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Accounting Policies of SRS Real Infrastructure Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

2.1 Basis of accounting

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the applicable Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 to the extent applicable. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention, as a going concern, on an accrual basis except in case of assets for which provision for impairment is made and revaluation is carried out. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services provided and time between the rendering of services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known / materialized.

2.3 Revenue recognition

a. Revenue from sale of land and plots (held for resale) is recognised in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is a certainty of realisation of the consideration.

b. Revenue from sale of constructed properties is recognised on the "Percentage of Completion method" of accounting. Sale consideration receivable as per the allotment letters/agreements to sell entered into for constructed properties is recognised as revenue on the basis of percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 25 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost. Project cost includes cost of land (including development rights), government charges, construction costs and development/ construction materials of such properties, estimated internal development charges, external development cost. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically by the management and any effect of changes in estimates is recognised in the year such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, the loss is recognised immediately.

With effect from April 01, 2012 in accordance with the Revised Guidance Note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI") on "Accounting for Real Estate transactions (Revised 2012)", the Company revised its accounting policy of revenue recognition for all projects commencing on or after April 01, 2012 or project where the revenue is recognised for the first time on or after the above date. As per this guidance note, the revenue have been recognised on percentage of completion method provided all of the following conditions are met at the reporting date.

i. atleast 25% of estimated construction and development costs (excluding land cost) has been incurred,

ii. atleast 25% of the saleable project area is secured by the Agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms of the agreement to sell)

iii. atleast 10% of the total revenue as per agreement to sell are realised in respect of these agreements

iv. all critical approvals necessary for commencement of the project have been obtained.

c. Revenue from sale of traded and manufactured goods is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards incident to ownership and when no significant uncertainty exists regarding realisation of the sale consideration. Sales are recorded net of sales returns, rebates, trade discounts and price differences and are inclusive of excise duty.

d. Interest income, other than interest recovered from the customers, is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into consideration the amount outstanding and rate applicable

e. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

f. Revenue from rental contracts is recognised on pro rata basis over the period of contract as and when services are rendered.

g. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realisation owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

2.4 Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables represent revenue recognised based on 'Percentage of Completion Method' as per policy 2.3 (b) which are not due from customers as per the payment plan agreed with the customers.

2.5 Fixed assets

Tangible assets

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Fixed asset under construction is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognised as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 "Intangible Assets" and are stated at the consideration paid for acquisition.

2.6 Depreciation/ amortisation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight-line method (SLM) over the useful lives of assets as specified in Schedule- II to the Companies Act , 2013. Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs. 5,000/- is provided @ 100% over a period of one year.

Intangible assets are amortised over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

2.7 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of assets/ projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which incurred.

2.8 Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.9 Investments

Investments are classified as current or non current, based on management's intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company's business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

2.10 Inventory

Inventories comprise of projects in progress, developed properties, land held for resale, raw material and finished goods held for resale and are valued as under:

a. Projects in progress are valued at cost/ estimated cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Costs include land acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs, government charges towards conversion of land use/ licenses including external development charges, interest on project specific loans in accordance with policy 2.7 on borrowing costs and other related government charges and cost of development/ construction materials.

b. Developed properties includes the cost of land, estimated internal development costs, government charges towards conversion of land use/ licenses including external development charges, other related government charges, construction costs, development/ construction materials, interest on project specific loans in accordance with policy 2.7 on borrowing costs and are valued at cost/estimated cost or net realisable value, whichever is less.

c. Land and plots held for resale is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. Cost includes purchase cost and other incidental expenses.

d. Raw materials and finished goods held for resale are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. Cost includes purchase cost and expenses to bring it to current location.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost to affect the sale. Provision for obsolescence and slow moving inventory is made based on management's best estimates of net realisable value of such inventories.

2.11 Taxations

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit:

Minimum Alternate Tax credit is recognized, as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement under Loans & Advances. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years' timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

2.12 Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 Employee Benefits (Revised 2005).

a. Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with Employees' Provident Funds and (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1952. The plan is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b. Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to statement of profit and loss in the year to which such gains or losses relate.

c. Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss in the year to which such gains or losses relate.

2.13 Leases

Operating lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as 'Operating Leases'. Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating leases are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the term of lease.

2.14 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of noncash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

2.15 Earning per share

Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.16 Segement reporting

Identification of segment

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products manufactured and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Inter segment transfer

The Company accounts for intersegment sales and transfers as if the sales or transfers were to third parties at current market prices.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on reasonable basis

Unallocated items

Include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocable to any business segment.

Segment policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

2.17 Provisions and contingencies

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

a. Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company; or

b. Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation or

c. Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.

2.18 Accounting forjoint ventures

Jointly controlled entities: The Company's investment in jointly controlled entities is reflected as investment and account for in accordance with the Company's accounting policy of investments. (See Note No. 2.9 above)


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention, on accrual basis, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and to comply with the Accounting Standards prescribed in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 issued by the Central Government in exercise of the power conferred under sub-section (I) (a) of section 642 of the Companies Act, 1956 (the ''''Act''''), the relevant provisions of the Act and other pronouncements of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) to the extent applicable. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non- current, as per the operating cycle, wherever applicable, of the Company or other criteria, as per the guidance set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956.

1.2 Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting periods. Although these estimates are based upon management''s knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from those estimates and revisions, if any, are recognised in the current and future periods.

1.3 Revenue recognition

a. Revenue from sale of land and plots (held for resale) is recognised in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is a certainty of realisation of the consideration.

b. Revenue from sale of constructed properties is recognised on the "Percentage of Completion method" of accounting. Sale consideration receivable as per the allotment letters/agreements to sell entered into for constructed properties is recognised as revenue on the basis of percentage of actual project costs incurred thereon to total estimated project cost, subject to such actual cost incurred being 25 per cent or more of the total estimated project cost. Project cost includes cost of land (including development rights), government charges, construction costs and development/ construction materials of such properties, estimated internal development charges, external development cost. The estimates of the saleable area and costs are reviewed periodically by the management and any effect of changes in estimates is recognised in the year such changes are determined. However, when the total project cost is estimated to exceed total revenues from the project, the loss is recognised immediately.

With effect from April 01, 2012 in accordance with the Revised Guidance Note issued by Institute of Chartered Accountants of India ("ICAI") on "Accounting for Real Estate transactions (Revised 2012)", the Company revised its accounting policy of revenue recognition for all projects commencing on or after April 01, 2012 or project where the revenue is recognised for the first time on or after the above date. As per this guidance note, the revenue have been recognised on percentage of completion method provided all of the following conditions are met at the reporting date.

i. atleast 25% of estimated construction and development costs (excluding land cost) has been incurred,

ii. atleast 25% of the saleable project area is secured by the Agreements to sell/application forms (containing salient terms

of the agreement to sell) iii. atleast 10% of the total revenue as per agreement to sell are realised in respect of these agreements iv. all critical approvals necessary for commencement of the project have been obtained.

c. Revenue from sale of traded and manufactured goods is recognised upon transfer of significant risks and rewards incident to ownership and when no significant uncertainty exists regarding realisation of the sale consideration. Sales are recorded net of sales returns, rebates, trade discounts and price differences and are inclusive of excise duty.

d. Interest income, other than interest recovered from the customers, is accounted for on time proportion basis taking into consideration the amount outstanding and rate applicable

e. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

f. Revenue from rental contarcts is recognised on pro rata basis over the period of contract as and when services are rendered.

g. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realisation owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

h. Revenue from facility management services is recognised when services are rendered in accordance with the terms of the contract.

1.4 Unbilled receivables

Unbilled receivables represent revenue recognised based on ''Percentage of Completion Method'' as per policy 2.3 (a) which are not due from customers as per the payment plan agreed with the customers.

1.5 Fixed assets

Tangible assets

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Fixed asset under construction is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are recognised as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 "Intangible Assets" and are stated at the consideration paid for acquisition.

1.6 Depreciation/ amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro-rata basis. Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5,000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible assets are amortised over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease or estimated useful life, whichever is lower.

1.7 Borrowing cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of assets/ projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which incurred.

1.8 Impairment

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount and the reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognised in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost and is accordingly reversed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.9 Investments

Investments are classified as current or non current, based on management''s intention at the time of purchase. Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non current investments.

Trade investments are the investments made for or to enhance the Company''s business interests.

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non Current investments are stated at cost and provision for diminution in their value, other than temporary, is made in the financial statements.

1.10 Inventory

Inventories comprise of projects in progress, developed properties, land held for resale, raw material and finished goods held for resale and are valued as under:

a. Projects in progress are valued at cost/ estimated cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Costs include land acquisition cost, estimated internal development costs, government charges towards conversion of land use/ licenses including external development charges, interest on project specific loans in accordance with policy 2.7 on borrowing costs and other related government charges and cost of development/ construction materials.

b. Developed properties includes the cost of land, estimated internal development costs, government charges towards conversion of land use/ licenses including external development charges, other related government charges, construction costs, development/ construction materials, interest on project specific loans in accordance with policy 2.7 on borrowing costs and are valued at cost/estimated cost or net realisable value, whichever is less.

c. Land and plots held for resale is valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. Cost includes purchase cost and other incidental expenses.

d. Raw materials and finished goods held for resale are valued at cost or net realisable value, whichever is lower. Cost is determined on the basis of FIFO method. Cost includes purchase cost and expenses to bring it to current location.

Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated cost to affect the sale.

Provision for obsolescence and slow moving inventory is made based on management''s best estimates of net realisable value of such inventories.

1.11 Taxes

Provision for tax comprises estimated current income-tax determined to be payable in respect of taxable income and deferred tax being the tax effect of temporary timing differences representing the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years and is calculated in accordance with the relevant domestic tax laws. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted as at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. In respect of carry forward losses and unabsorbed depreciation, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

1.12 Employee benefits

Expenses and liabilities in respect of employee benefits are recorded in accordance with Accounting Standard 15 Employee Benefits (Revised 2005).

a) Provident fund

The Company makes contribution to statutory provident fund in accordance with Employees'' Provident Funds and (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1952. The plan is a defined contribution plan and contribution paid or payable is recognised as an expense in the period in which services are rendered by the employee.

b) Gratuity

Gratuity is a post employment benefit and is in the nature of a defined benefit plan. The liability recognised in the balance sheet in respect of gratuity is the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the balance sheet date, together with adjustments for unrecognised actuarial gains or losses and past service costs. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to statement of profit and loss in the year to which such gains or losses relate.

c) Compensated absences

Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed within one year from the balance sheet date is recognised on the basis of undiscounted value of estimated amount required to be paid or estimated value of benefit expected to be availed by the employees. Liability in respect of compensated absences becoming due or expected to be availed more than one year after the balance sheet date is estimated on the basis of an actuarial valuation performed by an independent actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to the statement of profit and loss in the year to which such gains or losses relate.

1.13 Leases

Operating lease

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased assets, are classified as ''Operating Leases''. Lease rentals in respect of assets taken under operating leases are charged to the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the term of lease.

1.14 Earning per share

Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.15 Provisions and contingencies

The Company makes a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event where the outflow of economic resources is probable and a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

A disclosure is made for a contingent liability when there is a:

a. Possible obligation, the existence of which will be confirmed by the occurrence/non-occurrence of one or more uncertain events, not fully with in the control of the Company; or

b. Present obligation, where it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation or

c. Present obligation, where a reliable estimate cannot be made.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable accounting standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. Management evaluates the effect of the accounting standards issued on a continuous basis and ensures that they are adopted as mandated under law and by ICAI. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

Revenue from projects/scheme is recognized on the basis of Percentage of Completion Method . The revenue is recognized in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects/scheme under execution subject to such actual cost being 25% o r more of the total estimated cost of the project/scheme.

The estimates relating to saleable area, sale value, estimated costs etc. are revised and updated periodically by the management and necessary adjustments are made in the current years accounts.

The construction/development cost in respect of sales recognized is proportionately charged to the Profit & Loss Account in consonance with the matching cost concept.

Sale of undeveloped land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is certainty of realization of the consideration.

Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realization owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

Revenue from the sale of material is recognized at the time of transfer of the documents to title/ delivery of the material.

Revenue from interests is recognized on a time proportion basis.

Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

1.4 Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard - 26 "Intangible Assets issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

1.5 Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing up to Rs.5, 000/- is provided ^@100% over a period of one year. Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier. Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

1.6 Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. ^Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the P rofit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

1.7 Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there is sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

1.8 Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each Balance Sheet date.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise.

1.9 Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

1.10 Inventories

Inventories are valued as under! -

a. Goods held for Resale-

- Trading Division ! at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

- Land, Plot and Constructed Properties! at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

b. Project/Contract work in Progress ! at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

c. Finished Goods at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

Cost of goods held for resale in trading division are determined on First in First out ('FIFO') basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

All expenses attributable directly and forming integral part of specific project/scheme are considered as part of the project cost and accordingly are considered in the valuation therein.

1.11 Taxation

Income tax expense is accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "A counting for Taxes on Income for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below.

Current Tax.

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax!

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.12 Employee benefits

a) Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

1.13 C ash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

1.14 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.15 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

The rights, preference and restrictions attached to each class of shares including restrictions on the distribution of dividends and the repayment of capital are as under.

The equity shares have a par value of Re. 1 per share. Each shareholder is entitled to one vote per share. The Company declares and pays dividend in Indian rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31 st March 2012, the amount of dividend per share recognized as distribution to equity holders was Re. 0.10 (PY Re. 0.10). The total dividend appropriation for the year ended 31st M arch 2012 amounts to Rs. 201.02 i acs (PY Rs. 201.02 l acs) excluding Dividend Distribution Tax of Rs. 32.61 lacs (PY Rs. 33.39)

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive any of the remaining assets of the Company, after distribution of all preferential amounts, if any. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable accounting standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. Management evaluates the effect of the accounting standards issued on a continuous basis and ensures that they are adopted as mandated under law and by ICAI. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1. Revenue from projects/scheme is recognized on the basis of "Percentage of Completion Method". The revenue is recognized in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects/scheme under execution subject to such actual cost being 25% or more of the total estimated cost of the project/scheme.

The estimates relating to saleable area, sale value, estimated costs etc. are revised and updated periodically by the management and necessary adjustments are made in the current year's accounts.

The construction/development cost in respect of sales recognized is proportionately charged to the Profit & Loss Account in consonance with the matching cost concept.

3.2. Sale of undeveloped land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is certainty of realization of the consideration.

3.3. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realization owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

3.4. Revenue from the sale of material is recognized at the time of transfer of the documents to title/ delivery of the material.

3.5. Revenue from interests is recognized on a time proportion basis.

3.6. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital WorkinProgress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 "Intangible Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

5. Depreciationon Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

6. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

7. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

8. Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each Balance Sheet date.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise.

9. Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valuedas under: -

a. Goods held for Resale- - Trading Division :atlowerofactual cost and net realizable value - Land, Plot and Constructed Properties: at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

b. Project/Contract Work in Progress :at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

c. Finished Goods :atlowerofactual cost and net realizable value

Cost of goods held for resale in trading division are determined on First in First out ('FIFO') basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

All expenses attributable directly and forming integral part of specific project/scheme are considered as part of the project cost and accordingly are considered in the valuation therein.

11. Taxation

Income tax expense is accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years' timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

12. Employee benefits

a) Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Earning Per Share(EPS)

Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable accounting standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. Management evaluates the effect of the accounting standards issued on a continuous basis and ensures that they are adopted as mandated under law and by ICAI. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1. Revenue from projects/scheme is recognized on the basis of "Percentage of Completion Method". The revenue is recognized in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects/scheme under execution subject to such actual cost being 25% or more of the total estimated cost of the project/scheme.

The estimates relating to saleable area, sale value, estimated costs etc. are revised and updated periodically by the management and necessary adjustments are made in the current years accounts.

The construction/development cost in respect of sales recognized is proportionately charged to the Profit & Loss Account in consonance with the matching cost concept.

3.2. Sale of undeveloped land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is certainty of realization of the consideration.

3.3. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realization owingto practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

3.4. Revenue from the sale of material is recognized at the time of transfer of the documents to title/ delivery of the material.

3.5. Revenuefrom interests is recognized on a time proportion basis.

3.6. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition/purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 "Intangible Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paidfor acquisition.

5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

6. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the Profit and Loss Account in the year in which incurred.

7. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

8. Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the timeofthe transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each Balance Sheet date.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded/reported are recognized as income/expense in the period in which they arise.

9. Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is otherthan temporary.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under: -

a. Goods held for Resale:

- Trading Division : at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

- Land, Plot and Constructed Properties : at lower of actual cost and net realizable value

b. Project/Contract Work in Progress : at lower of actual cost and netrealizable value

Cost of goods held for resale in trading division are determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in theordinary course ofbusiness.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

All expenses attributable directly and forming integral part of specific project/scheme are considered as part of the project cost and accordingly are considered in the valuation therein.

11. Taxation

Income tax expense is accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

CurrentTax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of IncomeTax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

12. Employee benefits

a) Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Earning PerShare(EPS)

Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.


Mar 31, 2009

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable accounting standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. Management evaluates the effect of the accounting standards issued on a continuous basis and ensures that they are adopted as mandated under law and by ICAI. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the company

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1. Revenue from projects / scheme is recognized on the basis of "Percentage of Completion Method". The revenue is recognized in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects/scheme under execution subject to such actual cost being 25% or more of the total estimated cost of the project/scheme.

The estimates relating to saleable area, sale value, estimated costs etc. are revised and updated periodically by the management and necessary adjustments are made in the current years accounts.

3.2. Sale of undeveloped land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is certainty of realization of the consideration.

3.3. The construction/development cost in respect of sales recognized is proportionately charged to the Profit & Loss A/c in consonance with the matching cost concept.

3.4. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realization owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

3.5. Revenue from the sale of material is recognized at the time of transfer of the documents to title/ delivery of the material.

3.6. Revenue from interests is recognized on a time proportion basis.

3.7. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 “Intangible Assets” issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements are charged over the period of lease.

6. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which incurred.

7. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

8. Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions in foreign currency are recorded on initial recognition at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of the transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are reported using the closing exchange rate on each balance sheet date.

The exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting these items at rates different from rates at which these were initially recorded / reported are recognized as income / expense in the period in which they arise.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

9. Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

10. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under: -

a. Building Materials at lower of cost and net realizable value.

b. Projects/Contracts work in progress at lower of actual cost and net realizable value.

c. Land, Flats, Shops, Plots, Traded at lower of actual cost and net realizable value. Goods etc.

Costs of building materials are determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

All expenses attributable directly and forming integral part of specific project / scheme are considered as part of the project cost and accordingly are considered in the valuation therein.

11. Taxation

Income tax expense is accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Fringe Benefit Tax:

Fringe Benefit tax is provided on the aggregate amount of fringe benefits determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

12. Employee benefits

a) Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Earning Per Share (EPS)

Earning per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.


Mar 31, 2008

1. Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirement of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable accounting standards referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. Management evaluates the effect of the accounting standards issued on a continuous basis and ensures that they are adopted as mandated under law and by ICAI. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the company.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, which requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities and contingent assets on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Revenue Recognition

3.1. Revenue from projects / scheme is recognized on the basis of "Percentage of Completion Method". The revenue is recognized in proportion to the actual cost incurred as against the total estimated cost of the projects/scheme under execution subject to such actual cost being 25% or more of the total estimated cost of the project/scheme.

The estimates relating to saleable area, sale value, estimated costs etc. are revised and updated periodically by the management and necessary adjustments are made in the current years accounts.

3.2. Sale of undeveloped land and other properties are recognized in the financial year in which the transfer is made by written agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties when the significant risk and reward of the ownership are transferred and there is certainty of realization of the consideration.

3.3. The construction/development cost in respect of sales recognized is proportionately charged to the Profit & Loss A/c in consonance with the matching cost concept.

3.4. Interest on delayed payments by customers against dues is taken into account on acceptance or realization owing to practical difficulties and uncertainties involved.

3.5. Revenue from the sale of material is recognized at the time of transfer of the documents to title/ delivery of the material.

3.6. Revenue from interests is recognized on a time proportion basis.

3.7. Dividend Income on investment is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established.

4. Fixed Assets, Capital Work in Progress and Intangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection/commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

Capital Work-in-Progress, including capital advances, is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related indirect expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard -26 "Intangible Assets" issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

5. Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs.5000/- is provided @100% over a period of one year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements are charged over the period of lease.

6. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are considered as part of the cost of Assets/Projects. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which incurred.

7. Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there are sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

8. Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

9. Inventories

Inventories are valued as under: -

a. Building Materials at lower of cost and net realizable value.

b. Projects/Contracts work in progress at lower of actual cost and net realizable value.

c. Land, Flats, Shops, Plots, Traded Goods etc. at lower of actual cost and net realizable value.

Costs of building materials are determined on First in First out (FIFO) basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

All expenses attributable directly and forming integral part of specific project / scheme are considered as part of the project cost and accordingly are considered in the valuation therein.

10. Taxation

Income tax expense is accounted for in accordance with AS-22 "Accounting for Taxes on Income" for both Current Tax and Deferred Tax as stated below:

Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Fringe Benefit Tax:

Fringe Benefit tax is provided on the aggregate amount of fringe benefits determined in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

11. Employee benefits

a) Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

12. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

13. Earning Per Share (EPS)

Earning Per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

14. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statement.

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