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Accounting Policies of Resurgere Mines & Minerals India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

2.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) These financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in India (Indian GAAP), including the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act,2013.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention, on an accrual basis. The financial statements are presented in Indian rupees rounded off to the neareast rupees in lacs.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in confirmity with Indian GAAP requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

2.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers exclusive of Sales Tax and Duties. Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

Interest and Rental Income is recognized on time proportion basis taking in to account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

2.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of Cenvat Credit) of acquisition/construction and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss. Cost includes purchase price, borrowing costs and any direct expenses as well as clearly identifiable indirect expenses incurred to bring the assets to their working condition for its intended use.

Expenditure During Project Implementation Period:

All expenditure, including advances given during the project implementation period, is accumulated and disclosed as capital work-in-progress until the assets are ready for commercial use.

2.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

2.6 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on 'Straight Line Method' as on 31.03.2014 on the remaining useful life of the Assets in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 except depreciation on railway wagons which has been provided at the rate of 10% per annum on straight line method commensurate to its ownership tenure as provided in the WIS agreement with the Indian Railways in respect of which useful life is different then those prescribed in schedule-II. Assets acquired under finance lease and Premium on lease hold land are depreciated Over the period of lease . Also individual capital items of upto a value of Rs.5,000/- have been fully depreciated.

2.7 Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses fixed assets at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets belongs, is less than the carrying amount, carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.

2.8 Inventories

Inventories are valued at weighted average cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower except in case of bye- products which are valued at Net Realisable Value (NRV).

2.9 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the period-end are translated at closing rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction and investment in foreign companies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of making the investments. Contingent Liabilities are translated at closing rate.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

2.10 Segment

In accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company's business constitutes only one reportable business segment being Mining & Trading of Minerals and hence no separate disclosure to attributable Revenues, Profits, Assets, Liabilities, and Capital Employed are given.

2.11 Retirement Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account, as they are incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

Company's liabilities towards gratuity are determined using the projected unit credit method based on actuarial valuation as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains / losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial valuation.

2.12 Miscellaneous Expenditure :

Initial Mine Development Expenses:

In open pit mining operations, removal of initial overburden and other barren waste materials are necessary for economical extraction of ore. The process of mining overburden and waste materials is referred to as stripping. The management has decided to amortise such expense in 60 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure at Mines.

Subsequent Mine Development Expense:

Subsequent Mine Development Expense incurred on extension of existing operative mine are apportioned in 18 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure.

2.13 Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made if such decline is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at cost or fair value whichever is less.

2.14 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest, exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

2.15 Income Tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of the current period timing differences between taxable incomes and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years / period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

2.16 Provision

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

2.17 Contingent Liabilities

Contingent Liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts. Provision is made in the accounts in respect of those contingencies which are likely to materialize into liabilities after the year end till the approval of the accounts by the Board of Directors and which have material effect on the position stated in the Balance Sheet.

2.18 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.






Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in India (GAAP). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued Accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing Accounting Standard requires changes in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers exclusive of Sales Tax and Duties. Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

Interest and Rental Income is recognized on time proportion basis taking in to account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

1.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of Cenvat Credit) of acquisition/construction and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss. Cost includes direct expenses as well as clearly identifiable indirect expenses incurred to bring the assets to their working condition for its intended use.

Expenditure During Project Implementation Period:

All expenditure, including advances given during the project implementation period, is accumulated and disclosed as capital work-in-progress until the assets are ready for commercial use.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization.

1.6 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets (other than, wagons and screening & crushing machinery) is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. However, Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of Fixed Assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are depreciated over its useful life. Also individual capital items of upto a value of Rs.5,000/- added during the year has been fully depreciated. Depreciation on railway wagons has been provided at the rate of 10% per annum on straight line method commensurate to its ownership tenure as provided in the WIS agreement with the Indian Railways. The earlier estimates of useful life for screening and crushing machineries have undergone a change to 10 years, from the date of purchase, taking into account, inflation and obsolescence, necessitating reduced useful life.

1.7 Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses fixed assets at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets belongs, is less than the carrying amount, carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.8 Inventories

Inventories are valued at weighted average cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the period-end are translated at closing rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction and investment in foreign companies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of making the investments. Contingent Liabilities are translated at closing rate.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

1.10 Segment

In accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company''s business constitutes only one reportable business segment being Mining & Trading of Ore and hence no separate disclosure to attributable Revenues, Profits, Assets, Liabilities, and Capital Employed are given.

1.11 Retirement Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account, as they are incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

Company''s liabilities towards gratuity are determined using the projected unit credit method based on actuarial valuation as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains / losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial valuation.

1.12 Miscellaneous Expenditure :

Initial Mine Development Expenses:

In open pit mining operations, removal of initial overburden and other barren waste materials are necessary for economical extraction of ore. The process of mining overburden and waste materials is referred to as stripping. The management has decided to amortise such expense in 60 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure at Maharajpur Mines.

Expenses on initial development at "Tatibha Mines" continue being amortized over a period of 5 years from the month in which the expenditure is incurred as estimated by the management.

Subsequent Mine Development Expense:

During the financial year the Company during the course of excavation activity at the Nuagaon mine situated in the State of Orissa has found soft ore (blue dust) in the said mine. Soft Ore has significantly lesser economic value and the company after considering all commercial implications has decided to discontinue excavation activity on the said site within the mine. The company has already started development of an alternate site immediately adjacent to its existing mine site. The management has decided to amortise the expense in 18 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure.

1.13 Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made if such decline is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at cost or fair value whichever is less.

1.14 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

1.15 Income Tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI").

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of the current period timing differences between taxable incomes and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years / period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

1.16 Provision

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

1.17 Contingent Liabilities

Contingent Liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts. Provision is made in the accounts in respect of those contingencies which are likely to materialize into liabilities after the year end till the approval of the accounts by the Board of Directors and which have material effect on the position stated in the Balance Sheet.

1.18 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in India (GAAP). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued Accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing Accounting Standard requires changes in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers exclusive of Sales Tax and Duties. Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

Interest and Rental Income is recognized on time proportion basis taking in to account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

1.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of Cenvat Credit) of acquisition/construction and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss. Cost includes direct expenses as well as clearly identifiable indirect expenses incurred to bring the assets to their working condition for its intended use.

Expenditure During Project Implementation Period:

All expenditure, including advances given during the project implementation period, is accumulated and disclosed as capital work-in-progress until the assets are ready for commercial use.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization.

1.6 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets (other than, wagons and screening & crushing machinery) is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. However, Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of Fixed Assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are depreciated over its useful life. Also individual capital items of upto a value of Rs.5,000/- added during the year has been fully depreciated. Depreciation on railway wagons has been provided at the rate of 10% per annum on straight line method commensurate to its ownership tenure as provided in the WIS agreement with the Indian Railways. The earlier estimates of useful life for screening and crushing machineries have undergone a change to 10 years, from the date of purchase, taking into account, inflation and obsolescence, necessitating reduced useful life.

1.7 Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses fixed assets at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets belongs, is less than the carrying amount, carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.8 Inventories

Inventories are valued at weighted average cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the period-end are translated at closing rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction and investment in foreign companies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of making the investments. Contingent Liabilities are translated at closing rate.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

1.10 Segment

In accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company''s business constitutes only one reportable business segment being Mining & Trading of Ore and hence no separate disclosure to attributable Revenues, Profits, Assets, Liabilities, and Capital Employed are given.

1.11 Retirement Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account, as they are incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

Company''s liabilities towards gratuity are determined using the projected unit credit method based on actuarial valuation as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains / losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial valuation.

1.12 Miscellaneous Expenditure :

Initial Mine Development Expenses:

In open pit mining operations, removal of initial overburden and other barren waste materials are necessary for economical extraction of ore. The process of mining overburden and waste materials is referred to as stripping. The management has decided to amortise such expense in 60 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure at Maharajpur Mines.

Expenses on initial development at "Tatibha Mines" continue being amortized over a period of 5 years from the month in which the expenditure is incurred as estimated by the management.

Subsequent Mine Development Expense:

During the financial year the Company during the course of excavation activity at the Nuagaon mine situated in the State of Orissa has found soft ore (blue dust) in the said mine. Soft Ore has significantly lesser economic value and the company after considering all commercial implications has decided to discontinue excavation activity on the said site within the mine. The company has already started development of an alternate site immediately adjacent to its existing mine site. The management has decided to amortise the expense in 18 months from the date of incurrance of the expenditure.

1.13 Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made if such decline is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at cost or fair value whichever is less.

1.14 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

1.15 Income Tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI").

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of the current period timing differences between taxable incomes and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years / period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

1.16 Provision

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

1.17 Contingent Liabilities

Contingent Liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts. Provision is made in the accounts in respect of those contingencies which are likely to materialize into liabilities after the year end till the approval of the accounts by the Board of Directors and which have material effect on the position stated in the Balance Sheet.

1.18 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

a) The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and Generally Accepted Accounting Principles applicable in India (GAAP). Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued Accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing Accounting Standard requires changes in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

b) The financial statements have been prepared under historical cost convention on an accrual basis.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers exclusive of Sales Tax and Duties. Sales are net of trade discounts and sales tax.

Interest and Rental Income is recognized on time proportion basis taking in to account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

1.4 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost (net of Cenvat Credit) of acquisition/construction and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss. Cost includes direct expenses as well as clearly identifiable indirect expenses incurred to bring the assets to their working condition for its intended use.

Expenditure During Project Implementation Period:

All expenditure, including advances given during the project implementation period, is accumulated and disclosed as capital work-in-progress until the assets are ready for commercial use.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization.

1.6 Depreciation and Amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets (other than, wagons and screening & crushing machinery) is provided on 'Straight Line Method' in the manner and at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. However, Machinery spares which can be used only in connection with an item of Fixed Assets and whose use is expected to be irregular are depreciated over its useful life. Also individual capital items of upto a value of Rs. 5,000/- added during the year has been fully depreciated. Depreciation on railway wagons has been provided at the rate of 10% per annum on straight line method commensurate to its ownership tenure as provided in the WIS agreement with the Indian Railways. The earlier estimates of useful life for screening and crushing machineries have undergone a change to 10 years, from the date of purchase, taking into account, inflation and obsolescence, necessitating reduced useful life.

1.7 Impairment of Assets

The Company assesses fixed assets at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the assets. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash-generating unit to which the assets belongs, is less than the carrying amount, carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount.

1.8 Inventories

Inventories are valued at weighted average cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the period-end are translated at closing rates. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transaction and investment in foreign companies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of making the investments. Contingent Liabilities are translated at closing rate.

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on restatement of monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

1.10 Segment

In accordance with the requirements of Accounting Standard 17 "Segment Reporting" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the Company's business constitutes only one reportable business segment being Mining & Trading of Ore and hence no separate disclosure to attributable Revenues, Profits, Assets, Liabilities, and Capital Employed are given.

1.11 Retirement Benefits

a) Defined Contribution Plan

Contribution to defined contribution plans are recognized as expense in the Profit and Loss Account, as they are incurred.

b) Defined Benefit Plan

Company's liabilities towards gratuity are determined using the projected unit credit method based on actuarial valuation as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains/losses are recognized immediately in the Profit and Loss Account. Long term compensated absences are provided for based on Actuarial valuation.

1.12 Miscellaneous Expenditure :

Initial Mine Development Expenses:

In open pit mining operations, removal of initial overburden and other barren waste materials are necessary for economical extraction of ore. The process of mining overburden and waste materials is referred to as stripping. The management has decided to amortise such expense in 60 months from the date of incurrence of the expenditure at Maharajpur Mines.

Expenses on initial development at "Tatiba Mines" continue being amortized over a period of 5 years from the month in which the expenditure is incurred as estimated by the management.

Subsequent Mine Development Expense:

During the financial year the Company during the course of excavation activity at the Nuagaon mine situated in the State of Orissa has found soft ore (blue dust) in the said mine. Soft Ore has significantly lesser economic value and the company after considering all commercial implications has decided to discontinue excavation activity on the said site within the mine.

The company has already started development of an alternate site immediately adjacent to its existing mine site. The management has decided to amortise the expense in 18 months from the date of incurrence of the expenditure.

1.13 Investments

Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made if such decline is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at cost or fair value whichever is less.

1.14 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur. Borrowing costs consist of interest and other costs that an entity incurs in connection with the borrowing of funds.

1.15 Income Tax

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax and deferred tax are accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI").

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of the current period timing differences between taxable incomes and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years/period. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available except that deferred tax assets arising on account of unabsorbed depreciation and losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize the same.

1.16 Provision

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

1.17 Contingent Liabilities

Contingent Liabilities, if any, are disclosed in the Notes to Accounts. Provision is made in the accounts in respect of those contingencies which are likely to materialize into liabilities after the year end till the approval of the accounts by the Board of Directors and which have material effect on the position stated in the Balance Sheet.

1.18 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

 
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