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Accounting Policies of RCL Foods Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1 Background

RCL Foods Limited was originally Incorporated on 02.11.1992 in the State of Orissa in the name and style of 'Passari cellulose Private Limited' which was subsequently changed to "RCL Foods Limited" on 04.08.2010 having its registered office in Chennai. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacturing and trading of food and processed foods.

a) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles ('GAAP') in India and comply with the Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government pursuant to Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

c) Revenue recognition

"Revenue from sale of goods is recognized on dispatch of goods to customers which corresponds with transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax, trade and quantity discounts. Dividend income is recognized when unconditional right to receive the payment is established. Interest income on deposits and interest bearing securities is recognized on the time proportionate method.

c) Tangible fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. The cost of tangible fixed assets includes freight, duties and taxes and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition, but exclude duties and taxes that are recoverable subsequently from tax authorities. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method in accordance with Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 . If the management's estimates of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management estimate of useful life/ remaining useful life. However as of date, the management has not estimated the useful life of the assets to be shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid schedule.

d) Intangible assets and amortization

Intangible fixed assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated economic useful lives on a straight line basis commencing from the date the

e) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost comprising interest and finance charges directly attributable to the construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset until the activities necessary to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

f) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount (higher of net realizable value and value in use) of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than the carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost includes all taxes and duties, but excludes duties and taxes that are subsequently recoverable from tax authorities.

h) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions or rates that approximates the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies' as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions during the year and on restatement of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account of the year.

i) Employee benefit

Defined benefit plan

j) Gratuity: The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement Plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees. The Plan provides payment to vested employees at retirement, death or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment with the Company. Liabilities related to the Gratuity Plan are determined by actuarial valuation done by an independent actuary using projected unit credit method as at March 31 each year.

Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

ii) Compensated absences: Provision for long term compensated absences is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by an independent actuary using projected unit credit method. Provision for short term compensated absences is made on actual liability basis.

k) Income taxes

Income-tax expense comprise current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law), and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting that tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at the balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized. Current tax and deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset to the extent to which the Company has a legally enforceable right to set off and they relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

I) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share amounts are computed after adjusting the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares, which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

m) Cash flow statements

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated. Cash flows in foreign currencies are accounted at average monthly exchange rates that approximate the actual rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions.

n) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

The Company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Investments:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention, on the accrual basis of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') in India and comply with the Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government pursuant to Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, to the extent applicable.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenue and expenses, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period reported. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

c) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised on despatch of goods to customers which corresponds with transfer of all significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. The amount recognized as sale is exclusive of sales tax, trade and quantity discounts.

Dividend income is recognized when unconditional right to receive the payment is established.

Interest income on deposits and interest bearing securities is recognized on the time proportionate method.

c) Tangible fixed assets and depreciation

Tangible fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated depreciation. The cost of tangible fixed assets includes freight, duties and taxes and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition, but exclude duties and taxes that are recoverable subsequently from tax authorities. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition of those fixed assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

Advances paid towards acquisition of tangible fixed assets and the cost of assets not ready to be put to use before the year end are disclosed under long term loans and advances and capital work in progress respectively.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method. The rates of depreciation prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 are considered as the minimum rates. If the management''s estimates of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher rate based on the management estimate of useful life/ remaining useful life. Accordingly, the rates of depreciation for various assets are as under:

Fixed Assets Rate of Depreciation

Computers 40.00%

Furniture and fittings 18.10%

Vehicles 25.89%

Office equipments 13.91%

Plant and machinery 13.91%

All individual assets costing Rs 5,000 or less are depreciated at 100% in the year of purchase.

d) Intangible assets and amortisation

Intangible fixed assets are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated economic useful lives on a straight line basis commencing from the date the asset is available for its use. The management estimates the useful lives for the various intangible assets as follows:

Description Estimated useful life (in years)

Software 3

e) Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost comprising interest and finance charges directly attributable to the construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of that asset until the activities necessary to prepare the qualifying asset for its intended use are complete. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

f) Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount (higher of net realizable value and value in use) of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than the carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciable historical cost.

g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises all cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost includes all taxes and duties, but excludes duties and taxes that are subsequently recoverable from tax authorities.

h) Foreign currency transactions

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transactions or rates that approximates the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated at the closing exchange rates on that date. Exchange differences arising on foreign exchange transactions during the year and on restatement of monetary assets and liabilities are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account of the year.

i) Operating lease

Lease payments under operating lease are recognised as an expense on straight line basis over the lease term.

j) Employee benefit

Defined benefit plan

i) Gratuity: The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement Plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees. The Plan provides payment to vested employees at retirement, death or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment with the Company. Liabilities related to the Gratuity Plan are determined by actuarial valuation done by an independent actuary using projected unit credit method as at March 31 each year.

Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long-term benefits are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

ii) Compensated absences: Provision for long term compensated absences is made on the basis of an actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date carried out by an independent actuary using projected unit credit method. Provision for short term compensated absences is made on actual liability basis.

k) Income taxes

Income-tax expense comprise current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income-tax law), and deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting that tax effects of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period). The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Deferred tax assets are reviewed as at the balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized. Current tax and deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset to the extent to which the Company has a legally enforceable right to set off and they relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

l) Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share amounts are computed after adjusting the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share, and also the weighted average number of equity shares, which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential shares. The diluted potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable, had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. the average market value of the outstanding shares). Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period, unless issued at a later date.

m) Cash flow statements

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non- cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated. Cash flows in foreign currencies are accounted at average monthly exchange rates that approximate the actual rates of exchange prevailing at the dates of the transactions.

n) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

The Company creates a provision when there is present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Investments:

Long-term investments are stated at cost less any other -than -temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value.


Mar 31, 2010

I) Basis of Accounting:

The Company maintains accounts under the historical cost convention accounts on accrual basis as a going concern and in accordance with the Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) Income & Expenditure Recognition:

All items of Income and Expenditure are accounted for on Accrual basis.

iii) Use of Estimates :

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles required estimates an assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialised.

iv) Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Cost of Fixed Assets includes all duties and taxes and all expenses incurred up to erection and

installation but net of tax credit recoverable from tax authorities, wherever applicable.

v) Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on "Written Down Value Method" in accordance with the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions/sale are calculated on pro rata basis from the date of additions or up to the date of sale, as the case may be.

vi). Investments:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made, if the decline is other than temporary in nature. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value determined on the basis of each category of Investments.

vii) Accounting of Employee Benefits:

Defined benefit plan: The liability for Gratuity to employees as at Balance Sheet date is determined on the basis of Actuarial Valuation based on Projected Unit Credit Method.

viii) Liability Recognition:

Provision is made in the accounts in respect of all liabilities relating to the period under review, which have material effect on the position stated in the Balance Sheet.

ix)Taxation:

(i) Provision for current Income Tax is made in accordance with the Income Tax Act, 1961.

(ii) Provision for deferred tax is made for timing differences arising between taxable income and accounting income computed using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or

substantially enacted as of balance sheet date. Deferred Tax Liability/Asset are recognized, subject to consideration of prudence, timing difference and materiality.

(iii) Deferred tax asset are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that they will be realized and reviewed for appropriateness of their carrying values at each balance sheet date.

x) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Preliminary Expenses is being amortized over a period of 5 years.

 
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