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Accounting Policies of Southern Gas Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting in confor¬mity with the accounting Principles generally accepted in India and comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act 1956.

b. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting Principles requires estimates and assumptions to he made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of finan¬cial statements and the reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known materialized.

c. Revenue Recognition

i) Sale of goods: Income is considered to accrue upon full execution of the terms of sale, which normally coincides with delivery.

ii) Interest/ Claims: Income is taken credit for on accrual basis wherever realisability is not in doubt and others on receipt.

iii) Penalty for delayed Income is considered to accrue on time basis in accordance with the terms of sale. return of cylinders

d. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation charged. Impairme¬nt in such value if any is adjusted. Cost includes all direct expenses incurred to bring art asset to working condition for its intended use. Leasehold Lands are stated at the lease premiums paid, less amortization.

e. Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal' external factors. An impairment loss is recognized and charged to profit and loss statement in the period in which an asset is identified as impaired, when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. The impairm-ent loss recognised in the prior accounting periods is increased or reversed to the extent of the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

f. Depreciation/Amortization

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is charged on straight-line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Lease premium paid in respect of leasehold land, except those finder lease-cum-sale arrange¬ments are amortized over the period of the lease.

g. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h. Foreign Currency Transaction

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Mone¬tary assets and liabilities outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the applicable exchange rates prevailing at the year-end. The exchange gain/loss arising during the year are adjusted to the profit and loss statem¬ent.

i. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value on first in first our basis. For this purpose cost of bought out inventories comprises the purchase cost of the items net of Cenvat availed and the cost of bringing them to the factory. The cost of manufactured inventories comprises the direct cost of production plus appropriate overheads. The net realizable value of bought out inventories is their current replacement cost

j. Investments

Long term investments are valued at cost. In case of long-term investments, provision write down is made for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value.

k. Employee Benefits :

a) Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits and recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Contribution Plans

The company has defined contribution plans for employees comprising of Provident Fund and Employee's State Insurance. The contributions paid/payable to these plans during the year are charged to the profit and loss statement for the year.

c) Defined Benefit Plans

Payment of Gratuity to employees is covered by the Gratuity Trust Scheme based on the Group Gratuity corn Assurance Scheme of the LIC of India, which is a defined benefit scheme and the company makes contributions under the said scheme. The net present value of the obligation for gratuity benefits as determined on independent actuarial valuation, conducted annually using the projected unit credit method, as adjusted for unrecognized past services cost if any and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, is recognised in the accounts. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss statement for the period in which they occur.

d) Other Long perm Employee Benefits

The company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability of which is determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation carried out at the end of the year, using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the profit and loss statement for the period in which they occur.

l. Segment Reporting

The company is engaged in the business of manufacture and trading of gases in the domestic market, which forms broadly part of one product group and hence the company has only a single reportable segment in terms of Accoun¬ting Standard- 17.

m. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax.

Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the Inventions of the Income Tax An, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future. Deferred tax assets in case of unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax asset can be realized against future taxable profits.

n. Earnings per share

Basic Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity sharehol¬ders of the company by weighted average number of equity shares in issue during the year.

o. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement arc recognized when there is a present obliga¬tion as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements

p. Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in Accounting Standard (AS) 3 on 'Cash Flow Statement'.


Mar 31, 2012

A Basis of Accounting

The financial statement are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act 1956.

b Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c Revenue Recognition

i) Sale of goods : Income is considered to accrue upon full execution of the terms of sale, which normally coincides with delivery.

ii) Interest/ Claims : Income is taken credit for on accrual basis wherever readability is not in doubt and others on receipt.

iii) Penalty for delayed return : Income is considered to accrue on time basis in accordance with the of cylinders terms of sale.

d Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation charged. Impairment in such value, if any, is adjusted. Cost includes all direct expenses incurred to bring an asset to working condition for its intended use. Leasehold Lands are stated at the lease premiums paid, less amortization.

e Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal /external factors. An impairment loss is recognized and charged to statement of profit and loss in the period in which an asset is identified as impaired, when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. The impairment loss recognised in the prior accounting periods is increased or reversed to the extent of the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

f Depreciation/ Amortization

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is charged on straight-line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Lease premium paid in respect of leasehold land, except those under lease-cum-sale arrangements are amortized over the period of the lease.

g Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

h Foreign Currency Transaction

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded, at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are translated at the applicable exchange rates prevailing at the year-end. The exchange gain/loss arising during the year are adjusted to the statement of profit and loss,

i Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value on first in first out basis. For this purpose cost of bought out inventories comprises the purchase cost of the items net of Cenvat availed and the cost of bringing them to the factory. The cost of manufactured inventories comprises the direct cost of production plus appropriate overheads. The net realizable value of bought out inventories is their current replacement cost,

j Investments

Long term investments are valued at cost. In case of long-term investments, provision/write down is made for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value.

k Employee Benefits:

a) Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits and recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Contribution Plans

The company has defined contribution plans for employees comprising of Provident Fund and Employee''s State Insurance. The contributions paid/payable to these plans during the year are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year.

c) Defined Benefit Plans

Payment of Gratuity to employees is covered by the Gratuity Trust Scheme based on the Group Gratuity cum Assurance Scheme of the LIC of India, which is a defined benefit scheme and the company makes contributions under the said scheme. The net present value of the obligation for gratuity benefits as determined on independent actuarial valuation, conducted annually using the projected unit credit method, as adjusted for unrecognized past services cost if any and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, is recognised in the accounts. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur,

d) Other Long Term Employee Benefits

The company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability of which is determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation carried out at the end of the year, using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and Losses are recognised in full in the statement of profit and loss for the period in which they occur.

l Segment Reporting

The company is engaged in the business of manufacture and trading of gases in the domestic market, which forms broadly part of one product group and hence the company has only a single reportable segment in terms of Accounting Standard-17,

m Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax.

Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future. Deferred tax assets in case of unabsorbed depreciation sire recognized only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax asset can be realized against future taxable profits.

n Earnings per share

Basic Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders of the company by weighted average number of equity shares in issue during the year.

o Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting in conformity with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply with the Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial Statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to he made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition:

i) Sale of goods : Income is considered to accrue upon full execution of the terms of sale, which normally coincides with delivery.

ii) Interest/Claims: Income is taken credit for on accrual basis wherever realisability is not in doubt and others on receipt.

iii) Penalty for delayed Income is considered to accrue on time basis in

return of cylinders: accordance with the terms of sale.

4. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction, less accumulated depreciation charged. Impairment in such value, if any, is adjusted. Cost includes all direct expenses incurred to bring an asset to working condition for its intended use. Leasehold Lands are staled at the lease premiums paid, less amortization.

5. Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of assets is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized and charged to Profit and Loss account in the period in which an asset is identified as impaired. when the carrying value of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. The impairment loss recognised in the prior accounting periods is increased or reversed to the extent of the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment

6. Depreciation/Amortization:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is charged on straight-line basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Lease premium paid in respect of leasehold land, except those under lease-cum- sale arrangements are amortized over the period of the lease.

7. Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

8. Foreign currency transactions:

Transactions in foreign currency are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the last date of the accounting year and the resultant exchange gain/loss, if any, are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account to the extent they relate to items other than liabilities incurred for acquiring fixed assets and those relating to liabilities for fixed assets have been adjusted in the carrying cost of such assets.

9. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of cost or net realizable value on first in first but basis. For this purpose cost of bought out inventories comprises the purchase cost of the items net of Cenvat availed and the cost of bringing them to the factory. The cost of manufactured inventories comprises the direct cost of production plus appropriate overheads. The net realizable value of bought out inventories is their current replacement cost.

10. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost. In case of long-term investments, provision/write down is made for permanent diminution in value. Current investments are valued at lower of cost or fair value.

11. Employee Benefits

a) Short Term Employee Benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short-term employee benefits and recognised in the period in which the employee renders the related service.

b) Defined Contribution Plans

The company has defined contribution plans for employees comprising of Provident Fund and Employees State Insurance. The contributions paid/payable to these plans during the year are charged to the Profit and Loss Account for the year.

c) Defined Benefit Plans

Payment of Gratuity to employees is covered by the Gratuity Trust Scheme based on the Group Gratuity cum Assurance Scheme of the L1C of India, which is a defined benefit scheme and the company makes contributions under the said scheme. The net present value of the obligation for gratuity benefits as determined on independent actuarial valuation, conducted annually using the projected unit credit method, as adjusted for unrecognized past services cost if any and as reduced by the fair value of plan assets, is recognised in the accounts. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Profit and Loss account for the period in which they occur.

d) Other long Term Employee Benefits

The company has a scheme for compensated absences for employees, the liability of which is determined on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation carried out at the end of the year, using the projected unit credit method. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Profit and Loss account for the period in which they occur.

12. Segment Reporting:

The company is engaged in the business of manufacture and trading of gases in the domestic market, which forms broadly part of one product group and hence the company has only a single reportable segment in terms of Accounting Standard-17.

13. Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax.

Provision for current tax is made in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The deferred tax for timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for, using the tax rates and laws that have been substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that these would be realized in future. Deferred tax assets in case of unabsorbed depreciation are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that such deferred tax asset can be realized against future taxable profits.

14. Earnings per Share:

Basic Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit after tax for the year attributable to equity shareholders of the company by weighted average number of equity shares in issue during the year.

15. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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