and disclosed as ‘employee stock compensation expense’ in the Profit and Loss account. The Company measures compensation cost relating to employee stock options using the intrinsic value method.

‘Option Discount’ means the excess of the market price / fair value of the underlying shares at the date of grant of the options over the exercise price of the options.

15. Earnings Per Share

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as at the beginning of the year, unless they have been issued at a later date. The diluted potential equity shares have been adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e.) the average market value of the outstanding shares. In computing dilutive earnings per share, only potential equity shares that are dilutive and that either reduces earnings per share or increase loss per share are included.

16. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

17. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

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