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Accounting Policies of Spectrum Foods Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Preparation of Financial Statement

These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards prescribed under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ('Act'), the provisions of the Act & Rules (to the extent notified) and other accounting principles generally accepted in India, to the extent applicable.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013, based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents. The figures are presented rounded off nearest to a rupee.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires judgments, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from sale of iodized salt. Revenues are recognized on accrual basis when the substantial risks and reward of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer upon supply of the goods except disputed claims, demands, discounts, rebates etc, which is accounted for on cash basis as per consistent practice.

Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities except disputed claims & demands and discounts, rebates etc., which are accounted for on cash basis as per consistent practice.

1.4 Tangible Assets

Fixed assets are stated at their cost of acquisition including all direct cost attributable to the installation less accumulated depreciation comprising of its purchase price, borrowing cost and any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of tangible asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Whereas Expenditure and outlays of money on uncompleted plant & machinery, building etc., which are of a capital nature, are shown as capital work-in-progress until such time these projects are completed and are put to use.

1.5 Depreciation

Depreciation is provided on a pro-rata basis on the written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. Useful life of the assets has been taken as provided in the said Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

1.6 Impairment

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Profit and Loss Statement in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.7 Inventories

Inventories consisting of raw salt, packing materials & trading items are valued on the weighted-average basis and taken at the lower of the cost or net realizable value. Unserviceable raw material, if any, is valued at net realizable value. The cost of manufactured finished goods and work-in-progress (nil for the period) includes material cost determined on weighted-average basis including an appropriate portion of allocable overheads. However, it does not include interest and administrative overheads which are indirect in nature.

1.8 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provision is recognized in the accounts when there is a present obligation as a result of past event(s) and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Contingent liabilities are disclosed unless the possibility of outflow of resources is remote. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements

1.9 Employee Benefits

1.9.1 Short Term Employee Benefits

The amount of employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognized as an expense during the period when the employees render the services. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences.

1.9.2 Post-Employment Benefits

No Provision for post employment benefit is being made.

1.9.3 Employee Separation Costs – Non Compliance of Mandatory AS-15

The company does not provide for leave encashment, medical etc. and the same is accounted for on cash basis as and when actual payment is made. The mandatory accounting standard AS-15 requires that an actuarial valuation of the retirement benefits be made and provision be made for future liabilities on this account. However the same is not being done and as such provisions of AS-15 are not complied with however, impact on profit is not ascertainable. The impact not expected to be substantial in the current year no qualification of the audit report is made.

1.10 Investments

Investments are classified into current and long term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Non-current investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of Non Current investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary

1.11 Current & Deferred Tax

Current tax is the provision made for income tax liability, if any, on the profits of the current year calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence on timing difference; being the difference between the taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are not recognized on unabsorbed depreciation and brought forward losses unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future income shall be available against which the deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rate and the Tax Law as applicable on the Balance Sheet date. No provision for deferred tax is made for the period.

1.12 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are accounted for at the exchange rate prevailing at the date of the transaction. Gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and translation of monetary assets and liabilities in foreign currencies are recognized in the profit and loss account.

1.13 Segment Reporting

The company derives its main revenue from sale of iodized salt. The company also derives revenue from power generation activities and the total income from such activities during the year stood at Rs. 43.65 lacs. The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for the Company. Further,

(a) There has been no inter segment transfer during the year;

(b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses, which relate to the Company as a whole and if are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis, have been included under "Un-allocated corporate expenses net of un-allocated income"

(c) Segment Assets and Segment Liabilities represent Assets and Liabilities in respective segments. Investments, tax related assets and other assets and liabilities that cannot be allocated, if any, to a segment on reasonable basis have been disclosed as "Unallocable"

1.14 Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the equity shares outstanding at the end of the year. For the purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, all potential equity shares have been taken into consideration including convertible warrants.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statement

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under historical cost convention on the accrual basis. The Indian GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards as prescribed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise, are consistent and in consonance with Indian GAAP issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 & Securities and Exchange Board of India.

1.2) Revenue Recognition

Revenues are recognized on accrual basis when the substantial risks and reward of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer upon supply of the goods. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities except disputed claims & demands and discounts, rebates etc., which are accounted for on cash basis as per consistent practice. Further, profit & loss in trading of shares and future & options have been shown on net basis. Though no such trading has taken place during the year under consideration.

1.3) Fixed Assets & Impairment Thereof

Fixed assets are stated at their cost of acquisition including all direct cost attributable to the installation less accumulated depreciation. Impairment loss, if any, is provided wherever the carrying value of the assets exceeds the recoverable amount. Assessment is done at the each balance sheet date by the management to ascertain if there is any indication of impairment loss in any carrying value of fixed assets.

1.4) Depreciation& Amortization

Depreciation, if any, on fixed assets has been provided on the basis of written down value method as per rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.5) Inventories

Inventories are valued on the weighted -average basis and taken at the lower of the cost or net realizable value. Unserviceable raw material, if any, is valued at net realizable value. The cost of finished goods includes material cost determined on weighted -average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads. However, it does not include interest and administrative overheads which are indirect in nature. There is no change in the valuation method followed by the Company.

1.6) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions and contingent liabilities as defined under the relevant accounting standard are provided on the basis of information made available from the management. These are reviewed each year end date and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate.

1.7) Investments

Investments, if any, are classified into current and long term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost. Investments which are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year as on the date of the balance sheet are classified as current investment

1.8) Retirement & Post Retirement Benefits

The company is not providing for retirement and post retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, pension, leave encashment etc. and to this extent AS -15 not stood complied with, however, impact on profit is not ascertainable. The impact not expected to be substantial no qualification of the audit report is made.

1.9)Segment Reportinct

In the year under consideration, there is only one visible segment of the company i.e. sale of salt and as such no separate reporting is needed on segment basis.

1.10) Taxation

a. Current tax is the provision made for income tax liability, if any, on the profits calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961.

b. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences being the difference between the taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Brought forward losses are considered only when there is visible certainty that the company will be able to utilize the brought forward losses to reduce its tax liability.

1.11)Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculate by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the equity shares outstanding at the end of the year. For the purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, all potential equity shares have been taken into consideration including convertible warrants.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statement

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under historical cost convention on the accrual basis. The Indian GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards as prescribed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise, are consistent and in consonance with Indian GAAP issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 & Securities and Exchange Board of India.

1.2) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from sale of iodized salt. Revenues are recognized on accrual basis when the substantial risks and reward of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer upon supply of the goods. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities except disputed claims & demands and discounts, rebates etc., which are accounted for on cash basis as per consistent practice. Further, profit & loss in trading of shares and future & options have been shown on net basis. Though no such trading has taken place during the year under consideration.

1.3) Fixed Assets & Impairment Thereof

Fixed assets are stated at their cost of acquisition including all direct cost attributable to the installation less accumulated depreciation. Impairment loss, if any, is provided wherever the carrying value of the assets exceeds the recoverable amount. Assessment is done at the each balance sheet date by the management to ascertain if there is any indication of impairment loss in any carrying value of fixed assets.

1.4) Depreciation& Amortization

Depreciation, if any, on fixed assets has been provided on the basis of written down value method as per rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.5) Inventories

Inventories are valued on the weighted-average basis and taken at the lower of the cost or net realizable value. Unserviceable raw material, if any, is valued at net realizable value. The cost of finished goods includes material cost determined on weighted-average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads. However, it does not include interest and administrative overheads which are indirect in nature. There is no change in the valuation method followed by the Company.

1.6) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions and contingent liabilities as defined under the relevant accounting standard are provided on the basis of information made available from the management. These are reviewed each year end date and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate.

1.7) Investments

Investments, if any, are classified into current and long term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost. Investments which are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year as on the date of the balance sheet are classified as current investment

1.8) Retirement & Post Retirement Benefits

The company is not providing for retirement and post retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, pension, leave encashment etc. and to this extent AS-15 not stood complied with, however, impact on profit is not ascertainable. The impact not expected to be substantial no qualification of the audit report is made.

1.9)Segment Reporting

In the year under consideration, there is only one visible segment of the company i.e. sale of salt and as such no separate reporting is needed on segment basis.

1.10) Taxation

a. Current tax is the provision made for income tax liability, if any, on the profits calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961.

b. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences being the difference between the taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Brought forward losses are considered only when there is visible certainty that the company will be able to utilize the brought forward losses to reduce its tax liability.

1.11)Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculate by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the equity shares outstanding at the end of the year. For the purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, all potential equity shares have been taken into consideration including convertible warrants.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statement

These financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under historical cost convention on the accrual basis. The Indian GAAP comprises mandatory Accounting Standards as prescribed under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the provision of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise, are consistent and in consonance with Indian GAAP issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 & Securities and Exchange Board of India.

1.2) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from sale of iodized salt. Revenues are recognized on accrual basis when the substantial risks and reward of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer upon supply of the goods. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all known losses and liabilities except disputed claims & demands and discounts, rebates etc., which are accounted for on cash basis as per consistent practice. Further, profit & loss in trading of shares and future & options have been shown on net basis.

1.3) Fixed Assets & Impairment Thereof

Fixed assets are stated at their cost of acquisition including all direct cost attributable to the installation less accumulated depreciation. Impairment loss, if any, is provided wherever the carrying value of the assets exceeds the recoverable amount. Assessment is done at the each balance sheet date by the management to ascertain if there is any indication of impairment loss in any carrying value of fixed assets.

1.4) Depreciation& Amortization

Depreciation, if any, on fixed assets has been provided on the basis of written down value method as per rates provided in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

1.5) Inventories

Inventories are valued on the weighted-average basis and taken at the lower of the cost or net realizable value. Unserviceable raw material, if any, is valued at net realizable value. The cost of finished goods includes material cost determined on weighted-average basis and also includes an appropriate portion of allocable overheads. However, it does not include interest and administrative overheads which are indirect in nature. There is no change in the valuation method followed by the Company.

1.6) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions and contingent liabilities as defined under the relevant accounting standard are provided on the basis of information made available from the management. These are reviewed each year end date and adjusted to reflect the best current estimate.

1.7) Investments

Investments, if any, are classified into current and long term investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value. Long term investments are stated at cost. Investments which are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year as on the date of the balance sheet are classified as current investment

1.8) Retirement & Post Retirement Benefits

The company is not providing for retirement and post retirement benefits in the form of gratuity, pension, leave encashment etc. and to this extent AS-15 not stood complied with, however, impact on profit is not ascertainable. The impact not expected to be substantial no qualification of the audit report is made.

1.9)Segment Reporting

There is only one visible segment of the company i.e. sale of salt and as such no separate reporting is needed on segment basis.

1.10) Taxation

a. Current tax is the provision made for income tax liability, if any, on the profits calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961.

b. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence on timing differences being the difference between the taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Brought forward losses are considered only when there is visible certainty that the company will be able to utilize the brought forward losses to reduce its tax liability.

1.11)Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculate by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the equity shares outstanding at the end of the year. For the purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, all potential equity shares have been taken into consideration including convertible warrants.


Mar 31, 2010

1. General

The accounts are prepared on the historical cost convention and in accordance with the Compa- nies Act, 1956. The accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise, are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles accepted in India.

2. Revenue Recognition

Expenses and income, considered payable and receivable respectively, are generally accounted for on accrual basis except claims, discounts, rebates, wastage, which are accounted for on cash basis as per last year practice. The sale and purchase of shares through same contract note (intra day) have been taken on net basis.

3. Inventories

Inventories are valued at cost or market value whichever is lower. In case of shares, the market values have been taken on the basis of last available quotation as reported by the management otherwise the valuation is made at cost. If the fair values of the unquoted shares are substan- tially lower than the cost, the fair value has been taken into consideration for valuation on the basis of last available financial statements.

4. Investments

Investments, if any, are valued at cost.

5. Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities are determined on the basis of available information as supplied by the management. As explained to us, there was no contingent liability at the end of the year.

6. Retirement Benefits

Liabilities towards retirement benefits are accounted for only when the same becomes due for payment. To this extent the AS issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India stood not complied with. Extent of effect of the same on the financials of the company is not ascer- tained.

7. Taxation- Deferred Taxation

a. Current tax is the provision made for income tax liability, if any, on the profits calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961.

b. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence on timing difference being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets are not recognized on unabsorbed depreciation, carry forward losses and expendi- ture, which are to be allowed later as per the provisions of the Income Tax Act 1961, unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

c. In any case, deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rate and the Tax Law as applicable on the Balance Sheet date.

 
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