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Accounting Policies of Raunaq EPC International Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

1.1 The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP”) under the historical cost convention on the accruals basis to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the act") and the relevant provisions of the act. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy for contracts work-in-progress (Refer Note 1.4).

1.2 The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 a) Fixed Assets are valued at cost net of CENVAT. Borrowing cost that is directly attributable to the acquisition

or construction of a qualifying asset is considered as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

b) Inventories are valued at Cost or net realizable value whichever is less other than Contracts Work in Progress.

1.4 The contracts work-in-progress as at the end of year is valued on the basis of percentage of completion method as followed in earlier years.

However there has been a change in this year as detailed hereunder:-

i) Revenue is recognized when the value of running bill is more than 25% as against 33% followed in earlier year.

ii) The entire increase in WIP (In respect of contracts which remains in progress as at the end of the year) is considered revenue of the year. In earlier years a percentage of the incremental contribution was accounted as revenue of the year depending upon the percentage of works completed.

For the purpose of valuation, cost means the direct cost on a particular job excluding depreciation and finance charges, which are directly charged to Profit and Loss Statement (Refer note 1.18).

1.5 Accumulated value of Amount Billed to client is carried forward on memorandum basis till the project is charged to completed contracts. On closure of a project, the accumulated value of work in progress in accordance with Accounting Policy ''1.4'' discussed above and difference between Accumulated Amount of WIP and total Amount Billed to client is accounted in the value of amount "charged to completed contracts”.

1.6 Works Contracts are charged to completed contracts on obtaining completion certificates from concerned clients.

1.7 For the purpose of classifying an asset as Current or Noncurrent on operating cycle basis, the scheduled period of contract completion increased by any extension allowed by the contracted is considered to be operating cycle. Trade Receivables due for payment for the purpose of classifying as Current/Non-Current are classified from the date when defect liability period or retention period ends.

1.8 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in schedule II to the Act.

1.9 Intangible assets are amortized as per provision of AS-26.

1.10 (a) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

1.11 The following items are accounted for based on certainty of realization/ payments:

(a) Extra items claim.

(b) Insurance claims.

(c) Any receipts/additional liability on account of pending income tax, sales tax and excise duty assessments.

(d) Penalties or interests, if any, on delayed payment of statutory dues.

1.12 Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. All Foreign Currency Monetary items outstanding at the yearend are translated at the yearend rate. The difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of Foreign Currency Monetary items at the end of the year is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be, for the year.

1.13 (a) Investments are either classified as Non-Current or Current investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

(b) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Non-Current investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

1.14 (a) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Statement for the year in which related services are rendered.

(b) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company''s contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss Statement of the year.

(c) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company''s liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date. So far as the gratuity is concerned the company contributes the ascertained liability to the Life Insurance Corporation of India which administers the contributions and makes the payment at retirement, death or incapacitation of employment to employee.

1.15 Leases where the less or effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating Lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss Statement as per the lease terms.

1.16 The Company provides current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act applicable to it. Timing differences between book profit and taxable profit is recognized as Deferred Tax Asset, if any, considering prudence.

1.17 Basic Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.18 With a view to have a more appropriate presentation of financial statements, the company has revised its accounting policy relating to valuation of contracts work in progress (Refer note 1.4). The change has resulted in increase in profit of Rs, 206.93 lacs.

1.19 An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged for when an asset is identified as impaired.

1.20 Provisions are recognized in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - ''Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets'' (AS-29) when there is a present legal or statutory obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognized only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where there reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2015

1.1 The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accruals basis to comply with the accounting standards specified under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act").The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy for depreciation [Refer Note 11(B)].

1.2 The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

1.3 a) Fixed Assets are valued at cost net of CENVAT. Borrowing cost that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is considered as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

b) Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less other than contracts work in progress.

1.4 The contracts work-in-progress as at the end of the year is valued on percentage of completion method as detailed hereunder :

(i) Where current estimates of cost and selling price of a contract as at the end of year indicate loss, such foreseeable loss is accounted for during the year.

(ii) (a) In case the value of running account bill(s) is less than 33% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost incurred as at the end of year.

(b) In case the value of running account bill(s) is more than 33% but less than 50% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus one third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

(c) In case the value of running account bill(s) is 50% and above, the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus two third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

For the purpose of valuation, cost means the direct cost on a particular job excluding depreciation and finance charges, which are directly charged to Profit and Loss Statement.

1.5 Accumulated value of amount billed to client is carried forward on memorandum basis till the project is charged to completed contracts. On closure of a project, the accumulated value of work in progress in accordance with Accounting Policy '1.4' discussed above and difference between accumulated amount of WIP and total amount billed to client is accounted in the value of amount "charged to completed contracts".

1.6 Works Contracts are charged to completed contracts on obtaining completion certificates from concerned clients.

1.7 For the purpose of classifying an asset as current or non current on operating cycle basis, the scheduled period of contract completion increased by any extension allowed by the contractee is considered to be operating cycle. Trade receivables due for payment for the purpose of classifying as current/non-current are classified from the date when defect liability period or retention period ends.

1.8 Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in schedule II to the Act [Refer Note 11(B)].

1.9 (a) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

1.10 The following items are accounted for based on certainty of realization/ payments:

(a) Extra items claim.

(b) Insurance claims.

(c) Any receipts/additional liability on account of pending income tax, sales tax and excise duty assessments.

(d) Penalties or interests, if any, on delayed payment of statutory dues.

1.11 Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year end are translated at the year end rate. The difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of foreign currency monetary items at the end of the year is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be, for the year.

1.12 (a) Investments are either classified as non-current or current investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition

charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

(b) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Non- current investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

1.13 (a) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Statement for the year in which related services are rendered.

(b) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company's contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss Statement of the year.

(c) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company's liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date. So far as the gratuity is concerned the company contributes the ascertained liability to the Life Insurance Corporation of India which administers the contributions and makes the payment at retirement, death or incapacitation of employment to employee.

1.14 Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss Statement as per the lease terms.

1.15 The Company provides current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act applicable to it. Timing differences between book profit and taxable profit is recognized as Deferred Tax Asset, if any, considering prudence.

1.16 Basic Earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.17 An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged for when an asset is identified as impaired.

1.18 Provisions are recognized in terms of Accounting Standard 29-'Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets' (AS-29) when there is a present legal or statutory obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liabilities are recognized only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non- occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where there reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

Notes:

(i) Reconciliation of the number of shares and amount outstanding at the beginning and at the end of the reporting period:

(iii) Rights and Restrictions attached to Equity shares :

Each holder of Equity shares is entitled to one vote per share. The dividend proposed by the board of directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

Notes:

(i) Details of terms of repayment for the long-term borrowings and security provided in respect of secured long-term borrowings:

Note (i): Current maturities of long-term debt (Refer Note (i) in Note 4 - Long-term borrowings for details of security ):

(B) 1. The company has revisited and changed the method of depreciation of fixed assets from written down vale (WDV) method to straight line method (SLM) as on April 01,2014. As a result of this change, the surplus i.e. excess depreciation of Rs 127.37 lacs as on April 01,2014 has been disclosed as an extraordinary item.

2. Pursuant to the notification of schedule II to the Act, the Company also revised the estimated useful life of its assets to align the useful life with those specified in schedule II.

3. Pursuant to the transition provisions prescribed in schedule II to the Act, the Company has fully depreciated the carrying value of assets (determined after considering the change in method of depreciation from WDV to SLM), net of residual value, where the remaining useful life of the asset was determined to be nil as on April 01,2014, and has adjusted the amount of Rs 10.51 lacs against the opening Surplus balance in the statement of Profit and Loss under Reserve and Surplus.

The depreciation and amortisation expense in the statement of profit & loss for the year is lower by Rs 4.60 lacs consequent to above change in the method of depreciation.

The depreciation and amortisation expense in the statement of profit & loss for the year is higher by Rs 35.08 lacs consequent to change in the useful life of the assets.

Note:

(i) Balances with banks held as margin money include deposits amounting to Rs 517.64 Lacs (As at 31 March, 2014 - Rs 743.52 Lacs) which have an original maturity of more than 12 months.


Mar 31, 2014

A1. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accruals basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 in terms of general circular 15/2013 dated 13th September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956/2013 as applicable.

A2. The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

A3. Inventories are valued at Cost. Fixed Assets are valued at cost net of CENVAT. Borrowing cost that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is considered as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

A4. The depreciation is charged on the written down value method at the rate and in the manner specified under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing upto '' 5, 000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

A5. The contracts Work-in-Progress as at the end of the year is valued on percentage of completion method as detailed hereunder:

(i) Where current estimates of cost and selling price of a contract as at the end of year indicate loss, such foreseeable loss is accounted for during the year.

(ii) (a) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is less than 33% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost

incurred as at the end of year.

(b) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is more than 33% but less than 50% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus one third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

(c ) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is 50% and above, the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus two third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

For the purpose of valuation, cost means the direct cost on a particular job excluding depreciation and finance charges, which are directly charged to Profit and Loss Statement.

A6. Accumulated value of Amount Billed to client is carried forward on memorandum basis till the project is charged to completed contracts. On closure of a project the accumulated value of work in progress in accordance with Accounting Policy ''A5'' discussed above and difference between Accumulated Amount of WIP and total Amount Billed to client is accounted in the value of amount "charged to completed contracts".

A7. Works Contracts are charged to completed contracts on obtaining completion certificates from concerned clients.

A8. For the purpose of classifying an asset as Current or Non current on operating cycle basis, the scheduled period of contract completion increased by any extension allowed by the contractee is considered to be operating cycle. Trade Receivables due for payment for the purpose of classifying as Current/Non-Current are classified from the date when defect liability period or retention period ends.

A9. (a) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

A10. The following items are accounted for based on certainty of realization/payments:

(a) Extra items claim.

(b) Insurance claims.

(c) Any receipts/additional liability on account of pending income tax, sales tax and excise duty assessments.

(d) Penalties or interests, if any, on delayed payment of statutory dues.

A11. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. All Foreign Currency Monetary items outstanding at the year end are translated at the year end rate. The difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of Foreign Currency Monetary items at the end of the year is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be, for the year.

A12. (a) Investments are either classified as Non- Current or Current investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

(b) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Non-Current investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

A13. (a) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Profit and Loss Statement for the year in which related services are rendered.

(b) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company''s contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the Profit and Loss Statement of the year.

(c) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company''s liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date. So far as the gratuity is concerned the company contributes the ascertained liability to the Life Insurance Corporation of India which administers the contributions and makes the payment at retirement, death or incapacitation of employment to employee.

A14. Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating Lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss Statement as per the lease terms.

A15. The Company provides current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act applicable to it. Timing differences between book profit and taxable profit is accounted as deferred tax. Deferred Tax Asset, if any, is recognized considering prudence.

A16. Basic Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

A17. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged for when an asset is identified as impaired.

A18. Provisions are recognized in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - ''Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets'' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present legal or statutory obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent Liabilities are recognized only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where there reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A1. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") under the historical cost convention on the accruals basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 & the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

A2. The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

A3. Inventories are valued at Cost. Fixed Assets are valued at cost net of CENVAT. Borrowing cost that is directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset is considered as part of the cost of that asset. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the year in which they are incurred.

A4. The depreciation is charged on the written down value method at the rate and in the manner specified under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Assets costing upto Rs. 5,000 are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

A5. The contracts Work-in-Progress as at the end of the year is valued on percentage of completion method as detailed hereunder:

(i) Where current estimates of cost and selling price of a contract as at the end of year indicate loss, such foreseeable loss is accounted for during the year.

(ii) (a) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is less than 33% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost incurred as at the end of year.

(b) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is more than 33% but less than 50% of the contract value, the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus one third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

(c) In case the value of Running Account Bill(s) is 50% and above , the job is valued at actual cost incurred plus two third of the contribution available as at the end of year.

For the purpose of valuation, cost means the direct cost on a particular job excluding depreciation and finance charges, which are directly charged to Profit and Loss Statement.

A6. Accumulated value of Amount Billed to client is carried forward on memorandum basis till the project is charged to completed contracts. On closure of a project the accumulated value of work in progress in accordance with Accounting Policy ''A5'' discussed above and difference between accumulated amount of WIP and total amount billed to client is accounted in the value of amount"charged to completed contracts".

A7. Works contracts are charged to completed contracts on obtaining completion certificates from concerned clients.

A8. For the purpose of classifying an asset as current or non current on operating cycle basis, the scheduled period of contract completion increased by any extension allowed by the contractee is considered to be operating cycle. Trade receivables due for payment for the purpose of classifying as current/non-current are classified from the date when defect liability period or retention period ends.

A9. (a) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(b) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis.

A10. The following items are accounted for based on certainty of realization/ payments:

(a) Extra items claim.

(b) Insurance claims.

(c) Any receipts/additional liability on account of pending income tax, sales tax and excise duty assessments.

(d) Penalties or interests, if any, on delayed payment of statutory dues.

All. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. All foreign currency monetary items outstanding at the year end are translated at the year end rate. The difference between the rate prevailing on the date of transaction and on the date of settlement as also on translation of foreign currency monetary items at the end of the year is recognized as income or expense, as the case may be, for the year.

A12. (a) Investments are either classified as non- current or current investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

(b) Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.Non - current investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

A13. (a) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss statement for the year in which related services are rendered.

(b) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company''s contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards provident fund, pension fund and employee state insurance are recognized in the profit and loss statement of the year.

(c) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company''s liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the actuarial valuation as on the balance sheet date. So far as the gratuity is concerned the company contributes the ascertained liability to the Life Insurance Corporation of India which administers the contributions and makes the payment at retirement, death or incapacitation of employment to employee.

A14. Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets are classified as operating leases. Operating Lease payments are recognized as an expense in the profit & loss statement as per the lease terms.

A15.The company provides current tax based on the provisions of the Income Tax Act applicable to it. Timing differences between book profit and taxable profit is accounted as deferred tax. Deferred tax asset, if any, is recognized considering prudence.

A16. Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

A17. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged for when an asset is identified as impaired.

A18. Provisions are recognized in terms of Accounting Standard 29 - ''Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets'' (AS-29), notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, when there is a present legal or statutory obligation as a result of past events, where it is probable that there will be outflow of resources to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made. Contingent liabilities are recognized only when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, due to occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events, not wholly within the control of the Company, or where any present obligation cannot be measured in terms of future outflow of resources, or where there reliable estimate of the obligation cannot be made. Obligations are assessed on an ongoing basis and only those having a largely probable outflow of resources are provided for. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

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