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Accounting Policies of SRS Finance Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013 and in compliance with the applicable Accounting Standards (AS), as referred in section 133 of the said Act and in compliance with Systemically Important Non-Banking financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/ materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

a) Revenue from interest on short-term and long-term loans is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

b) Income from services is recognized as per the terms of contract on accrual basis.

c) Other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

d) Company complies with the guidelines issued by the RBI in respect of prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning for non-performing assets.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if available, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

5. Investments

Investments intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value/realizable value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

6. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of Inventories is determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

7. Taxation

Income tax expenses are accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

8. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefits are accounted for on accrual basis in respect of Provident Fund, defined contribution scheme, with contribution charged against revenue each year.

Gratuity liability and Leave Encashment are defined benefit obligations and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

9. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals on accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing, and investing activities of the company are segregated.

10. Earning Per Share

Earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the earning per share is the weighted average of number of shares outstanding during the accounting period. Earning per share is presented on annualized basis unless otherwise stated.

11. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

12. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied over the useful life of asset specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier. Goodwill on amalgamation is written off over a period of three years.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

13. Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

14. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

15. Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

16. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed is recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

17. Provisioning of Assets

The Company makes provision for Standard and Non-Performing Assets as per the Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015. The Company also makes additional provision towards loan assets, to the extent considered necessary, based on the management's best estimate.

Loan assets which as per the management are not likely to be recovered are considered as bad debts and written off.

Provision on standard assets is made as per paragraph 10 of Systemically Important Non-Banking Financial (Non- Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2015)


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Accounting Conventions

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable Accounting Standards (AS) referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

1.2. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/ materialized.

1.3. Revenue Recognition

a) Revenue from interest on short-term and long-term loans is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

b) Income from services is recognized as per the terms of contract on accrual basis.

c) Other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

d) Company complies with the guidelines issued by the RBI in respect of prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning for non-performing assets.

1.4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if available, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

1.5. Investments

Investments intended to be held for not more than one year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value/realizable value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

1.6. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of Inventories is determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

1.7. Taxation

Income tax expenses are accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.8. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefits are accounted for on accrual basis in respect of Provident Fund, defined contribution scheme, with contribution charged against revenue each year.

Gratuity liability and Leave Encashment are defined benefit obligations and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

1.9. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals on accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing, and investing activities of the company are segregated.

1.10. Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the earning per share is the weighted average of number of shares outstanding during the accounting period. Earnings per share is presented on annualized basis unless otherwise stated.

1.11. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

1.12 Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing up to Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier. Goodwill on amalgamation is written off over a period of three years.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

1.14 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

1.15 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight- line basis over the lease term.

1.16 Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed is recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

1.17 Provisioning of Assets

The Company makes provision for Standard and Non-Performing Assets as per the Non-Banking Financial (Non-Deposit Accepting or Holding) Companies Prudential Norms (Reserve Bank) Directions, 2007, as amended from time to time. The Company also makes additional provision towards loan assets, to the extent considered necessary, based on the management''s best estimate.

Loan assets which as per the management are not likely to be recovered are considered as bad debts and written off.

Provision on standard assets is made as per the notification DNBS.PD.CC.No.207/03.02.002 /2010-11 issued by Reserve Bank of India.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Accounting Conventions

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable Accounting Standards (AS) referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1 Revenue from interest on short-term and long-term loans is recognized on time proportion basis taking into accountthe amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

3.2 Revenue from sale of trading goods is recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

3.3 Income from service is recognized as per the terms of contract on accrual basis.

3.4 Other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

3.5 Company complies with the guidelines issued by the RBI in respect of prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning for non-performing assets.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the assets is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if available, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

5. Investments

Investments intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value/realizable value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

6. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of Inventories is determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

7. Taxation

Income tax expenses are accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

8. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefits are accounted for on accrual basis in respect of Provident Fund, defined contribution scheme, with contribution charged against revenue each year.

Gratuity liability and Leave Encashment are defined benefit obligations and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made atthe end of each financial year.

9. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals on accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing, and investing activities of the company are segregated.

10. Earning Per Share

Earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the earning per share is the weighted average of number of shares outstanding during the accounting period. Earning per share is presented on annualized basis unless otherwise stated.

11. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nordisclosed in the financial statement.

12. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

14. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

15. Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risksand rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessorare classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

16. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed is recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Accounting Conventions

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes Income and Expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis, as a going concern, in accordance with the relevant disclosure requirements of the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles and Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable to the company.

2. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1 Revenue from interest on short-term and long-term loans is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

3.2 Revenue from sale of trading goods is recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

3.3 Revenue of restaurant business is recognized on the accrual basis at the time of sale at counter.

3.4 Income from service is recognized as per the terms of contract on accrual basis.

3.5 Other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

3.6 Company complies with the guidelines issued by the RBI in respect of prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning for non-performing assets.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date of assets is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if available, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard-26 "Intangible Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration Paid for acquisition.

5. Investments

Investments intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market value/realizable value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments.

6. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of Inventories is determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

7. Taxation

Income tax expenses are accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

8. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefits are accounted for on accrual basis in respect of Provident Fund, defined contribution scheme, with contribution charged against revenue each year.

Gratuity liability and Leave Encashment are defined benefit obligations and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

9. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals on accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing, and investing activities of the company are segregated.

10. Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the earning per share is the weighted average of number of shares outstanding during the accounting period. Earnings per share is presented on annualized basis unless otherwise stated.

11. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

12. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing up to Rs.5,000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier. Goodwill on amalgamation is written off over a period of three years.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

13. Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

14. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

15. Leases I

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the less or are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the Profit and Loss Account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

16. Impairment of Assets I

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed is recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.


Mar 31, 2009

1. Accounting Conventions

The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes Income and Expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis, as a going concern, in accordance with the relevant disclosure requirements of the provisions of the Companies Act, l956 and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles and Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable to the company.

2. Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known /materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1 Revenues from sale of trading goods are recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

3.2 Revenue of restaurant business is recognized on the accrual basis at the time of sale at counter.

3.3 Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provisions are made for all known losses and liabilities.

3.4 Sale of land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer of significant risk and rewards of ownership is made after handing over of possession by way of agreement to sell / registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties.

3.5 Other revenues are recognized on accrual basis.

3.6 Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection / commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date of assets is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if available, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work -in - Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard-26 "Intangible Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition

5. Investments

Long term investments are carried at their historical cost less any other than temporary diminution in the value of the investments. Current investments are marked down to their net realizable value, if less than the historical cost.

6. Inventories

Inventories are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of Inventories is determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

7. Taxation

Income tax expenses are accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provision of Income Tax Act, l96l.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

8. Retirement and other employee benefits

Retirement benefits are accounted for on accrual basis in respect of Provident Fund, defined contribution scheme, with contribution charged against revenue each year.

Gratuity liability and Leave Encashment are defined benefit obligations and provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

9. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non- cash nature and any deferrals on accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing, and investing activities of the company are segregated.

10. Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

In determining earning per share, the company considers the net profit after tax. The number of shares used in computing the earning per share is the weighted average of number of shares outstanding during the accounting period. Earnings per share is presented on annualized basis unless otherwise stated.

11. Provisions. Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

12. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, l956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @l00% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier. Goodwill on amalgamation is written off over a period of three years.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease

14. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which incurred.

15. Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

16. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

 
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