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Accounting Policies of Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

Corporate Information

"Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd being a company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, and having its registered office at A-19/B-1 Extension, Mohan Co-operative Industrial Estate, Mathura Road, New Delhi-110044.

The Company was initially incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as a public limited company with the name and style of Rosenberger Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd vide Certificate of Incorporation No. (CIN) U 64201 DL 2006 PLC 150753 dated 9th July, 2006 issued by the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi & Haryana, New Delhi. The Company obtained Certificate for Commencement of Business on 13th July, 2006. Name of the Company was changed to its present name-'Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd' vide fresh Certificate of Incorporation dated 21st October, 2008 issued by the ROC, New Delhi.

The company is carrying on the business of manufacturing and trading of Cables, wires and Accessories used in Telecom, Automobile, Consumer Durables etc."

1 (a) Basis of preparation

(i) The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on an accrual basis.

(ii) Financial Statements are based on historical cost. These costs are not adjusted to reflect the impact of the changing value in the purchasing power of money.

(iii) The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements.

(b) Preparation and disclosure of financial statements:

During the year ended 31st March 2015, the company prepared its books of accounts as per Schedule III , notified under The Companies Act 2013 for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of schedule III does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However it has significant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

2 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, levies and any direct cost of bringing the assets to their working for intended use.

3 Depreciation:

(a) Depreciation is provided as per Straight Line Method at rates provided by schedule II of the Companies Act 2013. In case of purchase / sale of assets during the year, depreciation has been charged on pro rata basis from / up to date of commercial production / sale.

(b) License and process know-how fee having future economic benefits is amortized on straight line method over a period of 10 years from the date when the asset is available for use in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

4 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is less with cost established using the weighted average cost method. The cost of work in progress & finished goods include overheads on estimate basis.

5 Foreign Currency Transaction:

Sales made to clients outside India and realizations deposited into Bank account are accounted for on the basis of exchange rate as on the date of the transaction. Adjustments are made for any variations in the sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency up to actual receipts. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. Current assets and current liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translate at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of the balance sheet. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions are recognized as Income or expenses in the year. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions pertaining to fixed assets are adjusted to carrying amount of related fixed assets.

6 Taxation:

Current Tax calculations are based upon the assessable profits of the company computed in accordance with the Income Tax Act,1961.The deferred tax charged or credit is recognized using current tax rates. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty of realization of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty of realization in future Deferred tax assets/Liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date based on developments during the year and available case laws to reassess realization /liabilities.

7 Revenue Recognition:

a) Sales of goods Indigenous and exports both are recognized at the time of dispatch / Constructive delivery. Sales are exclusive of Excise Duty, Sales Tax and Trade Discount.

b) Interest Income is recognized on time proportion basis.

c) Dividend Income is recognized when the right to receive the dividend is established.

d) Other Income is recognized on the basis of Accounting Standard – 9 (Revenue Recognition) notified by the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015.

8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

9 Lease:

a) Finance Lease: Assets taken on lease are capitalized at fair value/contracted price. Depreciation on the same is charged at the rate applicable to similar type of fixed assets as per accounting policy on 'Depreciation'. If the leased assets are returnable to the lessor on expiry of lease period, the same is depreciated over its' useful life or lease period, whichever is shorter. Lease payments made are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of outstanding liability in relation to assets taken on lease.

b) Operating Lease: Lease payments made for assets taken on operating lease are recognized as expense over the lease period.

10 Investments:

a) Investments are either classified as current investments or long- term investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

b) Long- term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

11 Employee Benefits:

a) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account for the year in which related services are rendered.

b) Defend Contribution Plans:

Company's contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the proof and loss account of the year.

c) Defend Benefit Plans:

Company's liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date.

12 Basic earnings per share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net proof or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13 Deferred Revenue Expenditure:

Pre operative expenditures are treated as deferred revenue expenditures and is amortized over such periods as determined by management from time to time.

14 Research & Development Expenditure:

Research & Development expenditure is accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

15 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized where there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

16 Impairment of assets:

An asset as treated as impaired when the amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Profit & Loss A/c in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exists.

17 Government Grants:

Government grants are accounted for on receipt basis. Grants related to specific fixed assets are deducted from the gross value of the assets and grants related to revenue are deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Mar 31, 2014

Corporate Information:

Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd being a company incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, and having its registered office at A-19/B-1 Extension, Mohan Co-operative Industrial Estate, Mathura Road, New Delhi-110 044.The Company was initially incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, as a public limited company with the name and style of Rosenberger Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd vide Certificate of Incorporation No. (CIN) U 64201 DL 2006 PLC 150753 dated 9th July, 2006 issued by the Registrar of Companies, NCT of Delhi & Haryana, New Delhi. The Company obtained Certificate for Commencement of Business on 13th July, 2006. Name of the Company was changed to its present name-''Shilpi Cable Technologies Ltd'' vide fresh Certificate of Incorporation dated 21st October, 2008 issued by the ROC, New Delhi.

The company is carrying on the business of manufacturing and trading of Cables, wires and Accessories used in Telecom, Automobile, Consumer Durables etc.

1 a) Basis of Preparation:

i. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis.

ii. Financial Statements are based on historical cost. These costs are not adjusted to reflect the impact of the changing value in the purchasing power of money.

iii. The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements.

b) Preparation and disclosure of financial statements :

During the year ended 31st March 2014, the company prepared its books of accounts as per Revised Schedule VI, notified under The Companies Act 1956 for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However it has significant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

2 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, levies and any direct cost of bringing the assets to their working for intended use.

3 Depreciation:

a Depreciation is provided as per Straight Line Method at rates provided by schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. In case of purchase / sale of assets during the year, depreciation has been charged on pro rata basis from / up to date of commercial production / sale.

b License and process know-how fee having future economic benefits is amortised on straight line method over a period of 10 years from the date when the asset is available for use in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

4 Inventories;

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less with cost established using the weighted average cost method. The cost of work in progress & finished goods include overheads on estimate basis.

5 Foreign Currency-Transaction :

Sales made to clients outside India and realisations deposited into Bank account are accounted for on the basis of exchange rate as on the date of the transaction. Adjustments are made for any variations in the sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency up to actual receipts. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. Current assets and current liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translate at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of the balance sheet. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions are recognised as Income or expenses in the year. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions pertaining to fixed assets are adjusted to carrying amount of related fixed assets.

6 Taxation:

Current Tax calculations are based upon the assessable profits of the company computed in accordance with the Income Tax Act,1961.The deferred tax charged or credit is recognised using current tax rates. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainity of realisation of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainity of realisation in future Deferred tax assets/Liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date based on developments during the year and available case laws to reassess realisation /liabilities.

7 Revenue Recognition:

A) Sales of goods Indigenous and exports both are recognised at the time of dispatch / Constructive delivery. Sales are exclusive of Excise Duty, Sales Tax and Trade Discount.

(B) Interest Income is recognised on time proportion basis.

(C) Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(D) Other Income is recognised on the basis of Accounting Standard - 9 (Revenue Recognition) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

9 Lease

a) Finance Lease:

Assets taken on lease are capitalised at fair value/contracted price. Depreciation on the same is charged at the rate applicable to similar type of fixed assets as per accounting policy on ''Depreciation''. If the leased assets are returnable to the lessor on expiry of lease period, the same is depreciated over its'' useful life or lease period, whichever is shorter. Lease payments made are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of outstanding liability in relation to assets taken on lease.

b) Operating Lease:

Lease payments made for assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense over the lease period.

10 (a) Investments are either classified as current investments or long- term investments. The cost of investments includes

acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value

(b) Long- term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

11 (A) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account for the year in which related services are rendered.

(B) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company''s contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the profit and loss account of the year

(C) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company''s liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date.

12 Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13 Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Pre operative expenditures are treated as deferred revenue expenditures and is amortised over such periods as determined by management from time to time.

14 Research & Development Expenditure

Research & Development expenditure is accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized where there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes.

16 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset as treated as impaired when the amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Profit & Loss A/c in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exists.

17 Government Grants

Government grants are accounted for on receipt basis. Grants related to specific fixed assets are deducted from the gross value of the assets and grants related to revenue are deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Mar 31, 2013

1 a) Basis of Preparation:

i. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis.

ii. Financial Statements are based on historical cost. These costs are not adjusted to refect the impact of the changing value in the purchasing power of money.

iii. The preparation of fnancial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying fnancial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the fnancial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying fnancial statements.

b) Preparation and disclosure of fnancial statements :

During the year ended 31st March 2013, the company prepared its books of accounts as per Revised Schedule VI, notifed under The Companies Act 1956 for preparation and presentation of its fnancial statements. The adoption of revised schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of fnancial statements. However it has signifcant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the fnancial statements. The Company has also reclassifed the previous year fgures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

2 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, levies and any direct cost of bringing the assets to their working for intended use.

3 Depreciation:

a Depreciation is provided as per Straight Line Method at rates provided by schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. In case of purchase/sale of assets during the year, depreciation has been charged on pro rata basis from / up to date of commercial production/sale.

b License and process know-how fee having future economic benefts is amortised on straight line method over a period of 10 years from the date when the asset is available for use in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

4 Inventories;

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less with cost established using the weighted average cost method. The cost of work in progress & fnished goods include overheads on estimate basis.

5 Foreign Currency Transaction :

Sales made to clients outside India and realisations deposited into Bank account are accounted for on the basis of exchange rate as on the date of the transaction. Adjustments are made for any variations in the sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency up to actual receipts. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. Current assets and current liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translate at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of the balance sheet. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions are recognised as Income or expenses in the year. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions pertaining to fxed assets are adjusted to carrying amount of related fxed assets.

6 Taxation:

Current Tax calculations are based upon the assessable profts of the company computed in accordance with the Income Tax Act,1961.The deferred tax charged or credit is recognised using current tax rates. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carryforward losses deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainity of realisation of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainity of realisation in future Deferred tax assets/Liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date based on developments during the year and available case laws to reassess realisation /liabilities.

7 Revenue Recognition:

A) Sales of goods Indigenous and exports both are recognised at the time of dispatch / Constructive delivery. Sales are exclusive of Excise Duty, Sales Tax and Trade Discount.

(B) Interest Income is recognised on time proportion basis.

(C) Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(D) Other Income is recognised on the basis of Accounting Standard – 9 (Revenue Recognition) notifed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.

8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

9 Lease

a) Finance Lease: Assets taken on lease are capitalised at fair value/contracted price. Depreciation on the same is charged at the rate applicable to similar type of fxed assets as per accounting policy on ''Depreciation''. If the leased assets are returnable to the lessor on expiry of lease period, the same is depreciated over its'' useful life or lease period, whichever is shorter. Lease payments made are apportioned between fnance charges and reduction of outstanding liability in relation to assets taken on lease.

b) Operating Lease: Lease payments made for assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense over the lease period.

10 (a) Investments are either classifed as current investments or long- term investments. The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value

(b) Long- term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

11 (A) Short Term Employee Benefts:

Short term Employee benefts are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the proft and loss account for the year in which related services are rendered.

(B) Defned Contribution Plans:

Company''s contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the proft and loss account of the year

(C) Defned Beneft Plans:

Company''s liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefts are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date.

12 Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net proft or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net proft or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13 Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Pre operative expenditures are treated as deferred revenue expenditures and is amortised over such periods as determined by management from time to time.

14 Research & Development Expenditure

Research & Development expenditure is accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized where there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outfow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are doisclosed in the notes.

16 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset as treated as impaired when the amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairnil loss is charged to Proft & Loss A/c in the year in which anasset is identifed as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exists.

17 Government Grants

Government grants are accounted for on receipt basis. Grants related to specifc fxed assets are deducted from the gross value of the assets and grants related to revenue are deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Mar 31, 2012

1 a) Basis of Preparation:

i. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises income and expenditure on an accrual basis.

ii. Financial Statements are based on historical cost. These costs are not adjusted to reflect the impact of the changing value in the purchasing power of money.

iii. The preparation of financial statements are in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements.

b) Preparation and disclosure of financial statements :

During the year ended 31st March 2012, the Revised Schedule VI, notified under The Companies Act 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However it has significant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year

2 Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Cost is inclusive of freight, duties, levies and any direct cost of bringing the assets to their working for intended use. During the year, Fixed Assets has been taken over by Holding Companies

3 Depreciation:

a Depreciation is provided as per Straight Line Method at rates provided by schedule XIV of the Companies Act 1956. In case of purchase / sale of assets during the year, depreciation has been charged on pro rata basis from / up to date of commercial production / sale.

b License and process know-how fee having future economic benefits is amortised on straight line method over a period of 10 years from the date when the asset is available for use in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

4 Inventories;

Inventories are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less with cost established using the weighted average cost method.The cost of work in progress & finished goods include overheads on estimate basis.

5 Foreign Currency Transaction :

Sales made to clients outside India and realisations deposited into Bank account are accounted for on the basis of exchange rate as on the date of the transaction. Adjustments are made for any variations in the sales proceeds on conversion into Indian currency up to actual receipts. Expenditure in foreign currency is accounted at the exchange rate prevalent when such expenditure is incurred. Current assets and current liabilities denominated in foreign currency are translate at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of the balance sheet. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions are recognised as Income or expenses in the year. The exchange differences arising out of foreign currency transactions pertaining to fixed assets are adjusted to carrying amount of related fixed assets.

6 Taxation:

Current Tax calculations are based upon the assessable profits of the company computed in accordance with the Income Tax Act,1961.The deferred tax charged or credit is recognised using current tax rates. Where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainity of realisation of such assets. Other deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is reasonable certainity of realisation in future Deferred tax assets/Liabilities are reviewed as at each balance sheet date based on developments during the year and available case laws to reassess realisation /liabilities.

7 Revenue Recognition:

A) Sales of goods Indigenous and exports both are recognised at the time of dispatch / Constructive delivery. Sales are exclusive of Excise Duty, Sales Tax and Trade Discount.

(B) Interest Income is recognised on time proportion basis.

(C) Dividend Income is recognised when the right to receive the dividend is established.

(D) Other Income is recognised on the basis of Accounting Standard - 9 (Revenue Recognition) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006.

8 Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing cost that are attributable to the acquisition / construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective assets. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

9 Lease

a) Finance Lease: Assets taken on lease are capitalised at fair value/contracted price. Depreciation on the same is charged at the rate applicable to similar type of fixed assets as per accounting policy on 'Depreciation' If the leased assets are returnable to the lessor on expiry of lease period, the same is depreciated over its' useful life or lease period, whichever is shorter. Lease payments made are apportioned between finance charges and reduction of outstanding liability in relation to assets taken on lease.

b) Operating Lease: Lease payments made for assets taken on operating lease are recognised as expense over the lease period.

10 (a) Investments are either classified as current investments or long- term investments.The cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value

(b) Long- term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

11 (A) Short Term Employee Benefits:

Short term Employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account for the year in which related services are rendered.

(B) Defined Contribution Plans:

Company's contributions and other amount, if any, payable during the year towards Provident Fund, Pension Fund and Employee State Insurance are recognized in the profit and loss account of the year

(C) Defined Benefit Plans:

Company's liability towards gratuity in accordance with Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 and other long term benefits are determined and accounted in accordance with AS-15 (Revised) based on the Actuarial Valuation as on the balance sheet date.

12 Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

13 Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Pre operative expenditures are treated as deferred revenue expenditures and is amortised over such periods as determined by management from time to time.

14 Research & Development Expenditure

Research & Development expenditure is accounted for in accordance with Accounting Standard-26 issued by ICAI.

15 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized where there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are doisclosed in the notes.

16 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:

An asset as treated as impaired when the amount of an assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairnil loss is charged to Profit & Loss A/c in the year in which anasset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment losses recognized in prior years is recorded when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized for the assets no longer exists.

17 Government Grants

Government grants are accounted for on receipt basis. Grants related to specific fixed assets are deducted from the gross value of the assets and grants related to revenue are deducted in reporting the related expenses.

 
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