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Accounting Policies of SPS Finquest Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND NOTES FORMING PART OF THE ACCOUNTS

1) NATURE OF BUSINESS

The company is a Non Banking Financial Company registered with the Reserve Bank of India under Section 45 1A of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and primarily engaged in lending and related activities. The company received the certificate of Registration from the RBI, enabling the company to carry on business as a Non -banking finance company. In accordance with the provisions of section 45 IC of the RBI Act, 1934, the company has transferred a sum of Rs 38.40 lakhs to the Reserve Fund.

2) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

a) Basis of Preparation:

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India comprising the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, on the accrual basis, as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses including the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management''s evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of the Fixed Assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. The company provides pro-rata depreciation from the month on which asset is acquired / put to use. In respect of assets sold, pro rata depreciation is provided up to the month on which the asset is sold. On all assets depreciation has been provided using the Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

d) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Investments are further classified into Investments in Unquoted shares, Investments in Quoted shares, Investment in Partnership Firm and Investment in Mutual Fund.

Long term investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary, if any in the value of investments. Current investments in mutual funds are stated at Net Asset Value declared by the Mutual Fund in respect of each particular scheme.

e) Derivative Transactions

All open positions are marked to market and resulting losses are recognized and gains are ignored. Gains are recognized only on settlement / expiry of the derivative instruments.

Receivables / payables on open positions are disclosed as current asset / liabilities, as the case may be.

f) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income on Securities

Gains and losses on dealing in securities are recognized on trade.

Interest

Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established.

Interest on fixed deposits is recognized on time proportion basis.

In respect of other heads of income the company accounts the same on accrual basis.

g) Borrowing Costs

All borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Taxes on Income

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Current Tax:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act 1961 after considering tax allowances and exemptions, if any.

Deferred Tax:

A deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance sheet date. Deferred tax charge or credit is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized and are reassessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i) Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of fixed assets is reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment.

If the carrying value of the fixed assets exceeds its estimated recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the Profit & Loss account and the fixed assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure of a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resource is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of a note.

Contingent assets are not recognized. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

k) Prior Period

The Income or expense which arise in the current period as a result of errors and omissions in preparation of financial statement of one or more prior period are considered as prior period items and are shown separately in the financial statements.

l) Earnings Per Share:

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the period attributable to the equity shareholders after deducting attributable taxes by the number of Equity Shares on annualized basis.

m) Cash Flow

Cash Flows are reported using the Indirect Method whereby Profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transaction of non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of Preparation:

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India comprising the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, on the accrual basis, as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses including the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements. Actual results moy differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of the Fixed Assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. The company provides pro-rata depreciation from the date on which asset is acquired / put to use. In respect of assets sold, pro rata depreciation is provided up o the date on which the asset is sold, On all assets depreciation has been provided using the Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on assets whose actual cost is not more than five thousand rupees has been provided at the rate of 100%.

d) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as Long Term investments. Investments are further classified into Investments in Unquoted shares, Investments in Quoted shares, Investment in Partnership Firm and Investment in Mutual Fund.

Long term investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary, it any in the value of investments. Current investments in mutual funds are stated at Net Asset Value declared by the Mutual Fund in respect of each particular scheme.

e) Derivative Transactions

All open positions are marked to market and resulting losses are recognized and gains are ignored. Gains are recognized only on settlement / expiry of the derivative instruments.

Receivables / payables on open positions are disclosed as current asset / liabilities, as the case may be.

f) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income on Securities

Gains and losses on dealing in securities are recognized on trade.

Interest

Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established.

Interest on fixed deposits is recognized on time proportion basis.

In respect of other heads of income the company accounts the same on accrual basis.

g) Borrowing Costs

All borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Taxes on Income

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period) .

Current Tax:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act 1961 after considering tax allowances and exemptions, if any.

Deferred Tax:

A deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance sheet date. Deferred tax charge or credit is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized and are re-assessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i) Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of fixed assets is reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment.

If the carrying value of the fixed assets exceeds its estimated recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the Profit & Loss account and the fixed assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure of a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resource is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of a note.

Contingent assets are not recognized. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

k) Prior Period

The income or expense which arise in the current period as a result of errors and omissions in preparation of financial statement of one or more prior period are considered as prior period items and are shown separately in the financial statements.

l) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the period attributable to the equity shareholders after deducting attributable taxes by the number of Equity Shares on annualized basis.

m) Cash Flow

Cash Flows are reported using the Indirect Method whereby Profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transaction of non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2013

A) Basis of Preparation:

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India comprising the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, on the accrual basis, as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses including the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of the Fixed Assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. The company provides pro-rata depreciation from the date on which asset is acquired / put to use. In respect of assets sold, pro rata depreciation is provided up o the date on which the asset is sold. On all assets depreciation has been provided using the Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on assets whose actual cost is not more than five thousand rupees has been provided at the rate of 100%.

d) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Investments are further classified into Investments in Unquoted shares, Investments in Quoted shares, Investment in Partnership Firm and Investment in Mutual Fund.

Long term investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary, if any in the value of investments. Current investments in mutual funds are stated at Net Asset Value declared by the Mutual Fund in respect of each particular scheme.

e) Derivative Transactions

All open positions are marked to market and resulting losses are recognized and gains are ignored. Gains are recognized only on settlement / expiry of the derivative instruments.

Receivables / payables on open positions are disclosed as current asset / liabilities, as the case may be.

f) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income on Securities

Gains and losses on dealing in securities are recognized on trade.

Interest

Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established.

Interest on fixed deposits is recognized on time proportion basis.

In respect of other heads of income the company accounts the same on accrual basis.

g) Borrowing Costs

All borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Taxes on Income

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Current Tax:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act 1961 after considering tax allowances and exemptions, if any.

Deferred Tax:

A deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance sheet date. Deferred tax charge or credit is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized and are re-assessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i) Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of fixed assets is reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment.

If the carrying value of the fixed assets exceeds its estimated recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the Profit & Loss account and the fixed assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure of a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that

probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resource is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of a note.

Contingent assets are not recognized. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

k) Prior Period

The Income or expense which arise in the current period as a result of errors and omissions in preparation of financial statement of one or more prior period are considered as prior period items and are shown separately in the financial statements.

l) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the period attributable to the equity shareholders after deducting attributable taxes by the number of Equity Shares on annualized basis.


Mar 31, 2012

1) NATURE OF BUSINESS

The company is a Non Banking Financial Company registered with the Reserve Bank of India under Section 45 1A of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 and primarily engaged in lending and related activities. The company received the certificate of Registration from the RBI, enabling the company to carry on business as a Non –banking finance company. In accordance with the provisions of section 45 IC of the RBI Act, 1934, the company has created a Reserve Fund and during the year, the company has transferred as amount of Rs.21, 29, 285/- to Reserve Fund being 20% of the Profit after Tax.

a) Basis of Preparation:

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India comprising the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, on the accrual basis, as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses including the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of the Fixed Assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. The company provides pro-rata depreciation from the date on which asset is acquired / put to use. In respect of assets sold, pro rata depreciation is provided up o the date on which the asset is sold. On all assets depreciation has been provided using the Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on assets whose actual cost is not more than five thousand rupees has been provided at the rate of 100%.

d) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Investments are further classified into Investments in Unquoted shares, Investments in Quoted shares, Investment in Partnership Firm and Investment in Mutual Fund.

Long term investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary, if any in the value of investments. Current investments in mutual funds are stated at Net Asset Value declared by the Mutual Fund in respect of each particular scheme.

e) Derivative Transactions

All open positions are marked to market and resulting losses are recognized and gains are ignored. Gains are recognized only on settlement / expiry of the derivative instruments.

Receivables / payables on open positions are disclosed as current asset / liabilities, as the case may be.

f) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income on Securities

Gains and losses on dealing in securities are recognized on trade.

Interest

Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established.

Interest on fixed deposits is recognized on time proportion basis.

In respect of other heads of income the company accounts the same on accrual basis.

g) Borrowing Costs

All borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

h) Taxes on Income

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Current Tax:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act 1961 after considering tax allowances and exemptions, if any.

Deferred Tax:

A deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance sheet date. Deferred tax charge or credit is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized and are re-assessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

i) Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of fixed assets is reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment.

If the carrying value of the fixed assets exceeds its estimated recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the Profit & Loss account and the fixed assets are written down to their recoverable amount.

j) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure of a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resource is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of a note.

Contingent assets are not recognized. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

k) Prior Period

The Income or expense which arise in the current period as a result of errors and omissions in preparation of financial statement of one or more prior period are considered as prior period items and are shown separately in the financial statements.

l) Cash Flow

Cash Flows are reported using the Indirect Method whereby Profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transaction of non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from regular operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

m) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the period attributable to the equity shareholders after deducting attributable taxes by the number of Equity Shares on annualized basis.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of Preparation:

The accompanying financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India comprising the mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956, on the accrual basis, as adopted consistently by the Company.

b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses including the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. The estimates and assumptions used in the accompanying financial statements are based upon management's evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances as of the date of financial statements. Actual results may differ from the estimates and assumptions used in preparing the accompanying financial statements. Any differences of actual results to such estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of the Fixed Assets comprises purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. The company provides pro-rata depreciation from the date on which asset is acquired / put to use. In respect of assets sold, pro rata depreciation is provided up o the date on which the asset is sold. On all assets depreciation has been provided using the Written Down Value Method at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XTV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation on assets whose actual cost is not more than five thousand rupees has been provided at the rate of 100%.

d) Investments:

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other Investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Investments are further classified into Investments in Unquoted shares. Investments in Quoted shares, Investment in Partnership Finn and Investment in Mutual Fund.

Investments are stated in accordance with AS 13. Long term investments are stated at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary, if any in the value of investments. Current investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value determined on an individual investment basis.

e) Stock in Trade

Securities acquired and held, principally for the purpose of selling them in the near term, are classified as stock in trade and are accounted on trade date of the transaction.

Securities are valued at aggregate of cost or market value whichever is lower.

f) Derivative Transactions

All open positions are marked to market and resulting losses are recognized and gains are ignored. Gains are recognized only on settlement / expiry of the derivative instruments.

Receivables / payables on open positions are disclosed as current asset / liabilities, as the case may be.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Income on Securities

Gains and losses on dealing in securities are recognized on trade.

Interest

Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend

Revenue is recognized when the shareholders right to receive payment is established.

Interest on fixed deposits is recognized on time proportion basis.

In respect of other heads of income the company accounts the same on accrual basis.

h) Borrowing Costs

All borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

i) Taxes on Income

Income Tax expense comprises current tax (i.e. amount of tax for the period determined in accordance with the income tax law), deferred tax charge or credit (reflecting the tax effect of timing differences between accounting income and taxable income for the period).

Current Tax:

Provision for current tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the accounting year in accordance with the Income Tax Act 1961 after considering tax allowances and exemptions, if any.

Deferred Tax:

A deferred tax charge or credit and the corresponding deferred tax liabilities and assets are recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance sheet dale. Deferred tax charge or credit is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount. Deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized and are re-assessed for the appropriateness of their respective carrying values at each balance sheet date.

j) Impairment of Assets

The carrying value of fixed assets is reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment

If the carrying value of the fixed assets exceeds its estimated recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognized in the Profit & Loss account and the fixed assets are written down to their recoverable amount

k) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

The company recognizes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure of a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that probably will not require an outflow of resources. When there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that the likelihood of outflow of resource is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed by way of a note.

Contingent assets are not recognized. However, contingent assets are assessed continually and if it is virtually certain that an economic benefit will arise, the asset and related income are recognized in the period in which the change occurs.

l) Prior Period

The Income or expense which arise in the current period as a result of errors and omissions in preparation of financial statement of one or more prior period are considered as prior period items and are shown separately in the financial statements.

m) Earning Per Share:

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit / (loss) for the period attributable to the equity shareholders after deducting attributable taxes by the number of Equity Shares on annualized basis.

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