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Accounting Policies of Shriram EPC Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1A Corporate Information

Shriram EPC Limited (the "Company" or "SEPC") is the flagship company of the Shriram Group. The Shriram Group has diverse interests across Financial Services, IT Services, Project Engineering & Construction, Property Development, Life Insurance and General Insurance. Company provides end-to-end solutions to engineering challenges, offering multi disciplinary design, engineering, procurement, construction and project management services. SEPC is focused on providing turnkey solutions for ferrous & non ferrous, cement, aluminum, copper and thermal power plants, water treatment & transmission, renewable energy, cooling towers & material handling.

1B Going Concern

The financial statements have been prepared on principles applicable to a going concern despite substantial erosion of net worth, considering

a) the committed orders on hand and in pipeline

b) expected higher cash flows based on future business projections

c) the company's debts have been restructured under Corporate Debt Restructuring (CDR) proposal which was approved by CDR Empowered group on 20th August 2014. The details regarding the restructured debt is as specified in the Master Restructuring Agreement between the company and the lenders are given in Note 5 (i) and

d) the continued operational and financial support given by the Holding Company.

2 Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial

Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section

133 of the Companies Act, 2013, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") / Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act"), as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.1 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known / materialize.

2.2 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on FIFO basis and the net realizable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octopi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges.

Contract Work in Progress represent work in progress on construction contracts which reflects proportionate value of inputs and expenses on contracts yet to be billed.

2.3 Cash and cash equivalents (for the purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises of cash on hand, cherubs in transit and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

2.4 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit / (Loss) before Tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.5 Depreciation and amortization

"Depreciable amount for assets is the cost of an asset, or other amount substituted for cost, less its estimated residual value.

Depreciation on tangible fixed assets has been provided on the straight-line method as per the useful life prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 except in respect of the following categories of assets, in whose case the life of the assets has been assessed as under based on technical advice, taking into account the nature of the asset, the estimated usage of the asset".

(i) Leasehold improvements are written off over the primary period of their lease.

(ii) Certain items of Plant and Machinery used at project sites are depreciated over an estimated useful life of 2 to 4 years.

(iii) Technical Know-how fees are amortized over the period of 5 to 10 years based on estimated useful life of the asset.

(iv) Software cost are amortized over a period of 5 years based on Management's evaluation of their estimated useful life.

(v) Lease hold Land Using Rights is amortized over the primary period of lease, which is 20 years.

(vi) Individual assets costing Rs.5,000/- each or less is depreciated in fully in the year of acquisition.

2.6 Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Sales are inclusive of all taxes.

Revenue from Construction contracts

"When the outcome of a construction contract can be estimated reliably, contract revenue and contract costs associated with the construction contract are recognized as revenue and expenses respectively by reference to the percentage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date. The percentage of completion of a contract is determined considering the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs".

For the purposes of recognising revenue, contract revenue comprises the initial amount of revenue agreed in the contract, the variations in contract work, claims and incentive payments to the extent that it is probable that they will result in revenue and they are capable of being reliably measured

The percentage of completion method is applied on a cumulative basis in each accounting period to the current estimates of contract revenue and contract costs. The effect of a change in the estimate of contract revenue or contract costs, or the effect of a change in the estimate of the outcome of a contract, is accounted for as a change in accounting estimate and the effect of which are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the change is made and in subsequent periods.

When the outcome of a construction contract cannot be estimated reliably, revenue is recognized only to the extent of contract costs incurred of which recovery is probable and the related contract costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

When it is probable that total contract costs will exceed total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which such probability occurs.

"Revenue from Joint Venture Contracts : In respect of Jointly Controlled Operations, revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities are accounted for in the Company's books to the extent work is executed by the Company".

Contract Revenue earned in excess of billing is reflected as 'Unbilled Revenue' under 'Other Current Assets' and 'Other Non Current Assets' as the case may be and billing in excess of Contract Revenue has been reflected as 'Advances Billing' under 'Other Current Liabilities'.

Dividend Income on Investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Interest income is included under the head "other Income" in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.7 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost (net of CENVAT/ VAT wherever applicable) less Accumulated Depreciation / Amortization. Cost comprises of direct cost, related taxes, duties, freight and attributable finance costs till such assets are ready for its intended use. Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

2.8 Foreign Currency Transaction / Translations

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets & liabilities outstanding at the year- end are translated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and the gain or loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Integral foreign operations: Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company's integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on actual payments/ realizations and year-end restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Investments in Foreign currencies are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Integral foreign operations: Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company's integral foreign operations outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non- monetary items of the Company's integral foreign operations are carried at historical cost.

2.9 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

2.10 Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, employee state insurance scheme, gratuity and compensated absences.

Short-term Employee Benefits

"All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short term employee benefits at the balance sheet date, are recognized as an expense as per the Company's scheme based on expected obligations on undiscounted basis.

The cost of short-term compensated absences is accounted as under :

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur".

Long-term Employee Benefits

(i) Defned Contribution Plans:

The Company 's contribution to provident fund and employee state insurance scheme are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

(ii) Defned Benefit Plans:

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost.

(iii) Long Term Compensated Absences:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absence is provided for based on actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

2.11 Employee Share Based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Schemes '2006' and '2007' (ESOS) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines; the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

2.12 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

2.13 Leases

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognized as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

2.14 Earnings Per Share

"Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares".

2.15 Taxation

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the applicable tax rates and the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and other applicable tax laws.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation, carry forward of losses and items relating to capital losses are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their reliability.

2.16 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.17 Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

2.18 Provision for warranty

As per the terms of the contracts, the Company provides post-contract services / warranty support to some of its customers. The Company accounts for the post-contract support / provision for warranty on the basis of the information available with the Management duly taking into account the current and past technical estimates.

Provision for Liquidated Damages

Liquidated damages are provided based on contractual terms and negotiations with the customer when the delivery/ commissioning dates of an individual project have exceeded or are likely to exceed the delivery/ commissioning dates as per the respective contracts. This expenditure is expected to be incurred over the respective contractual terms upto closure of the contract. (including defect liability period).

Provision for losses on contracts

"A provision for expected loss on construction contracts is recognized when it is probable that the contract costs will exceed total contract revenue. For all other contracts loss order provisions are made when the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligation under the contract exceed the currently estimated economic benefits".

2.19 Share issue expenses

Share issue expenses are adjusted against the Securities Premium Account as permissible under Section 52 of the Companies Act, 2013, to the extent any balance is available for utilization in the Securities Premium Account. Share issue expenses in excess of the balance in the Securities Premium Account is expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.20 Derivatives

All derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognized, until realized, on grounds of prudence.

2.21 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is reasonable certainty in availing / utilizing the credits.

2.22 Operating Cycle

An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents. The normal operating cycle of the entity for Construction Contracts is the duration of 2 to 3 years depending on each contract. For all other segments, the normal operating cycle has been considered as a duration of 12 months.


Mar 31, 2014

1 Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/ 2013 Companies Act, as applicable. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on FIFO basis and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges.

Stock of land for windmill projects is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of land includes purchase consideration, stamp duties and registration charges for transfer of title.

Contract Work in Progress represent work in progress on construction contracts which reflects proportionate value of inputs and expenses on contracts yet to be billed.

4 Cash and cash equivalents (for the purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises of cash on hand, cheques in transit and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

5 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit / (Loss) before Tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

6 Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation is computed under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except for the following:

(i) Leasehold improvements are written off over the primary period of their lease.

(ii) Certain items of Plant and Machinery used at project sites are depreciated over an estimated useful life of 2 to 4 years.

(iii) Technical Know-how fees are amortised over the period of 5 to 10 years based on estimated useful life of the asset.

(iv) Software cost are amortised over a period of 5 years based on Management''s evaluation of their estimated useful life.

(v) Lease hold Land Using Rights is amortised over the primary period of lease, which is 20 years.

(vi) Individual assets costing Rs. 5,000/- each or less is depreciated fully in the year of acquisition.

7 Revenue Recognition

Income in respect of sale of goods is recognised at the time of transfer of title. Sales are inclusive of all taxes.

Revenue in respect of Engineering Contracts is recognised as and when progressive bills are raised based on customers measurement acceptance and terms of the Contract, taking into consideration technical estimate revision, costs to complete and stages of completion. Profits are recognized after charging corresponding proportionate costs relating to the Contractual billings. Escalation, which in the opinion of the Management is recoverable on the contract are also recognized as and when the claims are accepted by the customers.

Provision for anticipated losses on contracts is being made in the year when they are established.

Revenue from Joint Venture Contracts : In respect of Jointly Controlled Operations, revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities are accounted for in the Company''s books to the extent work is executed by the Company.

Contract Revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected as ''Unbilled Revenue'' under ''Other Current Assets'' and ''Other Non Current Assets'' as the case may be and billing in excess of Contract Revenue has been reflected as Advances Billing'' under ''Other Current Liabilities''.

Revenue from the sale of power is recognised on the basis of the number of units of power exported, in accordance with joint meter readings undertaken on a monthly basis by representatives of the State Electricity Board and the Company, at rates agreed upon with customers Dividend Income on Investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Interest income is included under the head "other Income" in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

8 Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost (net of CENVAT/VAT wherever applicable) less Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation. Cost comprises of direct cost, related taxes, duties, freight and attributable finance costs till such assets are ready for its intended use.

Projects under which tangible fixed assets are not yet ready for their intended use are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

9 Foreign Currency Transaction

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets & liabilities outstanding at the year-end are translated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and the gain or loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Integral foreign operations: Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company''s integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

Exchange differences arising on actual payments/ realizations and year-end restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Investments in Foreign currencies are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

Integral foreign operations: Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company''s integral foreign operations outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. Non-monetary items of the Company''s integral foreign operations are carried at historical cost.

10 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

11 Employee Benefits Short-term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short term employee benefits at the balance sheet date, are recognized as an expense as per the Company''s scheme based on expected obligations on undiscounted basis.

The cost of short-term compensated absences is accounted as under:

(a) in case of accumulated compensated absences, when employees render the services that increase their entitlement of future compensated absences; and

(b) in case of non-accumulating compensated absences, when the absences occur.

Long-term Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans:

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and employee state insurance scheme are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made and when services are rendered by the employees.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans:

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund and post-employment medical benefits, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost.

(iii) Long Term Compensated Absences:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absence is provided for based on actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

12 Employee Share Based payments

The Company has formulated Employee Stock Option Schemes ''2006'' and ''2007'' (ESOS) in accordance with the SEBI (Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme) Guidelines, 1999. The Schemes provide for grant of options to employees of the Company to acquire equity shares of the Company that vest in a graded manner and that are to be exercised within a specified period. In accordance with the SEBI Guidelines; the excess, if any, of the closing market price on the day prior to the grant of the options under ESOS over the exercise price is amortised on a straight-line basis over the vesting period.

13 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market / fair value factors.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocated revenue / expenses / assets / liabilities".

14 Leases

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

15 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit / (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extraordinary items, if any) as adjusted for dividend, interest and other charges to expense or income (net of any attributable taxes) relating to the dilutive potential equity shares, by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and the weighted average number of equity shares which could have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

16 Taxation

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is highly probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in repect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainity exists that sufficient future taxable income will be avaiable against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

17 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

18 Provisions and Contingencies

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in the Notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements.

19 Provision for warranty

As per the terms of the contracts, the Company provides post-contract services / warranty support to some of its customers. The Company accounts for the post-contract support / provision for warranty on the basis of the information available with the Management duly taking into account the current and past technical estimates.

20 Derivatives

All derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.

21 Service tax input credit

Service tax input credit is accounted for in the books in the period in which the underlying service received is accounted and when there is reasonable certainty in availing / utilising the credits.

22 Operating Cycle

An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash or cash equivalents. The normal operating cycle of the entity for Construction Contracts is the duration of 2 to 3 years depending on each contract. For all other segments, the normal operating cycle has been considered as a duration of 12 months.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Accounting and Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions considered in the reported amounts of assets and liabilities (including contingent liabilities) and the reported income and expenses during the year. The Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of the financial statements are prudent and reasonable. Future results could differ due to these estimates and the differences between the actual results and the estimates are recognised in the periods in which the results are known / materialise.

1.3 Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost on FIFO basis and the net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes all charges in bringing the goods to the point of sale, including octroi and other levies, transit insurance and receiving charges.

Stock of land for windmill projects is valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of land includes purchase consideration, stamp duties and registration charges for transfer of title.

Contract in Progress represents work in Process on construction contracts which reflects proportionate value of inputs and expenses on contracts yet to be billed

1.4 Cash and cash equivalents (for the purposes of Cash Flow Statement)

Cash comprises of cash on hand, cheques in transit and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

1.5 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit / (Loss) before Tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.6 Revenue Recognition

Income in respect of sale of goods is recognised at the time of transfer of title. Sales are inclusive of all taxes.

Revenue in respect of Engineering Contracts is recognised as and when progressive bills are raised based on customers measurement acceptance and terms of the Contract, taking into consideration technical estimate revision, costs to complete and stages of completion. Profits are recognized after charging corresponding proportionate costs relating to the Contractual billings. Escalation, which in the opinion of the Management is recoverable on the contract are also recognized as and when the claims are accepted by the customers.

Provision for anticipated losses on contracts is being made in the year when they are established.

Revenue from other Contracts is recognized based on completed Contract method, when rendering of service is completed or substantially completed.

Revenue from sale of windmill development rights is recognized on transfer ofthe rights to the buyer under the terms of contract.

Contract Revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected as 'Unbilled Revenue' under 'Other Current Assets' and billing in excess of Contract Revenue has been reflected as 'Advances Billing' under 'Other Current Liabilities'.

Dividend Income on Investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Interest income is included under the head "other Income" in the Statement of Profit and loss.

1.7 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at historical cost (net of CENVAT/VAT wherever applicable) less Accumulated Depreciation / Amortisation. Cost comprises of direct cost, related taxes, duties, freight and attributable finance costs till such assets are ready for its intended use. Capital work in progress is stated at the amount expended up to the Balance sheet date.

Tangible Assets

Depreciation is computed under Straight Line Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1 956 except for thefollowing:

Leasehold improvements are written off over the primary period of their lease.

Certain items of Plant and Machinery used at project sites are depreciated over an estimated useful life of 2 to 4 years.

Individual assets costing Rs.5,000/- each or less is depreciated in full in the yearof addition.

Intangible Assets

Depreciation is computed under Straight Line method at the rates specified below:

Technical Know-how fees are amortised over the period of 5 to 10 years based on estimated useful life ofthe asset.

Software cost are amortised over a period of 5 years based on Managements evaluation of their estimated useful life.

Lease hold Land Using Rights is amortised over the primary period of lease, which is 20 years.

1.8 Foreign Currency Transaction

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date ofthe transaction. Monetary assets & liabilities outstanding at the year- end are translated at the rate of exchange prevailing at the year-end and the gain or loss, is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Exchange differences arising on actual payments/realizations and year-end restatements are dealt wiTh in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Investments in Foreign currencies are reported using the exchange rate at the date ofthe transaction.

1.9 Investments

Long-term investments are carried individually at cost less provision for diminution, otherthan temporary, in the value of such investments. Current investments are carried individually, at the lower of cost and fair value. Cost of investments includes acquisition charges such as brokerage, fees and duties.

1.10 Employee Benefits

Short-term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Shortterm employee benefits at the balance sheet date, are recognized as an expense as per the Company's scheme based on expected obligations on undiscounted basis.

Long-term Employee Benefits

(i) Defined Contribution Plans:

Contribution to state governed Provident Fund scheme and Employee State Insurance scheme are defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable underthe schemes is recognised during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans:

The liability for Gratuity to employees as at Balance Sheet date is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation based on Projected Unit Credit Method and is not funded. The contribution there of paid / payable is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(iii) Long Term Compensated Absences:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absence is provided for based on actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expense.

1.11 Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established, the Company determines the compensated cost based on the intrinsic value method and the compensation cost is amortised on a straight line basis over the vesting period.

1.12 Segment Reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.

Inter-segment revenue is accounted on the basis of transactions which are primarily determined based on market/fair value factors.

Expenses that are directly identifiable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses which relate to the company as a whole and are not allocable to segments are included under unallocated corporate expenses.

Segments assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocated corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the company as a whole and notallocabletoanysegment.

1.13 Leases

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as lessee where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vested in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception ofthe lease at the lower of the fairvalueand the present value ofthe minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. Lease rentals under operating leases are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis.

1.14 Taxation

Currenttax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income forthe year as determined in accordance with the provisions ofthe Income Tax Act, 1 961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences,

being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset if such items relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing tax laws and the Company has a legally enforceable right for such setoff. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date fortheir realisability.

1.15 Impairment of Assets

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

1.16 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements as a matter of prudence.

1.17 Derivatives

All derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.


Mar 31, 2011

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimated. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Income in respect of sale of goods is recognised at the time of transfer of title. Sales are inclusive of all taxes.

Revenue in respect of Engineering Contracts is recognised as and when progressive bills are raised based on customers measurement acceptance and terms of the Contract, taking into consideration technical estimate revision, costs to complete and stages of completion. Profits are recognised after charging corresponding proportionate costs relating to the Contractual billings. Escalation, which in the opinion of the Management is recoverable on the contract are also recognised as and when the claims are accepted by the customers.

Provision for anticipated losses on contracts is being made in the year they are established.

Revenue from other Contracts is recognised based on completed Contract method, when rendering of service is completed or substantially completed.

Revenue from sale of windmill development rights is recognized on transfer of the rights to the buyer under the terms of contract.

Dividend Income on Investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

1.4 Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made if the decline is other than temporary in nature. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments.

1.5 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. With regard to assets acquired under the finance lease, the cost of assets is capitalised while the annual charges are charged to revenue. Intangible Assets are stated at cost.

Tangible assets

Depreciation is provided for on Straight Line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1 956.

Leasehold improvements are written off over the primary period of their lease.

Individual assets costing Rs.5,000/- each or less is depreciated in full in the year of addition.

Intangible assets

Technical Know-how fees are amortised over the period of 5 to 10 years based on estimated useful life of the asset.

Software cost is amortised over a period of 5 years based on Managements evaluation of their estimated useful life.

Lease hold Land Using Rights is amortised over the primary period of lease, which is 20 years.

1.6 Impairment of Assets

At each balance sheet date, the carrying values of the tangible and intangible assets ore reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is on indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole and the impairment losses, if any, recognised.

1.7 Inventories

Raw Materials and stores and spares are valued at cost. Cost on FIFO basis includes freight, taxes and duties net of VAT credit wherever applicable.

Stock of land for windmill projects is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of land includes purchase consideration, stamp duties and registration charges for transfer of title.

1.8 Foreign Currency Transaction

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction. At the year end, all monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the year end exchange rates.

Exchange differences arising on actual payment/realisation are recognised in profit and loss account.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

a. Short Term Employee Benefits : All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short term employee benefits, including accumulated compensated absences, at the balance sheet date, are recognized as an expense as per the Company's scheme based on expected obligations on undiscounted basis.

b. Long Term Employee Benefits:

(i) Defined Contribution Plans:

Contribution to state governed provident fund scheme and employee state insurance scheme ore defined contribution plans. The contribution paid/payable under the schemes is recognised during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans:

The liability for Gratuity to employees as at Balance Sheet date is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation based on Projected Unit Credit method and is not funded. The contribution there of paid / payable is charged in the books of accounts.

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absence is provided for based on actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the Profit and Loss Account as income or expense.

1.10 Taxation

Provision for taxation comprise of the Current Tax Provision, Fringe Benefits tax and the net change in the Deferred Tax Asset or Liability during the year.

Current Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, on the Income for the period chargeable to tax.

Provision for Deferred Tax is made for timing differences arising between the taxable incomes and accounting income computed using the tax rates and the laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred Tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses. Other deferred tax assets are recognized if there is reasonable certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets.

1.11 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

1.12 Segment reporting:

a. The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.

b. Segment revenue and segment results include transfers between business segments. Such transfers are accounted for at the agreed transaction value and such transfers are eliminated in the consolidation of the segments.

c. Expenses that are directly identifiable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses which relate to the company as a whole and are not allocable to segments are included under unallocated corporate expenses.

d. Segments assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocated corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the company as a whole and not allocable to any segment.

1.13 Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established, the Company determines the compensated cost based on the intrinsic value method and the compensation cost is amortised on a straight line basis over the vesting period.


Mar 31, 2010

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses and disclosure of contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimated. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Income in respect of sale of goods is recognised at the time of transfer of title. Sales are inclusive of all taxes.

Revenue in respect of Engineering Contracts is recognised as and when progressive bills are raised based on customers measurement acceptance and terms of the Contract, taking into consideration technical estimate revision, costs to complete and stages of completion. Profits are recognised after charging corresponding proportionate costs relating to the Contractual billings. Escalation, which in the opinion of the Management is recoverable on the contract are also recognised as and when the claims are accepted by the customers.

Provision for anticipated losses on contracts is being made in the year they are established.

Revenue from other Contracts is recognised based on Completed Contract method, when rendering of service is completed or substantially completed.

Dividend Income on Investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

1.4 Investments

Long term investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in value is made if the decline is other than temporary in nature. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on the basis of each category of investments.

1.5 Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed assets are stated at cost. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. With regard to assets acquired under the finance lease, the cost of assets is capitalised while the annual charges are charged to revenue. Intangible Assets are stated at cost.

TANGIBLE ASSETS

Depreciation is provided for on Straight Line method at the rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Leasehold improvements are written off over the primary period of their lease.

In respect of assets impaired, the revised carrying value is depreciated over its remaining useful life.

Individual assets costing less than Rs.5,000/- each is depreciated in full in the year of addition.

INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Technical Know-how Fees are amortised over the period of 5 to 10 years based on estimated useful life of the asset. Software cost are amortised over a period of 5 years based on Managements evaluation of the estimated useful life. Lease hold land using rights is amortised over the primary period of lease, which is 20 years.

1.6 Impairment of Assets

At each balance sheet date, the carrying values of the tangible and intangible assets are reviewed to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered an impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). Where there is an indication that there is a likely impairment loss for a group of assets, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the group of assets as a whole and the impairment losses recognised.

1.7 Inventories

Raw Materials and stores and spares are valued at cost. Cost on FIFO basis includes freight, taxes and duties net of VAT credit wherever applicable.

Stock of land for windmill projects is valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of land includes purchase consideration, stamp duties and registration charges for transfer of title.

1.8 Foreign Currency Transaction

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate prevailing on the date of transaction. At the year end, all monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are restated at the year end exchange rates. Exchange differences arising on actual payment/realisation are recognised in profit and loss account.

1.9 Employee Benefits:

a. Short Term Employee Benefits :

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short term employee benefits, including accumulated compensated absences, at the balance sheet date, are recognized as an expense as per the Companys scheme based on expected obligations on undiscounted basis.

b. Long Term Employee Benefits:

The obligation for long term employee benefits such as long term compensated absences is provided for based on actuarial valuation as at the balance sheet date, using the Projected Unit Credit Method.

(i) Defined Contribution Plans: -

Contribution to state governed provident fund scheme and employee state insurance scheme are defined contribution plans.

The contribution paid/payable under the schemes is recognised during the period in which the employee renders the related service.

(ii) Defined Benefit Plans:

The liability for Gratuity to employees as at Balance Sheet date is determined on the basis of actuarial valuation based on Projected Unit Credit method and is not funded. The contribution thereof paid / payable is charged in the books of accounts.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and effects of changes in actuarial assumptions are immediately recognised in the profit and loss account as income or expense.

1.10 Taxation

Provision for taxation comprise of the Current Tax Provision, Fringe Benefits Tax and the net change in the Deferred Ta x Asset or Liability during the year.

Current Tax is determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961, on the Income for the period chargeable to tax.

Provision for Deferred Tax is made for timing differences arising between the taxable incomes and accounting income computed using the tax rates and the laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the

balance sheet date. Deferred Tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognized if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such losses. Other deferred tax assets are recognized if there is reasonable certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets.

1.11 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions are recognised only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

1.12 Segment reporting:

a. The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.

b. Segment revenue and segment results include transfers between business segments. Such transfers are accounted for at the agreed transaction value and such transfers are eliminated in the consolidation of the segments.

c. Expenses that are directly identifiable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments are included under unallocated corporate expenses.

d. Segments assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocated corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the Company as a whole and not allocable to any segment.

1.13 Employee Stock Option Scheme

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option scheme established are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by the Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by Securities Exchange Board of India. The Company follows the intrinsic value method of accounting for the options and accordingly, the excess of market value of the stock options as on date of grant over the exercise price of the options, if any, is recognized as deferred employee compensation and is charged to the Profit and Loss Account, to the extent of options vested.

 
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