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Accounting Policies of SVOGL Oil Gas and Energy Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of preparation of financial statement

The company maintains its accounts on accrual basis following the historical cost convention , in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ["GAAP"] in compliance with the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and the Accounting Standards as specified in the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 read with Rule 7(1) of the Companies (Accounts) Rules,2014 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. Further, the guidance notes/announcements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) are also considered, whether applicable except to the extent where compliance with other statutory promulgations override the same requiring a different treatment.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets & liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period. Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of change in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceeds the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization).

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from oil & gas exploitation and other allied services. The same is accounted for by the Company on the basis of Gross value of work done.

Profit on sale of fixed assets / investments are recorded on transfer of title from the company and are determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the fixed asset / investments.

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method based on rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made. Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

5. Fixed Assets and Capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advance paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

6. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on assets carried at historical costs is provided on straight line method on the basis of useful life as specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. The carrying amount of the assets as on April 1, 2014 is depreciated over the remaining useful life.

7. Retirement & Other benefits to employees

Gratuity : In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment with the company subject to conditions specified in aforesaid act.

Provident Fund : Eligible employees receive benefits of provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company makes monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee's salary. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries is being administered by the government.

Compensated Absence : The employees of the Company are entitled to compensate absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absence is measured based on the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the Balance Sheet date. Expenses on non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise except in case of long term liabilities ,where they related to acquisition of fixed assets ,in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets .

9. Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax, related to earlier years & deferred tax.

Income tax is accrued in the same period that the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually, based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances & exemption. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other is probable.

The difference that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing difference at the end of an accounting period based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the asset can be realized in future; however, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward loss under taxation laws, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is a virtual certainty of realization of such assets.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax ('MAT') as per the provisions of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within statutory time frame and is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The MAT credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendation provided in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

10. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase. Cost for overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

12. Impairment of assets

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimated the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impaired loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historic cost.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax and extra ordinary items are adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of present or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Inventories

Stores, spares / (consumable & capital) parts & other consumables are valued at cost on First-in-first-out basis.

15. Segment Data

The company considers its principal activity of providing oil and natural gas exploitation services to be a complete segment and all revenues for the year ended 31st March, 2015 have been derived from this segment.

16. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset in accordance with the Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs". Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

17. Events occurring after the Balance sheet date

Where material, events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet are considered upto the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of preparation of financial statement

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities & Exchange Board of India.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets & liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of change in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceeds the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization).

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from oil & gas exploitation and other allied services. The same is accounted for by the Company on the basis of Gross value of work done.

Profit on sale of fixed assets / investments are recorded on transfer of title from the company and are determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the fixed asset / investments.

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method based on rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

5. Fixed Assets and Capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advance paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

6. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method at the rate prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold, impaired or discarded during a period is proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs. 5000/-) are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

7. Retirement & Other benefits to employees Gratuity :

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment with the company subject to conditions specified in aforesaid act.

Provident Fund :

Eligible employees receive benefits of provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company makes monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee''s salary. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries is being administered by the government.

Compensated Absence :

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensate absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absence is measured based on the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the Balance Sheet date. Expenses on non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise except in case of long term liabilities ,where they related to acquisition of fixed assets ,in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets .

9. Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax, related to earlier years & deferred tax.

Income tax is accrued in the same period that the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually, based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances & exemption. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other is probable.

The difference that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing difference at the end of an accounting period based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (''MAT'') as per the provisions of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within statutory time frame and is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The MAT credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendation provided in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

10. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long term based on Management''s intention at the time of purchase. Cost for overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

12. Impairment of assets

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimated the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impaired loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historic cost.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax and extra ordinary items are adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of present or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Inventories

Stores, spares (consumable & capital) parts & other consumables are valued at cost on First-in-first-out basis.

15. Segment Data

The Company considers its principal activity of providing oil and natural gas exploration services to be a complete segment and all revenues for the year ended 31st March 2014 have been derived from this segment.

16. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset in accordance with the Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs". Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

17. Events occurring after the Balance sheet date

Where material, events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet are considered upto the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2012

1. Basis of preparation of financial statements

These financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under historical cost convention and in compliance, in all material aspects, with the applicable accounting principles in India, the applicable accounting standards notified under section 211 (3C)and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All the assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of the products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalent, the company has ascertained its operating cycle to be less than 12 months.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets & liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of change in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceeds the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization).

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from oil & gas exploitation and other allied services. The same is accounted for by the Company on the basis of Gross value of work done.

Profit on sale of fixed assets / investments are recorded on transfer of title from the company and are determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the fixed asset / investments.

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method based on rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

5. Fixed Assets and Capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advance paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

6. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method at the rate prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold, impaired or discarded during a period is proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs. 5000/- ) are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

7. Retirement & Other benefits to employees

Gratuity :

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees salary and the tenure of employment with the company subject to conditions specified in aforesaid act.

Provident Fund :

Eligible employees receive benefits of provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company makes monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employees salary. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries is being administered by the government.

Compensated Absence :

The employees of the Company are entitled to compensate absences which are both accumulating and non- accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absence is measured based on the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the Balance Sheet date. Expenses on non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise except in case of long term liabilities ,where they related to acquisition of fixed assets ,in which case they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets .

9. Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax, related to earlier years & deferred tax.

Income tax is accrued in the same period when the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually, based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances & exemption. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other reason is probable.

The difference that result between the profit considered for Income Taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing difference at the end of an accounting period based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (‘MAT') as per the provisions of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within statutory time frame and is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The MAT credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendation provided in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

10. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase. Cost for overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

12. Impairment of assets

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impaired loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historic cost.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax and extra ordinary items are adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of present or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Inventories

Stores, spares (consumable & capital) parts & other consumables are valued at cost on First-in-first-out basis.

15. Segment Data

The company considers its principal activity of providing oil and natural gas exploitation services to be a complete segment and all revenues for the year ended 31st March 2012 have been derived from this segment.

16. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset in accordance with the Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs". Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

17. Events occurring after the Balance sheet date

Where material, events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet are considered upto the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of preparation of financial statement

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities & Exchange Board of India.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets & liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of change in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceeds the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization).

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from oil & gas exploitation and other allied services. The same is accounted for by the Company on work done basis.

Profit on sale of fixed assets / investments are recorded on transfer of title from the company and are determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the fixed asset / investments.

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method based on rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

Provision for onerous contracts, i.e. contracts where the expected unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it, are recognized when it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle a present obligation as a result of an obligating event, based on a reliable estimate of such obligation.

5. Fixed Assets and Capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advance paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

6. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method at the rate prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold, impaired or discarded during a period is proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs. 5000/-) are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

7. Retirement & Other benefits to employees

Gratuity : In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment with the company subject to conditions specified in aforesaid act.

Provident Fund : Eligible employees receive benefits of provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company makes monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee's salary. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries is being administered by the government.

Compensated Absence : The employees of the Company are entitled to compensate absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absence is measured based on the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the Balance Sheet date. Expenses on non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

9. Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax, related to earlier years & deferred tax.

Income tax is accrued in the same period that the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually, based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances & exemption. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other is probable.

The difference that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing difference at the end of an accounting period based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax ('MAT') as per the provisions of Section 115JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within statutory time frame and is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The MAT credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendation provided in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

10. Earning per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earning per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long term based on Management's intention at the time of purchase. Cost for overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

12. Impairment of assets

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimated the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impaired loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historic cost.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax and extra ordinary items are adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of present or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the company are segregated.

14. Inventories

Stores, spares (consumable & capital) parts & other consumables are valued at cost on First-in-first-out basis.

15. Segment Data

The company considers its principal activity of providing oil and natural gas exploitation services to be a complete segment and all revenues for the year ended 31st March 2011 have been derived from this segment.

16. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset in accordance with the Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs". Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

17. Events occurring after the Balance sheet date

Where material, events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet are considered upto the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of preparation of financial statement

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. GAAP comprises mandatory accounting standards as prescribed by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities & Exchange Board of India.

2. Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets & liabilities and disclosure relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of financial statements and reported amounts of income and expenses during the period.

Accounting estimates could change from period to period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as the Management becomes aware of change in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financial statements in the period in which changes are made, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the financial statements.

The management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if, and only if, the reversal can be related objectively to an event occurring after the impairment loss was recognized. The carrying amount of an asset is increased to its revised recoverable amount, provided that this amount does not exceeds the carrying amount that would have been determined (net of any accumulated amortization).

3. Revenue Recognition

Revenue is primarily derived from oil & gas exploitation and other allied services. The same is accounted for by the Company on work done basis.

Profit on sale of fixed assets / investments are recorded on transfer of title from the Company and are determined as the difference between the sale price and carrying value of the fixed asset / investments.

Interest is recognized using the time-proportion method based on rates implicit in the transaction.

4. Provisions and Contingent liabilities

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle obligation. Provisions are determined by the best estimate of the outflow benefits required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. Where no reliable estimate can be made, a disclosure is made as contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is also made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

5. Fixed Assets and Capital work-in-progress

Fixed assets are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and impairments, if any. Direct costs are capitalized until fixed assets are ready for use. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of fixed assets, which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Capital work-in-progress comprises outstanding advance paid to acquire fixed assets, and the cost of fixed assets that are not yet ready for their intended use at the reporting date.

6. Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided on the straight-line method at the rate prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation for assets purchased / sold, impaired or discarded during a period is proportionately charged. Individual low cost assets (acquired for less than Rs. 5000/- ) are depreciated fully in the year of purchase.

7. Retirement & Other benefits to employees

Gratuity : In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, the Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan covering eligible employees. The plan provides a lump-sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employees salary and the tenure of employment with the Company subject to conditions specified in aforesaid act.

Provident Fund : Eligible employees receive benefits of provident fund, which is a defined benefit plan. Both the employee and the Company makes monthly contribution to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employees salary. The rate at which the annual interest is payable to the beneficiaries is being administered by the government.

Compensated Absence : The employees of the Company are entitled to compensate absences which are both accumulating and non-accumulating in nature. The expected cost of accumulating compensated absence is measured based on the additional amount expected to be paid as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the Balance Sheet date. Expenses on non-accumulating compensated absences are recognized in the period in which the absences occur.

8. Foreign Currency Transactions

Investments in foreign entities are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of making the investment. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the rates prevailing on the date of transaction.

Monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at the rate prevailing on the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting companys monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year or reported in the previous financial statements, are recognized as income or expense in the year in which they arise.

9. Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax, related to earlier years & deferred tax.

Income tax is accrued in the same period that the related revenue and expenses arise. A provision is made for income tax annually, based on the tax liability computed, after considering tax allowances & exemption. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other is probable.

The difference that result between the profit considered for income taxes and the profit as per the financial statements are identified, and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred tax liability is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reverse in another, based on the tax effect of aggregate amount of timing difference. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing difference at the end of an accounting period based on enacted or substantively enacted regulations. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Tax credit is recognized in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax (‘MAT) as per the provisions of Section 115 JAA of the Income Tax Act, 1961 based on convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax within statutory time frame and is reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The MAT credit is recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendation provided in the Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India

10. Earnings per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

11. Investments

Investments are classified as long term based on Managements intention at the time of purchase. Cost for overseas investment comprises the Indian Rupee value of the consideration paid for the investment translated at the exchange rate prevalent at the date of investment. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provisions recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment.

12. Impairment of assets

The company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimated the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit & loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impaired loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historic cost.

13. Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby net profit before tax and extra ordinary items are adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non-cash nature, any deferrals or accruals of present or future operating cash receipts or payments and item of income or expenses associated with investing or financing cash flows. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated.

14. Inventories

Stores, spares (consumable & capital) parts & other consumables are valued at cost on First-in-first-out basis.

15. Segment Data

The Company considers its principal activity of providing oil and natural gas exploitation services to be a complete segment and all revenues for the year ended 31st March 2010 have been derived from this segment.

16. Borrowing Costs

Borrowing Cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, is capitalized as part of the cost of that asset in accordance with the Accounting Standard 16 on "Borrowing Costs". Other borrowing costs are charged to revenue.

17. Events occurring after the Balance sheet date

Where material, events occurring after the date of the Balance Sheet are considered upto the date of approval of accounts by the Board of Directors.