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Accounting Policies of Simplex Realty Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. The GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied.

(ii) Revenue Recognition:

The Company is following "Percentage of Completion Method" and revenue is recognized accordingly.

The "Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transactions (Revised 2012)" has been followed in respect of the Company's on-going project for which revenue is recognized for the first time.

The Company recognizes revenue in respect of sales in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated project cost subject to achieving the threshold levels.

Determination of stage of completion is arrived based on the project cost incurred against the estimated cost.

Determination of revenue under percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates, some of which are of technical nature, concerning where relevant, the percentage of completion, cost to completion, the expected revenue from the activity and the foreseeable losses to completion. Estimates of project income, as well as project cost, are reviewed periodically. The effect of changes, if any, to estimates is recognized in the financial statements for the period in which such changes are determined. Losses, if any, are fully provided for immediately. The Company recognizes revenue (i.e. its share in revenue) as per the terms of the agreements entered into with Developer or Land Owner following percentage of completion method.

All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is accounted when right to receive is established.

(iii) Tangible Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition and installation. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital work-in-progress:

Capital work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Construction work-in-progress are valued at cost which includes cost of land, premium for development rights, construction cost, allocated interest and expenses incidental to the project undertaken by the Company. Inventory of completed flats is valued at lower of cost or net realisable value.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Interest and finance charges incurred in connection with borrowing of funds, which are incurred for the development of long term projects are transferred to construction work-in- progress. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which these are incurred.

(viii) Depreciation:

Depreciation is provided on all fixed assets (excluding furniture and office equipments) on straight-line method and on furniture and office equipments on the written down value method based on the useful life of the assets as prescribed in the Schedule 11 to the Companies Act, 2013.

(ix) Retirement Benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The Company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

The Company's contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xi) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that any impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior years may no longer exist or may have decreased.

(xii) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

(xiii) Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xiv) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amount of income and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2014

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting policies have been consistently applied.

(ii) Revenue Recognition:

The Company is following "Percentage of Completion Method" and revenue is recognized accordingly.

The "Guidance Note on Accounting for Real Estate Transactions (Revised 2012)" has been followed in respect of the Company''s on-going project for which revenue is recognized for the first time.

The Company recognizes revenue in respect of sales in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated project cost subject to achieving the threshold levels.

Determination of stage of completion is arrived based on the project cost incurred against the estimated cost.

Determination of revenue under percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates, some of which are of technical nature, concerning where relevant, the percentage of completion, cost to completion, the expected revenue from the activity and the foreseeable losses to completion. Estimates of project income, as well as project cost, are reviewed periodically. The effect of changes, if any, to estimates is recognized in the financial statements for the period in which such changes are determined. Losses, if any, are fully provided for immediately. The Company recognizes revenue (i.e. its share in revenue) as per the terms of the agreements entered into with Developer or Land Owner following percentage of completion method.

All other income is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is accounted when right to receive is established.

(iii) Tangible Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition and installation. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital Work-in-progress:

Capital Work in progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management''s intention at the time of purchase.

Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Construction work-in-progress are valued at cost which includes cost of land, premium for development rights, construction cost, allocated interest and expenses incidental to the project undertaken by the Company. Inventory of completed flats is valued at lower of cost or market value.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Interest and finance charges incurred in connection with borrowing of funds, which are incurred for the development of long term projects are transferred to construction work-in-progress. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which these are incurred.

(viii)Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding land, furniture and office equipments) on straight- line method and on Furniture and Office Equipments on the written down value basis, at rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ix) Retirement Benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

The Company''s contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xi) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xii) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company.

(xiii)Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xiv)Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amount of income and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.

b. Terms/rights attached to the equity shares

The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/- per share. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of the equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

Retirement benefit plans

As per Accounting Standard 15 "Employee benefits", the disclosures as defined in the Accounting Standard are given below:

I) Defined Contribution Plan

a) Provident Fund

b) Superannuation fund and Pension Scheme,1995

II) Defined Benefit Plans

a) Contribution to Gratuity fund (Non- funded)

b) Leave encashment (Non- funded)

In accordance with the Accounting Standard (AS 15) (Revised 2005) Employee Benefits, actuarial valuation was done in respect of the aforesaid defined benefit plans of gratuity and leave encashment based on the following assumptions:


Mar 31, 2013

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange of Board of India (SEBI). Accounting polices have been consistently applied.

(ii) Revenue Recognition:

The Company is following "Percentage of Completion Method". As per this method, revenue from sale of properties is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects under execution with the Company on transfer of significant risk and rewards to the buyers. If the actual project cost incurred is less than 25% of the total estimated project cost, no income is recognized in respect of that project in the relevant period. Determination of revenue under percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentage of completion, cost to completion, the expected revenue from the activity and the foreseeable losses to completion. Estimates of project income, as well as project cost, are reviewed periodically. The effect of changes, if any, to estimates is recognized in the financial statements for the period in which such changes are determined. Losses, if any, are fully provided for immediately. The Company recognizes revenue (i.e. its share in revenue or profit) as per the agreements entered into with Developer or Land Owner following percentage of completion method.

Interest is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is accounted when right to receive is established.

(iii) Tangible Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition and installation. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital Work-in-progress:

Capital Work-in-progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management''s intention at the time purchase.

Long-Term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognize any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Construction work-in-progress are valued at cost which includes cost of land, premium for development rights, construction cost, allocated interest and expenses incidental to the project undertaken by the Company. Realty stock which comprises land converted into stock in trade is valued at lower of conversion cost or fair market value and property development account at actual costs incurred.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as

part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Interest and finance charges incurred in connection with borrowing of funds, which are incurred for the development of long term projects are transferred to Construction work-in- progress. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which these are incurred.

(viii)Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding land, furniture and office equipments) on straight- line method and on Furniture and Office Equipments on the written down value basis, at rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ix) Retirement Benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for 12 months after the reporting date.

The Company''s contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xi) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xii) Provisions & Contingent Liabilities:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xiii)Cash and Cash Equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xiv)Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amount of income and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2012

(i) Basis of preparation:

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) on the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Accounting polices have been consistently applied.

(ii) Revenue recognition:

The Company is following "Percentage of Completion Method". As per this method, revenue from sale of properties is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects under execution with the Company on transfer of significant risk and rewards to the buyers. If the actual project cost incurred is less than 25% of the total estimated project cost, no income is recognized in respect of that project in the relevant period. Determination of revenue under percentage of completion method necessarily involves making estimates, some of which are of technical nature, concerning, where relevant, the percentage of completion, cost to completion, the expected revenue from the activity and the foreseeable losses to completion. Estimates of project income, as well as project cost, are reviewed periodically. The effect of changes, if any, to estimates is recognized in the financial statements for the period in which such changes are determined. Losses, if any, are fully provided for immediately. The Company recognizes revenue (i.e. its share in revenue or profit) as per the agreements entered into with Developer or Land Owner following percentage of completion method.

Interest is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is accounted when right to receive is established.

(iii) Tangible fixed assets:

All fixed assets are carried at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition and installation. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets

(iv) Capital work-in-progress:

Capital Work in progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Investments are either classified as current or long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase.

Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision recorded to recognise any decline, other than of a temporary nature, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower and the resultant decline, if any, are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

(vi) Inventories:

Construction work-in-progress are valued at cost which includes cost of land, premium for development rights, construction cost, allocated interest and expenses incidental to the project undertaken by the Company. Realty stock which comprises land converted into stock in trade is valued at lower of conversion cost or fair market value and property development account at actual costs incurred.

(vii) Borrowing costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Interest and finance charges incurred in connection with borrowing of funds, which are incurred for the development of long term projects are transferred to Construction Work-in Progress. All other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which these are incurred.

(viii) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding land, furniture and office equipments) on straight- line method and on furniture and office equipments on the written down value basis, at rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ix) Retirement benefits:

Liabilities on account of gratuity and leave encashment benefit are determined by actuarial valuation at each balance sheet date using the Projected Unit Credit Method. Actuarial gain and losses are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The company presents the entire leave as a current liability in the balance sheet, since it does not have an unconditional right to defer its settlement for twelve months after the reporting date.

The Company's contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are recognised as expenses in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) Taxation:

Current income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax is recognized on timing difference, being difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. The deferred tax effect is calculated using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xi) Impairment of assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xii) Provisions and contingent liabilities:

The Company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xiii) Cash and cash equivalents:

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks, other short-term highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less.

(xiv) Use of estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as at the date of financial statements and the reported amount of income and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place


Mar 31, 2011

The accounts have been prepared in line with the relevant laws and generally accepted accounting principles prevailing in India.

(i) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material aspects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified u/s 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

The Company adopts accrual basis of accounting in the preparation of the accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Revenue Recognition:

In respect of realty development activities, revenue is recognized based on Percentage of Completion Method. As per this method, revenue in respect of sales effected is recognized in proportion to the work completed as against the total work to be completed under the project. The share of net revenue (i. e. net share of profit) has been recognized as income from operation and proportionate cost of land and other related costs have been charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

Interest and other income are recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is accounted as and when the right to receive dividend is established.

(iii) Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iv) Capital Work-in-progress:

Capital Work in progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(v) Investments:

Long Term investments are carried at cost less provision for permanent diminution in value of such investments (if any). Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

(vi) Inventories:

Realty stock is valued at lower of conversion cost or fair market value and property development account at actual costs incurred.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(viii) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding land, furniture and office equipments) on straight-line method and on Furniture and Office Equipments on the written down value basis, at rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956..

(ix) Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off or adjusted):

Voluntary Retirement Compensation & Gratuity paid to facilitate realty development is treated as property development cost, and proportionate cost is being recognized in the Profit and Loss account as a part of realty development costs.

(x) Retirement Benefits:

Liability on account of gratuity and leave encashment is based on actuarial valuation. The Companys contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are charged to Profit and Loss account as incurred.

(xi) Taxation:

Current Income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred Tax Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xii) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiii) Provisions & Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

(xiv) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles requires the Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities as of the date of financial statements and the reported amount of expenses of the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to such accounting estimates is recognized in the accounting period in which such revision takes place.


Mar 31, 2010

The accounts have been prepared in line with the relevant laws and generally accepted accounting principles prevailing in India.

(i) System of Accounting:

The Company adopts accrual basis of accounting in the preparation of the accounts except insurance claims and sales tax refunds.

(ii) Fixed Assets:

All fixed assets (including assets taken on hire purchase) are carried at cost. The cost of fixed assets includes expenses incidental to acquisition. Interest on specific borrowings, obtained for the purposes of acquiring fixed assets is capitalized upto the date of commissioning of the assets.

(iii) Capital Work-in-progress:

Capital Work in progress is carried at cost. Cost comprises direct costs, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings.

(iv) Investments:

Long Term Investments are carried at cost less provision for permanent diminution in value of such investments (if any). Current investments are valued at cost or fair value whichever is lower.

(v) Inventories:

Realty stock is valued at lower of conversion cost or fair market value and property development account at actual costs incurred.

(vi) Revenue Recognition:

In respect of realty development activities, revenue is recognized based on Percentage of Completion Method. As per this method, revenue in respect of sales affected is recognized in proportion to the work completed as against the total work to be completed under the project. The share of net revenue (i. e. net share of profit) has been recognized as income from operation and proportionate cost of land and other related costs have been charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

Interest income is recognized on accrual basis.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

(vii) Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

(viii) Depreciation:

Depreciation has been provided on all fixed assets (excluding land, furniture and office equipments) on straight-line method and on Furniture and Office Equipments on the written down value basis, at rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ix) Miscellaneous Expenditure (to the extent not written off or adjusted):

Voluntary Retirement Compensation and Gratuity paid to facilitate realty development is treated as property development cost, and proportionate cost is being recognized in the Profit and Loss account as a part of realty development costs.

(x) Retirement Benefits:

Liability on account of gratuity and leave encashment is based on actuarial valuation. The Companys contributions to provident fund, family pension fund and superannuation fund are charged to Profit and Loss account as incurred.

(xi) Taxation:

Current Income tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period based on applicable tax rate and laws. Deferred tax on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income is accounted for, using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is a reasonable certainty of realization, except in case of unabsorbed depreciation and business losses in respect of which, deferred tax asset is recognized only if the Company is virtually certain of having sufficient future taxable income against which the losses/depreciation can be set off. Deferred Tax Assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realization.

(xii) Impairment of Assets:

Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

(xiii) Provisions & Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognised in respect of probable obligations, the amount of which can be reliably estimated. Contingent liabilities are disclosed in respect of possible obligations that arise from past events but their existence is confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the company.

 
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