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Accounting Policies of Sanco Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Corporate information

Sanco Industries Limited (the "Company") is a Public listed company domiciled in India and incorporated under the Provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Company is engaged in the business of manufacturing and trading of PVC Resin, PVC Compound, PVC Pipe & Profiles and Wire & Cables, LED Lights, Chemical etc. Registered office of the Company is in the state of Delhi. The Company has manufacturing facilities in the State of Himachal Pradesh. The Product of the Company caters domestic markets.

2. Significant accounting policies

a. Basis of preparation of financial statements

The Financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). These have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the Notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis except fee paid to Ministry of Corporate Affair on payment basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c. Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, or at revalued amounts, net of impairment loss if any, less accumulated depreciation/ amortization. The Company capitalizes all costs including costs of duties & taxes attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, up to the date the assets are put to use. Assessment of indication of impairment of an asset is made at the year-end and impairment loss, if any, recognized.

d. Intangible fixed assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses if any.

e. Borrowing costs

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

f. Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on tangible fixed assets from the date of installation/acquisition on a pro-rata basis. Depreciation on assets is provided on the written down value method as per the rates specified in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Assets individually costing Rs.5,000/-or less are depreciated fully in the year when they are put to use.

Intangible fixed assets are amortized on straight-line basis over their estimated useful economic life. The Company is amortizing its software over a period of 3 years.

g. Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to assess whether there is any indication of impairment based on internal /external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the Company measures it on the basis of undiscounted cash flows of next five years projections estimated based on current prices.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

h. Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured. Specifically,

i) Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have been passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of goods. Sales are net of trade discounts & rebates and sales taxes as applicable and sales returns.

ii) Service income is recognized on accrual basis as and when services are provided and invoices raised during the year. Service income excludes service tax.

iii) Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iv) Dividend income from investments is recognized when the Company''s right to receive payment is established.

i. Foreign currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of transaction.

Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate. Non-monetary items, which are measured in terms of historical costs denominated in foreign currency, are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Non-monetary items, which are measured at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency, are translated using the exchange rate at the date when such value was determined.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

For exchange differences arising on certain long-term foreign currency monetary items, refer to note 2c on tangible fixed assets and 2k on forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks.

All other exchange differences are recognized as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise.

j. Forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency risks

The Company uses foreign exchange forward contracts to hedge its exposure to movements in foreign exchange rates. The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contract is amortized and recognized as an expense/income over the life of the contract.

Exchange differences arising on such contracts, except the contracts that are long term foreign currency monetary items, are recognized in the statement of profit & loss in the period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such forward exchange contracts is also recognized as income or expense for the period. Any gain/loss arising on forward contracts that are long-term foreign currency monetary items is recognized as follows:

a. If related to acquisition of fixed asset, exchange differences are capitalized and depreciated over the remaining useful life of the asset.

b. Other exchange differences are accumulated in the "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference account" and amortized over the remaining life of the monetary items.

k. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments or short term investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Changes in the carrying amount of current investments are recognized in the statement of profit and loss account. Long-term investments are valued at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline that is other than temporary in the value of investments, wherever considered necessary. Cost comprises cost of acquisition and related expenses such as brokerage and stamp duties.

Investment in land or buildings, which is not intended to be occupied substantially for use by, or in the operations of the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment properties are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any.

The cost of investment property comprises purchase price net of trade discounts and rebates, borrowing costs and directly attributable costs up to the date the asset is put to use.

l. Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. However materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost.

Work in progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost includes direct material, labour and proportion of manufacturing overheads. Cost of finished goods includes excise duty and is determined on weighted average basis.

m. Retirement benefits

The different types of retirement and employee benefits are accounted for as follows:

i) All employees are covered under contributory provident fund benefit of a contribution of 12% of salary and certain allowances. It is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the statement of profit and loss account of the year when the contribution to the respective fund is due. There is no obligation other than the contribution payable to the respective fund.

ii) Provision for Employees'' Gratuity is based on actuarial valuation as on the date of balance sheet. All actuarial gains/losses arising during the accounting year are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss account as income or expense.

iii) Accrual for leave encashment benefit is based on actuarial valuation as on the date of the balance sheet in pursuance of the Company''s leave rules.

n. Income and deferred taxes

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961 and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the Company operates.

Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted at the balance sheet date.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax asset on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses is recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date, the Company reassesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The Company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e. the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement". The Company reviews the "MAT Credit Entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes it down to the extent the Company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period and utilize the MAT Credit Entitlement.

o. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprises cash at bank and cash/cheques in hand and short term deposits with Banks with an original maturity of three months or less reduced by short term advances from Banks.

p. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The weighted average number of equity shares is adjusted for events such as bonus issue and shares split that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding without a corresponding change in resources.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares if any.

q. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

r. Contingent liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligations. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2015

I. Corporate Information: Sanco Industries Limited (the 'Company') is engaged in manufacturing & Trading of PVC Resin, PVC Compound, PVC Pipe & Profiles and Wire & Cables, Chemicals etc. Registered office of the Company is in the state of Delhi. The Company has manufacturing facilities in the State of Himachal Pradesh. The products of the Company are mainly sold in India.

II. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

IIA. Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the applicable mandatory Accounting Standards.

Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to Income & Expenses except ROC Fees on Payment basis.

IIB. Fixed Assets:

Tangible Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost (Including other expenses related to acquisition and installation and other directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to their working condition for intended use) less accumulated depreciation till the end of the Financial Year.

Intangible Fixed Assets:

Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity are recognized only on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the company to complete, use or sell it. The intangible assets are recorded at cost and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Work in Progress:

Capital work in progress includes cost of equipments and other expenses incidental to its acquisition which are not ready for use.

IIC Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided at the Straight Line Method rates prescribed in Schedule II to the companies Act, 2013.

IID Investments:

Long term investments are carried at cost after providing for any diminution in value, if such diminution is of a permanent nature.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value.

IIE Inventories:

Inventories are valued as follows:

Raw Materials, components, stores and spares: At cost, cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Finished goods : Lower of cost and net realizable value.

IIF Revenue Recognition Sale of Goods:

Revenue from sales of goods is recognized when risk and rewards in respect of the ownership of the goods are transferred to the customers.

Interest:

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

IIG Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost includes Interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangements of borrowings and exchange difference arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as adjustment to the Interest Cost.

Interest and other financing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to the construction or acquisition of fixed assets have been capitalized to the extent if they relate to the period up to which the asset was ready to use (As per AS-16). All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of Profit & Loss.

IIH Employee Benefits:

The Company's contribution to Provident Fund is charged to Profit & Loss account. Contribution to Gratuity Fund and Provision for Leave Encashment are made on the estimated basis and charged to Profit & Loss Account. As the management has decided to make such payment out of own funds based on the assumption that such benefits are payable to its employees at the end of the each accounting year.

III Taxes on Income:

Provision for Income Tax comprises of current tax, deferred tax charge or release. Current Tax provisions are made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the current accounting period and in accordance with the provisions as per Income Tax Act, 1961. The provision for the tax is adjusted for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in earlier years.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing difference" between book and taxable profit for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be adjusted in future.

IIJ Segment Accounting and reporting:

Segment accounting and reporting which is done in accordance with the accounting policies of the company and the guidelines prescribed by Accounting Standard 17, Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 is as follows:

i) Segment revenue includes sales and other income directly identifiable with/ allocable to the segment including inter-segment revenue.

ii) Expenses that are directly identifiable with/allocable to segments are considered for determining the segment result.

iii) Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with respective segments.

IIK Foreign currency transactions:

a) The reporting currency of the Company is Indian Rupee.

b) Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transaction.

c) Foreign Exchange differences on settlement/conversion are included in the statement of Profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

d) Basis of conversion of Foreign Currency in each of subsidiary companies.

IIL Cash and Cash Equivalent:

Cash and Cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow comprise of cash at bank and cash in hand and short term investments/ bank deposits.

IIM Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets:

a) Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i) the company has a present obligation as a result of a past event.

ii) a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

iii) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

b) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and updated/ recognized as appropriate.


Mar 31, 2014

1 A Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements:

''The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under section 211 (3C) Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or noncurrent as per the company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the companiesAct, 1956.

Accrual method of accounting is followed with regard to Income & Exp except ROC Fees on Payment basis.

1B. FixedAssets:

Tangible Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets will be stated at cost (net of Cenvat, wherever applicable and including other expenses related to acquisition and installation and other directly attributable cost of bringing the assets to their working condition for intended use) less accumulated depreciation till the end of the Financial Year.

Intangible Fixed Assets:

Internally generated intangible asset arising from development activity are recognized only on demonstration of its technical feasibility, the intention and ability of the company to complete, use or sell it. The intangible assets are recorded at cost and are carried at cost less accumulated amortization.

Capital Workin Progress:

Capital work in progress includes cost of equipments and other expenses incidental to its acquisition which are not ready for use.

1C. Depreciation:

Depreciation on FixedAssets is provided on Written down value method at the rate and in accordancewith Schedule XIVtothe CompaniesAct, 1956onPro-rata basis.

1D. Investments:

Long term investments are carried at cost after providing for any diminution in value, if such diminution is of a permanent nature.

Current investments are carriedat lower of costand market value.

1E. Inventories:

Inventories are valued asfollows:

Raw Materials, components, stores and spares: At cost, cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Finished Goods : Lowerofcost and net realizable value.

1F Revenue Recognition Sale of Goods:

Revenue from sales of goods is recognized when risk and rewards in respect of the owner ship of the goods are transferred to the customers.

Interest:

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

1G BorrowingCost:

Borrowing cost includes Interest, ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangements of borrowings and exchange difference arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as adjustment to the Interest Cost.

Interest and other financing costs relating to borrowed funds attributable to the construction or acquisition of fixed assets have been capitalized to the extent if they relate to the period up to which the asset was ready to use (As per AS-16). All other borrowing costs are charged to the statement of Profit & Loss.

1H. Employee Benefits:

Leave Encashment

Provision for Leave Encashment has been made periodically by the company.

Provident Fund

Provident fund is a defined contribution scheme (Government Scheme) and the contributions are charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due.

Gratuity

Provision for gratuity has been made periodically by the company.

1I. Earnings per share:

''Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Potential equity shares are deemed to be dilutive only if their conversion to equity shares would decrease the net profit per share from continuing ordinary operations. Potential dilutive equity shares are deemed to be converted as at the beginning of the period, unless they have been issued at a later date. The dilutive potential equity shares are adjusted for the proceeds receivable had the shares been actually issued at fair value (i.e. average market value of the outstanding shares).

Dilutive potential equity shares are determined independently for each period presented. The number of equity shares and potentially dilutive equity shares are adjusted for share splits /reverse share splits and bonus shares, as appropriate.

1J. Taxes on Income:

Provision for Income Tax comprises of current tax, deferred tax charge or release. Current Tax provisions are made on the basis ofestimated taxable income for the current accounting period and in accordance with the provisions as per Income Tax Act, 1961. The provision for the tax is adjusted for Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in earlier years.

Deferred Tax resulting from "timing difference" between book and taxable profit for the yearisaccounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enactedorsubstantially enacted as on the balance sheet date. The deferred tax asset is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that the assets will be adjusted in future.

1K. Segment Accounting and reporting:

Segment accounting and reporting which is done in accordance with the accounting policies of the company and the guidelines prescribed by Accounting Standard 17, Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 is as follows: i) Segment revenue includes sales and other income directly identifiable with/ allocable to the segment including inter-segment revenue. ii) Expenses that are directly identifiable with/allocable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. iii) Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with respective segments.

1L. Foreign currency transactions:

a) The reporting currency of the Company is Indian Rupee.

b) Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transaction.

c) Foreign Exchange differences on settlement/conversion are included in the statement of Profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

1M. Cash and Cash Equivalent:

Cash and Cash equivalents for the purpose of cash flow comprise of cash at bank and cashinhand andshort term investments/ bankdeposits.

1N. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets:

a) Provisions are recognized for liabilities that can be measured only by using a substantial degree of estimation, if

i) the company has apresent obligation as a result of a past event.

ii) a probable outflow of resources is expected to settle the obligation and

iii) the amount of the obligation can be reliably estimated.

b) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and updated/ recognized as appropriate.

Note Particulars Figures for the current Figures for the previous

No reporting period reporting period

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