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Accounting Policies of Sunil Hitech Engineers Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1.1 Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention unless otherwise specified. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year unless otherwise specified.

2.2 Use of Estimates:

Preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP), requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the year in which results are known / materialised.

2.3 Inventories:

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of inventories is ascertained on the FIFO basis. Tools are written off based on technical evaluation.

2.4 Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT Credit:

Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT credits receivable/availed are treated as an asset with relevant expenses being accounted net of such credits, and the same are reduced to the extent of their utilisations.

2.5 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

2.6 Cash And Cash Equivalents:

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand and cash at bank including fixed deposit with original maturity period of three months or less and short term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

2.7 Fixed Assets:

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, installation or construction including other direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation / impairment losses (if any) adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets.

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any. Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

2.8 Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciation is provided on written down value method based on life of assets prescribed in Schedule II of Companies Act, 2013.

Fixed assets individualy costing upto H0.05 Lacs are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Premium on the leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Computer Software is amortised equally over a period of five years, from the date of Purchase.

In case of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation based on revaluation and depreciation charged on historical cost is recouped out of the revaluation reserve.

2.9 Revenue Recognition:

Contract Revenue is recognised by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of "percentage of completion method". The stage of completion of contracts is measured by reference to the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs for each contract. An expected loss on construction contract is recognised as an expense immediately. Price escalation, other claims and variation in the contract work are included in contract revenue at the time of acceptance / settlement by the customers due to uncertainties attached thereto.

Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other current assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue has been reflected under " Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all significant risk and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the buyers which are usually at the point of dispatch to customers. Sales are net of discounts, sales tax and returns. Revenue from service related activities including hire charges are recognised in accordance with the terms of the agreement upon rendering of such services.

Commission income is recognised as per contracts / receipt of credit notes.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

Revenue is recognised when there is reasonable certainty of its realisation.

2.10 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. The net gain or loss on account of exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions and / or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses of the period in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are reported using the rate prevailing as on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In respect of the Forward Exchange contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts are recognised as expenses or income over the life of the contract.

2.11 Government Grant:

Grants and Subsidies from the Government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Government Grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate. If not related to a specific exependutre, it is taken as income.

2.12 Investments:

Investments which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Long term Investments are carried individually at cost, less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Cost of investments includes expenses directly incurred on acquisition of investments.

Current investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

2.13 Employee Benefits:

Short-term Benefits

These are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period in which the related services are rendered. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation in accordance with Company's rules.

Post Employment Benefits

Company's contribution for the period paid/ payable to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Company's liability towards defined benefit plans viz. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method as per the valuation carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

Defined benefit in the form of compensated absences is provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year-end in accordance with Company's policy.

2.14 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.15 Segment Reporting:

The Company is engaged in the business of Engineering, Procurement, Construction-(EPC), Fabrication, Erection, Overhauling, Maintenance, Trading and Other related activities. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies ( Accounting Standards) Rules,2006, are considered to constitute different primary segments. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical Segment.

2.16 Operating Leases:

Assets taken/given on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

2.17 Earnings Per Share:

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed in accordance with Accounting Standard 20- Earnings per share Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.18 Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprises of current and Deferred tax.

Current Tax on income is accounted on the basis of the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The company writes down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtualy certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised.

2.19 Impairment of Assets:

The fixed assets are reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

2.20 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised only when there is present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realised.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 (to the extent applicable) and the Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent notified). The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention unless otherwise specified. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year unless otherwise specified.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

Preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP), requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the year in which results are known / materialised.

1.3 Inventories:

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other costs incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of inventories is ascertained on the FIFO basis. Tools are written off based on technical evaluation.

1.4 Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT Credit:

Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT credits receivable/availed are treated as an asset with relevant expenses being accounted net of such credits, and the same are reduced to the extent of their utilisations.

1.5 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

1.6 Cash And Cash Equivalents:

Cash and Cash Equivalents for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise of cash on hand and cash at bank including fixed deposit with original maturity period of three months or less and short term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

1.7 Fixed Assets:

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, installation or construction including other direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation / impairment losses (if any) adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets.

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any. Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

1.8 Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciation is provided on written down value method in the manner and at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Fixed assets individualy costing upto H 0.05 Lacs are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Premium on the leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Computer Software is amortised equally over a period of five years, from the date of Purchase.

In case of revalued assets, the difference between depreciation based on revaluation and depreciation charged on historical cost is recouped out of the revaluation reserve.

1.9 Revenue Recognition:

Contract Revenue is recognised by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of "percentage of completion method". The stage of completion of contracts is measured by reference to the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs for each contract. An expected loss on construction contract is recognised as an expense immediately. Price escalation, other claims and variation in the contract work are included in contract revenue at the time of acceptance / settlement by the customers due to uncertainties attached thereto.

Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other current assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue has been reflected under " Other Current Liabilities" in the Balance Sheet.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all significant risk and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the buyers which are usually at the point of dispatch to customers. Sales are net of discounts, sales tax and returns.

Revenue from service related activities including hire charges are recognised in accordance with the terms of the agreement upon rendering of such services.

Commission income is recognised as per contracts / receipt of credit notes.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

Revenue is recognised when there is reasonable certainty of its realisation.

1.10 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. The net gain or loss on account of exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions and / or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses of the period in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the Balance Sheet date are reported using the rate prevailing as on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In respect of the Forward Exchange contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contracts are recognised as expenses or income over the life of the contract.

1.11 Government Grant:

Grants and Subsidies from the Government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received.

Government Grants related to revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the Statement of Profit and Loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate. If not related to a specific expenditure, it is taken as income.

1.12 Investments:

Investments which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long term Investments are carried individually at cost, less provision for diminution, other than temporary, in the value of such investments. Cost of investments includes expenses directly incurred on acquisition of investments.

Current investments are carried individually at lower of cost and fair value.

1.13 Employee Benefits: Short-term Benefits

These are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period in which the related services are rendered. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation in accordance with Company''s rules.

Post Employment Benefits

Company''s contribution for the period paid/ payable to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged to

the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Company''s liability towards defined benefit plans viz. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method as per the valuation carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

Defined benefit in the form of compensated absences is provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year-end in accordance with Company''s policy.

1.14 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

1.15 Segment Reporting:

The Company is engaged in the business of Engineering, Procurement, Construction-(EPC), Fabrication, Erection, Overhauling, Maintenance, Trading and Other related activities. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies ( Accounting Standards) Rules,2006, are considered to constitute different primary segments. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical Segment.

1.16 Operating Leases:

Assets taken/given on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.17 Earnings Per Share:

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed in accordance with Accounting Standard 20- Earnings per share

Basic earning per share is calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.18 Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred tax.

Current Tax on income is accounted on the basis of the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The company writes down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtualy certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised.

1.19 Impairment of Assets:

The fixed assets are reviewed for impairment at each Balance Sheet date. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.20 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised only when there is present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realised.

2.1 Terms/ Rights attached to equity shares

The Company has only one class of equity shares with voting rights having a par value of H 10 per share. The Company declares and pays dividends in Indian rupees. The final dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to approval of the shareholders at the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31 March 2014, the amount of per share dividend recommended as distributions to equity shareholders is H 1.20 (Pr.Yr. H 1.20).

In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

2.2 The Company is not a Subsidiary Company.

As per records of the Company, including its register of shareholders/ members and other declarations received from shareholders regarding beneficial interest, the above shareholding represents both legal and beneficial ownerships of shares.

2.3 Reserved Shares and Terms of Warrants

The convertible warrant holders have the option to convert their warrants into 16,50,000 (Pr.Yr. 30,00,000) equity shares of H 10/- each at the terms and conditions as referred in Note 5.

3 MONEY RECEIVED AGAINST SHARE WARRANTS

3.1 The members at the Extra Ordinary General Meeting held on 31 January 2013 has authorized the Board/ Committee thereof, to create, offer, issue and allot on preferential basis (i) 30,00,000 warrants convertible into equity shares to the Promoters Group, Persons acting in concert with Promoters or Companies under Promoters Group and (ii) 49,50,000 warrants convertible into equity shares to the Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) and/ or Sub Account of FIIs.

3.2 Terms attached to equity warrants

The warrant entitles the holder to subscribe for one equity shares of H10/- each at the premium of H63/- per equity shares which is determined in accordance with the provisions of SEBI (Issue of Capital & Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2009.

On 14th Febtruary 2013 warrants aggregating to 30,00,000 has been alloted to promoter group after receiving H 18.25, being 25% of H 73/-, per warrant.

On 20th March 2014 the Company alloted 13,50,000 equity shares to promoter group, on conversion of 13,50,000 warrants, after receiving balance H 54.75, being 75% of H 73/-, per warrant.

The holders of remaining 16,50,000 warrants have an option to apply for and be allotted one equity share of the Company per warrant before the expiry of 18 months from date of allotment. If the option is not excercised as aforesaid amount paid on such warrants shall stand forfeited.

The warrant holders shall also be entitled to any future bonus/ rights issue(s) of equity shares or other securities convertible into equity shares by the Company in the same proportion and manner as any other shareholders of the Company for the time being. The Equity shares to be allotted on conversion of warrants shall rank pari passu in all respects with the existing equity shares of the Company.

4.1 Term loan from Banks referred above to the extent of :

a) Rs 419.03 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 499.18 Lacs) are secured by first mortgage/ pari-passu charge on the respective buildings situated at Pune and Nagpur.

b) Rs 196.70 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 1,038.46 Lacs) secured by first hypothe -cation/ pari-passu charge on the respective plant and machineries including Hydra''s at various sites.

c) Rs 61.21 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 84.32 Lacs) are secured by first hypothecation/ pari-passu charge on the respective Vehicles at various sites.

d) Rs 2,056.54 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 1,107.58 Lacs) are secured by exclusive charge over the project specific total assets including receivables of the Kolhapur T&D site.

4.2 Term loan from Financial Institutions referred above to the extent of:

a) Rs 1,167.96 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 1,975.15 Lacs) are secured by first hypothecation/ pari-passu charge on the respective plant and machineries including Hydra''s situated at various sites.

b) Rs 4.37 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 6.33 Lacs) are secured by first hypothecation/ pari-passu charge on the respective Vehicles at various sites.

c) Rs 19.56 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 35.31 Lacs) are secured by first and exclusive hypothecation on the respective non consumable materials.

5.1 Working Capital Loans are secured by hypothecation of present and future stock of raw materials, stores and spares, book debts and other receivables and have Second Charge on Fixed Assets of the Company and personal guarantee of some of the Directors.

Of the above Rs 3,000.00 Lacs (Pr.Yr. Rs 3,000.00 Lacs) are secured by first hypothecation/ pari-passu charge on the stock and receivables of the project at Jhabua site.

There are no exceptional items, extraordinary items and discontinuing operations.

* The conversion of warrants to equity shares is "Anti- Dilutive" and hence effect of anti-dilutive Potential Equity Shares is ignored in calculating Diluted Earnings per Share.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of Accounting :

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards (AS) notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention unless otherwise specified. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year unless otherwise specified

1.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP, requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and amount of revenues and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the year in which results are known / materialised

1.3 Inventories: nventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of inventories is ascertained on the FIFO basis. Tools are written off based on technical evaluation

1.4 Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT Credit:

Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT credits receivable/availed are treated as an asset with relevant expenses being accounted net of such credits, and the same are reduced to the extent of their utilisations.

1.5 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of the non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of past or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated

1.6 Cash And Cash Equivalents:

Cash and Cash Equivalent for the purpose of cash flow statement comprise cash on hand and cash at bank including fixed deposit with original maturity period of three months or less and short term highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less

1.7 Fixed Assets:

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, installation or construction including other direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to its working condition for its intended use, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation / impairment losses (if any) adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets.

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any. Intangible assets are recognised only if it is probable that the expected future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the assets can be measured reliably.

1.8 Depreciation and Amortisation:

Depreciation is provided on written down value method in the manner and at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956

Fixed assets individually costing upto Rs. 0.05 Lacs are fully depreciated in the year of purchase.

Premium on the leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease. Computer Software is amortised equally over a period of five years, from the year of Purchase.

In case of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation based on revaluation and depreciation charged on historical cost is recouped out of the revaluation reserve.

1.9 Revenue Recognition:

Contract Revenue is recognised by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of "percentage of completion method". The stage of completion of contracts is measured by reference to the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs for each contract. An expected loss on construction contract is recognised as an expense immediately. Price escalation, other claims and variation in the contract work are included in contract revenue at the time of acceptance / settlement by the customers due to uncertainties attached thereto

Contract revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under "Other current assets" and billing in excess of contract revenue has been reflected under " Other Current Liabilities" in the balance sheet. Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all significant risk and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the buyers which are usually at the point of dispatch to customers. Sales are net of discounts, sales tax and returns

Revenues from service related activities including hire charges are recognised in accordance with the terms of the agreement upon rendering of such services

Commission income is recognised as per contracts/ receipt of credit notes

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established nterest income is recognised on time proportion basis

Revenue is recognised when there is reasonable certainty of its realisation

1.10 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. The net gain or bss on account of exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions and / or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses of the period in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are reported using the rate prevailing as on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss

In respect of the Forward Exchange contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract are recognised as expenses or income over the life of the contract.

1.11 Government Grant:

Grants and subsidies from the government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that (i) the company will comply with the conditions attached to them, and (ii) the grant/subsidy will be received

Government Grants related to revenue are recognised on a on a systematic basis in the statement of profit and loss over the periods necessary to match them with the related costs, which they are intended to compensate. If not related to a specific expenditure, it is taken as income.

1.12 Investments:

nvestments which are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments.

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value

1.13 Employee Benefits: Short-term Benefits

These are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period in which the related services are rendered. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation in accordance with Company rules

Post Employment Benefits

Company''s contribution for the period paid / payable to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss

Company''s liability towards defined benefit plans viz. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method as per the valuation carried out at the Balance Sheet date.

Defined benefit in the form of compensated absences is provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year-end in accordance with Company''s policy.

1.14 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred

1.15 Segment Reporting: The Company is engaged in the business of Engineering, Procurement, Construction-(EPC), Overhauling and Maintenance, Trading. These, in the context of Accounting Standard 17 on Segment Reporting, as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules,2006, are considered to constitute different primary segments. Further, there is no reportable secondary segment i.e. Geographical Segment.

1.16 Operating Leases:

Assets taken/given on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.17 Earnings Per Share:

Basic and diluted earnings per share are computed in accordance with Accounting Standard 20- Earnings per share

Basic earning per share are calculated by dividing the net profit for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares

1.18 Taxes on Income:

Tax expense comprises of current and Deferred tax.

Current Tax on income is accounted on the basis of the provision of the Income Tax Act, 1961

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the Balance Sheet date. The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date. The company writes down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtualy certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realised

1.19 Impairment of Assets:

The fixed assets are reviewed for impairment at each balance sheet date. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.20 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognised only when there is present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made. Contingent liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or (ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent assets are not recognised in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realised


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention unless otherwise specified. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year unless otherwise specified.

During the year ended 31 March 2012, the revised Schedule VI notified under the Companies Act, 1956, has become applicable to the Company, for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of revised Schedule VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosures made in the financial statements. The Company has also reclassified the previous year figures in accordance with the requirements applicable in the current year.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumptions to be made, that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the year in which results are known / materialised.

1.3 Fixed Assets:

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, installation or construction including other direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition, less accumulated depreciation / amortisation / impairment losses (if any) adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets.

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

1.4 Depreciation / Amortisation:

Depreciation is provided on written down value method in the manner and at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Fixed assets, excluding buildings and computers, individually costing upto Rs 0.05 Lacs are fully written off in the year of purchase. Premium on the leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Computer Software is amortised equally over a period of five years, from the year of Purchase.

In case of revalued assets, the difference between the depreciation based on revaluation and depreciation charged on historical cost is recouped out of the revaluation reserve.

1.5 Impairment of Assets:

The fixed assets are reviewed for impairment at each balance sheet date. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

1.6 Revenue Recognition:

Contract Revenue is recognised by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of "percentage of completion method". The stage of completion of contracts is measured by reference to the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs for each contract. An expected loss on construction contract is recognised as an expense immediately. Price escalation, other claims and variation in the contract work are included in contract revenue at the time of acceptance/settlement by the customers due to uncertainties attached thereto.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognised when all significant risk and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the buyers which are usually at the point of dispatch to customers. Sales are net of discounts, sales tax and returns.

Revenues from service related activities including hire charges are recognised in accordance with the terms of the agreement upon rendering of such services.

Commission income is recognised as per contracts / receipt of credit notes.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

Revenue is recognised when there is reasonable certainty of its realisation.

1.7 Investments:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value.

1.8 Inventories:

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realisable value. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of inventories is ascertained on the FIFO basis. Tools are written off based on technical evaluation.

1.9 Foreign Currency Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. The net gain or loss on account of exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions and / or restatements are dealt with in the Statement of Profit and Loss as income or expenses of the period in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are reported using the rate prevailing as on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

In respect of the Forward Exchange contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract are recognised as expenses or income over the life of the contract.

1.10 Employee Benefits:

Short-term Benefits

These are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the period in which the related services are rendered. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation in accordance with Company rules.

Post Retirement Benefits

Company's contribution for the period paid / payable to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Company's liability towards defined benefit plans viz. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method as per the valuation carried out at the balance sheet date.

Defined benefit in the form of compensated absences is provided for based on actuarial valuation at the year-end in accordance with Company's policy.

1.11 Taxes on Income:

Current Tax on income is accounted on the basis of the provision of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

1.12 Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT Credit:

Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT credits receivable/availed are treated as an asset with relevant expenses being accounted net of such credits, and the same are reduced to the extent of their utilisations.

1.13 Operating Leases:

Assets taken/given on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

1.14 Custom Duties:

Custom duty payable on goods lying in custom bonded warehouse/under clearance are provided for and included in valuation of inventories.

1.15 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the revenue.

1.16 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention (except for certain fixed assets which are revalued) on accrual basis in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and complies with Accounting Standards referred to in Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) Use of Estimates:

Preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, requires estimates and assumption to be made, that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reported year. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the year in which results are known / materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Tangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition, installation or construction including other direct expenses incurred to bring the assets to its present location and condition. Less accumulated depreciation / amortization / impairment losses (if any) adjusted by revaluation of certain fixed assets.

Intangible assets are stated at cost of acquisition less accumulated amortization and impairment loss, if any.

d) Depreciation/ Amortisation:

Depreciation is provided on written down value method in the manner and at the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

Fixed assets, excluding buildings and computers, individually costing upto Rs. 5,000/- are fully written off in the year of purchase.

Premium on the leasehold land is amortised over the period of lease.

Computer Software is amortised equally over a period of five years, from the year of Purchase.

e) Impairment of Assets:

The fixed assets are reviewed for impairment at each balance sheet date. An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of the asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impairment loss is charged to profit and loss account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impairment loss recognised in prior accounting periods is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

f) Revenue Recognition:

Contract Revenue is recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the reporting date of the financial statements on the basis of "percentage of completion method". The stage of completion of contracts is measured by reference to the proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the reporting date bear to the estimated total contract costs for each Contract. An expected loss on construction contract is recognized as an expense immediately. Price escalation, other claims and variation in the contract work are included in contract revenue at the time of acceptance / settlement by the customers due to uncertainties attached thereto.

Revenue from sale of goods is recognized when all significant risk and rewards of ownership of products are transferred to the buyers which are usually at the point of dispatch to customers. Sales are net of discounts, sales tax and returns.

Revenues from service related activities including hire charges are recognized in accordance with the terms of the agreement upon rendering of such services.

Commission income is recognized as per contracts/ receipt of credit notes.

Revenue is recognised when there is reasonable certainty of its realization.

Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis.

g) Investments:

Long term Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution in the value of long-term investments is made only if such a decline is other than temporary. Current investments are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value

h) Inventories:

Inventories are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of inventories comprises of cost of purchase, cost of conversion and other cost incurred in bringing them to their respective present location and condition. Cost of inventories is ascertained on the FIFO basis. Tools are written off based on technical evaluation.

i) Foreign Currency Transaction:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. The net gain or loss on account of exchange differences arising on settlement of foreign currency transactions and / or restatements are dealt with in the Profit and Loss Accounts as income or expenses of the period in which they arise.

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the balance sheet date are reported using the rate prevailing as on that date. The resultant exchange differences are recognised in the profit and loss account.

In respect of the Forward Exchange contracts with underlying transaction, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such contract as expenses or income over the life of contract.

j) Employee Benefits: Short-term Benefits

These are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account of the period in which the related services are rendered. Short term compensated absences are provided for based on actuarial valuation in accordance with Company rules.

Post Retirement Benefits

Company's contribution for the period paid/ payable to defined contribution retirement benefit schemes are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

Company's liability towards defined benefit plans viz. gratuity is determined using the Projected Unit Credit Method as per the valuation carried out at the balance sheet date.

k) Taxes on Income:

Current Tax on income is accounted on the basis of the provision of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits for the year is accounted for using the tax rates and laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted as of the balance sheet date.

l) Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT Credit :

Cenvat, Service Tax and VAT credits receivable/availed are treated as an asset with relevant expenses being accounted net of such credits, and the same are reduced to the extent of their utilisations.

m) Operating Leases :

Assets taken/given on lease under which all risks and rewards of ownership are effectively retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease payments/income under operating leases are recognised as expenses/income on accrual basis in accordance with the respective lease agreements.

n) Custom Duties:

Custom duty payable on goods lying in custom bonded warehouse/under clearance are provided for and included in valuation of inventories.

o) Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalised as cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily requires a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the revenue.

p) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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