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Accounting Policies of Procter & Gamble Hygiene & Healthcare Ltd. Company

Jun 30, 2015

1. CORPORATE INFORMATION

Procter & Gamble Hygiene and Health Care Limited (the Company) is a public company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The company is engaged in the manufacturing and selling of branded packaged fast moving consumer goods in the femcare and healthcare businesses. The company's products are sold through retail operations including mass merchandisers, grocery stores, membership club stores, drug stores, department stores, and high frequency stores. The Company has its manufacturing locations at Goa and Baddi - Himachal Pradesh, apart from third party manufacturing locations spread across India.

2.01 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) and comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.02 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

2.03 Revenue Recognition

Sale of products is recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Sales exclude trade discounts and rebate. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

2.04 Tangible fixed assets and depreciation & amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation/ amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses.

Depreciation is calculated on straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the fixed assets. These lives are in accordance with Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

2.05 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.06 Inventories

Inventories consist of raw and packing materials, stores and spares, work in progress and finished goods. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses where considered necessary. Cost of Inventories is determined on weighted average basis. Cost of manufactured finished goods and work-in-progress includes material cost determined on weighted average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads.

2.07 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction. Monetary items in foreign currencies are stated at the closing exchange rates. In the case of monetary items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract and the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains / Losses on conversion / translation have been recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.08 Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Statement of Profit and Loss, in the form of

- Provident Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner;

- Superannuation Fund as per Company policy administered by Company managed trust and

- State Defined Contribution Plans : Employer's Contribution to Employees' State Insurance.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Funded Plan: The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of

- Gratuity for all employees administered through trust.

Unfunded Plan: The Company has unfunded Defined Benefit Plans in the form of

- Post Retirement Medical Benefits (PRMB) as per its policy

- Compensated Absences (Plant Technicians) as per its policy

Liability for the above defined benefit plans is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

(ii) Liability for Compensated Absences and Leave Travel Allowance which are in the nature of short term benefits is provided for as per company rules on an accrual basis.

(iii) Termination benefits and long service awards in terms of Company policy are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

(iv) The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

(v) The Procter and Gamble Company, USA has an "International Stock Ownership Plan (ISOP)" (employee share purchase plan) whereby specified employees of its subsidiaries have been given a right to purchase shares of the Ultimate Holding Company i.e. The Procter and Gamble Company, USA. Every employee who opts for the scheme contributes by way of payroll deduction up to a specified percentage (upto 15%) of base salary towards purchase of shares on a monthly basis. The Company contributes 50% of employee's contribution (restricted to 2.5% of his base salary) and charged to Employee Benefits Expense.

(vi) The Procter & Gamble Company, USA has an "Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)" whereby specified employees covered by the plan are granted an option to purchase shares of the Ultimate Holding Company i.e. The Procter & Gamble Company, USA at a fixed price (grant price) for a fixed period of time. The difference between the market price and grant price on the exercise of the stock options issued by the Ultimate Holding Company to the employees of the Company is charged in the year of exercise by the employees. Such costs are charged under Employee Benefits Expense.

2.09 Research and Development

Capital expenditure on Research and Development is capitalized as Fixed Assets. All revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged off to the respective heads in Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which it is incurred.

2.10 Taxes on Income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Provision for taxation for the Company's financial year ended on June 30 is based on the results of the period July 1 to March 31 (later part of the fiscal year ended March 31) and for the balance for the period April 1 to June 30 (beginning of the next fiscal year) as per the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and / or assets are recognised using the applicable tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation, carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supporting to convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their readability.

2.11 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying assets (i.e. those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use) are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

2.12 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

2.13 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed for (1) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (2) present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements as this may result in the recognition of income that may never be there.

2.14 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate,

2.15 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that the amount recoverable can be measured reliably and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.

2.16 Claims

The claims against the Company not acknowledged as debt are disclosed after careful evaluation of the facts and legal aspects of the matter involved.


Jun 30, 2014

01. Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act / 2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

02.Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

03.Revenue Recognition

Sale of products is recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Sales exclude trade discounts and rebate. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax.

License fee is accounted based on terms of the contract. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

04.Tangible fixed assets and depreciation & amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses.

Depreciation is charged using straight-line method based on the useful lives of the fixed assets as estimated by the management as specified below, or the rates specified in accordance with the provisions of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher.

Years

Leasehold land Over the remaining period of the lease/or management estimate Whichever is lower

Buildings 19 - 21

Plant, Machinery and Equipment 3 - 15

Furniture and Fixtures 3 - 15

Office equipment 3 - 6

Moulds and Dies 3 - 6

Vehicles including Forklifts 8 - 14

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased / sold during the year. Individual fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5 000 are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Accelerated depreciation is charged on certain assets based on periodic review of useful life.

05 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

06 Inventories

Inventories consist of raw and packing materials, stores and spares, work in progress and finished goods. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses where considered necessary. Cost of Inventories is determined on weighted average basis. Cost of manufactured finished goods and work-in-progress includes material cost determined on weighted average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads.

07 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction. Monetary items in foreign currencies are stated at the closing exchange rates. In the case of monetary items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract and the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains / Losses on conversion / translation have been recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

08 Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Statement of Profit and Loss, in the form of

* Provident Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner;

* Superannuation Fund as per Company policy administered by Company managed trust and

* State Defined Contribution Plans : Employer''s Contribution to Employees'' State Insurance.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Funded Plan: The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of

* Gratuity for all employees administered through trust.

Unfunded Plan: The Company has unfunded Defined Benefit Plans in the form of

* Post Retirement Medical Benefits (PRMB) as per its policy.

* Compensated Absences (Plant Technicians) as per its policy

Liability for the above defined benefit plans is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

(ii) Liability for Compensated Absences and Leave Travel Allowance which are in the nature of short term benefits is provided for as per company rules on an accrual basis.

(iii) Termination benefits and long service awards in terms of Company policy are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

(iv) The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

(v) The Procter and Gamble Company, USA has an "International Stock Ownership Plan (ISOP)" (employee share purchase plan) whereby specified employees of its subsidiaries have been given a right to purchase shares of the Ultimate Holding Company i.e. The Procter and Gamble Company, USA. Every employee who opts for the scheme contributes by way of payroll deduction up to a specified percentage (upto 15%) of base salary towards purchase of shares on a monthly basis. The Company contributes 50% of employee''s contribution (restricted to 2.5% of his base salary) and charged to Employee Benefit Expenses.

(vi) The Procter & Gamble Company, USA has an "Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)" whereby specified employees covered by the plan are granted an option to purchase shares of the Ultimate Holding Companyi.e. The Procter & Gamble Company, USA at a fixed price (grant price) for a fixed period of time. The difference between the market price and grant price on the exercise of the stock options issued by the Ultimate Holding Company to the employees of the Company is charged in the year of exercise by the employees. Such costs are charged under Employee Benefit Expenses.

09 Research and Development

Capital expenditure on Research and Development is capitalized as Fixed Assets. All revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged off to the respective heads in Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which it is incurred.

10 Taxes on Income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income - tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Provision for taxation for the Company''s financial year ended on June 30 is based on the results of the period July 1 to March 31 (later part of the fiscal year ended March 31) and for the balance and for the period April 1 to June 30 (beginning of the next fiscal year) as per the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and / or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their readability.

11 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying assets (i.e. those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use) are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

12 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

13 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed for (1) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (2) present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements as this may result in the recognition of income that may never be there.

14 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

15 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that the amount recoverable can be measured reliably and it is reasonable to expect ultimate collection.


Jun 30, 2013

1.01 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.02 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.03 Revenue Recognition

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the dispatch of goods. Sales excludes trade discounts and rebate. Sales include excise duty but exclude sales tax and value added tax. License fee is accounted based on terms of the contract. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

1.04 Tangible fixed assets and depreciation / amortisation

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation / amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price net of any trade discounts and rebates, any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the tax authorities), any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use, other incidental expenses and interest on borrowings attributable to acquisition of qualifying fixed assets up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses.

Depreciation is charged using straight-line method based on the useful lives of the fixed assets as estimated by the management as specified below, or the rates specified in accordance with the provisions of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher.

Years Leasehold land Over the remaining period of the lease/or management estimate whichever is lower Buildings 20 - 30

Plant, Machinery and Equipment 5-18

Furniture and Fixtures 10-15

Office equipment 1 - 5

Moulds and Dies 1 - 3

Vehicles - Forklifts 4 - 8

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased / sold during the year. Individual fixed assets costing less than Rs. 5 000 are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Accelerated depreciation is charged on certain assets based on periodic review of useful life.

1.05 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on and appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.06 Inventories

Inventories consist of raw and packing materials, stores and spares, work in progress and finished goods. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses where considered necessary. Cost of Inventories is determined on weighted average basis. Cost of manufactured finished goods and work- in-progress includes material cost determined on weighted average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads.

1.07 Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction. Monetary items in foreign currencies are stated at the closing exchange rates. In the case of monetary items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract and the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains / Losses on conversion / translation have been recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.08 Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Statement of Profit and Loss, in the form of

- Provident Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner;

- Superannuation Fund as per Company policy administered by Company managed trust and

- State Defined Contribution Plans : Employer''s Contribution to Employees'' State Insurance.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Funded Plan : The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of

- Gratuity for all employees administered through trust.

Unfunded Plan: The Company has unfunded Defined Benefit Plans in the form of

- Post Retirement Medical Benefits (PRMB) as per its policy.

Liability for the above defined benefit plans is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

(ii) Liability for Compensated Absences and Leave Travel Allowance""which are in the nature of short term benefits is provided for as per company rules on an accrual basis.

(iii) Termination benefits and long service awards in terms of Company policy are recognized as an expense as and when incurred.

(iv) The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

(v) The Procter and Gamble Company, USA has an "International Stock Ownership Plan (ISOP)" (employee share purchase plan) whereby specified employees of its subsidiaries have been given a right to purchase shares of the Ultimate Holding Company i.e. The Procter and Gamble Company, USA. Every employee who opts for the scheme contributes by way of payroll deduction up to a specified percentage (upto 15%) of base salary towards purchase of shares on a monthly basis. The Company contributes 50% of employee''s contribution (restricted to 2.5% of his base salary) and charged to Employee Benefit Expenses.

(vi) The Procter & Gamble Company, USA has an "Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP)" whereby specified employees covered by the plan are granted an option to purchase shares of the ultimate holding company i.e. The Procter & Gamble Company, USA at a fixed price (grant price) for a fixed period of time. The difference between the market price and grant price on the exercise of the stock options issued by the Ultimate Holding Company to the employees of the Company is charged in the year of exercise by the employees. Such costs are charged under Employee Benefit Expenses.

1.09 Research and Development

Capital expenditure on Research and Development is capitalized as Fixed Assets. All revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged off to the respective heads in Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which it is incurred.

1.10 Taxes on Income

Income-tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the Income - tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Provision for taxation for the Company''s financial year ended on June 30, 2013 is based on the results of the 9 months ended March 31, 2013 (Assessment year 2013-14) and for the 3 months ended June 30, 2013 (Assessment year 2014-15) as per the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and / or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

1.11 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying assets (i.e. those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use) are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

1.12 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight line basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.13 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent liabilities are disclosed for (1) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (2) present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements as this may result in the recognition of income that may never be there.

1.14 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits / reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1.15 Insurance claims

Insurance claims are accounted for on the basis of claims admitted / expected to be admitted and to the extent that there is no uncertainty in receiving the claims.


Jun 30, 2010

Accounting Convention

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on an accrual basis, in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and applicable accounting standards as notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006.

Use of estimates

The preparation and presentation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires making of estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting year. Differences between the actual result and estimates are recognised in the year in which the results are known/materialised.

Revenue Recognition

Sale of products are recognised when risk and rewards of ownership of the products are passed on to the customers, which is generally on the despatch of goods. Sales are exclusive of sales tax. Licence fee is accounted based on terms of the contract. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

Fixed Assets and Depreciation/Amortization

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and other directly attributable costs incurred to bring the assets to their working condition for intended use. Depreciation is charged using straight-line method based on the useful lives of the fixed assets as estimated by the management as specified below, or the rates specified in accordance with the provisions of Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher.

Years

Buildings 20 - 30

Plant and machinery 5 - 18

Furniture and Fixtures 10 - 15

Office equipment 1 - 5

Moulds and Dies 1 - 3

Vehicles 4 - 8

Depreciation is charged on a pro-rata basis for assets purchased/sold during the year. Individual fixed assets costing less than Rs.5000 are depreciated in full, in the year of purchase. Cost of leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease or management estimate whichever is lower.

Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction in the carrying amount is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. If at the Balance Sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.

Inventories

Inventories consist of raw and packing materials, stores and spares, work in progress and finished goods. Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of Inventories is determined on weighted average basis.

Employee benefits

(i) Post-employment Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits, charged to Profit and Loss account, in the form of

- Provident Fund administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner (upto December 31, 2007 and from April 1, 2009)

- Superannuation Fund as per Company policy administered by Company managed trust and

- State Defined Contribution Plans: Employers Contribution to Employees State Insurance.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans:

Funded Plan: The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for post employment benefits in the form of

- Gratuity for all employees administered through trust.

- Provident Fund administered by Companys own trust (w.e.f. January 1, 2008 and till March 31, 2009).

Unfunded Plan: The Company has unfunded Defined Benefit Plans in the form of

- Post Retirement Medical Benefits (PRMB) as per its policy.

- Liability for the above defined benefit plans is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by independent actuary. The actuarial method used for measuring the liability is the Projected Unit Credit method.

(ii) Liability for Compensated Absences and Leave Travel Allowance which are in the nature of short term benefits is provided for as per company rules on an accrual basis (iii) Termination benefits and long service awards in terms of Company policy are recognized as an expense as and when incurred (iv) The Actuarial gains and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account for the year.

Research and Development

Capital expenditure on Research and Development is capitalized as Fixed Assets. All revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged off to the respective heads in the Profit and Loss account in the year in which it is incurred.

Foreign Exchange Transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies are stated at the closing exchange rate. In the case of Monetary items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract and the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange difference in the Profit and Loss Account. Gains/Losses on conversion/ translation have been recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Taxation

Income-tax expense comprises current tax, fringe benefit tax (i.e. amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income-tax laws) and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the year). Provision for taxation for the Companys financial year ended on June 30, 2010 is based on the results of the 9 months ended March 31, 2010 (Assessment year 2010-11) and for the 3 months ended June 30, 2010 (Assessment year 2011-12). The ultimate liability for the Assessment year 2010-11 is determined on the total income of the Company for the year ending on March 31, 2010. The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and/or assets are recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realised in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realisation of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at each Balance Sheet date and are written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realised.

The Fringe Benefit Tax has been calculated and accounted for in accordance with the provisions of the Income tax Act, 1961 and the guidance note on Accounting for Fringe Benefits Tax issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Pursuant to enactment of Finance Act, 2009, Fringe Benefit tax stands abolished w.e.f. April 01, 2009.

Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of qualifying assets (i.e. those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use) are capitalised. Other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Leases

Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight line basis over the lease term with the lessor.

Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised when the Company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.

Contingent Assets are not recognized in financial statements as they may never be realized.

 
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