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Accounting Policies of S P Capital Financing Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

I. BASIS OF PREPARATION

a) These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspect with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of Companies Act, 1956 [ Companies ( Accounting Standards), 2006 as amended ] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

b) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle, and other criteria set out in the Schedule - III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as up to twelve months for the purpose of current / non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

c) Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with the generally accepted accounting principles followed by the Company.

d) The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumption to be made that effect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period .The Difference between the actual and estimate are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialized.

II. TANGIBLE FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION

a) Tangible Fixed Assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

b) Depreciation has been provided as under:

(i) For assets existing on 1st April 2014 the carrying has been written off as the useful life is expired and the same has been discarded.

III. IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal / external factors. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in the prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exist or have decreased.

IV. BORROWING COST

Borrowing Costs attributable to acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as a part of the cost of such assets up to the date when such assets are ready for its intended use.

Other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

V. INVESTMENTS

Investments, which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments.

Investments are recorded at cost on the date of purchase, which includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, stamp duty, taxes, etc. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Long-term investments are stated at cost after deducting provisions made, if any, for other than temporary diminution in the value.

VI. INVENTORIES

The securities held as stock-in-trade are valued at weighted average cost. In respect of securities held as stock-in-trade, brokerage, Security Transaction Tax and stamp duty are included in cost.

VII. REVENUE RECONGNITION

a) Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and can be reliably measured.

b) Revenue from sale of shares & securities is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of shares & securities have passed. Sale of shares & securities are recorded net of brokerage and Taxes.

c) Transaction of Purchase and Sales effected in cash market, which are settled otherwise than by actual delivery or transfer of Shares and securities are accounted as sales and purchases.

d) Derivative Instruments: Transaction of Purchase and Sales of derivative contracts effected in F & O market, which are settled otherwise than by actual delivery or transfer of Shares and securities are netted and the resultant Gain or loss is accounted as F & O profit or loss in the statement of profit and loss.

Accounting for derivative contracts, the outstanding derivative contract with respect to F & O as at the yearend are marked to market individually to account for the loss, if any and is charged to the statement of profit and loss. The gains arising on account of mark to market are ignored.

e) Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis.

f) Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

VIII. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

The Provident Fund contribution and Gratuity is not required to be provided as the Company does not fulfill the criterion of minimum number of Employees employed during the year and hence is not under the statutory obligation to pay the same.

IX TAXATION

Tax expense for the period, comprising Current tax and Deferred Tax are included in the determination of net profit or loss for the period.

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in India.

Deferred Tax is recognized for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Deferred Tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted and substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets, if any.

In case of unabsorbed losses and unabsorbed depreciation, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profit. At each Balance Sheet date the Company reassesses the unrecognized deferred tax assets.

X. OPERATING LEASES

As a Lessee :Leases, where significant portion of risk and reward of ownership are retained by the Lessor, are classified as Operating Leases and lease rentals thereon are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

XI. CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENT

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash on hand and cash at bank including fixed deposit with original maturity period three months or less and short term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

XII. EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted-average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share are the net profit for the period. The weighted-average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources.

XIII. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND PROVISIONS

Contingent Liabilities are possible but not probable obligations as on Balance Sheet date based on the available evidence.

Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events, and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the Balance Sheet date.




Mar 31, 2012

(A) Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

(a) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with the gener- ally accepted accounting principles and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as adopted consistently.

(b) Accounting policies not specially referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting prin- ciples followed by the Company.

(c) The company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and recognizes significant items of income and expenditure on accrual basis.

(B) Fixed Assets and Depreciation:

(a) Fixed assets are stated at cost less depreciation.

(b) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight line method at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

(C) Foreign Exchange Transaction:

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. Outstanding balances are valued at the rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date.

(D) Investments:

Securities are classified into long term or stock in trade as considered by the management.

(E) Revenue recognition:

a) Sales of securities are recognized on the date of sale.

b) Profit & loss from Derivatives are recognized on the date of sale.

c) Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

d) In respect of other income, company follow accrual basis of accounting of such income.

(F) Employees Benefits:

The Provident Fund contribution and Gratuity is not required to be provided as the Company does not fulfill the criterion of minimum number of Employee employed during the year.

(G) Stock In Trade:

The securities held as stock-in-trade are valued at cost.

(H) Taxation:

Current Taxes, if any, are provided as per the provision of Income Tax Act 1961.

Deferred Tax is recognized on the timing difference being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in future. Deferred Tax Assets is recognized only upon actual certainty of sufficient taxable profit, in the future against which such deferred tax asset can be rectified.

(I) Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

 
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