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Accounting Policies of Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2016

Basis of Accounting

The Financial Statements of Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Limited (or the Company) have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention and on the accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India. GAAP comprises Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of Companies Act, 2013 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of Fixed Assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective Assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed Assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an Asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the Asset. If such recoverable amount of the Asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the Asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the Asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method generally in accordance with the life of the respective assets as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Investments

Investments are either classified as Current or Non-Current based on management’s intention at the time of purchase. Current Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

Non-current Investments are considered "at Cost” on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reason for the reduction is no longer exist.

Revenue Recognition

Sales revenue is recognized on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, Service Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates. Income from services is recognized as the services are rendered based on agreement/arrangement with the concerned parties. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Certain insurance and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis.

Employee Benefits

(1) The Company’s contribution to provident fund, employees’ state insurance scheme are charged on accrual basis to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(2) Leave: Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity: Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities and disclosure of contingent Liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalized till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organizational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into three business segments namely Real Estate, Hydro Power and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognized on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognized and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.

Earnings Per Share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/ loss for the period attributable to equity shares holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flow from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated


Mar 31, 2015

1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

General

The Financial Statements of Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Limited (or the Company) have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention and on the accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India. GAAP comprises Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of Companies Act, 2013 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. The Financial Statements are rounded off to the nearest Rupees thousands.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of Fixed Assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective Assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed Assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an Asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the Asset. If such recoverable amount of the Asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the Asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the Asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

Depreciation

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on straight line method generally in accordance with the life of the respective assets as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

Investments

Investments are either classified as current or Non-current based on management's intention at the time of purchase. Current Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

Non-current Investments are considered "at Cost" on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reason for the reduction is no longer exist.

Revenue Recognition

Sales revenue is recognized on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, Service Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates. Income from services is recognized as the services are rendered based on agreement/arrangement with the concerned parties. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Certain insurance and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis.

Employee Benefits

(1) The Company's contribution to provident fund, employees' state insurance scheme are charged on accrual basis to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(2) Leave: Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity: Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities and disclosure of contingent Liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalised till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organisational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into three business segments namely Real Estate, Hydro Power and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognised on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.

Earning Per Share Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/ loss for the period attributable to equity shares holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flow from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the company are segregated.


Mar 31, 2014

1. ACCOUNTING POLICIES

General

The Financial Statements of Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Limited (or the Company) have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention and on the accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India. GAAP comprises Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. The Financial Statements are rounded off to the nearest Rupees lakhs.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of Fixed Assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective Assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed Assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an Asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the Asset. If such recoverable amount of the Asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the Asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the Asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on straight line method except in respect of a unit (Neora Hydro) having a Gross assets Valuing Rs 2,633.66 Lakhs (Previous Year Rs 2,592.46 Lakhs ) where Written Down method has been followed in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments

Investments are either classified as Current or Non-Current based on management''s intention at the time of purchase. Current

Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

Non-Current Investments are considered "at Cost" on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reason for the reduction is no longer exist.

Revenue Recognition

Sales revenue is recognized on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, Service Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates. Income from services is recognized as the services are rendered based on agreement/arrangement with the concerned parties. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Certain insurance and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis

Employee Benefits

(1) The Company''s contribution to provident fund, employees'' state insurance scheme are charged on accrual basis to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(2) Leave: Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity: Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities and disclosure of contingent Liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalised till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organisational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into three business segments namely Real Estate, Hydro Power and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognised on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred Tax Assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Government Grant

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.

Earning Per Share

Earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit/ loss for the period attributable to equity shares holders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

Cash Flow Statement

Cash Flow are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit before tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of a non cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flow from regular revenue generating, financing and investing activities of the Company are segregated.

(iv) The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of shareholders in Annual General meeting. The Company has proposed to pay dividend amounting to Rs.223.62 lakhs (including corporate dividend tax of Rs 32.48 lakhs). The rate of proposed dividend is Re.0.15 per equity shares. (Previous Year Rs Rs.223.62 lakhs including Corporate dividend tax of Rs 32.48 lakhs).

(v) Paid-up amount of Forfieted Shares is Rs. 500/-.

Pursuant to the Supreme Court order dated 25th March, 2010 the Company could retain 35% of its Industrial Land with a F.A.R., 1.5 times of normal and surrender the balance Land to DDA. In terms of the decision taken by the screening committee of the DDA, the Company surrendered and DDA has duly taken possession of 52,201 sq mtrs. land out of 58,951 sq mtrs. that was required to be surrendered to DDA. The balance area has not yet been surrendered being the balance 3 nos residential quarters occupied by ex-employees, not yet vacated. The application filed by the occupants of the quarter in the court of the District Judge has been dismissed. Company''s application for issuance of warrant of possession with police assistance will come up for decision on the next date. On issuance of the positive order, we shall obtain the vacant possession of the balance land occupied by the quarters with ex-employees and hand over the same to DDA to complete the process of land surrender.

As per the Agreement with Chambal Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd., when they took over the assets and liabilities of Baddi Unit from 01-10-99, Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Limited (formerly Texmaco Limited) is liable to pay wages and salary in respect of excess workers/ staff taken over by them over and above the required one to run the Baddi Unit. The Company incurred an expenditure of Rs. 106.23 lakhs (previous year Rs 96.94 lakhs) by way of Legal Expenses and payment of dues and ex-gratia to the ex-employees for obtaining vacant possession of the residential quarters unauthorized occupied by them even after cessation of their employment. These expenses have been shown as expenses on Land and Capitalised under the head " Land".

In the opinion of the management, current assets, loans and advances have a value on realisation in the ordinary course of business unless otherwise stated, at least to the amount at which they are stated and the provisions for all known and determined liabilities is adequately provided.

Balance of debtors and loans and advances are subject to confirmation from respective parties.


Mar 31, 2013

General

The Financial Statements of Texmaco Infrastructure & Holdings Limited (or the Company) have been prepared and presented under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India. GAAP comprises Accounting Standards notified by the Central Government of India under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, other pronouncements of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the provisions of Companies Act, 1956 and guidelines issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. The Financial Statements are rounded off to the nearest Rupees lakhs.

Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of Fixed Assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective Assets. Borrowing costs directly attributable to acquisition or construction of those fixed Assets which necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use are capitalized.

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an Asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the Asset. If such recoverable amount of the Asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the Asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the profit and loss account. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the Asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of depreciated historical cost.

Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on straight line method except in respect of a unit (Neora Hydro) having a Gross assets Valuing Rs 2,592.46 Lakhs (Previous Year Rs 2,567.69 Lakhs ) where Written Down method has been followed in accordance with the rates in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments

Investments are either classified as current or non-current based on management''s intention at the time of purchase. Current Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

Non-current Investments are considered "at CostD on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reason for the reduction is no longer exist.

Recognition of Income and Expenditure

Sales revenue is recognized on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, Service Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates. Income from services is recognized as the services are rendered based on agreement/arrangement with the concerned parties. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Certain insurance and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis.

Employee Benefits

(1) The companyft contribution to provident fund, employeesDstate insurance scheme are charged on accrual basis to Statement of Profit & Loss.

(2) Leave :

Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity:

Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of Assets and Liabilities and disclosure of contingent Liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalised till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organisational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into three business segments namely Real Estate, Hydro Power and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognised on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of Stock options granted pursuant to the Companyft Employees Stock Option Schemes 2007, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of Market Price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as deferred employee''s compensation cost over the vesting period.

Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognized in the Statement of Profit & Loss. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.


Mar 31, 2012

Not Available


Mar 31, 2011

General

These accounts are prepared on historical cost basis and on the accounting principles of a going concern. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles. Applicable Accounting Standards notified by the Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 have been followed except otherwise stated.

Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost net of Cenvat. Cost includes purchase price and related expenses.

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the net selling price and 'value in use' of the assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

Depreciation

Depreciation has been provided on straight line method except in respect of a unit (Neora Hydro) having a Gross assets Valuing Rs 2,565.42 Lakhs (Previous Year Rs 2,564.23 Lakhs ) where Written Down method has been followed in accordance with the rates in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

Investments

Current Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value.

Long term Investments are considered “at Cost” on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments.

Recognition of Income and Expenditure

Sales revenue is recognised on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, Service Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognised on time proportion basis. Certain insurance and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis.

Employee Benefits

(1) The company's contribution to provident fund, employees' state insurance scheme are charged on accrual basis to Profit & Loss Account.

(2) Leave :

Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity:

Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/ materialised.

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalised till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organisational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into three business segments namely Real Estate, Hydro Power and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognised on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Employee Stock Option Scheme

In respect of Stock options granted pursuant to the Company's Employees Stock Option Schemes 2007, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of Market Price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as deferred employee's compensation cost over the vesting period.

Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognised when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognised in the Profit & Loss Account. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.


Mar 31, 2010

General

These accounts are prepared on historical cost basis and on the accounting principles of a going concern. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent and in consonance with generally accepted accounting principles. Applicable Accounting Standards notified by the Companies Accounting Standards Rules, 2006 have been followed except otherwise stated.

Fixed Assets

Certain Land, Buildings, Roads, Railway Siding and Plant & Machinery as existing on 31.12.1985 are stated on the basis of their revalued costs. Other Fixed assets are stated at cost net of Cenvat. Cost includes purchase price and related expenses.

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is any indication of impairment based on external/internal factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount, which represents the greater of the net selling price and value in use of the assets. The estimated future cash flows considered for determining the value in use are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

Depreciation

Depreciation on revalued assets is calculated on their respective revalued amounts and is computed on the basis of remaining useful life as estimated by the valuer on straight line method. On other assets, depreciation has been provided on straight line method except in respect of a unit (Neora Hydro) having a Gross assets Valuing Rs. 2,564.23 Lakhs (Previous Year Rs. 2,547.25 Lakhs) where Written Down method has been followed in accordance with the rates in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. The depreciation on amount added on revaluation is being set off by transfer from Revaluation Reserve.

Investments

Current Investment are stated at lower of cost and fair value. Long term Investments are considered "at Cost" on individual investment basis, unless there is a decline other than temporary in value thereof, in which case adequate provision is made against such diminution in the value of investments.

Recognition of Income and Expenditure

Sales revenue is recognized on transfer of the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods to the buyer and stated at net of Sales Tax, VAT, trade discounts, rebates but include excise duty. Income from services is recognized as the services are rendered based on agreement/arrangement with the concerned parties. Dividend income on investments is accounted for when the right to receive the payment is established. Interest income is recognized on time proportion basis. Export incentives, certain insurance, railway and other claims, where quantum of accruals cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are accounted on acceptance basis.

Employee Benefits

(1) The companys contribution to provident fund, employees state insurance scheme and super-annuation fund are charged on accrual basis to Profit & Loss Account.

(2) Leave :

Leave liability is accounted for based on actuarial valuation at the end of year.

(3) Gratuity:

The Company has an approved Gratuity Fund for its Engineering Units which has taken a Group Gratuity Cash Accumulation Scheme Policy with Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) for future payment of gratuity to the employees. Year-end accrued liabilities on account of gratuity payable to employees are provided on the basis of actuarial valuation. The Company accounts for gratuity liability equivalent to the premium amount payable to LIC every year, which together with the annual contribution in subsequent years would be sufficient to cover the gratuity liability as and when it accrues for payment.

Cenvat Duty, Customs Duty & Cenvat Credit

Cenvat Credit availed on Raw materials, Stores and Capital Goods are reduced from the cost of the Respective Goods. Cenvat Duty payable on finished goods lying in factory is provided for and included in Closing Stock of Inventory.

Research and Development

Research and Development expenditures of revenue nature are charged to Profit & Loss Account, while capital expenditure is added to the cost of fixed assets in the year in which these are incurred.

Valuation of Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realizable value. In the case of manufactured goods, costs are calculated at direct material cost, conversion and other costs incurred to bring the goods to their respective present location and condition. For other inventory, cost is computed on weighted average basis.

Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign Currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary Assets and Liabilities in foreign currency existing at balance sheet date translated at the exchange rate prevailing on that date. All exchange differences are recognized in Profit & Loss Account. Premium or discount on forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract.

Contingent Liabilities

Liabilities which are material and whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of notes to the accounts.

Provisions

A provision is recognised when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made.

Use of Estimates

The presentation of financial statements require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual result and the estimates are recognized in the period in which the results are known/ materialized.

Borrowing Cost

Interest on borrowings directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets is being capitalised till the date of commercial use of the qualifying assets. Other interests on borrowings are recognised as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

Segment Reporting

a) Based on the organisational structures and its Financial Reporting System, the Company has classified its operation into four business segments namely Heavy Engineering Division, Steel Foundry Division, Real Estate and Others.

b) Revenue and expenses have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue and expenses which are related to the enterprise as a whole and are not allocable to segments on a reasonable basis have been included under un-allocable expenses.

c) Capital Employed to each segment is classified on the basis of allocable assets minus allocable liabilities identifiable to each segment on reasonable basis.

Taxation

Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred tax is calculated at current statutory Income Tax Rate and is recognised on timing differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets, subject to consideration of prudence, are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

Employees Stock Option Scheme

In respect of Stock options granted pursuant to the Companys Employees Stock Option Schemes 2007, the intrinsic value of the options (excess of Market Price of the share over the exercise price of the option) is treated as discount and accounted as deferred employees compensation cost over the vesting period.

Government Grant

Grants from the government are recognized when there is a reasonable assurance that the grant will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Revenue grants/subsidies are recognized in the Profit & Loss Account. Capital grants relating to specific fixed assets are reduced from the gross value of the respective fixed assets. Other Capital Grants are credited to Reserve & Surplus of the Company.