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Accounting Policies of Stewarts & Lloyds of India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis under the historical cost convention (except where impairment is made) on the basis of going concern and is in accordance with Accounting Standards notified under section 133 pursuant to section 129(1) of the Companies Act, 2013.

(b) USE OF ESTIMATES

In preparing the Financial Statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in India, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of Financial Statements and the amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to such estimates is recognized in the period the same is determined.

(c) FIXED ASSETS - Tangible

(i) Assets other than those acquired on lease are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenditure. Depreciation on fixed assets (including those acquired on finance lease) is provided on written down value method at the rates which are in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 till 31st March 2014 and of the Companies Act, 2013 with effect from 1st April, 2014. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease under written down value method. Assets under seperate contracts are amortised over the period of the respective contracts under written down value method.

FIXED ASSETS - Intangible

(ii) Cost of Computer Software is capitalised where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalisation costs include licence fees and cost of implementation/ system integration services. The costs are capitalised in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. Expense incurred on upgradation / enhancement is charged off as revenue expenditure unless it enables the software to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard.

(iii) Computer Software cost is amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years.

(d) LONG TERM investments are valued at cost less allowance for permanent diminution, if any, in carrying amount of such investments.

(e) INVENTORIES are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The costs are, in general, determined under "First in First out" formula. Work in progress/process and Finished Goods include applicable fabrication charges and allocable overheads. Obsolete, slow and non moving inventories are identified at the time of physical verification and, where necessary, adequate allowance is made for such inventories.

(f) REVENUE from erection contracts are recognised on the percentage of completion method, in proportion that the contract costs incurred for work performed (as techno-commercially assessed by the management) up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Revenue recognised in excess of billing and billing in excess of revenue recognised as per Accounting Standard-7, prescribed by the Companies Act, 2013, have been reflected under 'Other Current Assets' and 'Current Liabilities' respectively in the Balance Sheet. Escalation and other claims in respect of these contracts are accounted for on their acceptance by the customers. Adequate provision for foreseeable losses are made in the accounts .

OTHER SALES are recognised on completion of sale of goods, rendering of services and/or use of Company's resources by third parties.

(g) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short term Employee Benefits :

The undiscounted amount of Short-term Employee Benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post Employment Benefit Plans :

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans payable in keeping with the related schemes are recognised as expenses for the year.

For Defined Benefit Plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii) Other Long-term Employment Benefits (unfunded) :

The cost of providing long term employee benefits is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Other long term employee benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of related obligation.

(h) TRANSACTIONS IN RESPECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCIES are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Foreign currency non-monetary items carried in terms of historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and/or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In respect of Forward Exchange Contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of contract.

(i) BORROWING COSTS other than those directly attributable to acquisition and construction of fixed assets are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

(j) PROVISIONS are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources or there is a present obligation, reliable estimate of the amount of which cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contingent liability is made.

(k) CURRENT TAX in respect of taxable income is provided for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, between taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one and more subsequent periods and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realisability thereof.


Mar 31, 2013

The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 21 1 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1 956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1 956.

a) FIXED ASSETS - Tangible

(i) Assets other than those acquired on lease are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenditure. The cost of fixed assets acquired on finance lease comprises present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of lease, lease management fees and residual value of the related assets. The discounting factor considered in calculating the present value of the minimum lease payments is the rate of interest implicit in the lease . An impairment loss is recognized if and when the carrying amount of the fixed assets of a cash generating unit exceeds its net selling price or value in use whichever is higher. Depreciation on fixed assets (including those acquired on finance lease) is provided on written down value method at the rates which are in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1 956. Leasehold land is amortized over the period of lease under written down value method.

FIXED ASSETS - Intangible

(ii) Cost of Computer Software is capitalized where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalization costs include license fees and cost of implementation/system integration services. The costs are capitalized in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. Expenses incurred on up gradation/ enhancement is charged off as revenue expenditure unless it enable the software to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard.

(iii) Computer Software cost is amortized on a straight line basis over a period of five years.

b) LONG TERM investments are valued at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in carrying amount of such investments.

c) INVENTORIES are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value. The costs are, in general, determined under "First in First out" formula. Work in progress/process and Finished Goods include applicable fabrication charges and allocable overheads. Obsolete, slow and non moving inventories are identified at the time of physical verification and, where necessary, adequate provision is made for such inventories.

d) REVENUE from erection contracts are recognized on the percentage of completion method, in proportion that the contract costs incurred for work performed (as techno-commercially assessed by the management) up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Revenue recognized in excess of billing and billing in excess of revenue recognized as per Accounting Standard-7, prescribed by the Companies Act, 1 956, have been reflected under ''Other Current Assets'' and ''Current Liabilities'' respectively in the Balance Sheet. Escalation and other claims in respect of these contracts are accounted for on their acceptance by the customers. Adequate provision for foreseeable losses are made in the accounts .

OTHER SALES are recognized on completion of sale of goods, rendering of services and/or use of Company''s resources by third parties.

e) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short-term Employee Benefits :

The undiscounted amount of Short-term Employee Benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognized during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post Employment Benefit Plans :

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans payable in keeping with the related schemes are recognized as expenses for the year.

23. Significant Policies & Other Notes on Accounts (Contd.)

For Defined Benefit Plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognized past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii) Other Long-term Employment Benefits (unfunded) :

The cost of providing long term employee benefits is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognized immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Other long term employee benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of related obligation.

f) TRANSACTIONS IN RESPECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCIES are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Foreign currency non-monetary items carried in terms of historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and/or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In respect of Forward Exchange Contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract is amortized as expense or income over the life of contract.

g) BORROWING COSTS other than those directly attributable to acquisition and construction of fixed assets are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

h) PROVISIONS are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources or there is a present obligation, reliable estimate of the amount of which cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contingent liability is made.

i) CURRENT TAX in respect of taxable income is provided for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws. Deferred tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, between taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one and more subsequent periods and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess reliability thereof. Fringe Benefit Tax is accounted for based on the estimated fringe benefits for the period as per the related provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.


Mar 31, 2012

The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

a) FIXED ASSETS - Tangible

(i) Assets other than those acquired on lease are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenditure. The cost of fixed assets acquired on finance lease comprises present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of lease, lease management fees and residual value of the related assets. The discounting factor considered in calculating the present value of the minimum lease payments is the rate of interest implicit in the lease. An impairment loss is recognised if and when the carrying amount of the fixed assets of a cash generating unit exceeds its net selling price or value in use whichever is higher. Depreciation on fixed assets (including those acquired on finance lease) is provided on written down value method at the rates which are in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease under written down value method.

FIXED ASSETS - Intangible

(ii) Cost of Computer Software is capitalised where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalisation costs include licence fees and cost of implementation/system integration services. The costs are capitalised in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. Expenses incurred on upgradation/ enhancement is charged off as revenue expenditure unless it enable the software to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard.

(iii) Computer Software cost is amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years.

b) LONG TERM investments are valued at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in carrying amount of such investments.

c) INVENTORIES are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The costs are, in general, determined under "First in First out" formula. Work in progress/process and Finished Goods include applicable fabrication charges and allocable overheads.

d) REVENUE from erection contracts are recognised on the percentage of completion method, in proportion that the contract costs incurred for work performed (as techno-commercially assessed by the management) up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Revenue recognised in excess of billing and billing in excess of revenue recognised as per Accounting Standard-7, prescribed by the Companies Act, 1956, have been reflected under 'Other Current Assets' and 'Current Liabilities' respectively in the Balance Sheet. Escalation and other claims in respect of these contracts are accounted for on their acceptance by the customers. Adequate provision for foreseeable losses are made in the accounts.

OTHER SALES are recognised on completion of sale of goods, rendering of services and/or use of Company's resources by third parties.

e) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short term Employee Benefits :

The undiscounted amount of Short-term Employee Benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post Employment Benefit Plans :

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans payable in keeping with the related schemes are recognised as expenses for the year.

23. Significant Policies & Other Notes on Accounts (Contd.)

For Defined Benefit Plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii) Other Long-term Employment Benefits (unfunded) :

The cost of providing long term employee benefits is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur. Other long term employee benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of related obligation.

f) TRANSACTIONS IN RESPECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCIES are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the Balance Sheet date. Foreign currency non-monetary items carried in terms of historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and/or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss. In respect of Forward Exchange Contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of contract.

g) BORROWING COSTS other than those directly attributable to acquisition and construction of fixed assets are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

h) PROVISIONS are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources or there is a present obligation, reliable estimate of the amount of which cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contingent liability is made.

i) CURRENT TAX in respect of taxable income is provided for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, between taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one and more subsequent periods and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realisability thereof. Fringe Benefit Tax is accounted for based on the estimated fringe benefits for the period as per the related provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.


Mar 31, 2011

The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

a) FIXED ASSETS-Tangible

(i) Assets other than those acquired on lease are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenditure. The cost of fixed assets acquired on finance lease comprises present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of lease, lease management fees and residual value of the related assets. The discounting factor considered in calculating the present value of the minimum lease payments is the rate of interest implicit in the lease. An impairment loss is recognised if and when the carrying amount of the fixed assets of a cash generating unit exceeds its net selling price or value in use whichever is higher. Depreciation on fixed assets (including those acquired on finance lease) is provided on written down value method at the rates which are in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease under written down value method.

FIXED ASSETS-Intangible

(ii) Cost of Computer Software is capitalised where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalisation costs include licence fees and cost of implementation/system integration services. The costs are capitalised in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. Expenses incurred on upgradation/ enhancement is charged off as revenue expenditure unless it enable the software to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard.

(iii) Computer Software cost is amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years.

b) LONG TERM investments are valued at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in carrying amount of such investments.

c) INVENTORIES are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The costs are, in general, determined under "First in First out" formula. Work in progress/process and Finished Goods include applicable fabrication charges and allocable overheads.

d) REVENUE from erection contracts are recognised on the percentage of completion method, in proportion that the contract costs incurred for work performed (as techno-commercially assessed by the management) up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Revenue recognised in excess of billing and billing in excess of revenue recognised as per Accounting Standard-7, prescribed by the Companies Act, 1956, have been reflected under 'Other Current Assets' and 'Current Liabilities' respectively in the Balance Sheet. Escalation and other claims in respect of these contracts are accounted for on their acceptance by the customers. Adequate provision for foreseeable losses are made in the accounts.

OTHER SALES are recognised on completion of sale of goods, rendering of services and/or use of Company's resources by third parties.

e) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short term Employee Benefits :

The undiscounted amount of Short-term Employee Benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post Employment Benefit Plans :

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans payable in keeping with the related schemes are recognised as expenses for the year.

For Defined Benefit Plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii) Other Long-term Employment Benefits (unfunded):

The cost of providing long term employee benefits is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur. Other long term employee benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of related obligation.

f) TRANSACTIONS IN RESPECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCIES are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Foreign currency non-monetary items carried in terms of historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and/or restatements are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. In respect of Forward Exchange Contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of contract.

g) BORROWING COSTS other than those directly attributable to acquisition and construction of fixed assets are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

h) PROVISIONS are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources or there is a present obligation, reliable estimate of the amount of which cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contingent liability is made.

i) CURRENT TAX in respect of taxable income is provided for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, between taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one and more subsequent periods and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess readability thereof. Fringe Benefit Tax is accounted for based on the estimated fringe benefits for the period as per the related provisions of the Income-tax Ad, 1961.


Mar 31, 2010

The Financial Statements are prepared to comply in all material respects with all the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

a) FIXED ASSETS-Tangible

(i) Assets other than those acquired on lease are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenditure. The cost of fixed assets acquired on finance lease comprises present value of minimum lease payments at the inception of lease, lease management fees and residual value of the related assets. The discounting factor considered in calculating the present value of the minimum lease payments is the rate of interest implicit in the lease. An impairment loss is recognised if and when the carrying amount of the fixed assets of a cash generating unit exceeds its net selling price or value in use whichever is higher. Depreciation on fixed assets (including those acquired on finance lease) is provided on written down value method at the rates which are in conformity with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956. Leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease under written down value method.

FIXED ASSETS-Intangible

(ii) Cost of Computer Software is capitalised where it is expected to provide future enduring economic benefits. Capitalisation costs include licence fees and cost of implementation/system integration services. The costs are capitalised in the year in which the relevant software is implemented for use. Expenses incurred on upgradation/ enhancement is charged off as revenue expenditure unless it enable the software to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standard.

(iii) Computer Software cost is amortised on a straight line basis over a period of five years.

b) LONG TERM investments are valued at cost less provision for permanent diminution, if any, in carrying amount of such investments.

c) INVENTORIES are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. The costs are, in general, determined under "First in First out" formula. Work in progress/process and Finished Goods include applicable fabrication charges and allocable overheads.

d) REVENUE from erection contracts are recognised on the percentage of completion method, in proportion that the contract costs incurred for work performed (as techno-commercially assessed by the management) up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs. Revenue recognised in excess of billing and billing in excess of revenue recognised as per Accounting Standard-7, prescribed by the Companies Act, 1956, have been reflected under Other Current Assets and Current Liabilities respectively in the Balance Sheet. Escalation and other claims in respect of these contracts are accounted for on their acceptance by the customers. Adequate provision for foreseeable losses are made in the accounts.

OTHER SALES are recognised on completion of sale of goods, rendering of services and/or use cff Companys resources by third parties.

e) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) Short term Employee Benefits :

The undiscounted amount of Short-term Employee Benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees is recognised during the period when the employee renders the service.

ii) Post Employment Benefit Plans :

Contributions under Defined Contribution Plans payable in keeping with the related schemes are recognised as expenses for the year.

For Defined Benefit Plans, the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in full in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, and as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the scheme.

iii) Other Long-term Employment Benefits (unfunded) :

The cost of providing long term employee benefits is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses and past service cost are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur. Other long term employee benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of related obligation.

f) TRANSACTIONS IN RESPECT OF FOREIGN CURRENCIES are recorded at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Foreign currency non-monetary items carried in terms of historical cost are reported using the exchange rate at the date of transactions. Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and/or restatements are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Account. In respect of Forward Exchange Contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of contract.

g) BORROWING COSTS other than those directly attributable to acquisition and construction of fixed assets are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

h) PROVISIONS are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources or there is a present obligation, reliable estimate of the amount of which cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure for contingent liability is made.

i) CURRENT TAX in respect of taxable income is provided for the year based on applicable tax rates and laws. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, between taxable income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one and more subsequent periods and is measured using tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to re-assess realisability thereof. Fringe Benefit Tax is accounted for based on the estimated fringe benefits for the period as per the related provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

 
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