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Accounting Policies of Rockon Enterprises Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India ('Indian GAAP') to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Inventory Valuation

Items of inventories are measured at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Inventories are determined on First-in-First-Out (FIFO) basis.

c) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to the contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expense during the year. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful receivables, employee benefits, provision for income taxes, accounting for contract costs expected to be incurred, the useful lives of depreciable fixed assets and provisions for impairment. Future results could differ due to changes in these estimates and the difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialise.

d) Revenue recognition

1. Income from Operation is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

2. Other Income is recognised to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

3. Dividend is recognised when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established at the balance sheet date.

e) Fixed Assets

Tangible Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Capital work in progress includes expenditure incurred till the assets are put into intended use.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes less accumulated amortisation / depletion and impairment loss, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs, and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use and net charges on foreign exchange contracts and adjustments arising from exchange rate variations attributable to the intangible assets.

f) Depreciation

Depreciation on tangible assets is provided using the Straight Line Method over the useful lives of the assets estimated by the Management. Depreciation for the assets purchased / sold during the year is proportionately charged as prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Intangible assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

g) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet dates and if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to extent of the carrying value of the asset that would have been determined (net of amortization / depreciation), had no impairment loss been recognized.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

h) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary decline in the value of the investments.

i) Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Minimum Alternative Tax

(MAT) credit is recognised as an asset and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

j) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Possible future obligations or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to accounts of financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

l) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared under the 'Indirect Method'. Cash and cash equivalents, in the cash flow statement comprise unencumbered cash and bank balances.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") in India under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2008 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c) Revenue recognition

1. Income from Operation is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

2. Other Income is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

3. Dividend is recognized when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established at the balance sheet date.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Capital work in progress includes expenditure incurred till the assets are put into intended use.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In case of Software, the same is amortized over a period of five years. Fixed Assets costing Rs. 5,000/- or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

f) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet dates and if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists,

then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to extent of the carrying value of the asset that would have been determined (net of amortization / depreciation), had no impairment loss been recognized.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary decline in the value of the investments.

h) Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

i) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Possible future obligations or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to accounts of financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

k) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared under the ''Indirect Method''. Cash and cash equivalents, in the cash flow statement comprise unencumbered cash and bank balances.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") in India under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2008 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c) Revenue recognition

1. Income from Operation is recognized upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

2. Other Income is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

3. Dividend is recognized when the shareholders'' right to receive payment is established at the balance sheet date.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Capital work in progress includes expenditure incurred till the assets are put into intended use.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided at the rates and in the manner as prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In case of Software, the same is amortized over a period of five years. Fixed Assets costing Rs. 5,000/- or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

f) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet dates and if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to extent of the carrying value of the asset that would have been determined (net of amortization / depreciation), had no impairment loss been recognized.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary decline in the value of the investments.

h) Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognized as an asset and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated

i) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

j) Provisions. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Possible future obligations or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to accounts of financial statements.

k) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared under the ''Indirect Method''. Cash and cash equivalents, in the cash flow statement comprise unencumbered cash and bank balances.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") in India under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2008 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b) Use of Estimates

The Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to the accounting estimates is recognized prospectively.

c) Revenue recognition

1. Income from Operation is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer.

2. Other Income is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

3. Dividend is recognised when the shareholders' right to receive payment is established at the balance sheet date.

d) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets which takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use. Capital work in progress includes expenditure incurred till the assets are put into intended use.

e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner as prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. In case of Software, the same is amortized over a period of five years.

f) Impairment of assets

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet dates and if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment ioss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital. If at the balance sheet date, there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, then such loss is reversed and the asset is restated to extent of the carrying value of the asset that would have been determined (net of amortization / depreciation), had no impairment loss been recognized.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

g) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value determined on individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary decline in the value of the investments.

h) Employee benefits

Provision for retirement benefits to employees was not provided on accrual basis, which is not in conformity with Accounting Standard-15 issued by ICAI and the amount has not been quantified because actuarial valuation report is not available. However, in the opinion of the management the amount involved is negligible and has no material impact on the Profit & Loss Account.

i) Taxation

Tax expense comprises of current income tax and deferred income tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realised against future taxable profits. At each balance sheet date, the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Minimum Alternative Tax (MAT) credit is recognised as an asset and carried forward only if there is a reasonable certainty of it being set off against regular tax payable within the stipulated statutory period.

j) Foreign Currency Transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the rate of exchange in force on the date of the transactions. Current assets and Current liabilities in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of the Balance Sheet.

Any income or expenses on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is reconginsed in the Profit and Loss account except in case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

k) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for events of bonus issue, bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders, share split and reverse share split (consolidation of shares). For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

l) Provisions. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event it is probable that an outflow' of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Possible future obligations or present obligations that may but will probably not require outflow of resources or where the same cannot be reliably estimated, is disclosed as contingent liabilities in the notes to accounts of financial statements.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

m) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flow statement has been prepared under the 'Indirect Method'. Cash and cash equivalents, in the cash flow statement comprise unencumbered cash and bank balances.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis and on accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles, the accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, which have been adopted consistently by the Company.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumption to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

(c) Revenue recognition

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when significant risk and rewards of ownership are transferred to the customers. Sales are net of sales return and trade discount.

(d) Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at their historical costs less depreciation and upon provision of Impairment Losses duly recognized as per the provisions of AS2S issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Cost of Acquisition is inclusive of taxes and other incidental expenses up to date, the assets are put to use.

(e) Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on SLM basis for the period of use at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(f) Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost, Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such decline is of a permanent nature.

(g) Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower

(h) Retirement Benefits

Provision for retirement benefits to employees was not provided on accrual basis, which is not in conformity with Accounting Standard-15 issued by ICAI and the amount has not been quantified because actuarial valuation report is not available However, in the opinion of the management the amount involved is negligible and has no material impact on the Profit & Loss Account.

(i) Foreign Currency Transactions

During the period under review company has not entered into any foreign currency transaction

(j) Taxation

Deferred tax for the year is recognized on timing difference, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originates in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future, however when there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets.

(k) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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