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Accounting Policies of STI India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales of finished goods and scraps are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

(i) The Company has revised its policy of providing depreciation on fixed assets effective April 01,2014 as per the provisions of New Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation is now provided on a straight line basis for all assets as against the policy of providing on written down value basis for some assets and straight line basis for others. Further the useful life has also been revised wherever appropriate based on an evaluation.

(ii) Depreciation on lease hold land & Site development is being amortized on the basis of life of the assets.

(iii) Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d. Impairment ofAssets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e. Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Inventories:

Inventories are valued as under:-

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable.

g. Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates notified by CBEC or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains / losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

h. Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

(hi) Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

i. Taxation

(i) Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

(ii) Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

k. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

l. Expenditure during construction period

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalised.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales of finished goods and scraps are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading.

Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

(i) Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on ''Straight Line Method'' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(ii) Depreciation on lease hold land & Site development is being amortized on the basis of life of the assets.

(iii) Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e. Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Inventories:

Inventories are valued as under:-

Raw Materials At Cost

Work-in-Process At Cost

Finished Goods At lower of cost or net realisable value.

Stores and Spare At Cost.

Cotton Waste At estimated net realisable value.

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable.

g. Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates notified by CBEC or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains / losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

h. Employee Benefits

(i) Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

(ii) Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

(iii) Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

i. Taxation

(i) Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

(ii) Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

k. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales of finished goods and scraps are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading.

Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Depreciation on lease hold land & Site development is being amortized on the basis of 1ife of the assets.

iii. Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e. Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Inventories:

Inventories are valued as under:-

Raw Material At Cost

Work-in-Process At Cost

Finished Goods At lower of cost or net realisable value.

Stores and Spare At Cost.

Cotton Waste At estimated net realisable value.

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable..

g. Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates notified by CBEC or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains / losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

h. Employee Benefits:

i. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

iii. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date. *

i. Taxation:

i. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which die financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

ii. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty dial sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue. *

k. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales of finished goods and scraps are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading.

Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

c. Revenue from Job work is recognized when services are rendered.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method' at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e. Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable.

g. Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates notified by CBEC or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains / losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

h. Employee Benefits:

i. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

iii. Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

i. Taxation:

i. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

ii. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

k. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

l. Expenditure during construction period:

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalised.


Mar 31, 2011

(I) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS:

The company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognizes income and expenditure on accrual basis. The accounts are prepared on historical cost basis as a going concern and are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

(II) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

a. Revenue Recognition

a. Domestic sales are accounted for on dispatch of goods to customers. Gross Sales are net of sales returns.

b. Export sales are accounted for on the basis of dates of Bill of Lading. Gross Sales are inclusive of incentives / benefits and net of sales returns.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, duties, freight, installation and other direct or allocated expenses up to the date of commercial production and net of CENVAT credit and Subsidy received, if any.

c. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

i. Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on 'Straight Line Method at rates prescribed in Schedule - XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

ii. Depreciation on fixed assets added /disposed off during the year is provided on prorata basis.

d. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account as and when an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

e. Investments:

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and quoted / fair value, computed category wise. Long Term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary in the opinion of the management.

f. Inventories: Inventories are valued as under:-

Raw Material At Cost

Work-in-Process At Cost

Finished Goods At lower of cost or net realisable value.

Stores and Spare At Cost.

Cotton Waste At estimated net realisable value.

Cost of Work in Process and Manufactured Goods includes material, labour & other appropriate overheads wherever applicable

g. Foreign Currency:

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates notified by CBEC or at the exchange rate under related forward exchange contracts. The realized exchange gains / losses are recognized in the Profit & Loss account. All foreign currency current assets and liabilities are translated in rupees at the rates prevailing on the date of balance sheet.

h. Employee Benefits:

i. Short Term Employee Benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii. Post employment benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The expense is recognized based upon the premium amount determined by LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

iii.Long Term employee benefits are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account for the year in which the employee has rendered services. The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

i. Taxation:

i. Provision for current tax is made with reference to taxable income computed for the accounting period, for which the financial statements are prepared by applying the tax rates as applicable.

ii. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Such deferred tax is quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized and carried forward to extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

j. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

k. Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

l. Expenditure during construction period:

The expenditure incurred and attributable interest & financing costs incurred prior to commencement of commercial production including Trial Run Expenses in respect of new project & substantial expansion of existing facilities are capitalised.

(2) a) Term loan of Rs. 126.93 lacs (Rs. 265.98 lacs) from GIC Housing Finance Ltd. is secured by equitable mortgage of housing complex at factory premises of the Company. Amount repayable within one year Rs. 126.93 lacs (Rs. 159.39 lacs) including interest.

b) Working capital loan from Bank is secured by first charge on all hypothecated stock, entire current assets of the Company and equitable mortgage of immovable property situated at Village Sonvay, Tehsil-Mhow, Dist. Indore (M.P.) bearing survey No. 35&36/1, P.H. 2 as collateral.

c) Optionally Convertible Debentures (OCD) series 1,3 and 4 are secured by equitable mortgage of the present and future immovable properties (excluding certain properties having specific charge), first charge on the present and future movable fixed assets of the Company and second pari-passu charge on all non fixed assets of the Company.

d) Optionally Convertible Debentures (OCD) series 2 are secured by first charge on all non fixed assets of the Company and second pari-passu charge on present and future movable fixed assets of the Company.


Mar 31, 2010

A. General:

The accounts of the Company are prepared on an accrual basis, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 and applicable mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India unless otherwise stated.

b. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at their original cost including freight, duties, taxes and other incidental expenses relating to acquisition and installation. Exchange difference in respect of liabilities incurred to acquire fixed assets is adjusted to the carrying amount of fixed assets. Expenditure incurred towards increase in plant efficiency/quality is capitalized in the year such expenditure is incurred.

c. Intangible Assets:

Intangible assets are recognized if and only if:-

i. it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the Company, and ii. the cost / fair value of the assets can be measured reliably.

d. Depreciation on Fixed Assets:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided on straight line method except for motor vehicles in which case depreciation is provided on written down value method as per rates and in the manner prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to assets due to exchange fluctuation is provided on the remaining life of assets.

e. Investments:

Investments are stated at cost less provision for diminution in value other than temporary, if any.

f. Inventories:

Inventories are valued as under:-

Raw Material: At Cost

Work-in-Process : At lower of cost or net realisable value.

Finished Goods : At lower of cost or net realisable value.

Maintenance supplies, : At Average Cost. Loose Tools and Stores and Spare Parts Waste/Scrap : At estimated net realisable value.

g. Revenue Recognition

i. Revenue is recognized to the extent it is possible that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be measured reliably. In case of Sale of goods revenue is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Sales are net of return and inclusive of excise duty and exclusive of sales tax, wherever applicable.

ii. Generally all expenses and revenue are accounted for on accrual basis except interest on delayed payments to suppliers, which is accounted for on cash basis.

h. Gratuity /Retirement benefits:

Gratuity provision is based upon premium under LIC Group Gratuity Scheme.

The liabilities on account of leave encashment have been provided on the basis of actuarial valuation, using projected unit credit method, as at the balance sheet date.

i. Excise and Customs Duties:

Excise and customs duties on finished goods, raw materials, spares etc., are accounted for on clearance of goods from factory premises / bonded warehouses, as the case may be.

j. Foreign Currency:

i. Foreign currency transactions relating to revenue items are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing at the time of transaction except export sales which is recognized according to exchange rates notified by CBEC and resultant exchange fluctuation is charged to Profit & Loss Account. ii. Outstanding liabilities relating to fixed assets repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of Balance Sheet and exchange difference is adjusted to the carrying cost of fixed assets.

k. Subsidies/Grants:

Subsidies and grants are accounted for on receipt basis

1. Physical Verification:

i. Fixed Assets are physically verified in such a manner that all assets are verified at least once in three years.

ii. Raw Material, stores, spares-parts, consumables, tools, packing and other materials physically verified during the year on sample basis and extensively at the end of the year.

m. Borrowing Cost:

Interest cost relating to

i. funds borrowed for acquisition of fixed assets are capitalized till the date of its intended use and thereafter charged to Profit & Loss Account.. ii. funds borrowed for other purposes are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

n. Taxation:

Tax liability of the Company is estimated considering the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred Tax is recognized subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.ent periods.

o. Impairment of Assets:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of assets exceeds its recoverable value. The impairment loss is charged to the profit & loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired.

p. Forward contract in foreign currency

The company uses foreign exchange forward contract to hedge its exposure to movement in foreign currency rates. The use of these foreign exchange forward contract reduce the risk or cost to the company and the not use the foreign exchange forward contract for trading and speculation purpose. The premium and discount on all such contract arising at the inception of each contract is amortised as income and expense over the life of the contract. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation and renewal of forward contract is recognized as income or as expense over the life of the contract. The exchange difference is calculated as the difference between the foreign currency amount of the contract translated at the exchange rate at the reporting date of transaction, or settlement date when the transaction is settled during the reporting period, and the corresponding foreign currency amount translated at the latter of the date of inception of forward contract and the last reporting date. Such exchange difference are recognized in the profit & loss account in the reporting period in which the exchange rate change.

q. Provision:

A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle such obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

r. Contingent Liabilities:

Contingent liabilities are not provided for in the accounts and are separately disclosed in the "Notes to Accounts".



 
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