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Accounting Policies of Sunstar Realty Development Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

Notes: Forming Part of the Financial Statements:

1 Significant Accounting Policies:

1.1 Basis of Accounting:

The Financial Statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, on accrual basis of accounting, in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the applicable Accounting Standards referred to under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of Financial Statements requires use of estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets, liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost inclusive of installation and attributable expenses less accumulated depreciation/ amortization thereon and impairment losses, if any.

1.4 Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method (WDV) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful life on a written down value method (WDV).

1.5 Revenue Recognition:

Income and expenditure are recognized and accounted on accrual basis as and when they are earned or incurred. Revenue from sales transaction is recognized as and when the significant risk and reward attached to ownership in goods is transferred to the buyer. However leave with wages and bonus is accounted on cash basis.

Prompt payment rebate and overdue charges are determined and accounted for on termination of the contracts.

1.6 Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost net of provision against diminution, if any, in carrying cost of investment other than decline of temporary nature. Non Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market price.

1.7 Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value, whichever is lower.

1.8 Impairment:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. Where the carrying value exceeds the estimated recoverable amount, provision for impairment is made to adjust the carrying value to the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets estimated net realizable value and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using an appropriate discounting rate. If at the Balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.9 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

1.10 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.11 Employee Benefits:

Short term benefits and post employment benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered.

1.12 Taxation:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year computed in accordance with relevant provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

In accordance with the guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (‘ICAI’) on accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) under the Income Tax Act, 1961, the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will be liable to pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred tax charge or credit and correspondingly deferred tax liability or asset is recognized using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount i.e. reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

1.13 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events; it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from the past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

1.14Earnings per Share:

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

1.15 Segment Reporting:

The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.


Mar 31, 2015

1. 1 Basis of preparation:

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (‘GAAP’) applicable in India. The Company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 (‘the Act’) and accounting standards notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read together with paragraph 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule III of the Companies Act, 2013.

The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those of the previous year.

1.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires estimates and assumptions to be made by management that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

1.3 Revenue Recognition:

Income and expenditure are recognized and accounted on accrual basis as and when they are earned or incurred. Revenue from sales transaction is recognized as and when the significant risk and reward attached to ownership in goods is transferred to the buyer. However leave with wages and bonus is accounted on cash basis.

Prompt payment rebate and overdue charges are determined and accounted for on termination of the contracts.

1.4 Fixed Assets and Depreciation:

Tangible Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount as the case may be) less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses if any. Cost comprises purchase price and any other attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standards of performance.

Gain or loss arising from de-recognition of assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the assets and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method (WDV) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The details of the estimated life of each category of asset are as under

Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful life on a straight line basis.

1.5 Investments

Investments which are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than one year from the date on which such investments are made are classified as current investments in accordance with the RBI guidelines and Accounting Standard 13 on ‘Accounting for Investments’ as notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006.Current investments also include current maturities of long- term investments. All other investments are classified as non- current investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and market price determined category- wise. All non - current investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value, other than temporary in nature, is made to recognize a decline, on an individual basis.

1.6 Impairment:

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date for any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. Where the carrying value exceeds the estimated recoverable amount, provision for impairment is made to adjust the carrying value to the recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets estimated net realizable value and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using an appropriate discounting rate. If at the Balance sheet date there is an indication that a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to maximum of depreciable historical cost.

1.7 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

1.8 Inventories

Stock in trades are valued at cost.

1.9 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

1.10 Employee Benefits:

Short term benefits and post employment benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered.

1.11 Taxation:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year computed in accordance with relevant provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

In accordance with the guidance note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (‘ICAI’) on accounting for credit available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) under the Income Tax Act, 1961, the Company recognizes MAT credit as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will be liable to pay normal income tax during the specified period.

Deferred tax charge or credit and correspondingly deferred tax liability or asset is recognized using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. In the event of unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and written down or written up to reflect the amount i.e. reasonable/virtually certain (as the case may be) to be realized.

1.12 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events; it is more likely than not that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and when a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation can be made.

Contingent Liability is disclosed for (i) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the company or (ii) Present obligations arising from the past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements.

1.13 Earnings per Share:

The basic earnings per share are computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the reporting period. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

1.14 Segment Reporting:

The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.

Segment revenue and segment results include transfers between business segments. Such transfers are accounted for at the agreed transaction value and such transfers are eliminated in the consolidation of the segments.

Expenses that are directly identifiable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses, which relate to the company as a whole and are not allocable to segments, are included under unallocated corporate expenses.

Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocated corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the company as a whole and not allocable to any segment.


Mar 31, 2014

1.1 Basis of preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (''GAAP'') applicable in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, Those financinl statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211 (3Q, Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006, as amended from time to time and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All Assets and Liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule VI of the Companies Act 1956.

2.2 Use of Estimates:

The preparation of Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires that the management of the Company makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of income and expenses of the period, the reported balances of assets and liabilities and the disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized. Management believes that the estimates used in preparation of financial statements are prudent and reasonable,

2.3 Cash Flow Statement:

Cash comprises cash on hand and demand deposits with banks. Cash equivalents are short-term balances (with an original maturity of three months or less from the date of acquisition), highly liquid investments that are readily convertible into known amounts of cash and which are subject to insignificant risk of changes in value.

SUNSTAR REALTY DEVELOPMENT LIMITED

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of p«t or future cash receipts or payments. The cash Hows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.4 Tangible Assets:

Tangible Assets are stated at cost (or revalued amount as the case may be) less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses if any. Cost Comprises purchase price and any other attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Gain or loss arising from de-recognition of assets are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the assets and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on written down value method (WDV) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act 1956 over their useful iife Depredation of asset sold / discarded during the period is proportionately charged.

individuai low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs 5000/-) are depreciated within a year of acquisition. Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful life on a straight line basis.

2.5 Borrowing Costs:

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part''of the cost of such assets. A qualifying asset is one that takes necessarily substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

2.6 Impairment of assets:

As on Baiance Sheet date, the Company reviews the carrying amount of Fixed Assets to determine whether there are any indications that those assets have suffered "Impairment Loss" Impairment loss, if any, is provided to the extent, the carrying amount of assets exceeds their recoverable amount Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is.the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life.

2.7 Revenue Recognition:

Income and expenditure are recognized and accounted on accrual basis as and when they are earned or incurred. Revenue from sales transaction is recognized as and when the significant risk and reward attached to ownership in goods is transferred to the buyer. However leave with wages and bonus is accounted on cash basis.

Profit on sale of investments is recorded on transfer of title from the company and is determined as the difference between the sale price and the carrying value of the investment. Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

2.8 Employee Benefits:

Short term benefits and post employment benefits are accounted in the period during which the services have been rendered,

2.9 Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the rate of exchange prevailing on the date of the respective transactions.

Foreign Exchange monetary items in the Balance Sheet are translated at the year-end rates. Exchange differences on settlement / conversion are adjusted to Profit and Loss Account

2.10 Tax Expense:

Tax expenses for the year comprise of current tax and deferred tax. Current tax is measured after taking into consideration the deductions and exemptions admissible under the provision of Income Tax Act 1961 and in accordance with Accounting Standard 22 on "Accounting for Taxes on Income*.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax.

Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company. Deferred Tax represents the tax effect of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the reporting period and is capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax are quantified using the tax rates and laws enacted or substantively enacted as on the Balance Sheet Date.

Deferred Tax Assets are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax asset on unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are not recognized unless there is virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

2.11 Contingent Liabilities and Provisions:

Provisions are recognized only when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and when a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation can be made.

Contingent Liability is disclosed for

a. Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the company or

b. Present obligations arising from the past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

c. Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

2.12 Earnings per Share:

In determining the Earnings Per share, the company considers the net profit after tax including any post tax effect of any extraordinary / exceptional item. The number of shares used in computing basic earnings per share is the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period,

The number of shares used in computing Diluted earnings per share comprises the weighted average number of shares considered for computing Basic Earnings per share and also the weighted number of equity shares that would have been issued on conversion of all potentially dilutive shares.

In the event of issue of bonus shares, or share split the number of equity shares outstanding is increased without an increase in the resources. The number of Equity shares outstanding before the event is adjusted for the proportionate change in the number of equity shares outstanding as if the event had occurred at the beginning of the earliest period reported.

2.13 Segment Reporting;

The generally accepted accounting principles used in the preparation of the financial statements are applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments.

Segment revenue and segment results include transfers between business segments. Such transfers are accounted for at the agreed transaction value and such transfers are eliminated in the consolidation of the segments.

Expenses that are directly identifiable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses, which relate to the company as a whole and are not allocable to segments, are included under unallocated corporate expenses.

Segment assets and liabilities include those directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocated corporate assets and liabilities represent the assets and liabilities that relate to the company as a whole and not allocable to any segment.

2.14 Share Issue Expenses has been written off with Security Premium Account


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statement is prepared on the basis of going concern funder historical cost conversion on mercantile basis. Accounting policies are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

B) Change in Accounting Policies

During the year ended March 31, 2012, the Revised Schedule VI notified under the companies Act, 1956 has become applicable to the company for preparation and presentation of its financial statements. The adoption of Revised VI does not impact recognition and measurement principles followed for preparation of financial statements. However, it has significant impact on presentation and disclosure made in the financial statements. The company has also re-classified the previous year''s figures in accordance with the Revised Schedule VI requirements applicable in the current year.

C) wise of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity witch the generally accepted acceding principles requires the management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates

D) Recognition of Revenue.

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Group and the revenue can be reliably measured. Ail revenue income and expenditure are recognized on accrual basis.

E) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline ''other than temporary'' in the value of the investments.

F) Amortization Expenditure

Preliminary Expenses is a period of 5 years.

G) Contingent Liabilities

Contingent liabilities are not provided for and are disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

H) Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

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