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Accounting Policies of Prima Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Inventorie s

Finished goods, Raw materials and Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost Formula

Inventories are valued by using First in First Out method.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business.

(where cost includes purchase cost and processing expenses (for finished goods))

b. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

c. Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight line Method (SLM) .

Depreciation is provided based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

d. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised at the point of despatch to the customers, net of sales returns. Income from processing is recognised on accrual basis.

e. Fixed assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost of acquisition including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses relating to the acquisition and installation of the concerned assets less accumulated depreciation.

f. Employees Benefits

Retirement Benefits

Contribution to provident fund and employees welfare fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis.The liability on account of gratuity has been provided for on the basis of company's own valuation as per AS -15 .

g. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of the qualifying asset are capitalised. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost are recognised in the period in which they are incurred.

h. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

I. Taxes on Income

The company does not have any income tax liability during the year. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Impairment Loss

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

k. Segment Reporting

The company's primary segments (business segments) have been identified as (a) Cattle Feed Division, (b) Oil Cake Processing Division. There are no reportable geographical segments. Segment revenue, segment results, segment assets and segment liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable estimate. The expenses, which are not directly attributable to any of the business segment are shown as unallocated expenditure. Assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated between the segments are shown as part of unallocated assets and liabilities respectively.

l. Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow Statement has been prepared under the Indirect Method as per AS - 3. Cash & Cash Equivalents in the statement comprises of Cash in hand & balances with banks representing overdrafts.

m. Provisions and contigencies

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provisions for onerous contracts i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Corporate information

Prima Industries Limited (the "Company") , Indian Company registered under the Indian Companies Act, 1956. The Company was promoted primarily for Solvent Extraction and also for the refining of Oil.

2.1. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The Financial Statements have been prepared on the historical cost convention. These statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the applicable Mandatory Accounting Standards and relevant requirements of The Companies Act, 1956 (''the Act''). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company. The preparation required adoption of estimates and assumptions that can affect the reported amounts of revenue and expenditure and the assets and liabilities as well as the disclosure of contingent liabilities. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which they become known or materialize.

2.2. Use of estimates

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material ,their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

2.3. Summary of Significant accounting policies

a. Inventories

Finished goods, Raw materials and Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost Formula

Inventories are valued by using First in First Out method.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of busines.

(where cost includes purchase cost and processing expenses (for finished goods))

b. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short- term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

c. Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation has been provided on fixed assets which were put to use under Straight Line Method(''SLM'') at the rates prescribed under the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

d. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised at the point of dispatch to the customers, net of sales returns. Income from processing is recognised on accrual basis.

e. Fixed assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost of acquisition including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses relating to the acquisition and installation of the concerned assets less accumulated depreciation.

f. Employees Benefits

Retirement Benefits

Contribution to provident fund and employees welfare fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. The liability on account of gratuity has been provided for on the basis of company''s own valuation as per AS - 15.

g. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of the qualifying asset are capitalised. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost are recognised in the period in which they are incurred.

h. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

I. Taxes on Income

The company does not have any income tax liability during the year.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Impairment Loss

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

k. Segment Reporting

The company''s primary segments (business segments) have been identified as (a) Cattle Feed Division, (b) Oil Cake Processing Division. There are no reportable geographical segments. Segment revenue, segment results, segment assets and segment liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable estimate. The expenses, which are not directly attributable to any of the business segment are shown as unallocated expenditure. Assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated between the segments are shown as part of unallocated assets and liabilities respectively.

l. Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow Statement has been prepared under the Indirect Method as per AS - 3. Cash & Cash Equivalents in the statement comprises of Cash in hand & balances with banks representing overdrafts.

m. Provisions and contingencies

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

3 The Working Capital Loans are secured by hypothecation of present and future goods, book debts and all other movable assets of the company and second charge on the fixed assets and further guaranteed by the Managing Director.

One Time Settlement with Banks

The interest waiver obtained on one time settlement with banks during the year 2011 - 12 and 2012 - 13 have been credited to profit & loss account. The interest waiver obtained in earlier years has been reduced from the brought forward losses and the principal amount waived was credited to the Capital Reserves.

The OTS amount for the Term Loan includes the value of Cumulative Redeemable Preference Shares allotted to the Bank, against overdue interest up to 31/03/2012 and converting the outstanding Principal amount and converting the present value of savings on account of reduction in rate on a restructuring. The OTS amount net of the value of the Cumulative Preference shares is considered to be principal amount waiver and the entire interest outstanding as per books is considered to be waived and has been reduced from the brought forward losses.


Mar 31, 2012

A. inventories

Finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost Formula

Inventories are.yalued by using First in First Out method. Net realisable value is the estimated selling-pfice in the ordinary course of business, (where cost includes purchase cost and processing expenses (for finished goods))

b. Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

c. Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation has been provided on fixed assets which were put to use under Straight Line Method('SLM') at the rates prescribed under the schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

d. Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised at the point of despatch to the customers, net of sales returns. Income from processing is recognised on accrual basis.

e. Fixed assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost of acquisition including taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses relating to the acquisition and installation of the concerned assetsless accumulated depreciation.

f. Employees Benefits

Retirement Benefits

Contribution to provident fund and employees welfare fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis.The liability on account of gratuity has been provided for on the basis of company's own valuation as perAS -15.

g. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of the qualifying asset are capitalised. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost are recognised in the period in which they are incurred.

h. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

i. Taxes on Income

The company does not have any income tax liability during the year. The company has not recognised the Deferred Tax Asset as it is not anticipated to generate enough profits to set off the losses in the forseeable future. Consequently, the deferred tax liability for the year has also not been considered in the accounts as it would only set off a part of the unrecognised deferred tax asset.

j. Impairment Loss

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

k. Segment Reporting

The company's primary segments (business segments) have been identified as (a) Cattle Feed Division, (b) Oil Cake Processing Division. There are no reportable geographical segments. Segment revenue, segment results, segment assets and segment liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable estimate. The expenses, which are not directly attributable to any of the business segment are shown as unallocated expenditure. Assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated between the segments are shown as part of unallocated assets and liabilities respectively.

I. Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow Statement has been prepared under the Indirect Method as per AS - 3. Cash & Cash Equivalents in the statement comprises of Cash in hand & balances with banks representing overdrafts.

m. Provisions and contigencies

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provisions for onerous contracts i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognised when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation.

d) Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on fixed assets which were put to use under straight line method at the rates and in the manner given under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

e) Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised at the point of despatch to the customers, net of sales returns. Income from processing is recognised on accrual basis.

f) Inventories

Inventories are valued as under:

Raw Materials -At Cost on FIFO Basis

Finished Goods -At lower of Cost or net realizable value

Consumables, packing

Materials and Stores & Spares -At Cost on FIFO Basis

(where cost includes purchase cost and processing expenses (for finished goods))

g) Employee Benefits:

Contribution to provident fund and employees welfare fund are charged to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis.The liability on account of gratuity has been provided for on the basis of companys own valuation as per AS - 15.

h) Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset upto the date the asset is got ready for the intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost of the year are charged.

i) Impairment Loss

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

j) Segment Reporting

The companys primary segments (business segments) have been identified as (a) Cattle Feed Division, (b) Oil Cake Processing Division. There are no reportable geographical segments. Segment revenue, segment results, segment assets and segment liabilities include the respective amounts identifiable to each of the segments as also amounts allocated on a reasonable estimate. The expenses, which are not directly attributable to any of the business segment are shown as unallocated expenditure. Assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated between the segments are shown as part of unallocated assets and liabilities respectively. Please refer Annexure 1

k) Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow Statement has been prepared under the Indirect Method as per AS - 3. Cash & Cash Equivalents in the statement comprises of Cash in hand & balances with banks representing overdrafts.

 
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