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Accounting Policies of Simplex Mills Company Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. The GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied.

(ii) Revenue recognition:

Sales of goods are recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, or when substantial risks and rewards of ownership are transferred by the Company. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and exclude sales tax/VAT.

(iii) Tangible fixed assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalised upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress:

Capital work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Inventories:

Stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Process stock is valued at estimated cost. Raw materials are valued at cost or market rate, whichever is lower. Finished products and waste are valued at cost or market rate whichever is lower, whereas the sold quantity is valued at contract rates. (Cost includes direct cost and overheads). Cost of finished goods and work-in-process is ascertained by applying the absorption cost basis.

(vi) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(vii) Depreciation:

Depreciation is provided on all fixed assets (excluding furniture, fixtures and equipments) on straight-line method and on furniture, fixtures and equipments on the written down value method based on the useful life of the assets as prescribed in the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

(viii) Retirement benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date.

The Company's contributions to provident fund and family pension fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(ix) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(x) Impairment of assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior years may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(xi) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xii) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xiii) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of incomes and expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2014

(i) Basis of preparation

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting policies have been consistently applied.

The Company adopts the accrual basis in the preparation of accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Revenue recognition

Sales of goods are recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, or when substantial risks and rewards of ownership are transferred by the Company. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and exclude sales tax/VAT.

(iii) Tangible fixed assets

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalised upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress

Capital work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management''s intention at the time of purchase.

Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories

Stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Process stock is valued at estimated cost. Raw materials and Traded goods are valued at cost or market rate, whichever is lower. Finished products and waste are valued at cost or market rate whichever is lower, whereas the sold quantity is valued at contract rates. (Cost includes direct cost and overheads). Cost of finished goods and work-in-process is ascertained by applying the absorption cost basis.

(vii) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to statement of profit and loss.

(viii)Export sales

Export sales in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions.

(ix) Foreign exchange transactions

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. As at

the balance sheet date, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at closing rates. Gains or losses on settlement/restatement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they arise.

(x) Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding furniture, fixtures and equipments) on straight-line method and on furniture, fixtures and equipments on the written down value basis at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(xi) Retirement benefits

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date.

The Company''s contributions to provident fund and family pension fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(xii) Taxation

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xiii)Impairment of assets

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiv)Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xv) Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xvi)Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.

b. Terms/rights attached to the equity shares

The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of the equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

Retirement benefit plans

As per Accounting Standard 15 "Employee benefits", the disclosures as defined in the Accounting Standard are given below:

I) Defined Contribution Plan

a) Provident Fund

b) Pension Fund

II) Defined Benefit Plans

a) Contribution to Gratuity Fund (Non-Funded)

b) Leave Encashment (Non-Funded)


Mar 31, 2013

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting polices have been consistently applied.

The Company adopts the accrual basis in the preparation of accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Revenue recognition:

Sales of goods are recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, or when substantial risks and rewards of ownership are transferred by the Company. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and exclude sales tax / VAT.

(iii) Tangible fixed assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalised upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress:

Capital work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on management''s intention at the time of purchase.

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Process stock is valued at estimated cost. Raw materials are valued at cost or market rate, whichever is lower. Finished products and waste are valued at cost or market rate whichever is lower, whereas the sold quantity is valued at contract rates. (Cost includes direct cost and overheads). Cost of finished goods and work in process is ascertained by applying the absorption cost basis.

(vii) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(viii)Export sales:

Export sales in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions.

(ix) Foreign exchange transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. As at the balance sheet date, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at closing rates. Gains or losses on settlement/restatement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they arise.

(x) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding furniture, fixtures and equipments) on straight-line method and on furniture, fixtures and equipments on the written down value basis at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(xi) Retirement benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date.

The Company''s contributions to provident fund and family pension fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(xii) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xiii)Impairment of assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiv)Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xv) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xvi)Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2012

(I) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting polices have been consistently applied.

The Company adopts the accrual basis in the preparation of accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Revenue recognition:

Sales of goods are recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, or when substantial risks and rewards of ownership are transferred by the Company. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and exclude sales tax/VAT.

(iii) Tangible fixed assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalised upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress:

Capital work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase.

Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Process stock is valued at estimated cost. Raw materials are valued at cost or market rate, whichever is lower. Finished products and waste are valued at cost or market rate whichever is lower, whereas the sold quantity is valued at contract rates. (Cost includes direct cost and overheads). Cost of finished goods and work in process is ascertained by applying the absorption cost basis.

(vii) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(viii) Export sales:

Export sales in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions.

(ix) Foreign exchange transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. As at the balance sheet date, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at closing rates. Gains or losses on settlement / restatement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they arise.

(x) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding furniture, fixtures and equipments) on straight-line method and on furniture, fixtures and equipments on the written down value basis at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(xi) Retirement benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date.

The Company's contributions to provident fund and family pension fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(xii) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period ana are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xiii) Impairment of assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiv) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xv) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xvi) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2011

The accounts have been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and are in line with the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

(i) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified u/s 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The Company adopts the accrual basis in the preparation of the accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Revenue recognition:

Sales of goods are recognized on dispatch of goods to customers, or when substantial risks and rewards of ownership are transferred by the Company. Sales are inclusive of excise duty and exclude sales tax/VAT.

(iii) Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalised upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital Work-in-progress:

Capital Work-in-progress is carried at cost, comprising of direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings there against.

(v) Investments:

Long term Investments are valued at cost less provision for permanent diminution in value of such investments.

(vi) Inventories:

Stores and spare parts are valued at cost. Process stock is valued at estimated cost. Raw materials are valued at cost or market rate, whichever is lower. Finished products and waste are valued at cost or market rate whichever is lower, whereas the sold quantity is valued at contract rates. (Cost includes direct cost and overheads). Cost of finished goods and work in process is ascertained by applying the absorption cost basis.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(viii) Export Sales:

Export sales in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the transactions.

(ix) Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction. As at the balance sheet date, monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currency are reported at closing rates. Gains or losses on settlement / restatement of foreign currency transactions are recognized in the Profit and Loss account in the period in which they arise.

(x) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding Furniture, Fixtures and Equipments) on straight- line method and on Furniture, Fixtures and Equipments on the written down value basis at rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(xi) Retirement Benefits:

The liability on account of gratuity and leave encashment is based on actuarial valuation. The Company's contribution to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are charged to Profit and Loss account as incurred.

(xii) Deferred Taxation:

Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except for unabsorbed depreciation and business loss, in respect of which deferred tax is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient taxable income in future against which the loss/depreciation can be set off.

(xiii) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiv) Provisions & Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xv) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.





 
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