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Accounting Policies of Ruchira Papers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

A. Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with Accounting Principles Generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP), the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting. The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees rounded off to the nearest rupees.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires judgments, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of Contingent Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

C. Own Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts and rebates and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The Cost of these assets comprise its purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to an item of assets are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work in Progress.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule ii of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

D. Impairment of Assets

An asset in treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss in charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction or that approximate the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

ii) Any income and expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on transaction is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

F. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution of the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

G. Inventories

i) inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence, if any except in case of by-product which are valued at net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

H. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

iii) Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received. interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

I. Excise Duty

Excise duty is accounted on the basis payment made in respect of goods cleared.

J. Employee Benefits

i) Short term benefits employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employee has rendered the services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

L. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax law that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

M. Segment Reporting

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either india or Overseas.

N. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2015

A. Basis for preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with Accounting Principles Generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP), the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisoions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting. The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees rounded off to the nearest rupees.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires judgments, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of Contingent Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

C. Own Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts and rebates and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The Cost of these assets comprise its purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to an item of assets are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work in Progress.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

D. Impairment of Assets

An asset in treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss in charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction or that approximate the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

ii) Any income and expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on transaction is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

F. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution of the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

G. Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence, if any except in case of by-product which are valued at net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

H. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

iii) Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

I. Excise Duty

Excise duty is accounted on the basis payment made in respect of goods cleared.

J. Employee Benefits

i) Short term benefits employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employee has rendered the services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

L. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities, using the applicable tax rates. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax law that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

M. Segment Reporting

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

N. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis for preparation of financial statements

i) The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with Accounting Principles Generally accepted in India (Indian GAAP), the Accounting Standards notified under Companies(Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provision of the Companies Act, 2013(to the extent notified,) The Companies Act, 1956(To the extent applicable) and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI). The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting.

ii) Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standards is initially adopted or a revision to the existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires judgments, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of Contingent Liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

C. Own Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes, trade discounts and rebates and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. The Cost of these assets comprise its purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to an item of assets are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing assets beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use are shown as Capital Work in Progress.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

D. Impairment of Assets

An asset in treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss in charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction or that approximate the actual rate at the date of the transaction.

ii) Any income and expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on transaction is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in the case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

F. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution of the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

G. Inventories

I) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence, if any except in case of by-product which are valued at net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

H. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

iii) Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

I. Excise Duty

Excise duty is accounted on the basis payment made in respect of goods cleared.

J. Employee Benefits

i) Short term benefits employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employee has rendered the services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

K. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

L. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

M. Segment Reporting

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

N. Provisions. Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis for preparation of accounts

i) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting

Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principals.

ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

C. Own Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs including financing cost till commencement of commercial production attributable to fixed assets are capitalized.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

D. Impairment of Assets

An asset in treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss in charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed in there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction or that approximate the actual rat at the date of the transaction.

ii) Any income and expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on transaction is recognized in the profit and loss account except in the case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

F. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution of the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

G. Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

iii) Scrap stock is valued at estimated realizable value.

H. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

iii) Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

I. Employee Benefits

i) Short term benefits employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered the services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.

J. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

K. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

L. Segment Reporting

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis for preparation of accounts

i) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principals.

ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

B. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /materialized.

C. Own Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amounts added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs including financing cost till commencement of commercial production attributable to fixed assets are capitalized.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

D. Impairment of Assets

An asset in treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss in charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed in there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

i) Transactions denominated in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction or that approximate the actual rat at the date of the transaction.

ii) Any income and expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on transaction is recognized in the profit and loss account except in the case of long term liabilities, where they relate to acquisition of fixed assets, in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

F. Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution of the value of long term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

G. Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

iii) Scrap stock is valued at estimated realizable value.

H. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

iii) Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

I. Employee Benefits

i) Short term benefits employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Post employment and other long term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the profit and loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered the services. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gains and losses in respect post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.

J. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

K. Provision for Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extent that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

L. Segment Reporting

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

M. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis for preparation of accounts

i) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principals.

ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

B. Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or revalued amount less accumulated depreciation.

Net increase in the fixed assets on account of revaluation is credited to the revaluation reserve account. All costs including financing cost till commencement of commercial production attributable to fixed assets are capitalized.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

C. Valuation of Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

iii) Scrap stock is valued at estimated realizable value.

D. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted for at the rates prevailing on the dates of transactions converted at contracted rates.

F. Employees Retirement Benefits

i) Company's contribution to Provident Fund, Employee's Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme and Employees State Insurance Fund are made in accordance with the provisions of the Employee Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 and is treated as revenue expenditure.

ii) Gratuity and Leave Encashment is charged to Profit & Loss Account on the basis of actuarial valuation at the end of financial year.

G. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

H. Segment Report Policies

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

I. Earnings/(Loss) per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard AS- 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing Net Profit or Loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilative potential equity shares, except where the results are anti- dilative.

J. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extant that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extant that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

K. Impairment of Assets

At each balance sheet date an assessment is made whether any indication exists that an asset has been impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated as the net selling price or value in use, whichever is higher. Impairment loss, i.e. the amount by which the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount is provided in the books of account.

L. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

M. Research & Development

The revenue expenditure on research & development is expensed out under the relevant head of accounts in the year in which is incurred. However, expenditure which results in creation of capital tangible assets is treated in the same way as expenditure on other fixed assets.

N. Investments

Investments are stated at cost. Dividend income is accounted in the year in which it is received.


Mar 31, 2010

A. Basis for preparation of accounts

i) The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention using accrual method of accounting in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principals.

ii) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

B. Fixed Assets and depreciation

i) Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition or revalued amount less accumulated depreciation. Net increase in the fixed assets on account of revaluation is credited to the revaluation reserve account. All costs including financing cost till commencement of commercial production attributable to fixed assets are capitalized.

ii) Depreciation on fixed assets other than vehicles and furniture is provided on straight line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on vehicles and furniture has been provided on written down value method.

iii) The depreciation on plant and machinery and effluent treatment plant has been provided on the rates applicable to continuous process plant.

iv) The difference in depreciation on revalued amount and the depreciation on the original cost of such assets calculated in accordance with section 205(2) of the Companies Act, 1956 is transferred from Revaluation Reserve to the credit of Depreciation Account.

C. Valuation of Inventories

i) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost is computed on First in First out (FIFO) basis.

ii) Cost for the purpose of valuation of finished goods and goods in process is computed on the basis of cost of material, labour and other related overheads.

iii) Scrap stock is valued at estimated realizable value.

D. Revenue recognition

i) Revenue is recognized to the extent that is probable that the economic benefit will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

ii) Sales are recognized when goods are supplied and the significant risks and rewards or ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

E. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted for at the rates prevailing on the dates of transactions converted at contracted rates.

F. Employees Retirement Benefits

i.) Companys contribution to Provident Fund, Employees Deposit Linked Insurance Scheme and Employees State Insurance Fund are made in accordance with the provisions of the Employee Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 and is treated as revenue expenditure.

ii) Gratuity and Leave Encashment is charged to Profit & Loss Account on the basis of actuarial valuation

G. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to acquisition or construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized as a part of cost of such assets. Qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

H. Segment Report Policies

The company produces only Paper and accordingly the entire business has been considered as one single segment. The secondary segment is geographical determined based on the location of clients. Clients are classified as either India or Overseas.

I. Earnings/(Loss) per Share

The Company reports basic and diluted Earnings per share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard AS- 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing Net Profit or Loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilative potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilative.

J. Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises both current and deferred taxes. Deferred Income Taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of early years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extant that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized on carry forward of unabsorbed deprecation and tax losses only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits. Unrecognized deferred tax assets of earlier years are reassessed and recognized to the extant that it has become reasonably certain that future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

K. Impairment of Assets

At each balance sheet date an assessment is made whether any indication exists that an asset has been impaired. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount is estimated as the net selling price or value in use, whichever is higher. Impairment loss, i.e. the amount by which the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount is provided in the books of account.

L. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities & Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be out flow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

M. Research & Development

The revenue expenditure on research & development is expensed out under the relevant head of accounts in the year in which is incurred. However, expenditure which results in creation of capital tangible assets is treated in the same way as expenditure on other fixed assets.

N. Misc. expenditure (to the extent not written off or adjusted)

Amalgamation expenses are written off over a period of five years in equal installments as per section 35 DD of Income Tax act, 1961.

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