Mar 31, 2015
Raghuvansh Agro farms Limited is a Limited Company in India and incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. It came into existence on 19.1.1996. The company is primarily engaged in manufacturing and trading of agro products.
1. axis of Preparation
The Financial Statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these Financial Statements to comply in all material aspects, with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 013. The Financial Statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention.
The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year except for the change in accounting policy, if any.
2. Uses of Estimates
The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires Management to make Judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent assets and liabilities at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in material or immaterial adjustments to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.
3. Revenue Recognition
Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
Income is accounted for on accrual basis in accordance with the Accounting Standards (AS) 9- "Revenue Recognition".
Insurance and other claims are recognized in accounts on lodgment to the extent these are measurable with reasonable certainty of acceptance. Excess/ shortfall is adjusted in the year of receipt.
Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate.
Inventories are valued at cost, computed on a First-in-First-out (FIFO) basis, and estimated net realizable value whichever is lower. In respect of finished goods and work in process, appropriate overheads are loaded.
5. Tangible Fixed Assets
Fixed Assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any subsidy/ reimbursement/ contribution received for installation and acquisition of any fixed assets is shown as deduction in the year of receipt. Capital work- in- progress is stated at cost.
Depreciation on assets is provided on the rates arrived at, based on the useful life estimated by the management/prescribed under the Schedule II of the Companies Act, 013.
Depreciation on fixed assets added/disposed off during the year/period is provided on pro-rata basis with reference to the date of addition/disposal.
7. Intangible Assets
Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Internally generated intangible assets are not capitalized and expensed off in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.
Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over the estimated useful economic life.
The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly.
8. borrowing Cost
Borrowing cost includes interest. Such costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.
9. Taxes on Income
Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961 enacted in India. The tax rates and tax Laws used to compute the amounts are those that are enacted, at the reporting date.
Deferred Taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted at the reporting date.
Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets including the unrecognized deferred tax assets, if any, at each reporting date, are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax assets can be realized.
The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and are adjusted for its appropriateness.
Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT Credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT Credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of Profit and Loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT Credit Entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the sufficient period.
10. Employee benefits
Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.
Defined contribution plan: Company's contribution towards provident fund is recognized in the profit and loss account.
Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.
On initial recognition, all investments are measured at cost. The cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.
Current investments are carried in the financial statements at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in values is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.
On disposal of an investment, the difference between its carrying amount and net disposal proceeds is charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss.
12. Earnings Per Share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.
For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all diluting potential equity shares.
13. Impairment of Assets
The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. If there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors, an impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceed its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.
After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.
A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.
14. Provisions, Liabilities & Contingent Assets
A provision is recognized when the company has present obligations as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligations and reliable estimate can be made of amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted at their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.
A Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from the past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.
Where the company is Lessee
Assets taken on lease, under which the lesser effectively retains all the risks and rewards of ownership, are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss account.
Assets acquired under leases where all the risks and rewards of ownership are substantially transferred to company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of fair value or the present value of minimum lease payments and liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period.
Where the company is Lesser
Leases in which the company transfers substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as finance leases. Assets given under finance lease are recognized as a receivable at an amount equal to the net investment in the lease. After initial recognition, the company apportions lease rentals between the principal repayment and interest income so as to achieve a constant periodic rate of return on the net investment outstanding in respect of the finance lease. The interest income is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.
Leases in which the company does not transfer substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the asset are classified as operating leases. Assets subject to operating leases are included in fixed assets. Lease income on an operating lease is recognized in the statement of profit and Loss as revenue from operation. Costs, including depreciation, are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss. Initial direct costs such as legal costs, brokerage costs, etc. are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.