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Union Budget 2017-18
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Accounting Policies of Royal India Corporation Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Corporate information

Nature of Business Activity:

Royal India Corporation Limited is engaged in the business of Bullion, Real Estate and Investments.

b. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the Act"). The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in previous year.

c. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

d. Revenue Recognition

All incomes and expenditure are recognized as per 'Accounting Standard- 9' accounted on accrual basis except where stated otherwise.

e. Fixed Assets

(i) Tangible Assets

Tangible assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition price. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition of fixed assets which take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use are also included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to for its intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase be put to use.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortized on a basis which is estimated to be the useful life of the asset.

f. Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on Written down value Method at the rates and in the manner as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 as per useful life of assets from the date assets have been put to use.

g. Impairment of Assets

Assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognized in accordance with Accounting Standard- 28 "Impairment of Assets", for the amount by which the asset's carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount as on the carrying date. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset's fair value less costs to sell vis- a-vis value in at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash flows.

h. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long term investments is made only if such decline is of a permanent nature.

Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Costs of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

i. Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower.

j. Taxation

Provision for current tax is made as per the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax for the year is recognized on timing difference, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originates in one period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

The deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities or assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future, however when there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets.

k. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

l. Retirement Benefits

Liabilities in respect of bonus, gratuity, and retirement benefit & leave encashment is being accounted for on cash basis.

m. Earnings Per Share

The earnings considered in ascertaining the company's EPS comprise of the net profit after tax as per Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings Per Share", issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The number of shares used in computing basic EPS is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period. The diluted EPS is calculated on the same basis as basic EPS, after adjusting for the effects of potential dilutive equity shares unless the effect of the potential dilutive equity shares is anti-dilutive.

n. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.




Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (on FIFO basis) and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary.

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation has been provided on the straight-line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under:

Vehicles - 4 years

Computers and data processing equipments - 4 years

Assets costing less than Rs. 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalization.

1.7 Revenue recognition

All incomes and expenditure are recognised as per ''Accounting Standard-9'' accounted on accrual basis except where stated otherwise.

1.8 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of accumulated deprciation. All cost relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and includes borrowing cost directly attributable to company.

1.9 Employee benefits

i. P.F and E.S.I.C Scheme is not applicable to the company.

ii. Gratuity is accounted as and when it becomes due.

1.10 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

1.11 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of qualifying fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the assets, up to the date the asset is put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

1.13 Taxes on income

Current Tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, if any. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable incomes and acounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax Assets are recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable/virtual certainity of realisation.

Current and deferred tax relating to items directly recognised in equity are recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.14 Provisions and contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.15 Share issues expenses/ Miscellaneous Expenditure

The share issue expenses is carried as an asset and is amortised over a period of 5 years from the date of the issue of shares.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Accounting and preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (on FIFO basis) and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary.

1.4 Cash and Cash Equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand, Cash at bank and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation has been provided on the straight-line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under:

Vehicles - 4 years

Computers and data processing equipments - 4 years

Assets costing less than rs. 5,000 each are fully

depreciated in the year of capitalization

1.7 Revenue Recognition

All incomes and expenditure are recognised as per ''Accounting Standard-9'' accounted on accrual basis except where stated otherwise. Dividends on investments are accounted for when the right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction. All cost relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and includes borrowing cost directly attributable to company.

1.9 Employee Benefits

I. P.F and E.S.I.C Scheme is not applicable to the company.

II. Gratuity is accounted as and when it becomes due.

1.10 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure.

The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets/ liabilities".

1.11 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Costs of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.12 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of qualifying fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the assets, up to the date the asset is put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

1.13 Taxes on Income

Current Tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, if any. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and Carried forward only if there is a reasonable/virtual certainty of realisation.

Current and deferred taxes relating to items directly recognised in equity are recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.14 Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.15 Derivative Contracts

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of forward contracts with an intention to hedge its existing stock in trade and highly probable transactions.

Derivative contracts designated as a hedging instrument for highly probable forecast transactions are accounted as per the policy stated for Hedge Accounting.

1.16 Share Issues Expenses/ Miscellaneous Expenditure

The share issue expenses are carried as an asset and is amortised over a period of 5 years from the date of the issue of shares.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Accounting and preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (on FIFO basis) and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary.

1.4 Cash and Cash Equivalents (for purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises cash on hand, Cash at bank and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation has been provided on the straight-line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under:

Vehicles - 4 years

Computers and data processing equipments - 4 years

Assets costing less than 5,000 each are fully depreciated in the year of capitalization

1.7 Revenue Recognition

All incomes and expenditure are recognised as per 'Accounting Standard-9' accounted on accrual basis except where stated otherwise.

Dividends on investments are accounted for when the right to receive the dividend is established.

1.8 Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction. All cost relating to the acquisition and installation of fixed assets are capitalized and includes borrowing cost directly attributable to company.

1.9 Employee Benefits

I. P.F and E.S.I.C Scheme is not applicable to the company.

II. Gratuity is accounted as and when it becomes due.

1.10 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure.

The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue/ expenses/ assets/ liabilities".

1.11 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Costs of investments include acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.12 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition and construction of qualifying fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the assets, up to the date the asset is put to use. Other borrowing costs are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

1.13 Taxes on Income

Current Tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, if any. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and

Carried forward only if there is a reasonable/virtual certainty of realisation.

Current and deferred taxes relating to items directly recognised in equity are recognised in equity and not in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.14 Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date. These are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes.

1.15 Hedge Accounting

The Company uses Commodity forward/Future contracts to hedge its risks associated with gold price fluctuations relating to stock held in trade. The cost of the hedging has been accounted under the head purchases.

1.16 Derivative Contracts

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of forward contracts with an intention to hedge its existing stock in trade and highly probable transactions.

Derivative contracts designated as a hedging instrument for highly probable forecast transactions are accounted as per the policy stated for Hedge Accounting.

1.17 Share Issues Expenses/ Miscellaneous Expenditure

The share issue expenses are carried as an asset and is amortised over a period of 5 years from the date of the issue of shares.


Mar 31, 2010

Basis of preparation:

The Financial Statements of the company are prepared under die historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and referred to in Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, and generally accepted accounting principles in India. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company during the year. The significant accounting policies are as follows:

(a) Basis of Accounting:

These accounts are prepared on the historical cost convention and on the mercantile basis.

(b) Revenue Recognition:

All incomes and expenditure are recognized as per Accounting Standard- 9th accounted on accrual basis except where stated otherwise.

Dividends on investments are accounted for when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation, cost inchides all identifiable expenditure incurred to bring the assets to its present condition and location. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method, at the rates specified in Schedule XTV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on fixed assets added during the year, is provided on pro-rata basis.

(d) Investments :

All investments are of long term in nature and are valued at Cost.

(e) Inventory :

Inventories are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

(f) Retirement and other employee benefits

i. P.F. and E.S.I.C. Scheme is not applicable to the Company. ii. Gratuity is accounted as and when it becomes due.

(g) Contingent Liabilities

Claims against the company not acknowledged as debts relating to normal business transactions and show cause notices and demands disputed by the company are treated as contingent liabilities. Provision, if any is made when it is probable that a liability may be incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

(h) Earning per share

Basic earning per shares are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the total number of weighted Average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earning per shares are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the total number of weighted Average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and also included dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the period.

(i) Miscellaneous Expenditure Other Expenditure:

Initial Legal & professional fees for BSE Membership & Stamp Duty for Issue of Share Certificates are amortized over a period of 5 years.

(j) Taxation:

Current tax is determined as the tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year if any. Deferred tax for the year is recognised on timing difference; being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only if there is a reasonable / virtual certainty of realization

 
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