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Accounting Policies of Rainbow Papers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1 1.1 CORPORATE INFORMATION :

The company is engaged in manufacturing and marketing of paper. It uses various qualities of waste papers as its raw material for manufacturing finished paper. The company offers wide range of paper including Writing & printing paper, Newsprint paper, Duplex Board,Coated Paper, Color Paper and Board, Crepe paper, Poster paper, Cast coated paper & fluorescent paper.

1.2 BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT:

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956, read with General Circular No 15/2013 dated 13th September 2013, issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act 2013 All Incomes and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2 2.1 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies, require the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management's evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

2.2 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount. It excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch of the goods.

Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme, Focus Market Scheme, Status Holder Incentive Scheme and Duty free Import Authorization Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis.

Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

2.3 FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition, trial run expenses and interest attributable to the project till the date of commissioning.

Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operative expenses, and attributed interest.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed Assets are included under the head Long term loans and advances shown as Capital advances.

2.4 DEPRECIATION:

The company has provided depreciation,

(1) On the additions made on or after 1.4.2009 to Plant & Machinery on "Straight Line Method" on Pro-rata basis in accordance with Section 123(2), as per useful life specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

(2) On all other Fixed Assets on "Written Down Value Method" on pro-rata basis in accordance with the Section 123(2), as per useful life specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act 2013.

2.5 BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to respective borrowings.

2.6 INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified as Noncurrent & Current Investments. Non Current Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at Cost or Net Realizable Value whichever is lower.

2.7 INVENTORIES:

Raw Materials, Packing Materials, Coal and Furnace Oil are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stores & Spares are valued at cost. Inventories of Finished Goods and Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party Premises are valued at cost. Cost is determined on First-in-first-out basis. The cost of Work-in-process and Finished goods includes the cost of material, labour, manufacturing and other overheads.

2.8 EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

2.9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company's monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading:

The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

2.10 EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company's Payments to the defined contributions plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expense over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit converts and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

2.11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The carrying value of assets of the Company's cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sale.

As per the assessment conducted by the Company at March 31, 2015, there were no indications that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss.

2.12 TAXATION:

A provision for Current Tax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

2.13 EARNING PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

2.14 CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statement" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

2.15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimated required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2014

1 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies, require the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

2 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount. It excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch of the goods. Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme, Focus Market Scheme, Status Holder Incentive Scheme and Duty free Import Authorization Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis. Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition, trial run expenses and interest attributable to the project till the date of commissioning. Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operative expenses, and attributed interest. Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed Assets are included under the head Long term loans and advances shown as Capital advances.

4 DEPRECIATION:

The company has provided depreciation, (1) On the additions made on or after 1.4.2009 to Plant & Machinery on “Straight Line Method” on Pro-rata basis in accordance with Section 205 (2)(b), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. (2) On all other Fixed Assets on “Written Down Value Method” on pro-rata basis in accordance with the Section 205 (2)(a), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

5 BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized except where it relates to the financing of construction or devlopment of assets requiring substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to respective borrowings.

6 INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified as Non current & Current Investments. Non Current Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at Cost or Net Realizable Value whichever is lower.

7 INVENTORIES:

Raw Materials, Packing Materials, Coal and Furnace Oil are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stores & Spares are valued at cost. Inventories of Finished Goods and Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party Premises are valued at cost. Cost is determined on First-in-first-out basis. The cost of Work-in-process and Finished goods includes the cost of material, labour, manufacturing and other overheads.

8 EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company''s monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading:

The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

10 EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s Payments to the defined contributions plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expense over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit converts and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The carrying value of assets of the Company''s cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sale. As per the assessment conducted by the Company at March 31, 2014, there were no indications that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss.

12 TAXATION:

A provision for Current Tax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher. Deferred Tax resulting from ”timing differences that are temporary in nature” between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

13 EARNING PER SHARE:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

14 CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the “Indirect Method” set out in Accounting Standard 3 on “Cash Flow Statement” and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company. Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimated required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies, require the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management''s evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

1.2 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount. It excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch of the goods.

Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under Duty Entitlement

Passbook Scheme, Focus Market Scheme and Duty free Import Authorization Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis.

Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

1.3 FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition, trial run expenses and interest attributabletothe projecttillthedateof commissioning.

Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operativeexpenses, and attributed interest.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed Assets are included under the head Long term loans and advances shown as Capital advances.

1.4 DEPRECIATION:

The company has provided depreciation,

(1) On the additions made on or after 1.4.2009to Plant & Machinery on "Straight Line Method" on Pro-rata basis in accordance with Section 205 (2)(b), atthe rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

(2) On all other Fixed Assets on "Written Down Value Method" on pro-rata basis in accordance with the Section 205 (2)(a), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

1.5 BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to respective borrowings.

1.6 INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at Cost or Net Realizable Value whichever is lower.

1.7 INVENTORIES:

Raw Materials, Packing Materials, Coal and Furnace Oil are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stores & Spares are valued at cost. Inventories of Finished Goods and Work in Progress are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party Premises are valued at cost. Cost is determined on First-in-first-out basis. The cost of Work-in-progress and Finished goods includes the cost of material, labour, manufacturing and other overheads.

1.8 EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

1.9 FOREIGN CURRENCYTRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are'' carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company''s monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading:

The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense forthe year.

1.10 EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

(a) ShortTerm

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) LongTerm

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds.These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any

legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company''s Payments to the defined contributions plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated asatthe balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expense over the employees working life.These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period ofemployees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit converts and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

1.11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The carrying value of assets of the Company''s cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount.The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sale.

As per the assessment conducted by the Company at March 31,2013, there were no indications that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss.

1.12 TAXATION:

A provision forCurrentTax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JBof the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable

profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

1.13 EARNING PER SHARE:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profitaftertaxfortheyear attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14 CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statemenfand presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

1.15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimated required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date.These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2012

1 1.1 USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies, require the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management's evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.2 REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Sales are stated net of rebate and trade discount. It excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch of the goods.

Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme, Focus Market Scheme and Duty free Import Authorization Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis.

Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

1.3 FIXEDASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition, trial run expenses and interest attributable to the project till the date of commissioning.

Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operative expenses, and attributed interest.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed Assets are included under the head Long term loans and advances shown as Capital advances.

1.4 DEPRECIATION:

The company has provided depreciation,

(1) On the additions made on or after 1.4.2009 to Plant & Machinery on "Straight Line Method" on Pro-rata basis in accordance with Section 205 (2)(b), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

(2) On all other Fixed Assets on "Written Down Value Method" on pro-rata basis in accordance with the Section 205(2)(a), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

1.5 BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings

if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to respective borrowings.

1.6 INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified as Non current & Current Investments. Non Current Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at Cost or Net Realizable Value whichever is lower.

1.7 INVENTORIES:

Raw Materials, Packing Materials, Coal and Furnace Oil are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stores & Spares are valued at cost. Inventories of Finished Goods and Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party Premises are valued at cost. Cost is determined on First-in-first-out basis. The cost of Work-in-process and Finished goods includes the cost of material, labour, manufacturing and other overheads.

1.8 EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

1.9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company's monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading:

The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income overthe life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

1.10 EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company's Payments to the defined contributions plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expense over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit converts and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

1.11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The carrying value of assets of the Company's cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sale.

As per the assessment conducted by the Company at March 31, 2012, there were no indications that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss.

1.12 TAXATION:

A provision for Current Tax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

1.13 EARNING PER SHARE:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

1.14 CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statement" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

1.15 PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimated required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2011

1) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The Financial Statements are prepared as per historical cost convention and in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the provisions of the Companies Act 1956, and the applicable Accounting Standards notified under the Companies(Accounting Standards) Rules,2006. All Incomes and Expenditures having material bearing on the Financial Statements are recognized on accrual basis.

2) USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of the Financial Statements, in conformity with the Generally Accepted Accounting policies, require the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of Assets and Liabilities, Revenues and Expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities. Such estimation and assumptions are based on management's evaluation of relevant facts and circumstances as on date of Financial Statements. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Sales are stated net of rebate, trade discount and inter-divisional transfers. It excludes Central Sales Tax and State Value Added Tax. With regard to sale of products, income is reported when practically all risks and rights connected with the ownership have been transferred to the buyers. This usually occurs upon dispatch of the goods.

Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under Duty Entitlement Passbook Scheme, Focus Market Scheme and Duty free Import Authorization Scheme are accounted for on accrual basis.

Dividend on Financial Instruments are recognized as and when realized. Interest on deposits is recognized on accrual basis.

4) FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition, trial run expenses and interest attributable to the project till the date of commissioning.

Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operative expenses, and attributed interest.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed Assets are included under the head capital work in progress.

5) DEPRECIATION:

The company has provided depreciation,

(1) On the additions made on or after 1.4.2009 to Plant & Machinery on "Straight Line Method" on Pro-rata basis in accordance with Section 205 (2)(b), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

(2) On all other Fixed Assets on "Written Down Value Method" on pro-rata basis in accordance with the Section 205 (2)(a), at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956.

6) BORROWING COST:

Borrowing costs are recognized in the period to which they relate, regardless of how the funds have been utilized, except where it relates to the financing of construction or development of assets requiring a substantial period of time to prepare for their intended future use. Interest on borrowings if any is capitalized up to the date when the asset is ready for its intended use. The amount of interest capitalized for the period is determined by applying the interest rate applicable to respective borrowings.

7) INVESTMENTS:

Investments are classified as Long Term & Current Investments. Long Term Investments are valued at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value, if any. Current Investments are valued at Cost or Net Realizable Value whichever is lower.

8) INVENTORIES:

Raw Materials, Packing Materials, Coal and Furnace Oil are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value after considering the credit of VAT and Cenvat. Stores & Spares are valued at cost. Inventories of Finished Goods and Work in Process are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value. Stock in transit and Stock lying at third party premises are valued at cost. Cost is determined on First-in-first-out basis. The cost of Work-in-process and Finished goods includes the cost of material, labour, manufacturing and other overheads.

9) EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and Inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

10) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion:

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference:

Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Company's monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading:

The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

11) EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

(a) Short Term

Short Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

(b) Long Term

The Company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans, of which some have assets in approved funds. These plans are financed by the Company in the case of defined contribution plans.

Defined Contribution Plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. These comprise of contributions to Employees Provident Fund. The Company's Payments to the defined contributions plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employee perform the services that the payment covers.

Defined Benefit Plans

Expenses for defined benefit gratuity payment plans are calculated as at the balance sheet date by independent actuaries in the manner that distributes expense over the employees working life. These commitments are valued at the present value of the expected future payments, with consideration for calculated future salary increases, using a discounted rate corresponding to the interest rate estimated by the actuary having regard to the interest rate on Government Bonds with a remaining term i.e. almost equivalent to the average balance working period of employees.

Other Employee Benefit

Compensated absences which accrue to employees and which can be carried to future periods but are expected to be encashed or availed in twelve months immediately following the year end are reported as expenses during the year in which the employees perform the services that the benefit converts and the liabilities are reported at the undiscounted amount of the benefits after deducting amounts already paid.

12) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The carrying value of assets of the Company's cash generating units are reviewed for impairment annually or more often if there is an indication of decline in value. If any indication of such impairment exists, the recoverable amount of those assets are estimated and impairment loss is recognized, if the carrying amount of those assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the estimated future cash flows to their present value based on appropriate discount factor. Net selling price is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost of completion and to make the sale.

As per the assessment conducted by the Company at March 31, 2011, there were no indications that the fixed assets have suffered an impairment loss.

13) TAXATION:

A provision for Current Tax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences that are temporary in nature" between accounting and taxable profit is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable or virtual certainty, as the case may be, that the asset will be realised in future.

14) EARNING PER SHARE:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to Equity Shareholders of the Company by the weighted average number of Equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earning per Share is calculated by dividing net profit attributable to equity shareholders (after adjustment for diluted earnings) by average number of weighted equity shares outstanding during the year.

15) CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on "Cash Flow Statement" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

16) PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding long term benefits) are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimated required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to the Financial Statements. A contingent asset is neither recognized nor disclosed.


Mar 31, 2009

1) BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and the Accounting Standards issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of The Companies Act, 1956 (The Act).

2) USE OF ESTIMATES:

The presentation of financial statements require estimates and disclosure of contingent liabilities assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of Assets & Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results & estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Income & Expenditure are recognized and accounted on Accrual Basis except subsidy, un-assessed insurance claims and dividend income. Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on delivery of goods, when all significant contractual obligations have been satisfied, the property in the goods is transferred for a price, significant risks & rewards of ownership are transferred to customers & no effective ownership is retained.

4) FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction net of accumulated depreciation, cenvat credit and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations relating to borrowings attributed to fixed assets. Cost includes incidental expenses capitalized from time to time on their due recognition and interest attributable to the project till the date of commissioning.

Project under commissioning and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental pre-operative expenses, and attributed interest.

Advances paid towards the acquisition of Fixed assets are disclosed underthe head capital work in progress.

5) DEPRECIATION:

i) Depreciation upto the financial year ended on 31-3-2008 on all fixed assets (except additions made on or after 1.4.1999 to plant & machinery) had been provided on "Straight Line Method" in accordance with Section 205 (2Kb), at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV of The Act. During the year ended on 31.03.2009, the company, for more appropriate preparation and presentation of the financial statements, has changed the method of providing depreciation on all its assets to "Written Down Value Method" in accordance with Section 205 (2)(a), at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV of The Act.

ii) The Company has provided depreciation on all its fixed assets, on "Written Down Value Method" on pro- rata basis in accordance with the Section 205 (2)(a), at the rates as specified in Schedule XIV of The Act.

6) BORROWING COST:

Borrowing Costs that are attributable to acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such asset is installed and put to use. A qualifying asset is one that necessary takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

7) INVESTMENTS:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in value of such investments.

8) INVENTORIES:

i) " Raw Materials, Finished Goods, Work-in-Process, Packing Materials and Coal & Furnace Oil is valued at lower of cost or net realisable value.

ii) Stores & Spares are valued at cost.

9) EXCISE DUTY AND CENVAT CREDIT:

Excise Duty payable on finished goods is accounted for on clearance of goods. CENVAT Credit on Capital Goods and inputs is accounted for on the date of actual receipt of the same, respectively.

10) SALES/TURNOVER:

Sales / Turnover includes sales value of goods, inter divisional transfer, export incentives and excise duty thereon but excluding other recoveries such as insurance and freight. Sales net of excise duty and inter-divisional transfer is also disclosed separately.

11) ALLOCATION OF EXPENSES:

The interest on working capital loan and directors remuneration has been apportioned in the ratio of turnover to differentdivisiohs.

12) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:

i) Initial Recognition: Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency of the transaction.

ii) Conversion: Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate of the date of transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried of fair value or other similar valuation denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were denominated.

iii) Exchange Difference: Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting Companys monetary items of rates different from those of which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

iv) Forward Exchange Contracts not intended for trading: The premium or discount arising of the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract Exchange difference on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

13) EXPORT BENEFITS:

Export benefits representing Custom Duty Rebate entitlement against exports made under D.E.P.B., F.M.S and D.F.I. A. Scheme is accounted for on accrual basis.

14) EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

Short term employee benefits (which are payable within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render services) are measured at cost.

Long term employee benefits (which are payable after the end of 12 months from the end of the period in which the employees render services) and post employment benefits (benefits which are payable after completion of employment) are measured on a discounted basis by the Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of Actuarial, Valuation.

Contribution to provident fund, a defined contribution plan is made in accordance with the statute.

The cost of providing leave encashment and gratuity defined benefit plans are determined using Projected Unit Credit Method on the basis of Actuarial Valuation.

15) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

The company on an Annual basis makes an assessment of any indicator that may lead to impairment of Assets. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount, then the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount by creatingthe difference as impairment loss & is charged to Profit & Loss Account,

16) SEGMENT REPORTING:

The Company deals in only one product segment i.e. paper product and hence requirement of Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting" issued by ICAI are not applicable.

17) TAXATION:

(A) DIRECT TAXES

A provision for Current Tax has been made at the current tax rate based on assessable income or on the basis of Sec. 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961 (Minimum Alternative Tax), whichever is higher.

A provision for Deferred Tax is made for all timing differences arising between taxable income and accounting income at current enacted tax rates.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that the will be realised and are reviewed for the appropriateness of the irrespective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Consequent to the introduction of Fringe Benefit Tax (FBT) effective from April 1, 2005, the company has made provision in accordance with applicable Income Tax Laws.

(B) INDIRECT TAXES

The liabilities are provided for considered as contingent depending upon the merit of each case and/or receiving the actual demand from the department.

18) EARNING PER SHARE:

The earnings considered in ascertaining the companys EPS comprises the net profit after tax (and include the post tax effect of any extraordinary item). The number of shares used in computing Basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating Diluted Earning per share, the net profits for the period attributable to Equity Shareholders divided by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of own dilutive potential equity shares.

19) CASH FLOW STATEMENT:

The Cash Flow Statement is prepared by the "Indirect Method" set out in Accounting Standard 3 on

"Cash Flow Statement" and presents the cash flows by operating, investing and financing activities of the Company.

Cash and Cash equivalents presented in Cash Flow Statement consist of cash on hand and demand deposits with banks.

20) PROVISIONS AND CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. A contingent liability is disclosed when the Company has a possible or present obligation where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle it. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

 
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