Mar 31, 2015
Sirohia & Sons Ltd. is a public limited company, listed in SME segment of the Bombay Stock Exchange, with Registered Office being situated at 16, Bon fields Lane, Kolkata - 700001, West Bengal. The Company is engaged in general order supply of tea garden items.
1.1 BASIS OF ACCOUNTING:
The accounts are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.
Accounting policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued Accounting Standard is initially adopted or a revision to an existing Accounting Standard requires a change in the accounting policy hitherto in use.
All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies' Act, 2013. Based on the nature of operations and time between the procurement of raw material and realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.
1.2 USE OF ESTIMATES:
The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenditure during the period. Actual results might differ from the estimates.
Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.
1.3 FIXED ASSETS:
Tangible Assets are stated at their original cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment, if any. Cost, net of cenvat, includes acquisition price, other non-refundable taxes and levies, attributable expenses and pre operational expenses including finance charges, wherever applicable.
Intangible assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition of such assets and are carried at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization and impairment, if any.
Depreciation/amortisation on tangible assets and intangible assets (computer software) are provided based on life assigned to each assets at Written down value method in accordance with Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.
Lease hold land is amortized over the period of the lease.
Capital work in progress: Expenditure (including financing cost relating to borrowed funds for construction or acquisition of fixed assets) incurred on projects under implementation are treated as Pre-operative expenses pending allocation to the assets and are shown under "Capital work-in-progress". Capital work-in-progress is stated at the amount expended up to use. Expenses incurred during the year have been apportioned over Capital Work-in- Progress on a reasonable basis.
Inventories are computed at lower of cost and net realizable value. The cost of raw materials and stores and spares is computed on FIFO basis and the cost of work in progress and finished goods are computed on weighted average basis. The cost of finished goods includes cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition.
Assets identified and technically evaluated as obsolete and held for disposal are valued at their estimated net realizable value.
1.5 REVENUE RECOGNITION:
Sale of goods is recognized at the time of transfer of substantial risk and rewards of ownership to the buyer for a consideration Gross turnover excludes Value Added Tax / CST.
Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.
All other incomes are accounted for on accrual basis.
All expenses are accounted for on accrual basis.
1.7 EMPLOYEE BENEFITS:
Short-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.
Post employment and other long-term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the employee has rendered service. The expense is recognized at the present value of the amount payable determined using actuarial valuations. No Post employment and other long-term employee benefits were provided by the Company.
1.8 BORROWING COST:
Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time assets are ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue in the period in which it is incurred.
1.9 FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS:
No Foreign Currency Transaction was entered by the Company
1.10 TAXES ON INCOME:
Current Tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year, computed in accordance with the relevant tax rates and tax laws.
Deferred Tax is recognized at substantively enacted tax rates, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsiquent period.
1.11 IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS:
Impairment loss, if any, is recognized to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceed their recoverable amount Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.
Impairment losses recognized in prior years are reversed when there is an indication that the impairment losses recognized no longer exist or have decreased. Such reversals are recognized as an increase in carrying amount of assets to the extent that it does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of amortization or depreciation) had no impairment loss been recognized in previous years.
After impairment, depreciation or amortization on assets is provided on the revised carrying amount of the respective asset over its remaining useful life.
1.12 PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:
Provisions are recognized in respect of obligation where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered probable.
Contingent liabilities are shown by way of notes to the Accounts in respect of obligations where, based on the evidence available, their existence at the Balance Sheet date is considered not probable.
Re-imbursement expected in respect of expenditure to settle a provision is recognized only when it is virtually certain that the re-imbursement will be received.
Contingent Assets are not recognized in Accounts.
1.13 EARNINGS PER SHARE:
Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit/ (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of extra ordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.
Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit/ (loss) after tax (including the post tax effect of any extra ordinary items, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which could be issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.
1.14 CASH FLOW STATEMENT:
Cash flows are reported using indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.
1.15 As per section 135 of Companies Act 2013, the Company does not fall under the purview of CSR, as the company doesn't have a net worth of 500 crores or more, or turnover of 1000 crores or more or a net profit of" 5 crores or more.
1.16 Previous year's figures have been regrouped/reclassified wherever necessary to correspond with the current year's classification/disclosures.