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Accounting Policies of Prime Urban Development India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. General:

Accounts are prepared on historical cost (except Land at reinstated value) and on the accounting principles of a going concern. The income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Fixed Asset:

Fixed Assets (except Land) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

Land value is stated at Reinstated Value

3. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset/group of assets may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to recoverable amount and the impairment loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account. If at Balance Sheet date, there is any indication that a previously assessed irrtpairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

4. Investments:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less provisions, if any, for permanent diminution in value for other than temporary, if any.

5. Valuation of Inventories:

a. Cost of Materials is determined on specific identification method and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

b. Land areas transferred to stock-in-trade (land held for development) are valued at lower of cost (as re-valued on conversion to stock) and net realisable value.

6. Revenue Recognition:

a) Real Estate projects: Revenue from real estate projects is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred and it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company. Losses expected in bringing a contract to completion are recognized in the income statement as soon as they are forecast.

i) Sale of undivided share of land under group housing is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership as per terms of the contracts executed with the buyers and is net of all costs.

ii) Revenue from executor firms/AOP in which the company is a partner member is recognized upon the said entity recogniz- ing their respective revenues.

iii) Revenue from contractual projects is recognized on the basis of completion of a physical proportion of the contract work based on executed agreements entered into by the company or by firms in which the company is a partner.

iv) Revenue from sale of land and development rights is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership, no continuing management involvement and effective control are retained and the amount of revenue can be reliably measured. The transfer of risks and rewards vary depending on the individual termb of the contracts of sale.

b) Textile: Product sales are exclusive of the excise duty, VAT, insurance and trade discounts.

7. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost related to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost is charged to Profit and Loss Account.

8. Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method on the basis of useful life specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013.

b. Assets sold/discarded/demolished during the year, no depreciation is provided for.

9. Employee benefits:

Short term employee benefits including accrued liability for Leave Encashment (other than termination benefits) which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render service are paid/provided during the year as per the Rules of the Company.

Defined Contribution Plans:

Company's contributions paid/payable during the year to Provident and Family Pension Funds, Superannuation Fund (wherever opted) and Employees State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Defined Benefit Plans:

The Employees' Gratuity Fund Scheme covered by the Group Gratuity cum-Life Assurance Policy of LIC of India is a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional amount of employees benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Export sales in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of negotiation, where such sales are not covered by forward contracts. Outstanding export documents pending negotiation when not covered by foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing conversion rates at the close of the year and the difference in actual realization of such documents is accounted for in foreign exchange fluctuation account to be credited/charged to the profit & loss account in the year of realization.

b. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and resultant gains/loses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange difference in respect of foreign exchange forward contracts (other than for acquisition of fixed assets) is recognized as income or expenses over the life of the contract.

11. Taxation:

- a) Provision for Current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year or computed in accordance with the Income-Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax on account of timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income is recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future.

12. Lease Rentals:

Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss account on the basis of time pattern of the Company's benefit.

13. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts and are determined based on the perception of the Management on the eventuality of the liability materiality, contingent thereto.

14. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the estimates is recognized prospectively.

Note 2(c) - The Company has only one class of equity shares having par value of Rs.2 per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.

Note 2(d)- There was no issue of shares alloted as fully paid up pursuant to Contarct(s) without payment being received in cash or buyback or bonus shares in the preceeding five years.

Notes:

1. Vehicles acquired on Hire-Purchase basis amounting to Rs. 92.48 lacs (Previous year Rs.144.82 lacs) and net block amounts to Rs.84.78 lacs (Previous year Rs.106.19 lacs)

2. Figures in brackets represents previous year's figures

3. Reduction in Land includes reduction of proportionate Business Reconstruction Value of Rs.1,091.32 lacs on sale of plots land during the year.


Mar 31, 2014

1. General:

Accounts are prepared on historical cost (except Land at reinstated value) and on the accounting principles of a going concern. The income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Fixed Asset:

Fixed Assets (except Land) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use. -

Land value is stated at Reinstated Value

3. Impairment of Assets:

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset/group of assets may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to recoverable amount and the impairment loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account. If at Balance Sheet date, there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset Is restated to that effect.

4. Investments: ''

Long-term investments are stated at cost less provisions, if any, for permanent diminution in value for other than temporary, if any.

5. Valuation of Inventories:

a. Cost of Materials is determined on specific identification method and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

b. Land areas transferred to stock-in-trade (land held for development) are valued at lower of cost (as re-valued on conversion to stock) and net realisable value.

6. Revenue Recognition:

a) Real Estate projects: Revenue from real estate projects is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred and it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company. Losses expected in bringing a contract to completion are recognized in the income statement as soon as they are forecast.

i) Sale of undivided share of land under group housing is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership as per terms of the contracts executed with the buyers and is net of all costs.

ii) Revenue from executor firms/AOP in which the company is a partner member is recognized upon the said entity recognizing their respective revenues.

iii) Revenue from contractual projects is recognized on the basis of completion of a physical proportion of the contract work based on executed agreements entered into by the company or by firms in which the company is a partner.

iv) Revenue from sale of land and development rights is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership, no continuing management involvement and effective control are retained and the amount of revenue can be reliably measured. The transfer of risks and rewards vary depending on the individual terms of the contracts of sale.

b) Textile: Product sales are exclusive of the excise duty, VAT, insurance and trade discounts.

7. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost related to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost is charged to Profit and Loss Account.

8. Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on fixed asses is provided on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

b. Assets sold/discarded/demolished during the year, no depreciation is provided for.

9. Employee benefits:

Short term employee benefits including accrued liability for Leave Encashment (other than termination benefits) which are

payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render service are paid/provided during the year as per the Rules of the Company.

Defined Contribution Plans:

Company''s contribuiions paid/payable during the year to Provident and Family Pension Funds, Superannuation Fund (wherever opted) and Employees State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Defined Benefit Rians:

The Employees''Gratuity Fund Scheme covered by the Group Gratuity cum-Life Assurance Policy of LIC of India is a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional amount of employees benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Export sales in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of negotiation, where such sales are not covered by forward contracts. Outstanding export documents pending negotiation when not covered by foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing conversion rates at the close of the year and the difference in actual realization of such documents is accounted for in foreign exchange fluctuation account to be credited/charged to the profit & loss account in the year of realization.

b. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and resultant gains/loses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange difference in respect of foreign exchange forward contracts (other than for acquisition of fixed assets) is recognized as income or expenses over the life of the contract.

11. Taxation:

a) Provision for Current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year or computed in accordance with the Income-Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax on account of timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income is recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future.

12. Lease Rentals:

Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss account on the basis of time pattern of the Company''s benefit.

13. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts and are determined based on the perception of the Management on the eventuality of the liability materiality, contingent thereto.

14. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the estimates is recognized prospectively.


Mar 31, 2013

1. General:

Accounts are prepared on historical cost (except Land at reinstated value) and on the accounting principles of a going concern. The income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Fixed Asset:

Fixed Assets (except Land) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

Land value is stated at Reinstated Value

3. Impairment of Assets :

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset/group of assets may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to recoverable amount and the impairment loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account. If at Balance Sheet date, there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

4. Investments:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less provisions, if any, for permanent diminution in value for other than temporary, if any.

5. Valuation of Inventories:

a. Cost of Materials is determined on specific identification method and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

b. Land areas transferred to stock-in-trade (land held for development) are valued at lower of cost (as re-valued on conversion to stock) and net realisable value.

6. Revenue Recognition.

a) Real Estate projects: Revenue from real estate projects is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred and it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company. Losses expected in bringing a contract to completion are recognized in the income statement as soon as they are forecast.

i) Sale of undivided share of land under group housing is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership as per terms of the contracts executed with the buyers and is net of all costs.

ii) Revenue from executor firms/AOP in which the company is a partner member is recognized upon the said entity recognizing their respective revenues.

iii) Revenue from contractual projects is recognized on the basis of completion of a physical proportion of the contract work based on executed agreements entered into by the company or by firms in which the company is a partner. iv) Revenue from sale cf land and development rights is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership, no continuing management involvement and effective control are retained and the amount of revenue can be reliably measured. The transfer of risks and rewards vary depending on the individual terms of the contracts of sale.

b) Textile: Product sales are exclusive of the excise duty, VAT, insurance and trade discounts.

7. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost related to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost is charged to Profit and Loss Account.

8. Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on fixed asses is provided on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956.

b. Assets sold/discarded/demolished during the year, no depreciation is provided for.

9. Employee benefits:

Short term employee benefits including accrued liability for Leave Encashment (other than termination benefits) which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render service are paid/provided during the year as per the Rules of the Company.

Defined Contribution Plana

Company''s contributions paid/payable during the year to Provident and Family Pension Funds, Superannuation Fund (wherever opted) and Employees State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Defined Benefit Plans:

The Employees'' Gratuity Funa scheme covered by the Group Gratuity cum-Life Assurance Policy of LIC of !::dia is a Defied Benefit Plan. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional amount of employees benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Export sales in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of negotiation, where such sales are not covered by forward contracts. Outstanding export documents pending negotiation when not covered by foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing conversion rates at the close of the year and the difference in actual realization of such documents is accounted for in eign exchange fluctuation account to be credited/charged to the profit & loss account in the year of realization.

b. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and resultant gains/loses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange difference in respect of foreign exchange forward contracts (other than for acquisition of fixed assets) is recognized as income or expenses over the life of the contract.

11. Taxation:

a) Provision for Current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year or computed in accordance with the Income-Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax on account of timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income is recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future.

12. Lease Rentals:

Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss account on the basis of time pattern of the Company''s benefit.

13. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts and are determined based on the perception of the Management on the eventuality of the liability materiality, contingent thereto.

14. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the estimates is recognized prospectively.


Mar 31, 2011

1. General:

Accounts are prepared on historical cost (except Land at reinstated value) and on the accounting principles of a going concern. The income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

2. Fixed Asset:

Fixed Assets (except Land) are stated at cost of acquisition or construction less depreciation. All costs relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and include borrowing costs directly attributable to construction or acquisition of fixed assets, up to the date the asset is put to use.

Land value is stated at Reinstated Value

3. Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset/group of assets may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the carrying value of such assets is reduced to recoverable amount and the impairment loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account. If at Balance Sheet date, there is any indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no long longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to that effect.

4. Investments:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less provisions, if any, for permanent diminution in value for other than temporary, if any.

5. Valuation of Inventories:

1. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

2. Cost of Materials is determined on specific identification method and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

3. Land areas transferred to stock-in-trade (Land held for development) are valued at lower of cost, (as revalued on conversion to stock) and net realisable value.

6. Revenue Recognition:

a) Real Estate projects: Revenue from real estate projects is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred and it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company. Losses expected in bringing a contract to completion are recognized in the income statement as soon as they are forecast.

i) Sale of undivided share of land under group housing is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership as per terms of the contracts executed with the buyers and is net of all costs.

ii) Revenue from executor firms/AOP in which the company is a partner member is recognized upon the said entity recognizing their respective revenues.

iii) Revenue from contractual projects is recognized on the basis of completion of a physical proportion of the contract work based on executed agreements entered into by the company or by firms in which the company is a partner.

iv) Revenue from sale of land and development rights is recognized upon transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership, no continuing management involvement and effective control are retained and the amount of revenue can be reliably measured. The transfer of risks and rewards vary depending on the individual terms of the contracts of sale.

b) Textile: Product sales are exclusive of the excise duty, VAT, insurance and trade discounts.

7. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost related to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing cost are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

8. Depreciation:

a. Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

b. Assets sold/discarded/demolished during the year, no depreciation is provided for.

9. Employee benefits:

Short term employee benefits including accrued liability for Leave Encashment (other than termination benefits) which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render service are paid/provided during the year as per the Rules of the Company.

Defined Contribution Plans:

Company's contributions paid/payable during the year to Provident and Family Pension Funds, Superannuation Fund (wherever opted) and Employees State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Defined Benefit Plans:

The Employees' Gratuity Fund Scheme covered by the Group Gratuity cum-Life Assurance Policy of LIC of India is a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional amount of employees benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

10. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a. Export sales in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of negotiation, where such sales are not covered by forward contracts. Outstanding export documents pending negotiation when not covered by foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing conversion rates at the close of the year and the difference in actual realization of such documents is accounted for in foreign exchange fluctuation account to be credited/charged to the profit & loss account in the year of realization.

b. Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and resultant gains/loses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange difference in respect of foreign exchange forward contracts (other than for acquisition of fixed assets) is recognized as income or expenses over the life of the contract.

11. Taxation:

a) Provision for Current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year or computed in accordance with the Income-Tax Act, 1961.

b) Deferred tax on account of timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income is recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future.

12. Lease Rentals:

Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as an expenses in the statement of profit and loss account on the basis of time pattern of the Company's benefit.

13. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts and are determined based on the perception of the Management on the eventuality of the liability, materiality, contingent thereto.

14. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the estimates is recognized prospectively.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Textile : Product sales are exclusive of the excise duty, VAT, insurance and trade discounts. Sales for exports are accounted on the date of issue of the Mates Receipt.

2. Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs related to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets is capitalized as part of the cost of such asset up to the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

3. Depreciation:

1. Depreciation on fixed assets acquired prior to 1.4.90 has been provided on written down value method and on additions thereafter have been provided on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Spinning as a process of manufacture has been considered on technical assessment as a continuous process plant as defined in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and depreciation has been provided accordingly.

3. Depreciation on assets re-valued is calculated on their respective book values on straight-line method. The additional charge of depreciation on account of revaluation is deducted from the Revaluation Reserve and credited to the Profit and Loss Account.

4. Employee benefits:

Short term employee benefits including accrued liability for Leave Encashment (other than termination benefits) which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render service are paid/provided during the year as perthe Rules of the Company.

Defined Contribution Plans :

Companys contributions paid/payable during the year to Provident and Family Pension Funds, Superannuation Fund (wherever opted) and Employees State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss account.

Defined Benefit Plans:

The Employees Gratuity Fund Scheme covered by the Group Gratuity cum-Life Assurance Policy of LIC of India is a Defined Benefit Plan. The present value of obligation is determined based on actuarial valuation using Projected Unit Credit Method which recognizes each period of service as giving rise to additional amount of employees benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation.

Termination Benefits:

Compensation to employees opting for retirement under the Voluntary Retirement Schemes of the Company is amortized as follows:

a) Sixty (60) months forpayments paid before 31.03.2006 from the month of incurrence.

b) Twenty five (25) months for payments paid during the year ended 31.03.2008 from the month of incurrence.

5. Foreign Currency Transactions:

a) Export sales in foreign currency are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of negotiation, where such sales are not covered by forward contracts. Outstanding export documents pending negotiation when not covered by foreign exchange forward contracts are accounted for at the prevailing conversion rates at the close of the year and the difference in actual realization of such documents is accounted for in foreign exchange fluctuation account to be credited/charged to the profit & loss account in the year of realization.

b) Foreign currency loans availed prior to 1st April, 2004 for acquiring fixed assets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the end of the year. Gains or losses on translation are adjusted to the carrying cost of such fixed assets.

c) Foreign currency assets and liabilities are stated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and resultant gains/losses are recognized in the Profit and Loss account. Exchange difference in respect of foreign exchange forward contracts (otherthan for acquisition of fixed assets) is recognized as income or expense overthe life of the contract.

6. Taxation:

1. Provision for Current tax and Fringe Benefit Tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year or computed in accordance with the Income-Tax Act, 1961.

2. Deferred tax on account of timing differences, between taxable income and accounting income is recognized using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future.

7. Lease Rentals:

Lease payments under an operating lease are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss account on the basis of time pattern of the Companys benefit.

8. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts and are determined based on the perception of the Management on the eventuality of the liability materiality, contingent thereto.

9. Research and Development Expenditure:

Capital expenditure on Research and Development is treated in the same manner of treatment in respect of fixed assets. Revenue expenses are charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which they are incurred.

10. Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statement and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the estimates is recognized prospectively.



 
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