Home  »  Company  »  Sterling Biotech Ltd  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Sterling Biotech Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

1. Nature of Operations

Sterling Biotech Limited ("The Company") is engaged in the manufacturing of Pharma Grade Gelatine & DiCalcium Phosphate and other Pharma products.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

2.1 Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified prescribed under Section 133 and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period end. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which results are known/materialized.

2.3 Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realizable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Loss arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.4 Depreciation / Amortization

Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis on the Straight Line Method (SLM) over the estimated useful lives of the assets considering the nature, estimated usage, operating conditions, past history of replacement, anticipated technology changes, etc. Considering these factors, the Company has decided to retain the useful life adopted for various categories of fixed assets, which are different from those prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation is not charged on capital work-in-progress until construction and installation are complete and asset is ready to be put to use.

2.5 Borrowing costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.6 Impairment

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exits, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/ cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carryi ng value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net-selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

2.7 Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost (WAC) method. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.8 Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognized when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognized net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

2.9 Other Income

Interest: Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export Benefits: The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

2.10 Foreign Currency Translations

Foreign currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange difference on settlement of transactions of fixed assets is capitalized with acquisition cost of fixed assets. The balance exchange fluctuation is charged to revenue. Current Assets and Liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates.

2.11 Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer''s contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for on accrual basis.

2.12 Employee Benefits

a) Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognized on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis.

c) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to the statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Statement of Profit & Loss includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year, net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

2.13 Current and Deferred Tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognized to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are recognized for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realization of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realized.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

2.14 Research and Development Expenditure

Revenue expenditure is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is debited to Fixed Assets and depreciated at applicable rates.

2.15 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result if a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure require to settle present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when there is possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

2.16 Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement cash and cash equivalent include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short term highly liquid investments.

2.17 Earning Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

2.18 Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations before depreciation and amortization expense, finance cost and tax expense.

2.19 Change in Accounting Year

The Company had accounting year ended on December 31 every year. Pursuant to Section 2(41) of the Companies Act, 2013, the Company was required to change the accounting year ending from December to March. Therefore the present financial statements are prepared for a period of fifteen months starting from January 1, 2015 and ended on March 31, 2016. Accordingly, the figures for the current financial period are not comparable to those of the pervious year.


Dec 31, 2014

1.1. Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period end. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which results are known / materialised.

2.3. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Loss arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.4. Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis on the Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on all assets. Depreciation pertaining to revalued amounts is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve Account and credited to the statement of Profit and Loss.

2.5. Borrowing costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

Note

2.6. Impairment

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exits, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net-selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

2.7. Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost (WAC) method. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.8. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

2.9. Other Income

Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export Benefits: The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

2.10. Foreign Currency Translations

Foreign currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange difference on settlement of transactions of fixed assets is capitalized with acquisition cost of fixed assets. The balance exchange fluctuation is charged to revenue. Current Assets and Liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates.

2.11. Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer''s contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for on accrual basis.

2.12. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

b. Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis.

c. Defined Benefit Plan

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to the statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Statement of Profit & Loss includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year, net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

2.13. Current and deferred tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

2.14. Research and Development expenditure

Revenue expenditure is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is debited to Fixed Assets and depreciated at applicable rates.

2.15. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result if a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure require to settle present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when there is possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

2.16. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement cash and cash equivalent include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short term highly liquid investments.

2.17. Earning Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

2.18. Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations before depreciation and amortisation expense, finance cost and tax expense.

b. Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to shares Equity Shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 1/- per share. Each shareholder c equity share is entitled for one vote per share held. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders ar eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, i proportion to their shareholding.

Preference Shares

The Company has only one class of Unlisted 8% Redeemable Cumulative Non-Participating Nor Convertible Preference Shares redeemable at the end of 15 years from the date of allotment, carrying n voting rights, of face value of Rs. 10/- each issued on private Placement basis to Promoter Group & Associates whether or not they are member(s) of the Company.

Accumulated dividend on proportionate basis of issued Preference Shares as on balance sheet dat amounts to Rs. 479,134,466.

i) The FCCBs carry a 0% coupon with a yield of 5.43% per annum (calculated on semi-annual basis).

ii) The FCCBs will mature on March 25, 2019.

iii) The FCCBs are convertible into equity shares or GDRs of the Company. During the year pursuant to conversion of USD 5,218,000 FCCBs, the Company has issued 4,174,398 equity shares. After conversion, the outstanding FCCBs are USD 201,235,000.

iv) The FCCBs are convertible at any time after May 05, 2014 at a conversion price of Rs. 60.00 per share with fixed rate of exchange on conversion of Rs. 48/- per USD.

v) The FCCBs are admitted for trading on the Euro MTF market of Luxembourg Stock Exchange.


Dec 31, 2013

1. Nature of Operations

Sterling Biotech Limited ("The Company") is engaged in the manufacturing of Pharma Grade Gelatine & Di-Calcium Phosphate and other Pharma products.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

2.1. Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - noncurrent classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period end. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which results are known / materialised.

2.3. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Loss arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.4. Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis on the Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on all assets. Depreciation pertaining to revalued amounts is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve Account and credited to the statement of Profit and Loss.

2.5. Borrowing costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.6. Impairment

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exits, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net-selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

2.7. Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost (WAC) method. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.8. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

2.9. Other Income

Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export Benefits: The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

2.10. Foreign Currency Translations

Foreign currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange difference on settlement of transactions of fixed assets is capitalized with acquisition cost of fixed assets. The balance exchange fluctuation is charged to revenue. Current Assets and Liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates.

2.11. Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer''s contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for on accrual basis.

2.12. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

b. Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis.

c. Defined Benefit Plan

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to the statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Statement of Profit & Loss includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year, net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

2.13. Current and deferred tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

2.14. Research and Development expenditure

Revenue expenditure is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is debited to Fixed Assets and depreciated at applicable rates.

2.15. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result if a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure require to settle present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when there is possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

2.16. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement cash and cash equivalent include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short term highly liquid investments.

2.17. Earning Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

2.18. Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations before depreciation and amortisation expense, finance cost and tax expense.

b. Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 1/- per share. Each shareholder of equity share is entitled for one vote per share held. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

1. Interest rates on Rupee term loans from banks vary in the range of 11.5% p.a. to 16.35% p.a. (linked with BPLR). The said loans are repayable in quarterly installments with a maximum tenure of 6 years. Part of the said loans are also secured by way of second charge on the current assets of the Company, both present and future, on pari passu basis and/or the personal guarantees of the Promoter Directors of the Company.

2. Interest rate on Redeemable Non-Convertible Debentures is 12%. The said debentures are redeemable in 20 quarterly installments starting from November 05, 2010 and last installment due on August 05, 2015.

3. Interest rates on External Commercial Borrowings vary in the range of 4.50% p.a. to 6.50% p.a. (linked with LIBOR). The said ECBs are repayable in half yearly installments starting from May 20, 2012 with a maximum tenure of 6 years.

4. The company has defaulted in repayment of certain debt obligations towards installments and interest. Certain Banks and Financial Institutions have initiated legal action against the Company and/or its directors for recovery of these debt. However, the Company is in continuous dialogue with the lenders for bilateral restructuring of its debt. Certain banks have already restructured its debt.

The Company had issued Zero Percentage Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds due 2012 (FCCBs) aggregating to US$ 250 million. As at December 31, 2013, the Company''s outstanding FCCBs has a nominal value of US$ 134.50 Million and maturity value of USD 183.85 Million including redemption premium but excluding annual accretion value of the existing FCCBs, which will be added at the rate of 6.35% p.a from the date of maturity till the settlement date.

Extra Ordinary Resolution was passed at the Meeting of the Bondholders on 20th November 2013 approving cashless exchange of Existing Bonds and substitution of the Existing Bonds aggregating to USD 183.85 million plus annual accretion value of the existing FCCBs from the date of maturity till the settlement date, accrued thereon with Zero Coupon Foreign Currency Convertible Bonds (FCCB) due 2019 at a redemption premium of 30.70% at fixed USD-Rupee Conversion rate of Rs.48/- and at a conversion price of Rs.60/- per share. Company is currently in the process of completing regulatory formalities for cash less exchange of bonds with the new bonds subject to regulatory approvals. Company expects to complete the process of exchange of Existing Bonds with the New Bonds by end March 2014.


Dec 31, 2012

1.1. Basis of preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

1.2. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period end. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which results are known / materialised.

1.3. Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Items of fixed assets that have been retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value and net realisable value and are shown separately in the financial statements. Any expected loss is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Loss arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.4. Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis on the Straight Line Method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 on all assets. Depreciation pertaining to revalued amounts is withdrawn from Revaluation Reserve Account and credited to the statement of Profit and Loss.

1.5. Borrowing costs

General and specific borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

1.6. Impairment

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or group of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exits, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset/cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net-selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

1.7. Inventories

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost is determined using the weighted average cost (WAC) method. The cost of finished goods and work in progress comprises raw materials, direct labour, other direct costs and related production overheads. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

1.8. Revenue Recognition

Sale of goods: Sales are recognised when the substantial risks and rewards of ownership in the goods are transferred to the buyer as per the terms of the contract and are recognised net of trade discounts, rebates, sales taxes and excise duties.

1.9. Other Income

Interest: Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export Benefits: The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

1.10. Foreign Currency Translations

Foreign currency transactions during the year are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transactions. Exchange difference on settlement of transactions of fixed assets is capitalized with acquisition cost of fixed assets. The balance exchange fluctuation is charged to revenue. Current Assets and Liabilities are translated at year-end exchange rates.

1.11. Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer''s contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for on accrual basis.

1.12. Employee Benefits

a. Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss.

b. Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis.

c. Defined Benefit Plan

The Company''s liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to the statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to the Statement of Profit & Loss on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Statement of Profit & Loss includes premium paid to LIC current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year, net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis._

1.13. Current and deferred tax

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax for timing differences between the book profits and tax profits is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets arising from the timing differences are recognised to the extent there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets are recognised for tax loss and depreciation carried forward to the extent that the realisation of the related tax benefit through the future taxable profits is virtually certain and is supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable profits can be realised.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

1.14. Research and Development expenditure

Revenue expenditure is charged to the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which it is incurred. Capital expenditure is debited to Fixed Assets and depreciated at applicable rates.

1.15. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions: Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result if a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure require to settle present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent Liabilities: Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when there is possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

1.16. Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement cash and cash equivalent include cash in hand, demand deposits with banks and other short term highly liquid investments.

1.17. Earning Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to equity shareholders for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The number of shares used in computing diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average shares considered for deriving basic earnings per share and also the weighted average number of equity shares which would have been issued on the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares. Dilutive potential equity shares are deemed converted as of the beginning of the period unless they have been issued at a later date.

1.18. Measurement of EBITDA

The Company has elected to present earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) as a separate line item on the face of the statement of profit and loss. The Company measures EBITDA on the basis of profit/(loss) from continuing operations before depreciation and amortisation expense, finance cost and tax expense.


Dec 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation of Financial Accounts. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956, under the historical cost convention and on accrual basis.

2. Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Fixed Assets - Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Fixed assets include all related expenses incurred up to the date of acquisition and installation. Pre-operative expenses incurred up to the date of commencement of production of the project is allocated to building and plant & machinery.

4. Depreciation - Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to / deletions from the fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis

5. Inventories - Inventories are valued as follows -

A) Finished Goods at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

B) Work-in-process atcost or net realisable value whichever is less.

C) Raw material, packing material, stores and spares,tools and consumables are valued atcost or net realisable value whichever is less.

6. Foreign Currency Transactions - Foreign currency transactions during the period are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign Currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into rupees at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. All exchange difference are dealt with in the statement of profit and loss, except for those relating to the acquisition of fixed assets, which are adjusted in the cost of the fixed assets.

7. Investments — Investments are stated at cost.

8. Revenue Recognition — Sales are recognised at the time of dispatch of the goods.

9. Research and Development expenditure — Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue in the respective head of expenditure account

10. Retirement Benefit — Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer's contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for accrual basis.

11. Employee Benefits —

a) Short Term Employee benefits All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 1 2 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Profit & Loss account.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Profit & Loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company's liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to Profit & loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Profit & Loss Account includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

12. Borrowing Cost - Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of fixed assets is included in the cost of assets. The balance borrowing cost is charged to revenue.

13. Income Tax - Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenses arise and deferred tax asset or liability is recorded for the timing differences. The deferred tax asset or liability recognised using the tax rates that have been enacated or substantively encated by the Balance Sheet date.

14. Export Benefits - The company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

15. Impairment Loss - As per Accounting Standard AS 28 'Impairment of Assets' effective from April 01, 2004, the Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such asset is reduced to its recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the profit and loss account.

16. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets A Provision is Recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.


Dec 31, 2010

1. Basis of preparation of Financial Accounts - The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956, under the historical cost convention and on accrual basis.

2. Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Fixed Assets - Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Fixed assets include all related expenses incurred up to the date of acquisition and installation. Pre-operative expenses incurred up to the date of commencement of production of the project is allocated to Building and Plant & Machinery.

4. Depreciation - Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to / deletions from the fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

5. Inventories-Inventories are valued as follows -

A) Finished Goods at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

B) Work-in-process at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

C) Raw material, packing material, stores and spares, tools and consumables are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

6. Foreign Currency Transactions - Foreign currency transactions during the period are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into rupees at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. All exchange differences are dealt with in the statement of profit and loss, except for those relating to the acquisition of fixed assets, which are adjusted in the cost of the fixed assets.

7. Investments - Investments are stated at cost.

8. Revenue Recognition - Sales are recognised at the time of dispatch of the goods.

9. Research and Development expenditure - Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue in the respective head of expenditure account.

10. Retirement Benefits - Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employer's contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for accrual basis.

11. Employee Benefits-

a) Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Profit & Loss account.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the company is charged to the Profit & Loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined Benefit Plan

The Company's liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to Profit & loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Profit & Loss Account includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

12. Borrowing Cost - Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of fixed assets is included in the cost of asset. The balance borrowing cost is charged to revenue.

13. Income Tax - Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenses arise and deferred tax asset or liability is recorded for the timing differences. The deferred tax asset or liability is recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

14. Export Benefits - The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

15. Impairment Loss - As per Accounting Standard AS 28 'Impairment of Assets' effective from April 01, 2004, the Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such asset is reduced to its recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the profit and loss account.

16. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets - A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

17. Extraordinary Item includes wright off of FCCB issue Expense, Redemption, Premium of FCCB, Product development Cost, etc.


Dec 31, 2009

1. Basis of preparation of Financial Accounts - The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1 956, underthe historical cost convention and on accrual basis.

2. Use of Estimates - The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differfrom these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Fixed Assets - Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Fixed assets include all related expenses incurred up to the date of acquisition and installation. Pre-operative expenses incurred up to the date of commencement of production of the project is allocated to Building and Plant & Machinery.

4. Depreciation - Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1 956. Depreciation on additions to / deletions from the fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

5. Inventories-Inventories are valued as follows

a) Finished Goods at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

b) Work-in-process at cost or net rea Usable va lue whichever is less.

c) Raw material,packing material,stores and spares,tools and consumables are valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is less.

6. Foreign Currency Transactions - Foreign currency transactions during the period are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into rupees at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. All exchange differences are dealt with in the statement of profit and loss, except for those relating to the acquisition of fixed assets, which are adjusted in the cost of the fixed assets.

7. Investments- Investments are stated at cost.

8. Revenue Recognition-Sales are recognised at the time of dispatch of the goods.

9. Research and Development expenditure - Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue in the respective head of expenditure account.

10. Retirement Benefits - Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employers contribution to Provident Fund is accounted on accrual basis.

11. Employee Benefits -

a) Short Term Employee benefits

All Short term employee benefit plans such as salaries, wages, bonus, special awards and medical benefits which fall due within 12 months of the period in which the employee renders the related services which entitles him to avail such benefits are recognised on an undisclosed basis and charged to the Profit& loss account.

b) Defined Contribution Plan

The Company has a statutory scheme of Provident Fund with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner and contribution of the Company is charged to the Profit & Loss account on accrual basis.

c) Defined Benefit Plan

The Companys liability towards gratuity to its employees is covered by a group gratuity policy with LIC of India. The contribution paid / payable to LIC of India is debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Liability towards gratuity is provided on the basis of an actuarial valuation using the Projected Unit Credit method and debited to Profit & Loss Account on accrual basis. Thus charge to the Profit & Loss Account includes premium paid to LIC, current service cost, interest cost, expected return on plan assets and gain/loss in actuarial valuation during the year net of fund value of plan asset as on the balance sheet date. Liability towards leave salary is provided on actuarial basis.

12. Borrowing Cost - Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of fixed assets is included in the cost of asset. The balance borrowing cost is charged to revenue.

13. Income Tax - Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenses arise and deferred tax asset or liability is recorded for the timing differences. The deferred tax asset or liability is recognised using the tax rates that have been enacted orsubstantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

14. Export Benefits - The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass BookSchemeofGovernmentoflndia,onaccrualbasis.

15. Impairment Loss - As per Accounting Standard AS 28 Impairment of Assets effective from April 01, 2004, the Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such asset is reduced to its recoverable amount and a provision is made forsuch impairment loss in the profit and loss account.

16. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets - A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.


Dec 31, 2008

1. Basis of preparation of Financial Accounts

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956, under the historical cost convention and on accrual basis.

2. Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amounts of revenue and expenses for that year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in current and future periods.

3. Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation. Fixed assets include all related expenses incurred up to the date of acquisition and installation. Pre-operative expenses incurred up to the date of commencement of production of the project is allocated to Building and Plant & Machinery.

4. Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on straight line method at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to / deletions from the fixed assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

5. Inventories

Inventories are valued as follows

a) Finished Goods at cost or net realizable value whichever is less.

b) Work-in-process at cost or net realizable value whichever is less.

c) Raw material, packing material, stores and spares, tools and consumables are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is less.

6. Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions during the period are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into rupees at the rates of exchange prevailing at the date of the balance sheet. All exchange differences are dealt with in the statement of profit and loss, except for those relating to the acquisition of fixed assets, which are adjusted in the cost of the fixed assets.

7. Investments Investments are stated of cost.

8. Revenue Recognition

Sales are recognized at the time of dispatch of the goods.

9. Research and Development expenditure

Revenue expenditure on Research and Development is charged to revenue in the respective head of expenditure account.

10. Retirement Benefits

Retirement benefits payable to employees is charged to revenue on accrual basis. Employers contribution to Provident Fund is accounted for accrual basis.

11. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost attributable to the acquisition of fixed assets is included in the cost of asset. The balance borrowing cost is charged to revenue.

12. Income Tax

Income taxes are computed using the tax effect accounting method, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenses arise and deferred tax asset or liability is recorded for the timing differences. The deferred tax asset or liability is recognized using the tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

13. Export Benefits

The Company accounts for export benefit entitlements under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme of Government of India, on accrual basis.

14. Impairment Loss

As per Accounting Standard AS 28 Impairment of Assets effective from April 01,2004, the Company assesses at each Balance Sheet date whether there is any indication that any asset may be impaired and if such indication exists, the carrying value of such asset is reduced to its recoverable amount and a provision is made for such impairment loss in the profit and loss account.

15. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Find IFSC