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Accounting Policies of Sundaram Clayton Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

a) Brief description of the Company

Sundaram-Clayton Limited (‘the Company’) is a public limited company incorporated in India whose shares are publicly traded. The registered office is located at “Jayalakshmi Estates”, 29, Haddows Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai - 600006, Tamil Nadu, India.

The Company manufactures non-ferrous gravity and pressure die castings. The Company has four manufacturing plants located in Tamil Nadu, India.

b) Basis of preparation

The financial statements comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the Act) read with Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and other relevant provisions of the Act.

Disclosures under Ind AS are made only in respect of material items and in respect of items that will be useful to the users of financial statements in making economic decision.

The financial statements have been prepared on historical cost basis under accrual basis of accounting except for certain financial assets and liabilities (as per the accounting policy below), which have been measured at fair value.

The financial statements upto year ended March 31, 2016 were prepared in accordance with the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the Company under Ind AS. Refer Notes 33 and 34 for an explanation of how the transition from Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to Ind AS has affected the Company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flow.

c) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements requires management to make certain estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and notes thereto. The management believes that these estimates and assumptions are reasonable and prudent. However, actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future period.

This note provides an overview of the areas that involved a higher degree of judgment or complexity. It also provides an overview of items which are more likely to be materially adjusted due to estimates and assumptions turning out to be different than those originally assessed. Detailed information about each of these estimates and judgments is included in the relevant notes together with information about the basis of calculation for each affected line item in the financial statements.

d) Significant Estimates and judgments

The areas involving significant estimates and judgments are:

i) Estimation of fair value of unlisted securities - [Refer Note 30]

ii) Estimation of defined benefit obligation - [Refer Note 29]

iii) Estimation of useful life of Property, Plant and Equipment - [Refer Note 1(f) and 1(g)]

e) Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable and net of returns, trade allowances and rebates and amounts collected on behalf of third parties. It includes excise duty but excludes Value Added Tax, Sales Tax and Service Tax.

i) Sale of products:

Revenue from sale of products is recognised when significant risk and rewards of ownership pass to the customers, as per the terms of the contract and it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company.

ii) Revenue from Services:

Revenue from Services is recognised in the accounting period in which the services are rendered and when invoices are raised.

iii) Dividend income:

Dividends are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss only when the right to receive payment is established and it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the Company, and the amount of dividend can be reliably measured.

f) Property, Plant and Equipment

Freehold Land is stated at historical cost. All other items of Property, Plant and Equipment are stated at cost of acquisition/construction less accumulated depreciation / amortization and impairment, if any. Cost includes:

(i) purchase price,

(ii) taxes and duties,

(iii) labour cost, and

(iv) directly attributable overheads incurred upto the date the asset is ready for its intended use.

However, cost excludes excise duty, value added tax and service tax, to the extent credit of the duty or tax is availed of.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as separate asset is derecognised when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Gains or losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with the carrying amount. These are included in the Statement of Profit and Loss within Other gains/(losses).

g) Depreciation

i) Depreciation on tangible fixed assets is charged over the estimated useful life of the asset or part of the asset (after considering double/ triple shifts) as evaluated by a Chartered Engineer, on straight line method, in accordance with Part A of Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

ii) The estimated useful life of the tangible fixed assets as assessed by the Chartered Engineer and followed by the Company is furnished below:

iii) The residual value for all the above assets are retained at 5% of the cost except for Mobile phones for which Nil residual value is considered. Residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted, if appropriate, for each reporting period.

iv) On tangible fixed assets added / disposed off during the year, depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis for the period for which the asset was purchased and used.

v) Depreciation in respect of tangible assets costing individually less than Rs.5,000/- is provided at 100%.

h) Amortization of Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired are accounted at their acquisition cost and are amortised over its useful life, viz., 2 years in the case of software.

i) Impairment

Assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

j) Foreign currency translation

(i) Functional and presentation currency

Items included in the financial statements are measured using the currency of the primary economic environment in which the Company operates (‘the functional currency’). i.e in Indian rupees (INR) and all values are rounded off to nearest crores except where otherwise indicated.

(ii) Transactions and balances

Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

(a) Foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities such as cash, receivables, payables, etc., are translated at year end exchange rates.

(b) Non-monetary items denominated in foreign currency such as investments, fixed assets, etc., are valued at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction.

(c) Exchange differences arising on settlement of transactions and translation of monetary items are recognised as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

k) Hedge accounting

Derivatives are initially recognised at fair value on the date a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The accounting for subsequent changes in fair value depends on whether the derivative is designated as a hedging instrument, and if so, the nature of the item being hedged. The Company designates certain derivatives as either:

- hedges of the fair value of recognised assets or liabilities or a firm commitment (fair value hedges)

- hedges of a particular risk associated with the cash flows of recognised assets and liabilities and highly probable forecast transactions (cash flow hedges), or

- hedges of a net investment in a foreign operation (net investment hedges).

The Company documents at the inception of the hedging transaction the relationship between hedging instruments and hedged items, as well as its risk management objective and strategy for undertaking various hedge transactions. The Company also documents its assessment, both at hedge inception and on an ongoing basis, of whether the derivatives that are used in hedging transactions have been and will continue to be highly effective in offsetting changes in fair values or cash flows of hedged items.

The fair values of various derivative financial instruments used for hedging purposes are disclosed in Note 30. Movements in the hedging reserve in shareholders’ equity are shown in Note 31(D). The full fair value of a hedging derivative is classified as a non-current asset or liability when the remaining maturity of the hedged item is more than 12 months; it is classified as a current asset or liability when the remaining maturity of the hedged item is less than 12 months.

The effective portion of changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated and qualify as cashflow hedges is recognised in the other comprehensive income in cash flow hedging reserve within equity, limited to the cumulative change in fair value of the hedged item on a present value basis from the inception of the hedge. The gain or loss relating to the ineffective portion is recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss, within other gains/(losses).

When forward contracts are used to hedge forecast transactions, the company generally designates only the change in fair value of the forward contract related to the spot component as the hedging instrument. Gains or losses relating to the effective portion of the change in the spot component of the forward contracts are recognised in other comprehensive income in cash flow hedging reserve within equity. In some cases, the entity may designate the full change in fair value of the forward contract (including forward points) as the hedging instrument. In such cases, the gains and losses relating to the effective portion of the change in fair value of the entire forward contract are recognised in the cash flow hedging reserve within equity.

Amounts accumulated in equity are reclassified to Statement of Profit and Loss in the periods when the hedged item affects the Statement of Profit and Loss (for example, when the forecast sale that is hedged takes place).

When a hedging instrument expires, or is sold or terminated, or when a hedge no longer meets the criteria for hedge accounting, any cumulative deferred gain or loss and deferred costs of hedging in equity at that time remains in equity until the forecast transaction occurs. When the forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, the cumulative gain or loss and deferred costs of hedging that were reported in equity are immediately reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss within other gains/(losses).

l) Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

i. Cost of raw materials, components, stores, spares, work-in-process and finished goods are determined on a moving average basis.

ii. Cost of finished goods and work-in-process comprises of Direct materials, Direct labour and an applicable proportion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure. Fixed Overhead Expenditure is absorbed on the basis of normal operating capacity.

iii. Costs are assigned to individual items of inventory on the basis of weighted average costs. Costs of purchased inventory are determined after deducting rebates and discounts. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

iv. Materials and supplies held for use in production of inventories are not written down if the finished products in which they will be used are expected to be sold at or above cost. Slow and non-moving material, obsolescence, defective inventories are duly provided for.

m) Employee benefits

i) Short term obligations:

Short term obligations are those that are expected to be settled fully within 12 months after the end of the reporting period. They are recognised up to the end of the reporting period at the amounts expected to be paid at the time of settlement.

ii) Other long term employee benefit obligations:

The liabilities for earned leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are, therefore, recognised and provided for at the present value of the expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employee upto the end of reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the balance sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

iii) Post-employment obligation:

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

a) Defined benefit plans such as gratuity for its eligible employees, pension plan for eligible senior managers; and

b) Defined contribution plan such as provident fund.

a) Pension and gratuity obligation:

The liability or asset recognised in the balance sheet in respect of defined benefit pension and gratuity plan is the present value of the defined benefit obligation at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of plan assets. The defined benefit obligation is calculated annually by Actuaries using the projected unit credit method.

The present value of the defined benefit obligation denominated in INR is determined by discounting the estimated future cash outflows by reference to market yields at the end of the reporting period on the government bonds that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation.

The net interest cost is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net balance of the defined benefit obligation and the fair value of plan assets. This cost is included in employee benefit expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Remeasurement gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognised in the period in which they occur, directly in other comprehensive income (net of deferred tax). They are included in retained earnings in the statement of changes in equity and in the balance sheet.

Changes in the present value of the defined benefit obligation resulting from plan amendments or curtailments are recognised immediately in the Statement of Profit and Loss as past service cost.

b) Provident fund:

The eligible employees of the Company are entitled to receive benefits in respect of provident fund, a defined contribution plan, in which both employees and the Company make monthly contributions at a specified percentage of the covered employees’ salary. The provident fund contributions are made to an irrevocable trust set up by the Company. The Company is generally liable for annual contributions and any shortfall in the fund assets based on the Government specified minimum rates of return and recognises such contributions and shortfall, if any, as an expense in the year in which it is incurred.

iv) Bonus plans:

The Company recognises a liability and an expense for bonus. The Company recognises a provision where contractually obliged or where there is a past practice that has created a constructive obligation.

n) Taxes on income

Tax expense comprises of (i) current tax and (ii) deferred tax.

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions, where appropriate, on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill. Deferred income tax is also not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit or loss. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realised or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognised only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilise those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognised in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

Where the Company is entitled to claim special tax deductions for investments in qualifying assets or in relation to qualifying expenditure (the Research and Development or other investment allowances), the Company accounts for such allowances as tax credits, which means that the allowance reduce income tax payable and current tax expense. A deferred tax asset is recognised for unclaimed tax credits that are carried forward as deferred tax assets.

o) Provisions and contingent liabilities

i) Provision:

A provision is recorded when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reasonably estimated. The estimated liability for product warranties is accounted based on technical evaluation, when the products are sold.

Provisions are evaluated at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognised as interest expense.

ii) Contingent liabilities:

Wherever there is a possible obligation that arises from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the entity or a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because (a) it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation; or (b) the amount of the obligation cannot be measured with sufficient reliability are considered as contingent liability. Show cause notices are not considered as Contingent Liabilities unless converted into demand.

p) Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker.

q) Leases

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Company, as a lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership, are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at the inception of lease at fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in other short-term and long-term payables. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period. The property, plant and equipment acquired under finance leases is depreciated over the asset’s useful life or over the shorter of the asset’s useful life and the lease term, if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership at the end of the lease term.

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the Company as lessee are classified as operating lease.

r) Cash and Cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

s) Trade receivables

Trade receivables are recognised initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

t) Investments and Other financial assets

i) Classification

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following categories:

- Those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through statement of profit and loss), and

- Those measured at amortised cost.

The classification depends on the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of the cash flow.

ii) Measurement

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value (in the case of a financial asset not a fair value through profit or loss) plus transaction cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit or loss are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

A) Debt Instruments:

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are two measurement categories into which the Company classifies its debt instruments

i) Amortised Cost:

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortised cost. A gain or loss on debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortised cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the asset is de-recognised or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

ii) Fair Value through profit or loss:

Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortised cost or Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI) are measured at Fair Value through Statement of Profit and Loss (FVTPL). A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through statement of profit and loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognised in statement of profit and loss and presented in the statement of profit and loss within other gains / (losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

B) Equity instruments:

Subsequent to initial recognition, the Company measures all investments in equity (except of the subsidiaries/associates) at fair value. Where the company’s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in other comprehensive income, there will be no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit or loss. Dividends from such investments are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as other income when the Company’s right to receive payments is established.

Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately. Where the Company elects to measure fair value through statement of profit and loss, changes in the fair value of such financial assets are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

C) Investment in subsidiaries / associates:

Investment in subsidiaries / associates are measured at cost less provision for impairment.

iii) Impairment of financial assets

The company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortised cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been significant increase in credit risk.

Note 31 details how the company determines whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach permitted by Ind AS 109 Financial Instruments, which requires expected credit losses to be recognised from initial recognition of the receivables.

iv) Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognised only when:

a) the Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset, or

b) the Company retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but expects a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognised. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognised.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognised, if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognised to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

u) Borrowings

Borrowings are initially recognised at fair value, net of transaction cost incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction cost) and the redemption amount is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the period of the borrowings, using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the established loan facilities are recognised as transaction cost of the loan, to the extent that it is probable that some or all the facility will be drawn down.

Borrowings are removed from the balance sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability that has been extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss as other gain/(loss).

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for over or at least 12 months after the reporting period.

v) Current and Non-current classification

The Company presents assets and liabilities in the balance sheet based on current / non-current classification.

Cash or cash equivalent is treated as current, unless restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period. In respect of other assets, it is treated as current when it is:

- expected to be realised or intended to be sold or consumed in the normal operating cycle

- held primarily for the purpose of trading

- expected to be realised within twelve months after the reporting period.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

A liability is treated as current when:

- it is expected to be settled in the normal operating cycle

- it is held primarily for the purpose of trading

- it is due to be settled within twelve months after the reporting period, or

- there is no unconditional right to defer the settlement of the liability for at least twelve months after the reporting period.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

The operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents. In Company’s considered view, twelve months is its operating cycle.


Mar 31, 2016

1 Accounting Standards

a) AS - 1 Disclosure of Accounting policies

The accounts are maintained on accrual basis as a going concern.

b) AS - 2 Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued in accordance with the method of valuation prescribed by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

c) AS - 3 Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared under "Indirect Method" and the same is annexed.

d) AS - 4 Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date

Disclosure of contingencies as required by the Accounting Standard is furnished in Note no - 3 (i)

e) AS - 5 Net profit or loss for the period, prior period items and changes in accounting policies

i) Exceptional Item - Profit on sale of land

ii) Prior period debits included in statement of profit and loss:

Employee benefits expense

Other expenses

iii) There is no change in accounting policies.

f) AS - 6 Depreciation accounting

This standard is withdrawn from 30.03.2016 and is clubbed with accounting standard - 10

g) AS - 7 Construction contracts

This accounting standard is not applicable.

h) AS - 8 Research and Development

This accounting standard is withdrawn.

i) AS - 9 Revenue recognition

The income of the company is derived from sale of gravity and pressure die-castings and from rendering of services.

(a) Sale of products is recognised when goods are dispatched through nominated logistics.

(b) Income from services are recognised on completion of services and when invoices are raised

(c) Export sales are recognised on the basis of LET export certificates

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend from investments is recognised when the company in which they are held declares the dividend and when the right to receive is established.

The revenue and expenditure are accounted on a going concern basis.

j) AS - 10 Property, Plant and Equipment (Accounting for Fixed Assets and Depreciation)

All the fixed assets are valued at cost including expenditure incurred in bringing them to usable condition as reduced by depreciation.

Depreciation has been provided under the straight line method based on the useful life as per the requirements of Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013 The Company has evaluated the useful life of all the assets through a Chartered Engineer and that useful life has been considered for providing depreciation charge.

In respect of assets sold during the year, pro-rata depreciation has been provided. Assets acquired during the year and whose cost is less than Rs.5,000/- are fully depreciated. Component Accounting - useful life of whole asset and part of the asset.

In respect of all depreciable assets it was noticed that useful life of part of the asset is not significantly different from the "whole of the asset". Accordingly, measurement of depreciation is same for component asset and whole of the asset.

Amortization of dies:

Till last year dies were amortised on the basis of shot each die has undergone over the estimated number of shots for which each such die will last. From 01.04.2015, the amortisation has been measured taking into account also the recovery from the customer and where full recovery of cost of die has been made from customer residual value is also amortised. This method has resulted in additional amortisation of Rs.2.50 Crores.

k) AS - 11 Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange rates Foreign currency transactions

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Foreign currency monetary assets, liabilities and loans are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date.

In terms of Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009, and Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2011 on Accounting Standard-11 (AS-11), notified by the Government of India, the Company has opted to add or deduct the effect of the changes in foreign exchange rates relating to long term foreign currency monetary items to the carrying cost of fixed asset and to Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account. The impact is set out below:

Gain / (Loss) arising from changes in foreign exchange rates relating to depreciable capital assets reduced / added to carrying cost of such assets

a) Derivative instruments:

Derivative contracts are entered into by the company only based on underlying exposures. The company has not entered into any derivative contracts of a speculative nature.

b) Currency Option:

The Company has entered into a principal only swap in respect of the FCNR(B) loan of USD-10 Million availed.

Net gain / (loss) on foreign exchange fluctuation credited / debited to statement of profit and loss - under Other income / expenses

l) AS - 12 Accounting for Government grants

The company has not received any grants from the Government.

m) AS - 13 Accounting for Investments

Investments that are intended to be held for more than a year are classified as Non- current investments.

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of investments.

Investment in equity shares of Sai Regency Power Corporation Private Limited, Chennai- 3,75,000 equity shares

The shares are acquired subject to the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Investee Company and is further subject to restrictions on transfer as per the said Articles of Association.

Refer note no IX for aggregate value of quoted and unquoted investments n) AS - 14 Accounting for Amalgamation

During the year there was no amalgamation.

o) AS - 15 Employee benefits

Disclosure is made as per the requirements of the standard and the same is furnished below:

A Defined contribution plans

Contribution to provident fund is in the nature of defined contribution plan and are made to a recognised trust. The Company''s Provident Fund is exempted under section 17 of the Employees'' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952:

Exemption was granted subject to the condition that the employer shall make good deficiency, if any, in the interest rate declared by the Trust vis-a-vis statutory rate. If any such deficiency is determined, the same will be made good by the employer.

B Defined benefit plan

(a) The company extends defined benefit plans in the form of leave salary to employees. In addition, the company also extends pension to senior managers of the company. Provision for leave salary and pension is made on actuarial valuation basis.

(b) The company also extends defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity to employees. Contribution to gratuity is made to Life Insurance Corporation of India in accordance with the scheme framed by the Corporation.

p) AS - 16 Borrowing costs

The borrowing cost has been treated in accordance with Accounting Standard on borrowing cost (AS 16) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. During the year, a sum of Rs.0.43 crores (last year Rs 0.10 crores) being interest on borrowings attributable to qualifying assets have been capitalised under the various heads.

q) AS - 17 Segment reporting

''The company operates in only one segment viz., Automotive Components and there are no separate reportable segments.

r) AS - 18 Related party disclosure

Disclosures are made as per the requirements of the standard and clarifications issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

s) AS - 19 Accounting for leases

The company has taken the following assets under operating lease

1. Vehicle

The lease period is for 60 months.

The details of maturity profile of future operating lease payments are furnished below:

a. The total of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating lease for each of the following periods:

- Not later than one year

- Later than one year and not later than five years

- Later than five years

b. Total of minimum sub-lease payments expected to be received under non-cancellable sub-leases at the Balance Sheet date

c. Lease payments recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period under the head rent paid

2. Plant & Equipment, Electrical Equipments and other Equipments

The lease period is for 10 years.

The details of maturity profile of future operating lease payments are furnished below:

a. The total of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating lease for each of the following periods:

- Not later than one year

- Later than one year and not later than five years

- Later than five years

b. Total of minimum sub-lease payments expected to be received under non-cancellable sub-leases at the Balance Sheet date

c. Lease payments recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period under the head rent paid

t) AS - 20 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to the shareholders by the number of equity shares outstanding as at the close of the year :

Profit after tax

Number of equity shares

Face value of the share (in rupees)

Weighted average number of equity shares Basic and diluted Earnings per share (in rupees)

u) AS - 21 Consolidated financial statements

Consolidated financial statements of the company and its subsidiaries are enclosed.

w) AS - 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements

I) The Company holds 23.53% of the paid up equity share capital of Sundram Non-Conventional Energy Systems Limited, Chennai (SNES). Hence, SNES is an associate of the Company.

II) Emerald Haven Realty Limited, Chennai (EHRL) (formerly known as Green Earth Homes Limited) is an associate of TVS Motor Company Limited which is a subsidiary of the company. The company indirectly holds 28% of the paid-up equity share capital of EHRL. Hence, EHRL is an associate of the Company.

III) The Company holds 30.53% of the paid up Equity Capital of TVS Training & Services Limited, Chennai (TVSTS) Hence, TVSTS is an associate of the Company.

x) AS - 24 Discontinuing operations

The Company has not discontinued any operation during the year.

y) AS - 25 Interim Financial Reporting

The Company has elected to publish quarterly financial results which were subject to limited review by the statutory auditors.

z) AS - 26 Intangible Assets

During the year, the Company acquired the following assets falling under the definition of intangible assets as per the Accounting Standard and the following disclosure is made in respect of those assets:

aa) AS - 27 Financial reporting of interest in joint ventures

There is no joint venture.

ab) AS - 28 Impairment of Assets

No asset is impaired during the year as the carrying amount of all assets are more than the recoverable value.

ac) AS - 29 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

(i) Provisions

a. The management has made an estimated warranty provision of Rs.4.25 crores (previous year - Rs. 4.06 crores)

b. The retrospective amendment to the payment of Bonus Act, 1965 (effective from 01-04-2014) enhancing the ceiling limit to Rs.7,000/- per month per employee or aggregate of minimum wages per month which ever is higher, is contested by the Company through a writ before High Court of Judicature at Madras. Hence, the bonus payable with retrospective effect of approximately Rs.2.28 Crores is not provided in the accounts. The prospective effect of amendment effective from 01.04.2015 is provided for.

(ii) Contingent liabilities

Amount for which the company is contingently liable is disclosed in Note No. XXII (3).

(iii) Contingent assets

Contingent assets which are likely to give rise to possibility of inflow of economic benefits - NIL

(iv) Contested liabilities are detailed in Note No. XXII (7).

15 Previous year''s figures have been regrouped wherever necessary to conform to the current year''s classification.


Mar 31, 2014

(A) i) Rights and preferences attached to equity share:

Every shareholder is entitled to such rights as to attend the meeting of the shareholders, to receive dividends distributed and also has a right in the residual interest of the assets of the company. Every shareholder is also entitled to right of inspection of documents as provided in the Companies Act, 1956.

ii) There are no restrictions attached to equity shares.

III. LONG-TERM BORROWINGS – (continued) Details of securities created (i) Rupee Term Loans:

Secured by first and exclusive charge on specific plant and equipment situated at the Company’s factories.

(ii) Buyer’s credit

Secured by exclusive charge on specific plant and equipment. (iii) Soft loan is repayable in 5 yearly instalments “from the start of commercial sale of the product produced in the commercial plant, or a new producing plant installed on the basis of result of the Technology Development and Demonstration Programme (TDDP) project, whichever is earlier”.


Mar 31, 2013

1 Accounting Standards

a) AS - 1 Disclosure of Accounting policies

The accounts are maintained on accrual basis as a going concern.

b) AS - 2 Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued in accordance with the method of valuation prescribed by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

c) AS - 3 Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared under "Indirect Method" and the same is annexed.

d) AS - 4 Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date

Disclosure of contingencies as required by the Accounting Standard is furnished in Note no - 6.

e) AS - 5 Net profit or loss for the period, prior period items and changes in accounting policies

i) Prior period debits included in statement of profit and loss:

Salaries & wages Other expenses

ii) There are no changes in accounting policies.

f) AS - 6 Depreciation accounting

Depreciation has been provided under the straight line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 with applicable shift allowance. In respect of the assets added/sold during the year, pro-rata depreciation has been provided.

Depreciation in respect of computers and vehicles has been provided @ 30% and 18% respectively which are higher than the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation in respect of assets acquired during the year whose actual cost does not exceed Rs. 5,000/- has been provided at 100%.

g) AS - 7 Construction contracts

This accounting standard is not applicable.

h) AS - 8 Research and Development

This accounting standard is withdrawn.

i) AS - 9 Revenue recognition

The income of the company is derived from sale of gravity and pressure die-castings and from sale of services.

(a) Sale of products is recognised when goods are despatched through nominated logistics.

(b) Income from services are recognised on completion of services and when invoices are raised

(c) Export sales are recognised on the basis of net export certificates

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend from investments is recognised when the company in which they are held declares the dividend and when the right to receive is established.

The revenue and expenditure are accounted on a going concern basis.

j) AS - 10 Accounting for fixed assets

All the fixed assets are valued at cost including expenditure incurred in bringing them to usable condition as reduced by depreciation.

k) AS - 11 Effects of changes in Foreign Exchange rates Foreign currency transactions

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets, liabilities and loans are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date.

In terms of Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009, and Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2011 on Accounting Standard-11 (AS-11), notified by the Government of India, the Company has opted to adjust the changes in foreign exchange rates relating to long term foreign currency monetary items to the carrying cost of fixed asset and to Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account. The impact is set out below:

Gain / (Loss) arising from changes in foreign exchange rates relating to depreciable capital assets reduced / added to carrying cost of such assets

Gain / (Loss) arising from changes in foreign exchange rates relating to other long term foreign currency monetary items (not relating to acquisition of depreciable assets) credited / debited to "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account".

Amortisation of "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" by crediting / (debiting) the Statement of Profit & Loss.

a) Derivative instruments:

Derivative contracts are entered into by the Company only based on underlying exposures. The Company has not entered into any derivative contracts of a speculative nature.

b) Currency Option:

The company has entered into European Currency options contract to limit the foreign exchange risk covering the total trade credit availed for USD 5.22 Million. The cost of option is apportioned over the period of the loan under the head Finance Cost.

Net gain / (loss) on foreign exchange fluctuation credited / debited to statement of profit and loss - under Other expenses in Note no XXII (p).

l) AS - 12 Accounting for Government grants

The Company has not received any grants from the Government.

m) AS - 13 Accounting for Investments

Investments that are intended to be held for more than a year are classified as Non- current investments.

Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of investments.

Investment in TVS Shriram Growth Fund, Scheme 1B of TVS Capital Funds Limited, Chennai, viz., 11,250 units are carried at par value of Rs.1,000/- per unit aggregating to Rs.1.13 crores. However, the Fund has declared its Net Asset Value as at 31st March 2013 at Rs.935/- per unit. Thus, there is a diminution in value to the extent of Rs.65/- per unit aggregating to Rs.0.07 crores. This diminution is not provided for in the accounts as the management opines that the portfolio is relatively younger in its investment horizon of 4-5 years with life of the Fund of 7 years with returns commencing from year 4 onwards and hence the fall in value is only temporary. This opinion is based on the fact that the fund returns will start to rise steeply and the growth fund will make positive returns soon.

Investment in equity shares of Sai Regency Power Corporation Private Limited, Chennai - 3,75,000 equity shares.

The shares are acquired subject to the Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Investee Company and is further subject to restrictions on transfer as per the said Articles of Association.

Refer note no IX for aggregate value of quoted and unquoted investments Provision for diminution in value of investments

- Sundaram Energy Opportunities Fund (Growth) of Sundaram Mutual Fund,

Chennai

- SBI Magnum Comma Fund of SBI Mutual Fund, Mumbai

- Sundaram Capex Opportunities Fund of Sundaram Mutual Fund, Chennai Total

n) AS - 14 Accounting for Amalgamation

During the year there was no amalgamation.

o) AS - 15 Accounting for employee benefits

Disclosure is made as per the requirements of the Standard and the same is furnished below:

A Defined contribution plans

Contribution to provident fund is in the nature of defined contribution plan and are made to a recognised trust.

The Company''s Provident Fund is exempted under Section 17 of the Employees'' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. Exemption was granted subject to the condition that the employer shall make good deficiency, if any, in the interest rate declared by the Trust vis-a-vis statutory rate. If any such deficiency is determined, the same will be made good by the employer.

B Defined benefit plan

(a) The Company extends defined benefit plans in the form of leave salary to employees. In addition, the Company also extends pension to senior managers of the Company. Provision for leave salary and pension is made on actuarial valuation basis.

(b) The Company also extends defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity to employees. Contribution to gratuity is made to Life Insurance Corporation of India in accordance with the scheme framed by the Corporation.

p) AS - 16 Borrowing costs

The borrowing cost has been treated in accordance with Accounting Standard on borrowing cost (AS 16) issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. During the year, a sum of Rs. 1.48 crores (last year Rs 4.85 crores) being interest on borrowings attributable to qualifying assets have been capitalised under the various heads.

q) AS - 17 Segment reporting

The Company operates in only one segment viz., Automotive Components and there are no separate reportable segments.

r) AS - 18 Related party disclosure

Disclosures are made as per the requirements of the standard and clarifications issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

s) AS -19 Accounting for leases

The Company has taken the following assets under operating lease.

1. Vehicle

The lease period is for 60 months.

The details of maturity profile of future operating lease payments are furnished below:

a. The total of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating lease for each of the following periods:

- Not later than one year

- Later than one year and not later than five years

- Later than five years

b. Total of minimum sub-lease payments expected to be received under non-cancellable sub-leases at the Balance Sheet date

c. Lease payments recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period under the head rent paid

2. Plant & Machinery, Electrical Equipments and other Equipments

The lease period is for 10 years.

The details of maturity profile of future operating lease payments are furnished below:

a. The total of future minimum lease payments under non-cancellable operating lease for each of the following periods:

- Not later than one year

- Later than one year and not later than five years

- Later than five years

b. Total of minimum sub-lease payments expected to be received under non-cancellable sub-leases at the Balance Sheet date

c. Lease payments recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period under the head rent paid

t) AS - 20 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the profit attributable to the shareholders by the number of equity shares outstanding as at the close of the year.

Profit after tax

Number of equity shares

Face value of the share (in rupees)

Weighted average number of equity shares Earnings per share (EPS) (in rupees)

Diluted earnings per share (in rupees)

u) AS - 21 Consolidated financial statements

Consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are enclosed.

v) AS - 22 Accounting for taxes on income

Current tax is determined as per the provisions of Section 115JB of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax liability and asset are recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences using the tax rates substantively enacted on the Balance Sheet date.

Deferred tax liabilities

Tax on depreciation - timing difference

Less: Deferred tax assets

On employee related schemes

On other provision which will be allowed on payment basis like provision for warranty, provision for doubtful debts, deductions for demerger expenses etc.

Total

Net Deferred Tax Liability

w) AS - 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements

I) The Company holds 23.53% of the equity share capital of Sundram Non-Conventional Energy Systems Limited, Chennai (SNES). Hence, SNES is an associate of the Company.

II) Emerald Haven Realty Limited, Chennai (EHRL) (formerly known as Green Earth Homes Limited) is an associate of TVS Motor Company Limited which is a subsidiary of the Company. The Company indirectly holds 28% of the equity share capital of EHRL. Hence, EHRL is an associate of the Company.

III) TVS Wind Power Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of TVS Energy Limited, Chennai, which is a subsidiary of TVS Motor Company Limited, Chennai. The Company indirectly holds 43.75% of the equity share capital of TVS Wind Power Limited. Hence, TVS Wind Power Limited is an associate of the Company.

IV) The Company holds 43.96% of the shares of TVS Training & Services Limited, Chennai (TVSTS). Hence, TVSTS is an associate of the Company.

x) AS - 24 Discontinuing operations

The Company has not discontinued any operation during the year.

y) AS - 25 Interim Financial Reporting

The Company has elected to publish quarterly financial results which were subject to limited review by the statutory auditors.

z) AS - 26 Intangible Assets

During the year, the Company acquired the following assets falling under the definition of intangible assets as per the Accounting Standard and the following disclosure is made in respect of those assets:

Software :

- Useful life of the assets

- Amortisation rates used

aa) AS - 27 Financial reporting of interest in joint ventures

There is no joint venture.

ab) AS - 28 Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of the assets net of accumulated depreciation as on the balance sheet date is not less than the recoverable amount of those assets.

ac) AS - 29 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

(i) Provisions

The management has an estimated warranty provision of Rs. 2.96 crores (previous year - Rs. 2.83 crores)

(ii) Contingent liabilities

Amount for which the Company is contingently liable is disclosed in Note No. XXIII (6).

(iii) Contingent assets

Contingent assets which are likely to give rise to possibility of inflow of economic benefits - NIL

(iv) Contested liabilities are detailed in Note no.XXIII (10)


Mar 31, 2012

A) AS - 1 Disclosure of Accounting policies

The accounts are maintained on accrual basis as a going concern.

b) AS - 2 Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued in accordance with the method of valuation prescribed by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

c) AS - 3 Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared under "Indirect Method" and the same is annexed.

d) AS - 4 Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date

Please refer Preamble (b) regarding the order received from the Hon'ble High Court of Judicature at Madras sanctioning the Composite Scheme of Arrangement on 3rd August 2012. As per the Scheme, a sum of Rs.1821 lakhs has been deposited into an escrow account of the designated entity for complying with the exit option provided to the public shareholders. Towards this a liability has been created and accounted under the head current liabilities.

f) AS - 6 Depreciation accounting

Depreciation has been provided under the straight line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 with applicable shift allowance. In respect of the assets added/sold during the year, pro-rata depreciation has been provided.

Depreciation in respect of computers and vehicles has been provided @ 30% and 18% respectively which are higher than the rate prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation in respect of assets acquired during the year whose actual cost does not exceed Rs.5,000/- has been provided at 100%

g) AS - 7 Construction contracts

This accounting standard is not applicable.

h) AS - 8 Research and Development

This accounting standard is withdrawn.

i) AS - 9 Revenue recognition

The income of the Company is derived from sale of gravity and pressure die castings, traded goods (upto 06.07.2011) net of trade discount and from sale of services. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend from investments is recognised when the Company in which they are held declares the dividend and when the right to receive is established.

The revenue and expenditure are accounted on a going concern basis.

j) AS - 10 Accounting for fixed assets

All the fixed assets are valued at cost including expenditure incurred in bringing them to usable condition as reduced by depreciation.

k) AS - 11 Accounting for effects in Foreign Exchange rates Foreign currency transactions

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets, liabilities and external commercial borrowings are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date.

In terms of Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009, and Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2011 on Accounting Standard-11 (AS-11), notified by the Government of India, the Company has opted to adjust the changes in foreign exchange rates relating to long term foreign currency monetary items to the carrying cost of fixed asset and to Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account. The impact is set out below:

a) Derivative instruments:

Derivative contracts are entered into by the Company only based on underlying transaction. The Company has not entered into any derivative contracts of a speculative nature.

b) Currency Swaps:

The Company has entered into two currency swap contracts covering the total External Commercial Borrowings - JPY equivalent to USD 15 Million, with an option to fix the repayment liability of the Company in Indian Rupees. ( Outstanding ECB loan at the end of the year is JPY equivalent to USD 8 Million)

c) Interest Rate Structure (IRS):

The Company has entered into one derivative contract (included in currency swaps above) in respect of External Commercial Borrowings amounting to JPY equivalent to USD 10 Million to convert the floating interest rate to fixed interest rate. (Outstanding at the end of the year is USD 6 million)

Net gain / (loss) on foreign exchange fluctuation credited / debtited to statement of profit and loss - under Other expenses in note no. XXIII.

l) AS - 12 Accounting for Government grants

The Company has not received any grants from the Government.

m) AS - 13 Accounting for Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or realisable value determined on individual basis. Long term investments are carried at cost. Provision for diminution in value, if any, is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of investments.

Investment in TVS Shriram Growth Fund, Scheme 1 of TVS Capital Funds Limited, Chennai viz., 97,443 units are carried at par value of Rs.1000/- per unit aggregating to Rs.974.43 lakhs. However, the Fund has declared its Net Asset Value as at 31st March 2012 at Rs.943/- per unit. Thus there is a diminution in value to the extent of Rs.57/- per unit aggregating to Rs.55.54 lakhs. This diminution is not provided for in the accounts as the management opines that the portfolio is relatively younger in its investment horizon of 4-5 years with life of the Fund of 7 years with returns commencing from year 4 onwards and hence the fall in value is only temporary. This opinion is based on the fact that the fund returns will start to rise steeply and the growth fund will make positive returns soon.

n) AS - 14 Accounting for Amalgamation

Anusha Investments Limited, erstwhile subsidiary of the Company, amalgamated with the Company through a Composite Scheme of Arrangement sanctioned by the Hon'ble High Court of Judicature at Madras. Please refer Preamble (b)

o) AS - 15 Accounting for retirement benefits

Disclosure is made as per the requirements of the Standard and the same is furnished below:

A Defined contribution plans

Contribution to provident fund is in the nature of defined contribution plan and are made to a recognised trust.

B Defined benefit plan

(a) The Company extends defined benefit plans in the form of leave salary to employees. In addition, the Company also extends pension to senior managers

o) AS - 15 Accounting for retirement benefits - (continued)

of the Company. Provision for leave salary and pension is made on actuarial valuation basis.

(b) The Company also extends defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity to employees. Contribution to gratuity is made to Life Insurance Corporation of India in accordance with the scheme framed by the Corporation.

p) AS - 16 Borrowing costs

The borrowing cost has been treated in accordance with Accounting Standard on borrowing cost (AS 16) issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. During the year, a sum of Rs.484.85 lakhs (last year Rs.295.78 lakhs) being interest on borrowings attributable to qualifying assets have been capitalised under the various heads.

q) AS - 17 Segment reporting

The Company operates in only one segment viz., Automotive Components and there are no separate reportable segments. The income from trading in non-automotive business till the date of demerger i.e. 6th July 2011 being only Rs.26.34 lakhs and less than 10% of total income. Hence, this is not recognised as a separate segment.

r) AS - 18 Related party disclosure

Disclosures are made as per the requirements of the Standard and clarifications issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

s) AS - 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements

t) The Company holds 23.53% of the equity share capital of Sundram Non-Conventional Energy Systems Limited, Chennai (SNES). Hence SNES is an associate of the Company.

II) Emerald Haven Realty Limited, Chennai (EHRL) (formerly known as Green Earth Homes Limited) is an associate of TVS Motor Company Limited which is a subsidiary of the Company. The Company indirectly holds 28% of the equity share capital of EHRL. Hence, EHRL is an associate of the Company.

III) TVS Wind Power Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of TVS Energy Limited, Chennai, which is a subsidiary of the TVS Motor Company Limited, Chennai. The Company indirectly holds 43.75% of the equity share capital of TVS Wind Power Limited, Hence, TVS Wind Power Limited is an associate of the Company.

IV) Sundaram Engineering Products Services Limited, Chennai (SEPSL) is a subsidiary of TVS Motor Company Limited which is a subsidiary of the Company. The Company indirectly holds 29.87% of the equity share capital of SEPSL. Hence, SEPSL is an associate of the Company.

V) TVS Finance and Services Limited, Chennai (associate till 6.07.2011)

ab) AS - 28 Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of the assets net of accumulated depreciation as on the balance sheet date is not less than the recoverable amount of those assets.

ac) AS - 29 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

(i) Provisions

The management has made an estimated warranty provision of Rs. 282.51 lakhs (previous year - Rs. 267.51 lakhs)

(ii) Contingent liabilities

Amount for which the company is contingently liable is disclosed in Note No. XXIV (6).

(iii) Contingent assets

Contingent assets which are likely to give rise to possibility of inflow of economic benefits - NIL

(iv) Contested liabilities are detailed in Note no.XXIV (10)


Mar 31, 2011

A) AS - 1 Disclosure of Accounting policies

The accounts are maintained on accrual basis as a going concern.

b) AS - 2 Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued in accordance with the method of valuation prescribed by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

c) AS - 3 Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared under "Indirect Method" and the same is annexed.

d) AS - 4 Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date

Disclosure of contingencies as required by the Accounting Standard is furnished in note no. 9

f) AS - 6 Depreciation accounting

Depreciation has been provided under the straight line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 with applicable shift allowance. In respect of the assets added/sold during the year, pro-rata depreciation has been provided.

Depreciation in respect of computers and vehicles has been provided @ 30% and 18% respectively which are higher than the rate prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation in respect of assets acquired during the year whose actual cost does not exceed Rs. 5,000/- has been provided at 100%

g) AS - 7 Construction contracts

This accounting standard is not applicable.

h) AS - 8 Research and Development

This accounting standard is withdrawn.

i) AS - 9 Revenue recognition

The income of the Company is derived from sale of gravity and pressure die castings, traded goods, net of trade discount and includes realised exchange fluctuation gain on exports Rs. 79.70 Lakhs (Last year - Rs.322.62 Lakhs). Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend from investments is recognised when the company in which they are held declares the dividend and when the right to receive is established. The revenue and expenditure are accounted on a going concern basis.

j) AS - 10 Accounting for fixed assets

All the fixed assets are valued at cost including expenditure incurred in bringing them to usable condition as reduced by Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT) credit less depreciation.

k) AS - 11 Accounting for effects in Foreign exchange rates

Foreign currency transactions

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets, liabilities and external commercial borrowings are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date.

a) Derivative instruments:

Derivative contracts are entered into by the company only based on underlying transaction. The Company has not entered into any derivative contracts of a speculative nature.

b) Currency Swaps:

The Company has entered into three currency swap contracts covering the total External Commercial Borrowings - JPY equivalent to USD 22 Million, with an option to fix the repayment liability of the Company in Indian Rupees. ( Outstanding ECB loan at the end of the year is JPY equivalent to USD 16.80 Million)

c) Interest Rate Structure (IRS):

The Company has entered into one derivative contract (included in currency swaps above) in respect of external commercial borrowings amounting to JPY equivalent to USD 10 Million to convert the floating interest rate to fixed interest rate.

l) AS - 12 Accounting for Government grants

The Company has not received any grants from the Government.

p) AS - 16 Borrowing costs

The borrowing cost has been treated in accordance with Accounting Standard on borrowing cost (AS 16) issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. During the year, a sum of Rs. 295.78 lakhs (last year Rs 310.44 lakhs) being interest on borrowings attributable to qualifying assets have been capitalised under the various heads.

q) AS - 17 Segment reporting

The Company operates in only one segment viz., Automotive Components and there are no separate reportable segments. As the income from traded goods i.e., Rs 204.18 lakhs is less than 10% of total income and is also a non - automotive activity, the income therefrom is not recognised as a separate segment.

r) AS - 18 Related party disclosure

Disclosures are made as per the requirements of the Standard and clarifications issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

s) AS -19 Accounting of leases

The Company has taken vehicles under operating lease arrangement. The lease period is for 60 months.

t) AS - 20 Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Disclosure is made in the Profit and Loss Account as per the requirements of the Standard.

u) AS - 21 Consolidated financial statements

Consolidated financial statements of the Company and its subsidiaries are enclosed.

v) AS - 22 Accounting for taxes on income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period.

Deferred tax liability and asset are recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences using the tax rates substantively enacted on the Balance Sheet date.

w) AS - 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements

I) Sundram Non-Conventional Energy Systems Limited, Chennai (SNES) is an associate of Anusha Investments Limited, Chennai, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Hence SNES is an associate of the Company.

II) TVS-e Access (India) Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of TVS Investments Limited, Chennai, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Hence TVS-e Access (India) Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of the Company. Anusha Investments Limited, Chennai and TVS-e Access (India) Limited together hold 33.90% of equity share capital of TVS Finance & Services Limited, Chennai (TVS F&S). Hence TVS F & S is an associate of the company.

III) TVS Wind Power Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of TVS Energy Limited, Chennai, which is a subsidiary of the TVS Motor Company Limited, Chennai. The Company holds indirectly 44.52% of the equity share capital of TVS Wind Power Limited, Hence, TVS Wind Power Limited is an associate of the Company,

Accordingly, the financial statements of SNES, TVS Wind Power Limited and TVS F&S are considered as associates in the preparation of consolidated financial statements of the Company.

x) AS - 24 Discontinuing operations

The Company has not discontinued any operations during the year.

y) AS - 25 Interim Financial Reporting

The Company has elected to publish quarterly financial results which were subject to limited review by the statutory auditors.

aa) AS - 27 Financial reporting of interest in joint ventures

The Company has no interest in joint venture.

ab) AS - 28 Impairment of Assets

The carrying amount of the assets net of accumulated depreciation as on the balance sheet date is not less than the recoverable amount of those assets.


Mar 31, 2010

Preamble:

The company is engaged mainly in the business of manufacture and sale of non ferrous gravity and pressure die castings which is the core and strategic activity. The company also derives Income from sale of certain electronic hardware items which is non core and non strategic in nature.

The method of accounting and compliance with various accounting standards is displayed below:

1 Accounting Standards

a) AS -1 Disclosure of Accounting policies

The accounts are maintained on accrual basis as a going concern.

b) AS - 2 Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued in accordance with the method of valuation prescribed by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India at lower of weighted average cost or net realisable value.

c) AS - 3 Cash flow statement

Cash flow statement is prepared under "Indirect Method" and the same is annexed.

d) AS - 4 Contingencies and events occurring after the balance sheet date

Disclosure of contingencies as required by the accounting standard is furnished in note no. 9

In respect of External Commercial Borrowings (ECB) - USD 5 Million, the company has created charge subsequent to the Balance sheet date and hence, the same has been included under "secured loans". This was grouped under the head "unsecured loans" in the last year, now reclassified under "secured loans".

f) AS - 6 Depreciation accounting

Depreciation has been provided under the straight line method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 with applicable shift allowance. In respect of the assets added/sold during the year, pro-rata depreciation has been provided.

Depreciation in respect of computers and vehicles has been provided @ 30% and 18% respectively which is higher than the rate prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Depreciation in respect of assets acquired during the year whose actual cost does not exceed Rs. 5,000/- has been provided at 100%.

g) AS - 7 Construction contracts

This accounting standard is not applicable.

h) AS - 8 Research and Development

This accounting standard is withdrawn.

i) AS - 9 Revenue recognition

The income of the company is derived from sale of gravity and pressure die castings, traded goods, net of trade discount and includes realised exchange fluctuation gain on exports Rs.322.62 Lakhs (Last year Rs.55.52 Lakhs). Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

Dividend from investments is recognised when the company in which they are held declares the dividend and when the right to receive is established. The revenue and expenditure are accounted on a going concern basis.

j) AS -10 Accounting for Fixed assets

All the fixed assets are valued at cost including expenditure incurred in bringing them to usable condition as reduced by Central Value Added Tax (CENVAT) credit less depreciation.

k) AS -11 Accounting for effects in Foreign exchange rates

Foreign currency transactions

Income and expenses in foreign currencies are converted at exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary assets, liabilities and external commercial borrowings are translated at the exchange rate prevailing on the balance sheet date.

In terms of Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2009, on Accounting Standard-11 (AS-11), notified by the Government of India on 31 st March 2009, the company has opted to adjust the changes in foreign exchange rates relating to long term foreign currency monetary items to the carrying cost of fixed asset and to Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account. The impact is set out below:

a) Derivative instruments:

Derivative contracts are entered into by the company only based on underlying transaction. The company has not entered into any derivative contracts of a speculative nature.

b) Currency Swaps:

The company has entered into three currency swap contracts covering the total external commercial borrowings - JPY equivalent to USD 22 Million, with an option to fix the repayment liability of the company in Indian Rupees. (Outstanding ECB loan at the end of the year is JPY equivalent to USD 20.6 Million)

c) Interest Rate Structure (IRS):

The company has entered into one derivative contract (included in currency swaps above) in respect of external commercial borrowings amounting to JPY equivalent to USD 10 Million to convert the floating interest rate to fixed interest rate.

l) AS -12 Accounting for Government grants

The company has not received any grants from the Government

m) AS -13 Accounting for Investments

Investments are valued at cost. Provision for diminution in the carrying cost of long term investments is made if such diminution is other than temporary in nature in the opinion of the management.

n) AS -14 Accounting for Amalgamation

Auto (India) Engineering Limited, Chennai, the companys wholly owned subsidiary got amalgamated with the company through the order of Honble High Court of Judicature, Madras vide its order dated 1 st July 2009. The effects of amalgamation have been carried out during the year in the books of accounts.

o) AS -15 Accounting for retirement benefits

Disclosure is made as per the requirements of the standard and the same is furnished below:

A Defined contribution plans

Contribution to provident fund is in the nature of defined contribution plan and are made to a recognised trust.

B Defined benefit plan

(a) The company extends defined benefit plans in the form of leave salary to employees. In addition, the company also extends pension to senior managers of the company.

Provision for leave salary and pension is made on actuarial valuation basis.

(b) The company also extends defined benefit plan in the form of gratuity to employees. Contribution to gratuity is made to Life Insurance Corporation of India in accordance with the scheme framed by the Corporation.

p) AS -16 Borrowing costs

The borrowing costs has been treated in accordance with Accounting Standard on borrowing costs (AS 16) issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. During the year, a sum of Rs. 310.44 lakhs (last year Rs. 295.82 lakhs) being interest on borrowings attributable to qualifying assets have been capitalised under the various heads.

q) AS -17 Segment reporting

The Company operates in only one segment viz., Automotive Components and there are no separate reportable segments. As the income from traded goods i.e., Rs 471.34 lakhs is less than 10% of total income and is also a non - automotive activity, the income therefrom is not recognised as a separate segment.

r) AS -18 Related party disclosure

Disclosures are made as per the requirements of the standard and clarifications issued by The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

s) AS -19 Accounting of leases

Since all the lease agreements were entered before 1st April 2001 this standard is not applicable.

t) AS - 20 Earnings per share (EPS)

Disclosure is made in the Profit and Loss Account as per the requirements of the standard.

u) AS - 21 Consolidated financial statements

Consolidated financial statements of the company and its subsidiaries are enclosed.

v) AS - 22 Accounting for taxes on income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the period.

Deferred tax liability and asset are recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences using the tax rates substantively enacted on the Balance Sheet date.

w) AS - 23 Accounting for Investments in Associates in Consolidated Financial Statements

I) Sundram Non-Conventional Energy Systems Limited, Chennai (SNEL) is an associate of Anusha Investments Limited, Chennai, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Hence SNEL is an associate of the Company.

II) TVS-E Access India Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of TVS Investments Limited, Chennai, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. Hence TVS-E Access India Limited, Chennai is a subsidiary of the Company.

Anusha Investments Limited, Chennai and TVS-E Access India Limited together hold 37.67% of equity share capital of TVS Finance & Services Limited, Chennai (TVS F&S). Hence TVS F & S is an associate of the Company. Accordingly, the financial statements of SNEL and TVS F & S are considered in the preparation of consolidated financial statements of the Company.

x) AS - 24 Discontinuing operations

The Company has not discontinued any operations during the year.

y) AS - 25 Interim Financial Reporting

The Company has elected to publish quarterly financial results which were subject to limited review by the statutory auditors.

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