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Accounting Policies of Swiss Glasscoat Equipments Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India. The applicable mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the requirements of the Companies Act, 2013 of India have been followed in preparation of these financial statements.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Fixed Assets:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of tax/ duty credit availed, if any, after reducing accumulated depreciation upto the date of the Balance sheet. Self constructed assets are capitalized at factory cost. Direct costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financial cost relating to any borrowing attributable to acquisition.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

4) Valuation of Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of costs or estimated net realizable value. The cost of inventories is arrived at on the following basis:

Raw Material and Stores : FIFO Method

Stock-in-process : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Finished Goods : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5) Foreign Currency Transactions:

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction.

(b) All foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, remaining unsettled at the end of the period, are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date.

(c) Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settlement / translation are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

6) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method (SLM) as per useful life prescribed under Schedule II of the Companies Act, 201 3.

7) Recognition of Revenue:

The Company recognizes sales and labour income on the basis of actual delivery of the goods. Sales and labour income are recorded at invoice values net of excise duty, value added tax and trade discounts.

Interest income is recognized on the time proportion method.

8) Employee Benefits:

Post-employment benefit plans:

a) Defined Contribution Plan: Contribution for Provident Fund are accrued in accordance with applicable statutes and deposited with regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

b) Defined Benefit Plan: The liability in respect of gratuity is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur.

Contributions in respect of gratuity are made to the Group Gratuity Scheme with Bajaj Alliance Life Insurance.

With respect to leave encashment the Company determines the liability for the leave encashment and makes the payment to the eligible employees every year in the same year and recognizes in Full in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Short-term employee benefits: All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. The benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia, are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

9) Borrowing Cost:

Interest on borrowings, if any, attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized and included in the cost of the asset, as appropriate.

10) Earning Per Share:

Basic Earning per share is calculated by dividing the Net Profit after tax attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year.

11) Taxation:

Provision for income-tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year. Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

12) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree or estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

13) Impairment of Asset:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, of those assets. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

14) Accounting for Lease:

Operating Lease: Rental in respect of all operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.2 The Company has only one class of equity share having par value of Rs. 10 per share. Each holder of equity share is entitled to one vote per share. In the event of liquidation of the Company, the holder of the equity share will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the Company. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the share holders.


Mar 31, 2014

1) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India. The applicable mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India have been followed in preparation of these financial statements.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Fixed Assets:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of tax/ duty credit availed, if any, after reducing accumulate depreciation upto the date of the Balance sheet. Self constructed assets are capitalized at factory cost.

Direct costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financial cost relating to any borrowing attributable to acquisition.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

4) Valuation of Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of costs or estimated net realizable value. The cost of inventories is arrived at on the following basis:

Raw Material and Stores : FIFO Method

Stock-in-process : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Finished Goods : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5) Foreign Currency Transactions:

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction.

(b) All foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, remaining unsettled at the end of the period, are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date.

(c) Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settlement / translation are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

6) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV (as amended) to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to the Fixed Assets is provided on pro rata basis from the day on which it is put to use.

7) Recognition of Revenue:

The Company recognizes sales and labour income on the basis of actual delivery of the goods. Sales and labour income are recorded at invoice values net of excise duty, value added tax and trade discounts.

Interest income is recognized on the time proportion method.

8) Employee Benefits:

Post-employment benefit plans:

a) Defined Contribution Plan: Contribution for Provident Fund are accrued in accordance with applicable statutes and deposited with regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

b) Defined Benefit Plan: The liability in respect of gratuity is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur.

Contributions in respect of gratuity are made to the Group Gratuity Scheme with Bajaj Alliance Life Insurance.

With respect to leave encashment the Company determines the liability for the leave encashment and makes the payment to the eligible employees every year in the same year and recognizes in Full in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Short-term employee benefits:

All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. The benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia, are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

9) Borrowing Cost:

Interest on borrowings, if any, attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized and included in the cost of the asset, as appropriate.

10) Earning Per Share:

Basic Earning per share is calculated by dividing the Net Profit after tax attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year.

11) Taxation:

Provision for income-tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year. Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

12) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree or estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

13) Impairment of Asset:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, of those assets. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

14) Accounting for Lease:

Operating Lease: Rental in respect of all operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2013

1) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India. The applicable mandatory Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India have been followed in preparation of these financial statements.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Fixed Assets:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of tax/ duty credit availed, if any, after reducing accumulate depreciation upto the date of the Balance sheet. Self constructed assets are capitalized at factory cost.

Direct costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financial cost relating to any borrowing attributable to acquisition.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably.

4) Valuation of Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of costs or estimated net realizable value. The cost of inventories is arrived at on the following basis:

Raw Material and Stores : FIFO Method

Stock-in-process : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Finished Goods : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5) Foreign Currency Transactions:

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction.

(b) All foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, remaining unsettled at the end of the period, are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date.

(c) Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settlement / translation are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

6) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV (as amended) to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to the Fixed Assets is provided on pro rata basis from the day on which it is put to use.

7) Recognition of Revenue:

The Company recognizes sales and labour income on the basis of actual delivery of the goods. Sales and labour income are recorded at invoice values net of excise duty, value added tax and trade discounts.

Interest income is recognized on the time proportion method.

8) Employee Benefits: Post-employment benefit plans:

a) Defined Contribution Plan: Contribution for Provident Fund are accrued in accordance with applicable statutes and deposited with regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

b) Defined Benefit Plan: The liability in respect of gratuity is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains are recognized in full in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the period in which they occur.

Contributions in respect of gratuity are made to the Group Gratuity Scheme with Bajaj Alliance Life Insurance.

With respect to leave encashment the Company determines the liability for the leave encashment and makes the payment to the eligible employees every year in the same year and recognizes in Full in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Short-term employee benefits: All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. The benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia, are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

9) Borrowing Cost:

Interest on borrowings, if any, attributable to acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized and included in the cost of the asset, as appropriate.

10) Earning Per Share:

Basic Earning per share is calculated by dividing the Net Profit after tax attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year.

11) Taxation:

Provision for income-tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year. Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

12) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree or estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

13) Impairment of Asset:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, of those assets. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

14) Accounting for Lease:

Operating Lease: Rental in respect of all operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.


Mar 31, 2012

1) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India. The applicable mandatory Accounting standards notified under the Companies {Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India have been followed in preparation of these financial statements.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Fixed Assets:

(i) Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of tax/ duty credit availed, if any, after reducing accumulate depreciation until the date of the Balance sheet. Self constructed assets are capitalized at factory cost.

Direct costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financial cost relating to any borrowing attributable to acquisition.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are recognized when it is probable that the future economic benefits that are attributable to the assets will flow to the enterprise and the cost of the asset can be measured reliably

4) Valuation of Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of costs or estimated net realizable value. The cost of inventories is arrived at on the following basis:

Raw Material and Stores : FIFO Method

Stock-in-process : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Finished Goods : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5) Foreign Currency Transactions:

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction.

(b) All foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, remaining unsettled at the end of the period, are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date.

(c) Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settlement/translation are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

6) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV (as amended) to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to the Fixed Assets is provided on prorata basis from the day on which it is put to use.

7) Recognition of Revenue:

The Company recognizes sales and labour income on the basis of actual delivery of the goods. Sales and labour income are recorded at invoice values net of excise duty, value added tax and trade discounts. Interest income is recognized on the time proportion method.

8) Employee Benefits:

Post-employment benefit plans:

a) Defined Contribution plan: Contribution for Provident Fund are accrued in accordance with applicable statutes and deposited with regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

b) Defined Benefit Plan: The liability in respect of gratuity is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains are recognized in full in the profit and loss account for the period in which they occur.

Contributions in respect of gratuity are made to the Group Gratuity Scheme with Bajaj Alliance Life Insurance.

With respect to leave encashment, the Company determins the liability for the leave encashment and makes the payment to the eligible employees every year in the same year and recognizes in full in the Profit and Loss account.

Short-term employee benefits: All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. The benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia, are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

9) Borrowing Cost:

Interest on borrowings, if any, attributable to acquisition of qualifying Assets are capitalized and included in the cost of the asset, as appropriate.

10) Earning Per Share:

Basic Earning per share is calculated by dividing the Net Profit after tax attributable to the equity shareholders by the weighted average number of Equity Shares outstanding during the year.

11) Taxation;

Provision for income-tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year. Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance to the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

12) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree or estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements, Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflex the current best estimate.

13) Impairment of Asset:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, of those assets. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

14) Accounting for Lease:

Operating Lease: Rental in respect of all operating leases are charged to the profit and loss account.


Mar 31, 2010

1) Basis of Accounting:

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principals in India. The applicable mandatory Accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 and the requirements of the Companies Act, 1956 of India have been followed in preparation of these financial statements.

2) Use of Estimates:

The presentation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known / materialized.

3) Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost net of tax/ duty credit availed, if any, after reducing accumulate depreciation until the date of the Balance sheet. Self constructed assets are capitalized at factory cost.

Direct costs are capitalized until the assets are ready to use and include financial cost relating to any borrowing attributable to acquisition.

4) Valuation of Inventories:

Inventories are valued at lower of costs or estimated net realizable value. The cost of inventories is arrived at on the following basis:

Raw Material and Stores : FIFO Method

Stock-in-process : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absorption of Labour and Overhead

Finished Goods : Raw Material at Weighted Average Cost & absc-ption of Labour and Overhead

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

5) Foreign Currency Transactions:

(a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are normally recorded at the exchange rates prevailing at the time of the transaction.

(b) All foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities, remaining unsettled at the end of the period, are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the balance sheet date.

(c) Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settlement / translation are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

6) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method as per the rates prescribed in Schedu XIV (as amended) to the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on additions to the Fixed Assets is provided on pi rata basis from the day on which they are put to use.

7) Recognition of Revenue:

The Company recognizes sales and labour income on the basis of actual delivery of the goods. Sales and labour income are recorded at invoice values net of excise duty, value added tax and trade discounts.

Interest income is recognized on the time proportion method.

8) Employee Benefits: Post-employment benefit plans:

a) Defined Contribution Plan: Contribution for Provident Fund are accrued in accordance with applicable statutes and deposited with the Regional Provident Fund Commissioner.

b) Defined Benefit Plan: The liability in respect of gratuity is determined using Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains are recognized in full in the Profit and Loss Account for the period in which they occur.

Contributions in respect of gratuity are made to the Group Gratuity Scheme with Bajaj Alliance Life Insurance.

With respect to leave encashment, the Company determines the liability and makes the payment to the eligible employees every year and recognizes it in full in the Profit and Loss Account.

Short-term employee benefits: All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. The benefits like salaries, wages, short term compensated absences, etc. and the expected cost of bonus, ex-gratia, are recognized in the period in which the employee renders the related services.

9) Borrowing Cost:

Interest on borrowings, if any, attributable to acquisition of qualifying Assets are capitalized and included in the cost of the asset, as appropriate.

10) Taxation:

Provision for income-tax is made on the basis of estimated taxable income for the year. Deferred tax resulting from timing differences between the book and tax profits is accounted for under the liability method, at the current rate of tax, to the extent that the timing differences are expected to crystallize.

Minimum alternative tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives rise to future economic benefits in the form of adjustment of future income tax liability, is considered as an asset when it is probable that the future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company and the asset can be measured reliably.

11) Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provisions involving substantial degree or estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to financial statements. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements. Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimate.

12) Impairment of Asset:

An asset is treated as impaired when the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its estimated recoverable value. Carrying amounts of fixed assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine indications of impairment, if any, of those assets. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated and an impairment loss equal to the excess of the carrying amount over its recoverable value is recognized as an impairment loss. The impairment loss, if any, recognized in prior accounting period is reversed if there is a change in estimate of recoverable amount.

 
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