Home  »  Company  »  Raj Packaging In  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Raj Packaging Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1) GENERAL

a) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") of India under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are carried at revalued amounts. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard required a change in accounting policy hitherto in use.

b) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle to be 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2) FiXED ASSETS

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT / Value Added Tax) less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Expenditure during construction period in respect of new project/ expansion is allocated to the respective fixed assets on their being ready for intended use Subsequent expenditure related to item of tangible asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standards of performance.

ii) In accordance with AS 28 on 'Impairment of Assets', where there is an indication of impairment of the Company's assets related to cash generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

3) INVESTMENTS

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on the management's intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of the cost and fair value and provision is made to recognize any decline in the carrying value.

4) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or estimated net realizable value. Cost is determined on "First-in-First Out" basis.

The cost in case of finished goods and semi-finished goods includes cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs (on the basis of normal operating capacity) incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized when the property and all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and sales tax.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is recognized using time proportion method.

6) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

7) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on the Straight Line Method (SLM) Method. Depreciation is provided based on useful life of the assets as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Depreciation on additions / deletions of assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis from the month of such addition or upto the month of such deletion as the case may be.

8) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Provident Fund:

Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred.

ii) Gratuity:

Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan. The Company contributes to the Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India based on actuarial valuation carried on by them as at the close of the financial year.

iii) Liability for compensated absences is provided for as per the rules of the Company.

9) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at rates that approximate the exchange rate prevailing on the date of respective transaction.

Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding at the year end, are translated at the year end closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The premium or the discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts related to underlying receivables and payables are amortized as income or expense over the period of the contracts.

10) LEASES

Lease under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired are capitalized at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease term.

11) TAXATION

Income tax expenses comprise current tax (i.e., amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charges or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income of the year).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax on assets are recognized and carried forward only if there is a virtual / reasonable certainty of realization of such assets in near future and are reviewed for their appropriateness of their respective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

12) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is made based on a reliable estimate when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle an obligation. Contingent liabilities, if any are disclosed in the notes to accounts and are determined based on the management perception that these liabilities are not likely to materialize. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

13) GOVERNMENT GRANTS AND SUBSIDIES

Government Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is reasonable certainty that the grant/subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Grant/Subsidy receivable against an expense is deducted from such expenses and grant/subsidy receivable against a specific fixed asset is deducted from cost of the relevant fixed asset.


Mar 31, 2014

1) GENERAL

i) The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India, the Accounting Standards as notified under Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, read with general circular 15/2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, the Provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and 2013 and on the accounting principle of going concern. Expenses and Income to the extent considered payable and receivable, respectively, are accounted for on accrual basis, except those with significant uncertainties.

ii) The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements. The recognition, measurement, classification or disclosure of an item or information in the financial statements are made relying on these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

2) FIXED ASSETS

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT / Value Added Tax) less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Expenditure during construction period in respect of new project/ expansion is allocated to the respective fixed assets on their being ready for intended use.

ii) In accordance with AS 28 on ''Impairment of Assets'', where there is an indication of impairment of the Company''s assets related to cash generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

3) INVESTMENTS

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on the management''s intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of the cost and fair value and provision is made to recognize any decline in the carrying value.

4) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realizable value. Cost is determined on "First-in- First Out" basis.

The cost in case of finished goods and semi-finished goods includes cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized when the property and all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and sales tax.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is recognized using time proportion method.

6) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

7) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided on "Straight-line Method" at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and 2013 read with relevant circulars issued from time to time by the Department of Company Affairs.

Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

Depreciation on additions / deletions of assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

8) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Provident Fund:

Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred.

ii) Gratuity:

Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan. The Company contributes to the Scheme with Life Insurance Corporation of India based on actuarial valuation carried on by them as at the close of the financial year.

iii) Liability for leave encashment is provided for as per the rules of the Company.

9) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at rates that approximate the exchange rate prevailing on the date of respective transaction.

Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions settled during the year are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year. Monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are outstanding at the year end, are translated at the year end closing exchange rate and the resultant exchange differences are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The premium or the discount arising at the inception of the forward exchange contracts related to underlying receivables and payables are amortized as income or expense over the period of the contracts.

As a matter of prudence, the Company does not recognize mark to market foreign exchange gain on derivative contracts entered into to hedge the foreign currency risk of future transactions and outstanding as at the year end.

10) LEASES

Lease under which the Company assumes substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Such assets acquired are capitalized at fair value of the asset or present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease, whichever is lower. Lease payments under operating leases are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease term.

11) TAXATION

Income tax expenses comprise current tax (i.e., amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charges or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income of the year).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax on assets are recognized and carried forward only if there is a virtual / reasonable certainty of realization of such assets in near future and are reviewed for their appropriateness of their respective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

12) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is made based on a reliable estimate when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle an obligation. Contingent liabilities, if any are disclosed in the notes to accounts and are determined based on the management perception that these liabilities are not likely to materialize. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

1) GENERAL

i) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accounting principles of a going concern and the Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

ii) The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements. The recognition, measurement, classification or disclosure of an item or information in the financial statements are made relying on these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

2) FIXED ASSETS

i) Fixed assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT / Value Added Tax) less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Expenditure during construction period in respect of new project/ expansion is allocated to the respective fixed assets on their being ready for intended use.

ii) In accordance with AS 28 on ''Impairment of Assets'' issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, where there is an indication of impairment of the Company''s assets related to cash generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized is recognized in the Profit & Loss Accounts whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

3) INVESTMENTS

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on the management''s intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of the cost and fair value and provision is made to recognize any decline in the carrying value.

4) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realizable value. Cost is determined on "First-in-First Out" basis.

The cost in case of finished goods and semi-finished goods includes cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized when the property and all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and sales tax.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income is recognized using time proportion method.

6) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss Account.

7) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 read with relevant circulars issued from time to time by the Department of Company Affairs.

Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition.

Depreciation on additions / deletions of assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

8) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Provident Fund :

Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

ii) Gratuity:

Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan and being accounted for on cash basis. iii) Liability for leave encashment is accounted for on cash basis.

9) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of transactions. Gain and loses resulting from settlement of such transactions and from the transaction of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in Profit and Loss Account.

Premium in respect of forward foreign exchange contract is recognised over the life of the contracts. With respect to foreign exchange contracts entered into for highly probable future transactions or firm commitments, mark to market losses, if any, is recognized at the Balance Sheet date in view of the principle of prudence enunciated in AS – 1.

10) TAXATION

Income tax expenses comprise current tax (i.e., amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charges or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income of the year).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax on assets are recognized and carried forward only if there is a virtual / reasonable certainty of realization of such assets in near future and are reviewed for their appropriateness of their respective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

11) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is made based on a reliable estimate when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle an obligation. Contingent liabilities, if any are disclosed in the notes to accounts and are determined based on the management perception that these liabilities are not likely to materialize. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1) GENERAL

1) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accounting principles of a going concern and the Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties.

ii) The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements. The recognition, measurement, classification or disclosure of an item or information in the financial statements are made relying on these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

2) FIXED ASSETS

Fixed assets are stated at cost (net of CENVAT / Value Added Tax) less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Expenditure during construction period in respect of new project/ expansion is allocated to the respective fixed assets on their being ready for intended use.

In accordance with AS 28 on 'Impairment of Assets' issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, where there is an indication of impairment of the Company's assets related to cash generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized is recognized in the Profit & Loss Accounts whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

3) INVESTMENTS

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on the management's intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are valued at the lower of the cost and fair value and provision is made to recognize any decline in the carrying value.

4) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realizable value except scrap which is valued at net realizable value. Cost is determined on "First-in-First Out" basis.

The cost in case of finished goods and semi-finished goods includes cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized when the property and all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consideration. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and sales tax.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized using time proportion method.

6) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such asset upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

7) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 read with relevant circulars issued from time to time by the Department of Company Affairs.

Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition. Depreciation on additions / deletions of assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

8) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Provident Fund:

Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

ii) Gratuity:

Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan and being accounted for on cash basis.

iii) Liability for leave encashment is accounted for on cash basis.

9) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of transactions. Gain and loses resulting from settlement of such transactions and from the transaction of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in Profit and Loss Account.

Premium in respect of forward foreign exchange contract is recognised over the life of the contracts. With respect to foreign exchange contracts entered into for highly probable future transactions or firm commitments, mark to market losses, if any, is recognized at the Balance Sheet date in view of the principle of prudence enunciated in AS - 1.

10) TAXATION

Income tax expenses comprise current tax (i.e., amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charges or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income of the year).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax on assets are recognized and carried forward only if there is a virtual / reasonable certainty of realization of such assets in near future and are reviewed for their appropriateness of their respective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

11) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is made based on a reliable estimate when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle an obligation. Contingent liabilities, if any are disclosed in the notes to accounts and are determined based on the management perception that these liabilities are not likely to materialize. Contingent assets are not recognized or disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

1) GENERAL

a) The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted

Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accounting principles of a going concern and the Company follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis except those with significant uncertainties. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI"), the provisions of the. Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in accounting policy hitherto in use.b) The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses and disclosure of contin- gent liabilities on the date of financial statements. The recognition, measurement, classi- fication or disclosure of an item or information in the financial statements are made relying on these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospec- tively.

2) FIXED ASSETS

a) All fixed assets are stated at cost net of CENVAT / Value Added Tax less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Expenditure during construction period in respect of new project/expansion is allocated to the respective fixed assets on their being ready for commercial use.

b) In accordance with AS 28 on Impairment of Assets issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, where there is an indication of impairment of the Companys assets

related to cash generating units, the carrying amounts of such assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any impairment. The recoverable amount of such assets is estimated as the higher of its net selling price and its value in use. An impairment loss is recognized is recognized in the Profit & Loss Accounts whenever the carrying amount of such assets exceeds its recoverable amount.

3) INVESTMENTS

Investments are either classified as current or long-term based on the managements intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current invest- ments are carried at the lower of the cost and fair value and provision is made to recognize any decline in the carrying value.

4) INVENTORIES

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and estimated net realizable value except scrap which is valued at net realizable value. Cost is determined on "First-in-First Out" basis.

The cost in case of finished goods and semi-finished goods includes cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.

5) REVENUE RECOGNITION

Revenue is recognized when the property and all the significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the buyer and no significant uncertainty exists regarding the amount of consid- eration. Local sales are inclusive of excise duty and sales tax.

Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

6) BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs directly attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as a part of the cost of such asset upto the date when such asset is ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

7) DEPRECIATION

Depreciation is provided on "Straight Line Method" at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 read with relevant circulars issued from time to time by the Department of Company Affairs.

Individual assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 are depreciated in full in the year of acquisition. Depreciation on additions / deletions of assets during the year in provided on pro-rata basis.

8) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

a) Provident Fund : Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account as incurred.

b) Gratuity : Gratuity is a defined benefit retirement plan and being accounted for on cash basis.

c) Liability for leave encashment is accounted for on cash basis.

9) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force at the date of transactions. Gain and loses resulting from settlement of such transactions and from the transaction of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognised in Profit and Loss Account. Premium in respect of forward foreign exchange contract is recognised over the life of the contracts.

10) TAXATION

Income tax expenses comprise current tax and fringe benefit tax (i.e., amount of tax for the year determined in accordance with the income tax law) and deferred tax charges or credit (reflecting the tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income of the year).

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax on assets are recognized and carried forward only if there is a virtual / reasonable certainty of realization of such assets in near future and are reviewed for their appropriateness of their respective carrying value at each balance sheet date.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in terms of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal tax within the statutory time frame and the same is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date.

11) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is made based on a reliable estimate when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle an obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the notes to accounts and are determined based on the management perception that these liabilities are not likely to materialise. Contingent assets are not recognised or disclosed in the financial statements.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!