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Accounting Policies of Sylph Technologies Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

2.1 Basis of preparation:

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. All incomes and expenditures having a material bearing on the financial statement are recognized on the accrual basis. Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard if initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policies hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of statements in conformity with GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual result could differ from estimates. Any changes in estimates are adjusted prospectively.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expended is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above. An impairment loss is reserved only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

2.3 Cash Flow statement :

Cash flow statement are reported using indirect method. The cash flow regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

2.4 Revenue recognition:

Revenue from software development services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material basis recognized as the services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contacts and sale of license and related customization and implementation is recognized in accordance with the percentage completion. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become certain based on the current estimates.

Revenue from annual technical service contracts is recognized on pro-rata basis over the period in which the services are rendered.

Service income accrued but not due represents revenue recognized on contracts to be billed in the subsequent period, in accordance with terms of the contract.

Revenue from sale of news paper is recognised when all the significant risk and rewards of ownership have passed on to the buyer, usually on the delivery of the goods.

Profit on sales of investments is recorded on transfer of title of company from company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and carrying value of the investment. Interest on development of surplus funds is recognized using time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

2.5 Earnings Per share :

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period /year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period/ year- end, except where the result would be anti - dilutive.

2.6 Investments :

Investment that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investment are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long term investment are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such as reduction being determined and made for the investment individually.

2.7 Fixed assets and depreciation :

Fixed assets are stated at acquisition cost less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets comprises its purchase price including duties and other non-refundable taxes or levies and any directly, attributable cost of bringing the asset to the working condition for its intended use. Depreciation is provided on the Straight Line Method (SLM) as per the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Act.

Depreciation is charged on pro-rata basis on assets acquired during the year. The depreciation is charged from the date in which the assets is required.

2.8 Taxes on income :

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred Taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted at the reporting date.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period, i.e., the period for which MAT Credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the Company recognizes MAT Credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternate Tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of Profit and Loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The Company reviews the "MAT Credit Entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the sufficient period.


Mar 31, 2013

1.1 Basis of preparation:

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. All incomes and expenditures having a material bearing on the financial statement are recognized on the accrual basis. Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard if initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policies hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

1.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of statements in conformity with GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that a fect reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual result could defer from estimates. Any changes in estimates are adjusted prospectively.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expended is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset''s net sales price or present value as determined above. An impairment loss is reserved only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

1.3 Cash Flow statement :

Cash flow statement are reported using indirect method. The cash flow regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

1.4 Revenue recognition:

Revenue from software development services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material basis recognized as the services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contacts and sale of license and related customization and implementation is recognized in accordance with the percentage completion. Provision fo r estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become certain based on the current estimates. Revenue from annual technical service contracts is recognized on pro-rata basis over the period in which the services are rendered.

Service income accrued but not due represents revenue recognized on contracts to be billed in the subsequent period, in accordance with terms of the contract.

Profit on sales of investments is recorded on transfer of title of company from company and is determined as the di ference between the sales price and carrying value of the investment. Interest on development of surplus funds is recognized using time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

1.5 Expenditure:

The cost of software purchased fo r use in software development and services is charged to the cost of revenue in the year of acquisition. Post sales customer support costs are estimated by the management, determined on the basis of past experience. Expenses are accounted fo r on accrual basis and provisions are made fo r all losses and liabilities.

1.6 Earnings Per share:

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period /year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period/ year-end, except where the result would be anti – dilutive.

1.7 Investments:

Investment that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investment are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long term investment are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such as reduction being determined and made for the investment individually.


Mar 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of preparation:

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. All incomes and expenditures having a material bearing on the financial statement are recognized on the accrual basis. Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard if initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policies hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

1.2 Use of estimates:

The preparation of statements in conformity with GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual result could differ from estimates. Any changes in estimates are adjusted prospectively.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expended is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above. An impairment loss is reserved only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

1.3 Cash Flow statement :

Cash flow statement are reported using indirect method. The cash flow regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.

1.4 Revenue recognition:

Revenue from software development services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material basis recognized as the services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contacts and sale of license and related customization and implementation is recognized in accordance with the percentage completion. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become certain based on the current estimates.

Revenue from annual technical service contracts is recognized on pro-rata basis over the period in which the services are rendered.

Service income accrued but not due represents revenue recognized on contracts to be billed in the subsequent period, in accordance with terms of the contract.

Profit on sales of investments is recorded on transfer of title of company from company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and carrying value of the investment. Interest on development of surplus funds is recognized using time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

1.5 Expenditure:

The cost of software purchased for use in software development and services is charged to the cost of revenue in the year of acquisition. Post sales customer support costs are estimated by the management, determined on the basis of past experience. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provisions are made for all losses and liabilities.

1.6 Earnings Per share:

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period /year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period/ year-end, except where the result would be anti - dilutive.

1.7 Investments:

Investment that are readily realizable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investment are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long term investment are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such as reduction being determined and made for the investment individually.

1.8 Change in operating period:

These financial statement has been prepared for the period 01.07.2011 to 31.03.2012, previously these statements were prepared for the year ended July to June. Now from the current year accounting policies has been changed from Financial year July to June to Financial year April to march.


Jun 30, 2011

1. Basis of preparation:

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. All incomes and expenditures having a material bearing on the financial statement are recognized on the accrual basis. Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard if initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policies hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2. Use of estimates:

The preparation of statements in conformity with GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual result could differ from estimates. Any changes in estimates are adjusted prospectively.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expended is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the asset's net sales price or present value as determined above. An impairment loss is reserved only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

3. Revenue recognition:

Revenue from software development services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material basis recognized as the services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contacts and sale of license and related customization and implementation is recognized in accordance with the percentage completion. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become certain based on the current estimates.

Revenue from annual technical service contracts is recognized on pro-rata basis over the period in which the services are rendered.

Service income accrued but not due represents revenue recognized on contracts to be billed in the subsequent period, in accordance with terms of the contract.

Profit on sales of investments is recorded on transfer of title of company from company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and carrying value of the investment. Interest on development of surplus funds is recognized using time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

4. Expenditure:

The cost of software purchased for use in software development and services is charged to the cost of revenue in the year of acquisition. Post sales customer support costs are estimated by the management, determined on the basis of past experience. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provisions are made for all losses and liabilities.

5. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition including incidental costs related to acquisition and installation. Fixed assets under construction, advances paid towards acquisition of fixed asset and cost of assets not put to use before the period /years end, are disclosed as capital work in progress.

6. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets, except leasehold land, is on straight line method based on the useful lives of respective as estimated by the management. Depreciation a basis for assets purchased/ sold during the period / year. Assets costing less than Rs. 5000 are fully depreciated in the period / year of purchase.

7. Investments:

Investments are classified into long term and investments based on the intent of the management at the time of acquisition. Long term including investments in subsidiaries is stated at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary in the value of such investments. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and the fair value.

8. Earnings Per share:

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period /year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period/ year-end, except where the result would be anti - dilutive.

9. Taxation

Income tax is computed using tax effect accounting period, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenditure arise. A provision is made for income tax based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. The differences that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per financial statements are identified and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred liabilities is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reserve in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the financial year based on the prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is virtual certainly of realization of such assets. In other situation, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainly realization in future. Such assets are reviewed at the end of each financial year and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain to be realized. Deferred tax assets or liabilities arising due to the timing difference, originality during the tax holiday period and reversing after the tax holiday period are recognized in the period in which the timing difference originates.

10. Managerial Remuneration:

No managerial remuneration has been paid during the period / year to the directors. (Previous year nil)

11. Segment Reporting

a) Segment accounting policies

The segment reporting policies complies with the accounting policies adopted for preparation and presentation of financial statements of the company and in conformity with accounting standard-17 on segment reporting issued by ICAI.

b) The company operates in two segments namely software development and share trading. During the period the company has operated only in one segment i.e. software development. Hence the entire revenue and expenses pertains to this segment.

c) The assets and liabilities are also represent one segment i.e. software development only.

12. Related party disclosures:

In accordance with the accounting standard (As) 18 "Related Party Disclosures" issued by the The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) and notified under the Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 the names of the related parties and the relevant disclosure is as under :- a) Name of the related party and description of relationship :

1. Key Management Personnel

1. Rajesh Jain

2. Shantila Jain

2. Relative of Key Management Personnel

1. Rakesh Jain

2. JayshriJain

3. Companies/Entities Under the Control of Key Management Personnel

1. Sylph Education Solutions Private Limited.

2. Sakshi Multitrade Private Limited.

3. Sakshi Powertech Private Limited.

4. Saksham Publishers and Printers Private Limited.

14. CIF value of imports

The company has not made any imports during the period. (Previous year NIL)

13. Expenditure in foreign currency:

The company has not made any expenditure in foreign currency during the period. (Previous year NIL)

14. Earnings in foreign currency:

The company has made earnings in foreign currency of Nil during the year. (Previous year US $21607)

15. Dividend remittance in foreign currency

The company has not made any payment of dividend in foreign currency during the year (Previous year NIL)

16. Capital commitments and contingents liabilities:

(a) Estimated amount of contracts remaining to be executed on capital account and not provided in the books of accounts is NIL(Previous year NIL)

(b) The company does not have any contingent liabilities at the end of the period. (Previous year NIL)

17. Small & Medium Enterprises Transactions

Under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act,2006 which came into force from 2nd October 2006, certain disclosures are required to be made relating to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. The Company is in the process of compiling relative information from it's suppliers about their coverage under the said act since the relevant information is not readily available, no disclosures have been made in the accounts. However the Management is of the view that, the impact of interest, if any, that may be payable in accordance with the provisions of this act is not expected to be material

18. Previous year figure have been regrouped / reclassified wherever necessary to make them comparable with the current period.


Jun 30, 2010

1. Basis of preparation:

The Financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention, in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) and mandatory accounting standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. All incomes and expenditures having a material bearing on the financial statement are recognized on the accrual basis. Accounting Policies have been consistently applied except where a newly issued accounting standard if initially adopted or a revision to an existing accounting standard requires a change in the accounting policies hitherto in use. Management evaluates all recently issued or revised accounting standards on an ongoing basis.

2. Use of estimates:

The preparation of statements in conformity with GAAP requires Management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of financial statements and reported amount of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual result could differ from estimates. Any changes in estimates are adjusted prospectively.

Management periodically assesses using external and internal sources whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. Impairment occurs where the carrying value exceeds the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. The impairment loss to be expended is determined as the excess of the carrying amount over the higher of the assets net sales price or present value as determined above. An impairment loss is reserved only to the extent that the assets carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined net of depreciation or amortization, if no impairment loss had been recognized.

Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated.

3. Revenue recognition:

Revenue from software development services comprises income from time and material and fixed price contracts. Revenue from time and material basis recognized as the services are rendered. Revenue from fixed price contacts and sale of license and related customization and implementation is recognized in accordance with the percentage completion. Provision for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become certain based on the current estimates.

Revenue from annual technical service contracts is recognized on pro-rata basis over the period in which the services are rendered.

Service income accrued but not due represents revenue recognized on contracts to be billed in the subsequent period, in accordance with terms of the contract.

Profit on sales of investments is recorded on transfer of title of company from company and is determined as the difference between the sales price and carrying value of the investment. Interest on development of surplus funds is recognized using time proportion method, based on interest rates implicit in the transaction. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive the same is established.

4. Expenditure:

The cost of software purchased for use in software development and services is charged to the cost of revenue in the year of acquisition. Post sales customer support costs are estimated by the management, determined on the basis of past experience. Expenses are accounted for on accrual basis and provisions are made for all losses and liabilities.

5. Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at the cost of acquisition including incidental costs related to acquisition and installation. Fixed assets under construction, advances paid towards acquisition of fixed asset and cost of assets not put to use before the period /years end, are disclosed as capital work in progress.

6. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets, except leasehold land, is on straight line method based on the useful lives of respective as estimated by the management. Depreciation a basis for assets purchased/ sold during the period / year. Assets costing less than Rs. 5000 are fully depreciated in the period / year of purchase.

7. Investments:

Investments are classified into long term and investments based on the intent of the management at the time of acquisition. Long term including investments in subsidiaries is stated at cost and provision is made to recognize any decline, other than temporary in the value of such investments. Current investments are stated at the lower of cost and the fair value.

8. Earnings Per share:

Basic earning per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period /year. Diluted earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the period/ year-end, except where the result would be anti - dilutive.

9. Taxation

Income tax is computed using tax effect accounting period, where taxes are accrued in the same period the related revenue and expenditure arise. A provision is made for income tax based on the tax liability computed after considering tax allowances and exemptions. The differences that result between the profit offered for income taxes and the profit as per financial statements are identified and thereafter a deferred tax asset or deferred liabilities is recorded for timing differences, namely the differences that originate in one accounting period and reserve in another, based on the tax effect of the aggregate amount being considered. The tax effect is calculated on the accumulated timing differences at the end of the financial year based on the prevailing enacted or substantially enacted regulations. Where there are unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is virtual certainly of realization of such assets. In other situation, deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainly realization in future. Such assets are reviewed at the end of each financial year and written down or written up to reflect the amount that is reasonably / virtually certain to be realized. Deferred tax assets or liabilities arising due to the timing difference, originality during the tax holiday period and reversing after the tax holiday period are recognized in the period in which the timing difference originates.

10. Managerial Remuneration:

No managerial remuneration has been paid during the period / year to the directors. (Previous year nil)

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