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Accounting Policies of Tarini International Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

A Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) and accounting standards specified under section 133 read with Rule 7 of Company Account Rule, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B Use of estimates ,

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the reporting date of the financial statements and amounts of income and expenses during the period of account. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, income taxes and future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans. Management periodically assesses whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired and makes provision in the accounts for any impairment losses estimated. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

C Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

D Depreciation / Amortization

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight Line method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 over their useful life. In respect of the additions made or assets sold / discarded during the year, prorata depreciation has been provided.

E Impairment of assets

The carrying value of assets at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of the impairment exist, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exist their recoverable amount, the recoverable amount is the greater of net selling prince and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on the appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting period no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the statement of profit and loss account.


Mar 31, 2015

A Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) and accounting standards specified under section 133 read with Rule 7 of Company Account Rule, 2014 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the reporting date of the financial statements and amounts of income and expenses during the period of account. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, income taxes and future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans. Management periodically assesses whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired and makes provision in the accounts for any impairment losses estimated. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

C Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

D Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight Line method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013 over their useful life. In respect of the additions made or assets sold / discarded during the year, prorata depreciation has been provided.

E Impairment of assets

The carrying value of assets at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of the impairment exist, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exist their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of net selling prince and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on the appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting period no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss account.

F Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as "Current investments". All other investments are classified as "Long term investments". Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value of such investments. Dividend Income is accounted when the right to receive dividend is established.

G Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that requires substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as period costs.

H Contingent Liability & Provisions

A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liability is disclosed for

"a) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of theCompany or"

b) Present obligations arising from the past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

c) Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

I Foreign Currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

All loans and deferred credits repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed in Indian currency at the date prevailing at the balance sheet date.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

J Retirement and other employee benefits

Employee benefit include Provident fund, Gratuity fund and compensated absences

i) Defined contribution plans - The contribution to the Provident fund is considered as defined contribution and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

ii) Defined benefit Plans - For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined on the basis of airthemetic calculations at each balance sheet date.

iii) Short term employee benefits - The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the period when employee render the service. These benefits include performence incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of short term compensated absences is accounted, in case of non accumulating compensated absences, when the absence occur.

K Revenue recognition

Revenue has been recognized in accordance with Accounting Standard-9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

L Leases

"a) Finance Lease

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company all risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item are classified as Finance Lease. Lease rentals are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return."

"b) Operating Lease

Lease where the lesser effectively retains substantially all risks and benefits of the asset are classified asOperating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss account on a Straight Line Basis over the Lease term."

M Earnings per share

In arriving at the EPS, the Company's net profit/ loss after tax, computed in terms of the Indian GAAP, is divided by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding on the last day of the reporting period. The EPS thus arrived at is known as 'Basic EPS'. To arrive at the diluted EPS, the net profit / loss after tax, referred above and the weighted average number of equity shares, as computed above and the weighted average number of equity shares that would have been issued on conversion of shares having potential dilutive effect subject to the terms of issue of those potential shares. The dates' of issue of such potential shares determine the amount of the weighted average number of potential equity shares.

In the event of issue of bonus shares, or share split the number of equity shares outstanding is increased without an increase in the resources. The number of Equity shares outstanding before the event is adjusted for the proportionate change in the number of equity shares outstanding as if the event had occurred at the beginning of the earliest period reported.

N Income taxes

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after taking into consideration of tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters are probable.

As per Accounting Standard 22 issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India, deferred tax liability / assets is recognized subject to prudence, on timing differences, being reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset.


Mar 31, 2014

A Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (Indian GAAP) and notified accounting standards by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956 and Companies Act, 2013 (to the extent notified). The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the balances of assets and liabilities and disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the reporting date of the financial statements and amounts of income and expenses during the period of account. Examples of such estimates include provision for doubtful debts, income taxes and future obligations under employee retirement benefit plans. Management periodically assesses whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired and makes provision in the accounts for any impairment losses estimated. Contingencies are recorded when it is probable that a liability will be incurred, and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

C Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

D Depreciation / Amortisation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight Line method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their useful life. In respect of the additions made or assets sold / discarded during the year, pro rata depreciation has been provided.

E Impairment of assets

The carrying value of assets at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of the impairment exist, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exist their recoverable amount. the recoverable amount is the greater of net selling prince and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flow to their present value based on the appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting period no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the statement of profit and loss account.

F Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as "Current investments". All other investments are classified as "Long term investments". Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value. Long-term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary in value of such investments. Dividend Income is accounted when the right to receive dividend is established.

G Borrowing Costs

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition and construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is one that requires substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as period costs.

H Contingent Liability & Provisions

A provision is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent liability is disclosed for

"a) Possible obligation which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the Company or"

b) Present obligations arising from the past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made.

c) Contingent Assets are not recognized in the financial statements since this may result in the recognition of income that may never be realized.

I Foreign Currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

All loans and deferred credits repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed in Indian currency at the date prevailing at the balance sheet date.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

J Retirement and other employee benefits

Employee benefit include Provident fund, Gratuity fund and compensated absences

i) Defined contribution plans - The contribution to the Provident fund is considered as defined contribution and is charged as an expense based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

ii) Defined benefit Plans - For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund, the cost of providing benefits is determined on the basis of airthemetic calculations at each balance sheet date.

iii) Short term employee benefits - The undiscounted amount of short term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the period when employee render the service. These benefits include performence incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service. The cost of short term compensated absences is accounted, in case of non accumulating compensated absences, when the absence occur.

K Revenue recognition

Revenue has been recognized in accordance with Accounting Standard-9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

L Leases

a) Finance Lease

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company all risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item are classified as Finance Lease. Lease rentals are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return."

b) Operating Lease

Lease where the lesser effectively retains substantially all risks and benefits of the asset are classified as Operating lease. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit & Loss account on a Straight Line Basis over the Lease term."

M Earnings per share

In arriving at the EPS, the Company''s net profit/ loss after tax, computed in terms of the Indian GAAP, is divided by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding on the last day of the reporting period. The EPS thus arrived at is known as ''Basic EPS''. To arrive at the diluted EPS, the net profit / loss after tax, referred above and the weighted average number of equity shares, as computed above and the weighted average number of equity shares that would have been issued on conversion of shares having potential dilutive effect subject to the terms of issue of those potential shares. The dates'' of issue of such potential shares determine the amount of the weighted average number of potential equity shares.

In the event of issue of bonus shares, or share split the number of equity shares outstanding is increased without an increase in the resources. The number of Equity shares outstanding before the event is adjusted for the proportionate change in the number of equity shares outstanding as if the event had occurred at the beginning of the earliest period reported.

N Income taxes

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. A provision is made for income tax annually based on the tax liability computed, after taking into consideration of tax allowances and exemptions. Provisions are recorded when it is estimated that a liability due to disallowances or other matters are probable.

As per Accounting Standard 22 issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India, deferred tax liability / assets is recognized subject to prudence, on timing differences, being reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax asset are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset.


Mar 31, 2013

A Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified accounting standards by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /

C Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

D Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight Line method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their

E Revenue recognition

Revenue has been recognized in accordance with to as per AS-9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

F Investments

The Long-term investments are shown at Book Value which comprises of cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision for diminution in value of investments is made only if in the opinion of the management such decline is other than temporary and is provided for each investment individually.

G Foreign Currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

All loans and deferred credits repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed in Indian currency at the date prevailing at the balance sheet date.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

H Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for Gratuity is determined on arithmetical calculation done on actual basis and charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

I Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

J Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

K Deferred tax Asset/ Liability

As per Accounting Standard 22 issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India, deferred tax liability/ assets is recognized subject to prudence, on timing differences, being reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax asset are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset.

i (16,52,770) Equity shares out of issued, subscribed and paid up capital alloted as fully paid up bonus shares by capitalisation of Reserves & surplus during the last financial year immediately preceeding the current financial year.

ii Issued, subscribed and fully paid up shares includes 4,96,000 equity shares issued at premium in lieu of salary payable to certain directors during the last financial year immediately preceeding the current financial year.


Mar 31, 2012

A Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified accounting standards by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

B Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between the actual results and estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known /

C Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use.

D Depreciation

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided to the extent of depreciable amount on Straight Line method (SLM) at the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 over their

E Revenue recognition

Revenue has been recognized in accordance with to as per AS-9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

F Investments

The Long-term investments are shown at Book Value which comprises of cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision for diminution in value of investments is made only if in the opinion of the management such decline is other than temporary and is provided for each investment individually.

G Foreign Currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

Conversion

All loans and deferred credits repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed in Indian currency at the date prevailing at the balance sheet date.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

H Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for Gratuity is determined on arithmetical calculation done on actual basis and charged off to the Profit and Loss Account.

I Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

J Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

K. Deferred tax Asset/ Liability

As per Accounting Standard 22 issued by Institute of Chartered Accountant of India, deferred tax liability/ assets is recognized subject to prudence, on timing differences, being reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax asset are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset.


Mar 31, 2011

A. Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the notified accounting standards by Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis. The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the company and are consistent with those used in the previous year.

b. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements is in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the results of operations during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, actual results could differ from these estimates.

c. Fixed assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses, if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use. Borrowing costs relating to acquisition of fixed assets during construction period included to the extent they relate to the period till such assets are ready to be put to use

d. Revenue recognition

Revnue has been recognized in accordance with to AS-9 issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

e. Investments

The Long-term investments are shown at Book Value which comprises of cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision for diminution in value of investments is made only if in the opinion of the management such decline is other than temporary and is provided for each investment individually.Dividend is accounted for as and when secured.

g. Foreign Currency transactions

Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the

foreign currency at the date of the transaction

Conversion

ALL loans and deffered credits repayable in foreign currency and outstanding at the close of the year are expressed in Indian currency at the date prevailing at the balance sheet.

Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting of such monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognized as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise.

h. Retirement and other employee benefits

Provision for Gratuity is determined on arithmetical calculation done on actual basis and charged off to the Profit and Loss Account

i. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

j. Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best .estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

k. Deferred tax Asset/ Liability.

As per Accounting Standard 22 issued by Institute of chartered accountant of India, deferred tax liability/ assets is recognized subject to prudence, on timing differences, being reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred tax asset are recognized only to the extent there is reasonable certainty that the assets can be realized in future. However, where there is unabsorbed depreciation or carried forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only is a virtual certainty of realization of such asset.

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