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Accounting Policies of Sarla Performance Fibers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

ACCOUNTING CONVENTION: These financial statements have been prepared to comply with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP), including the Accounting Standards notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention.

USE OF ESTIMATES: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

FIXED ASSETS: Fixed Assets including intangible assets are stated at cost net of cenvat/value added tax and includes amount added on revaluation less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All Cost is inclusive of Freight, Duties, (net of tax credits as applicable) levies and any directly attributable cost till commencement of commercial production. Adjustments arising from Exchange Rate variations attributable to the Fixed Assets are capitalized.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS: Impairment is ascertained at each balance sheet date in respect of Cash Generating Units. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable-amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor.

DEPRECIATION & AMORTISATION: Depreciation on tangible assets is provided on straight-line method over the useful lives of assets as prescribed in Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation for assets purchased/ sold during a period is proportionately charged. Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight line basis, commencing from the date the asset is available to the Company for its use.

INVESTMENTS: Non-current investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of non current investment is made only if, such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

INVENTORIES:

A: Raw Materials and General Stores are valued at cost or realizable value, whichever is less, excluding Cenvat and VAT credit, by FIFO method.

B: Work in Process is valued at raw-material cost or realizable value, whichever is less plus estimated overheads, but excluding Cenvat and VAT.

C: Finished Goods are valued at cost including estimated

overheads or net realizable value, whichever is less. The value includes excise duty paid/payable on such goods.

EXCISE DUTY & CENVAT CREDIT: Excise Duties wherever recovered are included in Sales and shown separately in financial statement as deduction from sales. Excise duty provision made in respect of finished goods lying at factory premises are shown separately as an item of manufacturing and other expenses and included in the valuation of finished goods. Cenvat credit available on purchases of service/materials/capital goods is accounted by reducing cost of services/materials/capital goods. Cenvat credit availed of is accounted by way of adjustment against excise duty payable on dispatch of finished goods.

PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS: A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed by way of note on the balance sheet. Provision is made in the accounts for those liabilities which are likely to materialize after the year end till the finalization of accounts and having effect on the position stated in the balance sheet as at the year end.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS:

A: Transactions entered into and those settled during the year in foreign currency are recorded at the actual exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transactions.

B: Foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year end and not covered by forward contract are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

C: In case of item which are covered by forward exchange contract, the difference between the yearend rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contract is recognized over the life of the contracts. Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at year end are calculated at the yearend rate and mark to market profit/loss is dealt in the statement of Profit & Loss.

REVENUE RECOGNITION:

A: Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on dispatch of goods to customers and are reflected in the accounts at gross realizable value i.e. Inclusive of excise duty. Inter-unit sales/ purchases have been eliminated during the year. In case of export sales, revenue is recognized when the risk and reward on the goods is transferred to the customers.

B: In appropriate circumstances, Revenue (Income) is recognized when no significant uncertainty as to Measurability or collect ability exists. Export benefits/incentives are accounted on accrual basis except focus license income which is recognized on cash basis.

C: Interest income is recognized on time proportionate method.

D: Dividend is accrued in the year in which it is declared whereby a right to receive is established.

E: Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) income is recognized on cash basis.

TAXATION :

A: Provision for current taxation is made for the current

accounting period (reporting period) on the basis of the taxable profits computed in accordance with Income Tax Act 1961 for the relevant assessment year.

B: Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences" between

book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize, as deferred tax charge /benefit in the Statement of Profit and Loss and as deferred tax asset or liabilities in the Balance Sheet. The deferred tax assets is recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realized in the future.

EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

A: Defined Contribution Plans: The company has defined

contribution plan for Post -employment benefits in the form of Provident fund for all eligible employees; which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Provident Fund is classified as defined contribution plan as the Company has no further obligation beyond making contribution. The Company's contribution to Defined Contribution Plan is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as and when incurred.

B: Defined Benefits Plans: Funded Plan: The Company has a

Defined Benefits Plan for Post employment benefits in the form of gratuity for all employees and the liability for the defined benefit plan of Gratuity is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation by an independent actuary at the year end, which is calculated using projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses which comprise experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

C: Leave Liability (Long Term Employee Benefits): The Employees of the company are entitled to leave encashment which is encased annually as per the leave policy of the company. Liability for compensated absences (Unutilized leave benefit) is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

D: Termination Benefit are recognized as an expenses as and when incurred.

E: The actuarial gain and losses arising during the year are recognized in the Statement of profit and loss of the year without restoring to any amortization.

BORROWING COST: Borrowing cost that attributes to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

PROPOSED DIVIDEND: Dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts pending approval at the Annual General Meeting.


Mar 31, 2010

ACCOUNTING CONVENTION: The Accounts are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with applicable accounting standards and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

USE OF ESTIMATES: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

FIXED ASSETS: Fixed Assets including intangible assets are stated at cost net of cenvat / value added tax and includes amount added on revaluation less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All Cost is inclusive of Freight, Duties, (net of tax credits as applicable) levies and any directly attributable cost till commencement of commercial production.

IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS: Impairment is ascertained at each balance sheet date in respect of Cash Generating Units. An impairment loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value based on an appropriate discountfactor.

DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION: Depreciation on fixed assets is provided as per the straight line method (SLM) at the rate and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis. Fixed Assets are capitalised at cost inclusive of expenses and interest wherever applicable.

Intangible Assets are amortised over their respective individual estimated useful life on a straight line basis commencing from the year the asset is available to the Company for its use, not exceeding five years.

INVESTMENTS: Long-term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investment is made only if, such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of management. Current Investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

INVENTORIES:

a. Raw Materials and General Stores are valued at cost or realisable value, whichever is less, excluding Cenvat and VAT credit, by FIFO method.

b. Work in Process is valued at raw materials cost or realisable value, whichever is less plus estimated overheads, but excluding Cenvat and VAT.

c. Finished Goods are valued at cost including estimated overheads or net realisable value, whichever is less. The value includes excise duty paid / payable on such goods.

EXCISE DUTY & CENVAT CREDIT: Excise Duties wherever : recovered are included in Sales and shown separately in financial statement as deduction from sales. Excise duty provision made in respect of finished goods lying at factory premises are shown separately as an item of manufacturing and ether expenses and included in the valuation of finished goods. Cenvat credit available

. on purchases of service / materials / capital goods is accounted by

. reducing cost of services / materials / capital goods. Cenavat credit availed of is accounted by way of adjustment against excise duty payable on dispatch of finished goods.

PROVISION, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT : ASSETS: A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on management estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current management estimates. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements. Contingent liabilities are not recognise but are disclosed by way of note on the balance sheet. Provision in made in the accounts for those liabilities which are likely to materialise after the year end till the finalisation of accounts and having effects on the position stated in the balance sheet as at the year end.

FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTION:

A: Transactions entered into and concluded during the year in foreign currency are recorded at the actual exchange rates prevailing atthe time of the transactions.

B: Foreign currency transactions remaining unsettled at the year end and not covered by forward contract are translated at the exchange rates prevailing at the year end.

C: In case of item which are covered by forward exchange contract, the difference between the year end rate and

rate on the date of the contract is recognised as exchange . difference and the premium paid on forward contract is i recognised over the life of the contracts. Forward ; exchange contracts outstanding as at 31-03-2010 are calculated at the year end rate and market profit / loss is dealt in the Profit & Loss Account.

REVENUE RECOGNITION:

A: Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on despatch of goods to customers and are reflected in the : accounts at gross realisable value i.e. inclusive of excise : duty. Inter-unit sales/purchases have been eliminated during the year. In case of export sales, revenue is I recognised when the risk and reward on the goods is

transferred to the customers.

B: In appropriate circumstances, Revenue (Income) is recognised when no significant uncertainty as to Measurability or collectibility exists. Export benefits / incentives are accounted on accrual basic.

C: Interest income is recognised on time proportionate method.

D: Dividend is accrued in the year in which it is declared whereby a right to receive is established.

TAXATION:

A: Provision for current taxation and fringe benefits taxation ; is made for the current accounting period (reporting period) on the basis of the taxable profits computed in accordance with Income Tax Act, 1961 for the relevant : assessment year.

B: Deferred Tax resulting from "timing differences" between book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystalise, as deferred tax charge / benefit in the Profit and Loss Account and as deferred tax asset or ¦ liabilities in the Balance Sheet. The deferred tax assets is recognise and carry forward only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that the assets will be realised in future.

EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT BENEFITS:

A: Defined Contribution Plans: The Company has defined contribution plan for Post-employment benefits in the form of Provident fund for all eligible employees; which is administered by the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner. Provident Fund is classified as defined contribution plan as the Company has no further obligation beyond making contribution. The Companys contribution to Defined Contribution Plan is charged to the Profit and Loss Account as and when incurred.

B: Defined Benefits Plans: Funded Plan: The Company has defined benefit plan for Post Employment benefit in the form of Gratuity for certain employees which is administered through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC)

The company has a Defined Benefits Plan for Post employment benefits in the form of gratuity for all employees and the liability for the defined benefit plan of Gratuity is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation by an independent actuary at the year end, which is calculated using projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses which comprise experience adjustment and the effect of changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

C: Leave Liability (Long-term Employee Benefits): The

Employee of the Company are entitled to leave encashment which is encashed annually as per the leave policy of the company. Liability for compensated absences (Unutilised leave benefit) is provided on the basis of valuation, as at the Balance Sheet date, carried out by an independent actuary.

D: Termination Benefit are recognised as an expenses as and when incurred.

E: The actuarial gain and losses arising during the year are recognised in the profit and loss account of the year without restoring to any amortisation.

BORROWING COST: Borrowing cost that attributes to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to set ready for intended use. All other borrowing cost are charged to revenue.

PROPOSED DIVIDEND: Dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is provided for in the accounts pending approval at the : Annual General Meeting.

 
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