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Accounting Policies of SRS Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These Financial Statements have been prepared to comply with the accounting principles generally accepted in India, including the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Act, read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The accounting policy have been consistently applied by the company, except as otherwise stated.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies' Act, 2013. Based on the nature of goods sold/ services provided and time between the sale of goods/rendering of services and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current and non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

1.2 Change in Accounting Policy

The useful life of fixed assets have been revised in accordance with the Schedule II to the Companies Act 2013 which is applicable from accounting periods commencing on or after 1st April 2014. Accordingly, an amount of Rs. 346.21 Lacs (net of deferred tax Rs. 178.27 Lacs) representing assets beyond their useful life as of 1st April 2014 has been charged to Retained Earnings and in respect of the remaining assets, an additional depreciation amounting to Rs. 589.34 lacs Lacs has been charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year.

1.3 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known / materialized.

1.4 Revenue Recognition

i Revenue from sale is recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

ii Revenue from theatre business is recognized on the basis of tickets sold for the period under accounting.

iii Entertainment tax collection in respect of its multiplex set up in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) has been recognised as revenue on the sale of tickets, considering the exemption from payment of entertainment tax upto a specified period in terms of the scheme of UP state government. Since the collection is dependent on sale of tickets being uncertain and collection of aforesaid tax is normal trading transaction, it has not been recognised as grant in terms of Accounting Standard-12 "Accounting for Government Grants".

iv Revenue from Lease Rent, Common Area Maintenance (CAM) Charges and Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis.

v Advertisement revenue is recognized as and when advertisement is displayed.

vi Sale of land, plots and other properties is recognised in the financial year in which the transfer is made by agreement to sell / registration of sale deed or otherwise in favor of parties.

vii Claims lodged with the insurance companies are accounted on accrual basis to the extent these are measurable and ultimate collection is reasonably certain.

1.5 Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at Cost less Accumulated Depreciation and Impairment Losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection / commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.6 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard (AS)-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

Software which is not an integral part of the related hardware is capitalized as an intangible asset.

1.7 Capital Works-in-Progress

Capital Works-in-Progress is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

1.8 Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

The company has provided depreciation as per straight line method over their useful lives as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Depreciation on Plant & machinery and Office equipment costing upto Rs. 5,000/- is provided @100% over a period of one (1) year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten (10) years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

1.9 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of Assets. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which it was incurred.

1.10 Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there is sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

1.11 Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

1.12 Inventories

Raw materials are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value.

Finished goods are valued at lower of Cost (raw material and appropriate proportion of overheads) and Net Realizable Value.

Goods held for Resale are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Costs of inventories are determined on First in First out ('FIFO') basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

1.13 Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or as expenses for the year.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized and is reflected separately in the Statement of Profit & Loss.

1.14 Taxations Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit:

Minimum Alternate Tax credit is recognized, as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement under Loans & Advances. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years' timing difference. Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.15 Employee benefits

Short Term Employee Benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits and the undiscounted amount of such employee benefits are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which the employee renders the related services. These benefits include salaries, wages, bonus, performance incentives etc.

Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company's contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Statement of Profit & Loss every year on due basis.

1.16 Segment reporting

Identification of segments

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products manufactured and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on reasonable basis.

Unallocated items

Include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocable to any business segment.

Segment policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.17 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the statement of profit and loss on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.18 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.19 Earning Per Share

Earning Per Share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the Weighted Average Number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating Diluted Earning Per share, the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders is divided by the Weighted Average Number of shares outstanding during the period after adjusting for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.20 Miscellaneous Expenditure

Share issue expenses are adjusted from Securities Premium Account at the time of issue of respective Shares.

1.21 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable Accounting Standards (AS) referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

i Revenue from sale is recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

ii Revenue from theatre business is recognized on the basis of tickets sold for the period under accounting.

iii Entertainment tax collection in respect of its multiplex set up in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) has been recognised as revenue on the sale of tickets, considering the exemption from payment of entertainment tax upto a specified period in terms of the scheme of UP state government. Since the collection is dependent on sale of tickets being uncertain and collection of aforesaid tax is normal trading transaction, it has not been recognised as grant in terms of Accounting Standard-12 "Accounting for Government Grants".

iv Revenue from Lease Rent, Common Area Maintenance (CAM) Charges and Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis.

v Advertisement revenue is recognized as and when advertisement is displayed.

vi Sale of land, plots and other properties is recognised in the financial year in which the transfer is made by agreement to sell/registration of sale deed or otherwise in favour of parties.

vii Claims lodged with the insurance companies are accounted on accrual basis to the extent these are measurable and ultimate collection is reasonably certain.

1.4 Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at Cost less Accumulated Depreciation and Impairment Losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection / commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard (AS)-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

Software which is not an integral part of the related hardware is capitalized as an intangible asset.

1.6 Capital Works-in-Progress

Capital Works-in-Progress is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

1.7 Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs. 5,000/- is provided @100% over a period of one (1) year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten (10) years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

1.8 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of Assets. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which it was incurred.

1.9 Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there is sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

1.10 Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long- term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

1.11 Inventories

Raw materials are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value.

Finished goods are valued at lower of Cost (raw material and appropriate proportion of overheads) and Net Realizable Value.

Goods held for Resale are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Costs of inventories are determined on First in First out (''FIFO'') basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

1.12 Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or as expenses for the year.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized and is reflected separately in the Profit & Loss Account.

1.13 Taxations Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit:

Minimum Alternate Tax credit is recognized, as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement under Loans & Advances. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years'' timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.14 Employee benefits Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company''s contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

1.15 Segment reporting Identification of segments

The Company''s operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products manufactured and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on reasonable basis.

Unallocated items

Include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocable to any business segment.

Segment policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.16 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.17 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.18 Earning Per Share

Earning Per Share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the Weighted Average Number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating Diluted Earning Per share, the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders is divided by the Weighted Average Number of shares outstanding during the period after adjusting for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.19 Miscellaneous Expenditure

Share issue expenses are adjusted from Securities Premium Account at the time of issue of respective Shares.

1.20 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and in compliance with the applicable Accounting Standards (AS) referred to in sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of the said Act. The accounting policies, except otherwise stated, have been consistently applied by the Company.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles, which requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reportable amount of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and the reportable amount of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which the results are known/materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition

a Revenue from sale is recognized when the significant risk and rewards in respect of ownership of the goods are transferred to customer.

b Revenue from theatre business is recognized on the basis of tickets sold for the period under accounting.

c Entertainment tax collection in respect of its multiplex put up in Uttar Pradesh (U.P.) has been recognised as revenue on the sale of tickets, considering the exemption from payment of entertainment tax upto a specified period in terms of the scheme of UP state government. Since the collection is dependent on sale of tickets been uncertain and collection of aforesaid tax is normal trading transaction, it has not been recognised as grant in terms of Accounting Standerd-12 "Accounting for Government Grants".

d Revenue from Lease Rent, Common Area Maintenance (CAM) Charges and Interest is recognized on a time proportion basis.

e Advertisement revenue is recognized as and when advertisement is displayed.

f Sale of land, plots and other properties is recognised in the financial year in which the transfer is made by agreement to sell / registration of sale deed or otherwise in favor of parties. g Claims lodged with the insurance companies are accounted on accrual basis to the extent these are measurable and ultimate collection is reasonably certain.

1.4 Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at Cost less Accumulated Depreciation and Impairment Losses, if any. Cost comprises the cost of acquisition / purchase price inclusive of duties, taxes, incidental expenses, erection / commissioning expenses, interest etc. up to the date the asset is ready for its intended use. Credit of duty, if availed, is adjusted in the acquisition cost of the respective fixed assets.

1.5 Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are recognized as per the criteria specified in Accounting Standard (AS)-26 "Intangible Assets" and recorded at the consideration paid for acquisition.

Software which is not an integral part of the related hardware is capitalized as an intangible asset.

1.6 Capital Works-in-Progress

Capital Works-in-Progress is carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and interest on borrowings to the extent attributed to them.

1.7 Depreciation on Fixed Assets and Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is applied on straight-line basis as per the rates and manner specified in the Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956on pro rata basis.

Depreciation on fixed assets costing upto Rs. 5,000/- is provided @100% over a period of one (1)year.

Intangible Assets are amortized over the useful life of the assets or ten (10) years, whichever is earlier.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is charged over the period of lease.

1.8 Borrowing Cost

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of Assets. Qualifying Asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are treated as period cost and charged to the profit and loss account in the year in which it was incurred.

1.9 Impairment of Assets

An asset is impaired if there is sufficient indication that the carrying cost would exceed the recoverable amount of cash generating asset. In that event an impairment loss so computed would be recognized in the accounts in the relevant year.

1.10 Investments

Current investments are stated at lower of cost and fair market value. Long-term investments are valued at their acquisition cost. The provision for any diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary.

1.11 Inventories

Raw materials are valued at lower of Cost and Net Realizable Value.

Finished goods are valued at lower of Cost (raw material and appropriate proportion of overheads) and Net Realizable Value.

Goods held for Resale are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Costs of inventories are determined on First in First out ('FIFO') basis in the ordinary course of business.

Net Realizable Value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

1.12 Foreign Exchange Transaction

Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies at the year end are restated at year end rates. In case of items which are covered by forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end rate and rate on the date of the contract is recognized as exchange difference and the premium paid on forward contracts is recognized over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contracts are recognized as income or as expenses for the year.

Non-monetary items are carried at cost.

Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized and is reflected separately in the Profit & Loss Account.

1.13 Taxations Current Tax:

Provision for Taxation is ascertained on the basis of assessable profit computed in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) Credit:

Minimum Alternate Tax credit is recognized, as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the MAT credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created byway of a credit to the Profit and Loss Account and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement under Loans & Advances. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

Deferred Tax:

Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, as the tax effect of timing difference between the taxable income & accounting income computed for the current accounting year and reversal of earlier years' timing difference.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty, except arising from unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward losses, which are recognized to the extent that there is virtual certainty, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

1.14 Employee benefits Defined Benefit Plan

Gratuity and long-term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation carried out at the close of each year. The actuarial valuation is done by an Independent Actuary as per projected unit credit method.

Defined Contribution Plan

The Company's contribution to Employees Provident Fund and Family Pension Fund are deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and is charged to Profit & Loss Account every year on due basis.

1.15 Segment reporting Identification of segments

The Company's operating businesses are organized and managed separately according to the nature of products manufactured and services provided, with each segment representing a strategic business unit that offers different products. The analysis of geographical segments is based on the areas in which major operating divisions of the Company operate.

Allocation of common costs

Common allocable costs are allocated to each segment on reasonable basis.

Unallocated items

Include general corporate income and expense items which are not allocable to any business segment.

Segment policies

The company prepares its segment information in conformity with the accounting policies adopted for preparing and presenting the financial statements of the company as a whole.

1.16 Leases

Assets taken on lease under which, all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as expenses in the profit and loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

1.17 Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby a profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.18 Earning Per Share

Earning Per Share (EPS) is calculated by dividing the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the Weighted Average Number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating Diluted Earning Per share, the Net Profit or Loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders is divided by the Weighted Average Number of shares outstanding during the period after adjusting for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.19 Miscellaneous Expenditure

Share issue expenses are adjusted from Securities Premium Account at the time of issue of respective Shares.

1.20 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Liabilities which are material, and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent, and disclosed byway of notes to the accounts. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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