Home  »  Company  »  Suraj Products Ltd.  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Suraj Products Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ.

C. Recognition of Income &Expenditure:

Sales are recognized, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all expenses. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

D. Fixed Assets & Depreciation:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

Assets acquired after 01.04.02 : Written down Value Method

Assets acquired prior to 01.04.02 : Straight Line Basis Method

b) Refractory Assets are depreciated over the useful life of four years based on estimates approved by the management.

c) No depreciation is charged on the assets disposed off/discarded during the year.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

E. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost, except where there is a diminution in value other than temporary in nature.

F. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at Cost or Net Realisable Value whichever is lower.

a. In case of Raw Material, Stores and spares, consumables and trading goods, the cost includes duties and taxes(net of Cenvat/VAT Credit wherever applicable) and is arrived on weighted average cost basis.

b. Cost of Finished goods includes the cost of raw material, cost of conversion and other manufacturing costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition and excise duty.

G. Employees Benefits:

(i) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

Defined-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. The Company''s payments to the defined- contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Retirement other employee benefits

a) Earned leave which cannot be carried forward to future periods are ''short term'' benefit only if the employees are entitled to either encash or utilize the benefits during the period of twelve months following the end of the accounting period (when they became entitled to the leave). In other cases the benefit is required to be treated as ''long term''. According to the policy of the company, no leave can be carried forward beyond the end of the financial year. Accordingly all leave granted has been accounted for in the current financial year.

b) Contribution to Provident Fund, employee state insurance and other funds are determined under the relevant statute and charged to revenue Account.

c) Present liability for future payment of gratuity is covered through Group Gratuity Scheme of Life Insurance Company of India and contribution thereon is charged to revenue account and the assets are funded by the LIC and the company has no obligation except to the extent of the premium determined by Life Insurance Corporation.

H. Accounting For Taxation:

Provision for current taxation is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company. Deferred Tax is recognized subject to consideration of prudence on timing difference being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

I. Borrowing Cost:

Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction/ development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

J. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying values of assets/cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

K. Earning Per Share:

Basic Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year attributable to the shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the year and weighted number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares.

L. Foreign Currency Transaction:

Foreign Currency Transaction is recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the transaction date. The exchange difference arising on revenue transactions are charged to Profit and Loss Account

M. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognized when the company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.

N. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ.

C. Recognition of Income &Expenditure:

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all expenses.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

D. Fixed Assets & Depreciation:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

Assets acquired after 01.04.02 : Written down Value Method

Assets acquired prior to 01.04.02 : Straight Line Basis Method

b) Refractory Assets are depreciated over the useful life of four years based on estimates approved by the management.

c) No depreciation is charged on the assets disposed off/discarded during the year.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

E. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost, except where there is a diminution in value other than temporary in nature

F. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at Cost or Net Realisable Value whichever is lower.

a. In case of Raw Material, Stores and spares, consumables and trading goods, the cost includes duties and taxes(net of Cenvat/VAT Credit wherever applicable) and is arrived on weighted average cost basis.

b. Cost of Finished goods includes the cost of raw material, cost of conversion and other manufacturing costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition and excise duty.

G. Employees Benefits:

(i) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

Defined-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. The Company''s payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Retirement other employee benefits

a) In view of Revised AS-15 earned leave which cannot be carried forward to future periods are "short term" benefit only if the employees are entitled to either encash or utilize the benefits during the period of twelve months following the end of the accounting period (when they became entitled to the leave). In other cases the benefit is required to be treated as ''long term".

According to the policy of the company, no leave can be carried forward beyond the end of the financial year. Accordingly all leave granted has been accounted for in the current financial year.

b) Contribution to Provident Fund, employee state insurance and other funds are determined under the relevant statute and charged to revenue Account.

c) Present liability for future payment of gratuity is covered through Group Gratuity Scheme of Life Insurance Company of India and contribution thereon is charged to revenue account and the assets are funded by the LIC and the company has no obligation except to the extent of the premium determined by Life Insurance Corporation

H. Accounting For Taxation:

Provision for current taxation is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred Tax is recognized subject to consideration of prudence on timing difference being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

I. Borrowing Cost:

Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

J. Impairment of Assets :

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

K. Earning Per Share :

Basic Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year attributable to the shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the year and weighted number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares.

L. Foreign Currency Transaction :

Foreign Currency Transaction is recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the transaction date. The exchange difference arising on revenue transactions are charged to Profit and Loss Account

M. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities :

Provisions are recognized when the company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.

N. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.


Mar 31, 2012

A. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, except for certain fixed assets which are revalued, in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

B. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon management's best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ.

C. Recognition of Income &Expenditure:

Sales are recognised, net of returns and trade discounts, on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all expenses.

Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and rate applicable.

D. Fixed Assets & Depreciation:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

Depreciation

a) Depreciation is provided on pro-rata basis at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 as under:

Assets acquired after 01.04.02 Written down Value Method

Assets acquired prior to 01.04.02 Straight Line Basis Method

b) Refractory Assets are depreciated over the useful life of four years based on estimates approved by the management.

c) No depreciation is charged on the assets disposed off/discarded during the year.

Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at cost of acquisition net of recoverable taxes and includes amount added on revaluation, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any. All costs, including financing costs till commencement of commercial production are capitalized.

E. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost, except where there is a diminution in value other than temporary in nature

F. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at Cost or Net Realisable Value whichever is lower.

a. In case of Raw Material, Stores and spares, consumables and trading goods, the cost includes duties and taxes(net of Cenvat/VAT Credit wherever applicable) and is arrived on weighted average cost basis.

b. Cost of Finished goods includes the cost of raw material, cost of conversion and other manufacturing costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition and excise duty.

G. Employees Benefits:

(i) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

Defined-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. The Company's payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

(ii) Leave Encashment

Retirement other employee benefits

a) In view of Revised AS-15 earned leave which cannot be carried forward to future periods are "short term" benefit only if the employees are entitled to either encash or utilize the benefits during the period of twelve months following the end of the accounting period (when they became entitled to the leave). In other cases the benefit is required to be treated as "long term".

According to the policy of the company, no leave can be carried forward beyond the end of the financial year. Accordingly all leave granted has been accounted for in the current financial year.

b) Contribution to Provident Fund, employee state insurance and other funds are determined under the relevant statute and charged to revenue Account.

c) Present liability for future payment of gratuity is covered through Group Gratuity Scheme of Life Insurance Company of India and contribution thereon is charged to revenue account and the assets are funded by the LIC and the company has no obligation except to the extent of the premium determined by Life Insurance Corporation.

H. Accounting For Taxation:

Provision for current taxation is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred Tax is recognized subject to consideration of prudence on timing difference being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

I. Borrowing Cost:

Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets

J. Impairment of Assets:

The carrying values of assets / cash generating units at each Balance Sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

K. Earning Per Share:

Basic Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year attributable to the shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the year and weighted number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares.

L. Foreign Currency Transaction:

Foreign Currency Transaction is recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the transaction date. The exchange difference arising on revenue transactions are charged to Profit and Loss Account

M. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognized when the company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.

N. Cash Flow Statement:

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on accrual basis of accounting in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, as applicable and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period end. Although these estimates are based upon managements best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ.

3. Recognition of Income & Expenditure:

Sales are recognized on dispatch of goods to the customers. The sales value is inclusive of Excise Duty and net of Sales Tax/VAT. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provision is made for all expenses.

4. Fixed Assets & Depreciation:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition and subsequent improvement thereto inclusive of taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition, improvements and installation.

b) Refractory Assets are depreciated over the useful life of four years based on estimates approved by the management.

c) No depreciation is charged on the assets disposed off/discarded during the year.

5. Investments:

Long Term Investments are stated at cost, except where there is a diminution in value other than temporary in nature.

6. Inventories:

Inventories are valued at Cost or Net Realisable Value whichever is lower.

a. In case of Raw Material, Stores and spares, consumables and trading goods, the cost includes duties and taxes(net of Cenvat/Vat Credit wherever applicable) and is arrived on weighted average cost basis.

b. Cost of Finished goods includes the cost of raw material, cost of conversion and other manufacturing costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition and excise duty.

7. Employees Benefits:

(i) Short Term

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount expected to be paid over the period of services rendered by the employees to the company.

Deflned-contribution plans

These are plans in which the Company pays pre-defined amounts to separate funds and does not have any legal or informal obligation to pay additional sums. The Companys payments to the defined-contribution plans are reported as expenses during the period in which the employees perform the services that the payment covers.

(II) Leave Encashment

Retirement other employee benefits

a) Earned leave which cannot be carried forward to future periods are "short term" benefit only if the employees are entitled to either encash or utilize the benefits during the period of twelve months following the end of the accounting period (when they became entitled to the leave). In other cases the benefit is required to be treated as "long term".

According to the policy of the company, no leave can be carried forward beyond the end of the financial year. Accordingly ail leave granted has been accounted for in the current financial year.

b) Contribution to Provident Fund, employee state insurance and other funds are determined under the relevant statute and charged to revenue Account.

C) Present liability for future payment of gratuity is covered through Group Gratuity Scheme of Life Insurance Company of India and contribution thereon is charged to revenue account and the assets are funded by the LIC and the company has no obligation except to the extent of the premium determined by Life Insurance Corporation.

8. Taxation:

Provision for current taxation is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961

Deferred Tax is recognized subject to consideration of prudence on timing difference being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

9. Borrowing Cost:

Borrowing costs attributable to the acquisition or Construction of a qualifying asset are capitalized. Other borrowing costs are recognized as expense in the period in which they are incurred.

10. Impairment of Assets:

Impairment Loss is recognized whenever the carrying amount at each Balance Sheet date is in excess of its recoverable amount and the same is recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss and carrying amount of the asset is reduced to its recoverable amount.

11. Segment Reporting:

As per AS 17, the company operates predominantly only in one business segment, i.e. finished products from Iron Ore. There is no reportable geographical segment.

12. Earning Per Share:

Basic Earnings per Share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss after tax for the year attributable to the shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the year and weighted number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of dilutive potential equity shares.

13. Foreign Currency Transaction:

Foreign Currency Transaction is recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to foreign currency amount the exchange rate at the transaction date. The exchange difference arising on revenue transactions are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

14. Provisions and Contingent Liabilities:

Provisions are recognized when the company has a legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of obligation.

Contingent Liabilities are disclosed when the company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation.



 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!