Home  »  Company  »  Thirumalai Chem.  »  Quotes  »  Accounting Policy
Enter the first few characters of Company and click 'Go'

Accounting Policies of Thirumalai Chemicals Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2014

A. CORPORATE INFORMATION

Thirumalai Chemicals Limited is a public limited company domiciled in India incorporated under the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Its shares are listed on stock exchanges in India. The company is engaged in manufacturing and selling chemicals. The company caters to both domestic and international markets.

I BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The financial statements of Thirumalai Chemicals Limited (''''TCL" or "the Company") have been prepared and presented in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises accounting standards notified by the Central Government of India under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, other pronouncements of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current – non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

The company follows the accrual system of accounting for recognizing income and expenditure.

II USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

III REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of goods:

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer. Gross turnover includes excise duty but does not include sales tax and VAT.

Income from wind operated generators:

Revenue from sale of power from wind operated generators is accounted when the same is transmitted to and confirmed by the Electricity Board to whom the same is sold.

Income from letting out of storage facility:

Revenue from letting out of storage facilities are accounted on accrual basis as per terms of agreement.

Income from services:

Revenue from service contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered and are net of service tax.

Sale of scrap:

Revenue from sale of scrap is recognised as and when scrap is sold.

Dividend and interest income:

Dividend income is recognized when the unconditional right to receive the income is established. Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognized on the time proportionate method taking in to account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export benefits:

The benefit accrued under the Duty drawback scheme as per the Export and Import Policy in respect of exports made under the said Schemes is included under the head "revenue from operations" as ''Incentives on Exports. Status holder incentive scrip scheme benefit is accounted on utilization thereof for payment of duty on eligible goods.

IV FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

Tangible Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets. Assets which are retired from active use and are held for disposal are stated at the lower of their net book value or net realisable value.

Depreciation and amortization:

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery and Building is provided using the straight-line method (except on Maleic Anhydride plant) at the rates specifed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or based on the useful life of the assets as estimated by Management, whichever is higher. Depreciation on all assets of CMC division is provided using the written down value method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or based on the useful life of the assets as estimated by Management, whichever is higher.

Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or disposed. Individual assets costing less than Rs.10,000/- are not capitalized. The Management''s estimates of the useful lives of various categories of fixed assets where depreciation rates are higher than the rates specified in Schedule XIV are as under:

Specific laboratory equipments : 5 years

Specific office equipments : 2 years

Leasehold land:

Premium on lease hold land is amortized over the period of lease.

V Research and Development Expenses

Expenditures on research activities undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss when incurred.

Expenditure incurred on fixed assets used for research and development is capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation policy of the Company.

VI IMPAIRMENT OF TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortized historical cost.

VII INVESTMENTS:

Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other- than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reasons for the reduction no longer exist.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investment

IX EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

Defined contribution plan

A defend contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to recognized provident funds and approved superannuation schemes which are defined contribution plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in the statement of proft and loss as and when the services are received from the employees.

Defined benefit plans

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, and certain other defined benefit plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on risk free government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company''s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The calculation is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Retirement and other employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, and performance incentive paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

(i) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution to the fund accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the recognized Provident Fund.

(ii) Retirement benefits in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the Superannuation Fund Trust. The scheme is funded with an Insurance Company in the form of a qualifying insurance policy.

(iii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

(iv) Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date. The Company treats accumulated leave expected to be carried forward beyond twelve months, as long- term employee benefit for measurement purposes. Such long-term compensated absences are provided for based on the actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the year-end.

(v) Actuarial gains/losses are recognized immediately to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

X FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION:

Initial recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Conversion:

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are not translated.

Exchange difference on non integral operations:

Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise''s net investment in a non-integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve in the enterprise''s financial statements. Such exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the event of disposal of the net investment.

Exchange differences arising on long term foreign currency loans given to non-integral foreign subsidiaries is accumulated in Foreign Currency Translation Reserve and reversed to profit and loss statement as and when the loans are repaid /settled.

Forward Exchange Contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

XI BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

XII LEASE RENTALS:

The lease arrangement is classified as either a finance lease or an operating lease, at the inception of the lease, based on the substance of the lease arrangement.

Finance leases

A finance lease is recognized as an asset and a liability at the commencement of the lease, at the lower of the fair value of the asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Initial direct costs, if any, are also capitalized and, subsequent to initial recognition, the asset is accounted for in accordance with the accounting policy applicable to that asset. Minimum lease payments made under finance leases are apportioned between the finance expense and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The finance expense is allocated to each period during the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

Operating leases

Other leases are operating leases, and the leased assets are not recognized on the Company''s balance sheet.

a. In respect of operating lease agreements entered into by the Company as a lessee, the lease payments are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term.

b. In respect of operating lease agreement entered into by the Company as a lessor, the initial direct costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

XIII EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net proft or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

XIV TAXATION:

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

XV PROVISIONS ,CONTINGENT LIABILITES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent Liability:

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed for:- (i) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the company, or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, since this may result in recognition of income that may never be realized.

XVI CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into and cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.

I. In respect of term loans from banks and financial institutions, terms of repayments and nature of security are given below:

a. Term loan from Bank of India , is repayable in equal 30 monthly installments starting from July 2012 up to December 2014.The loan is secured by way of second charge (on pari passu basis) over the immovable properties of the Company.

b. Export Import Bank of India Overseas Investment Finance loan is repayable in 16 equal quarterly installments starting from July 2012 up to April 2016. The loan is secured by First Pari Passu charge on Movable fixed assets and immovable assets of the Company at Ranipet, Tamilnadu.

c. Export Import Bank of India Working Capital Demand Loan is repayable in 16 equal quarterly installments starting from July 2012 up to April 2016. The loan is secured by First Pari Passu charge on Movable fixed assets and immovable assets of the Company at Ranipet, Tamilnadu.

d. As per provisions of Companies Act, 2013 read with Companies(Acceptance of Deposit ) Rules, 2014, all the fixed deposits accepted from public are intended to be repaid within a year and hence disclosed under '' Other Current Liabilities''.

e. The interest rates for the above vary as below:

a. for foreign currency loans - Export Import Bank of India Overseas Investment Finance Loan : LIBOR 450 basis points

b. for rupee term loans : 11.07 % to 14.50% per annum.

II. Deferred payment liabilities a. Deferral of sales tax liabilities represent interest free deferred sales tax loan received from Government of Tamilnadu.

Repayable up to 2016-17 based on the deferment availed in the respective years. For the Deferred Sales Tax liabilities In case of default in repayment of '' Deferred sales tax liabilities '' the movable and immovable properties of the company are liable to be attached / proceeded towards the realization of outstanding Government loan under Revenue Recovery Act.

i. Working Capital Demand Loan/Cash credit/Export accounts and Bills purchased / discounted are secured by hypothecation of stock of raw materials, work in progress, finished goods and book debts and secured by a second charge on all of the Company''s immovable fixed assets both present and future.) ii. Export Import Bank of India Pre/post shipment is secured by hypothecation of stock of raw materials, work in progress, finished goods and book debts (those financed by Export Import Bank of India) and secured by a second charge on all of the Company''s immovable fixed assets both present and future.) iii. The interest rates in case of loans vary as below

a. for foreign currency loans

- Export Import Bank of India Pre/Post Shipment : LIBOR 450 basis points

b. for other rupee loans : 10.60 % to 14.50% per annum.


Mar 31, 2013

I. BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The financial statements of Thirumalai Chemicals Limited ("TCL" or "the Company") have been prepared and presented in accordance with Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) under the historical cost convention on the accrual basis. GAAP comprises accounting standards notified by the Central Government of India under Section 211 (3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, other pronouncements of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non-current classification of assets and liabilities. The company follows the accrual system of accounting for recognizing income and expenditure.

II USE OF ESTIMATES:

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses for the year. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

III REVENUE RECOGNITION:

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of goods: Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of goods have passed to the buyer. Gross turnover includes excise duty but does not include sales tax and VAT.

Income from wind operated generators:Revenue from sale of power from wind operated generators is accounted when the same is transmitted to and confirmed by the Electricity Board to whom the same is sold.

Income from letting out of storage facility: Revenue from letting out of storage facilities are accounted on accrual basis as per terms of agreement.

Income from services: Revenue from service contracts are recognized pro-rata over the period of the contract as and when services are rendered and are net of service tax.

Sale of scrap: Revenue from sale of scrap is recognised as and when scrap is sold.

Dividend and interest income: Dividend income is recognized when the unconditional right to receive the income is established. Income from interest on deposits, loans and interest bearing securities is recognized on the time proportionate method taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Export benefits:The benefit accrued under the Duty Entitlement Pass Book Scheme, duty drawback scheme as per the Export and Import Policy in respect of exports made under the said Schemes is included under the head "revenue from operations" as ''Incentives on Exports''.

Status holder incentive scrip scheme benefit is accounted on utilization thereof for payment of duty on eligible goods.

IV FIXED ASSETS AND DEPRECIATION:

Tangible Assets:

Fixed assets are carried at the cost of acquisition or construction less accumulated depreciation. The cost of fixed assets includes non-refundable taxes, duties, freight and other incidental expenses related to the acquisition and installation of the respective assets.

Depreciation and amortization:

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided using the straight-line method, except on Maleic Anhydride plant and all assets of CMC division at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or based on the useful life of the assets as estimated by Management, whichever is higher.

Depreciation on Maleic Anhydride plant and all assets of CMC division are provided using Written Down Value (WDV) method at the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 or based on the useful life of the assets as estimated by Management, whichever is higher.Depreciation is calculated on a pro-rata basis from the date of installation till the date the assets are sold or disposed. Individual assets costing less than Rs. 10,000/- are not capitalized.

The Management''s estimates of the useful lives of various categories of fixed assets where depreciation rates are higher than the rates specified in Schedule XIV are as under:

Specific laboratory equipments : 5 years Specific office equipments : 2 years

Leasehold land: Premium on lease hold land is amortized over the period of lease.

V RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EXPENSES:

Expenditures on research activities undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss when incurred.

Expenditure incurred on fixed assets used for research and development is capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the depreciation policy of the Company.

VI IMPAIRMENT OF TANGIBLE AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS:

The Company assesses at each balance sheet date whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the asset. If such recoverable amount of the asset or the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs is less than its carrying amount, the carrying amount is reduced to its recoverable amount. The reduction is treated as an impairment loss and is recognized in the statement of profit and loss. If at the balance sheet date there is an indication that if a previously assessed impairment loss no longer exists, the recoverable amount is reassessed and the asset is reflected at the recoverable amount subject to a maximum of amortized historical cost.

VII INVESTMENTS:

Non-current investments are carried at cost less any other-than-temporary diminution in value, determined separately for each individual investment. The reduction in the carrying amount is reversed when there is a rise in the value of the investment or if the reasons for the reduction no longer exist.

Current investments are carried at the lower of cost and fair value. The comparison of cost and fair value is done separately in respect of each category of investment

VIII INVENTORIES:

Items of Inventory are valued on the principle laid down by Accounting Standard 2 on "Valuation of Inventories" on the basis given below

IX EMPLOYEE BENEFITS :

Defined contribution plan:

A defined contribution plan is a post-employment benefit plan under which an entity pays fixed contributions into a separate entity and will have no legal or constructive obligation to pay further amounts. Obligations for contributions to recognized provident funds and approved superannuation schemes which are defined contribution plans are recognized as an employee benefit expense in the statement of profit and loss as and when the services are received from the employees.

Defined benefit plans:

A defined benefit plan is a post-employment benefit plan other than a defined contribution plan. The Company''s net obligation in respect of gratuity plan, which is a defined benefit plan, and certain other defined benefit plans is calculated separately for each plan by estimating the amount of future benefit that employees have earned in return for their service in the current and prior periods; that benefit is discounted to determine its present value. Any unrecognized past service costs and the fair value of any plan assets are deducted. The discount rate is the yield at the reporting date on risk free government bonds that have maturity dates approximating the terms of the Company''s obligations and that are denominated in the same currency in which the benefits are expected to be paid. The calculation is performed annually by a qualified actuary using the projected unit credit method.

Retirement and other employee benefits:

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, performance incentive, paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. recognized as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

(i) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contributions are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution to the fund accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the recognized Provident Fund.

(ii) Retirement benefits in the form of Superannuation Fund is a defined contribution scheme and the contribution is charged to the statement of profit and loss for the year when the contribution accrues. There are no obligations other than the contribution payable to the Superannuation Fund Trust. The scheme is funded with an Insurance Company in the form of a qualifying insurance policy.

(iii) Gratuity liability is a defined benefit obligation and is provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation on projected unit credit method made at the end of each financial year.

(iv) Accumulated leave, which is expected to be utilized within the next 12 months, is treated as short-term employee benefit. The Company measures the expected cost of such absences as the additional amount that it expects to pay as a result of the unused entitlement that has accumulated at the reporting date. The Company treats accumulated leave expected to be carried forward beyond twelve months, as long-term employee benefit for measurement purposes. Such long-term compensated absences are provided for based on the actuarial valuation using the projected unit credit method at the year- end.

(v) Actuarial gains/losses are recognized immediately to the statement of profit and loss and are not deferred.

X FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION:

Initial recognition:

Foreign currency transactions are recorded using the exchange rates prevailing on the dates of the respective transactions. Exchange differences arising on foreign currency transactions settled during the year are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

Conversion:

Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies as at the balance sheet date are translated using the foreign exchange rates as at the balance sheet date. The resultant exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Non-monetary assets and liabilities are not translated.

Exchange differences on non integral operations:

Exchange differences arising on a monetary item that, in substance, forms part of an enterprise''s net investment in a non- integral foreign operation are accumulated in a foreign currency translation reserve in the enterprise''s financial statements. Such exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the event of disposal of the net investment. Forward Exchange Contracts:

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts is amortized as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognized as income or as expense for the year.

XI BORROWING COSTS:

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalized for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

XII LEASE RENTALS:

The lease arrangement is classified as either a finance lease or an operating lease, at the inception of the lease, based on the substance of the lease arrangement.

Finance leases

A finance lease is recognized as an asset and a liability at the commencement of the lease, at the lower of the fair value of the asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Initial direct costs, if any, are also capitalized and, subsequent to initial recognition, the asset is accounted for in accordance with the accounting policy applicable to that asset. Minimum lease payments made under finance leases are apportioned between the finance expense and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The finance expense is allocated to each period during the lease term so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

Operating leases

Other leases are operating leases, and the leased assets are not recognized on the Company''s balance sheet.

a. In respect of operating lease agreements entered into by the Company as a lessee, the lease payments are recognized as expense in the statement of profit and loss over the lease term.

b. In respect of operating lease agreement entered into by the Company as a lessor, the initial direct costs are recognized as expenses in the year in which they are incurred.

XIII EARNINGS PER SHARE:

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting attributable taxes) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

XIV TAXATION:

Tax expense comprises of current and deferred tax. The current charge for income taxes is calculated in accordance with the relevant tax regulations applicable to the Company. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities relate to the taxes on income levied by same governing taxation laws. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

In situations where the Company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date. The Company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no longer reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write- down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be, that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

MAT credit is recognized as an asset only when and to the extent there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. In the year in which the Minimum Alternative tax (MAT) credit becomes eligible to be recognized as an asset in accordance with the recommendations contained in Guidance Note issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, the said asset is created by way of a credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as MAT Credit Entitlement. The Company reviews the same at each balance sheet date and writes down the carrying amount of MAT Credit Entitlement to the extent there is no longer convincing evidence to the effect that Company will pay normal Income Tax during the specified period.

XV PROVISIONS ,CONTINGENT LIABILITES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS:

Provisions:

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

Contingent Liability:

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed for:-

(i) possible obligations which will be confirmed only by future events not wholly within the control of the company, or

(ii) Present obligations arising from past events where it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount of obligation cannot be made.

Contingent assets are not recognized in the financial statements, since this may result in recognition of income that may never be realized.

XVI CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

The Company considers all highly liquid financial instruments, which are readily convertible into and cash and have original maturities of three months or less from the date of purchase, to be cash equivalents.


Mar 31, 2010

I. BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The financial statements are prepared in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India, the applicable Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The Accounts have been prepared on the basis of historical cost. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting for recognising income and expenditure on accrual basis.

II. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Sale of goods is recognised on dispatches to customers. Service revenue is recognised as per terms of contract. Sales include amounts recovered towards Excise Duty and Sales Tax.

III. FIXED ASSETS

Fixed Assets are recorded at cost of acquisition including incidental and installation expenses. Interest on borrowed funds for qualifying assets is capitalized till the asset is put to use.

IV. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on Plant and Machinery and Building is provided on Straight Line method except on Maleic Anhydride plant and all assets of CMC division, which has been provided on Written Down Value method. The rates at which depreciation is provided as above, are as prescribed by Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 and in terms of relevant circulars issued by the Department of Company Affairs

V. INVESTMENTS *

Investments which are all long-term are stated at cost of acquisition and related expenses. Provision is made for any diminution, other than temporary, in the value of Investments. (Also refer Note-26 of Schedule-19)

VI. INVENTORIES

Items of Inventory are valued on the principle laid down by Accounting Standard 2 on "Valuation of Inventories" on the basis given below

i) Stores and Spare Parts At cost (on weighted average basis) including incidental expenses like freight, transport etc. or net realizable value whichever is lower

ii) Raw Materials At cost (on weighted average basis) including incidental expenses like freight, transport etc. or net realizable value whichever is lower

iil) Work-in-Progress At raw material cost plus proportionate fixed and variable manufacturing expenses, or net realizable value whichever is lower.

iv) Finished Goods At Cost or net realizable value whichever is lower, Cost is calculated at Raw Material cost plus all fixed and variable manufacturing xpenses. Excise duty is also included in valuation

VII. EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

1. Short-term employee benefits

All employee benefits payable wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Benefits such as salaries, wages, performance incentive, paid annual leave, bonus, leave travel assistance, medical allowance, contribution to provident fund and superannuation etc. recognised as actual amounts due in period in which the employee renders the related services.

2. Post-employment benefits

a. Defined contribution plan

Payment made to defined contribution plans such as Providend Fund are charged as an expense as they fall due.

b. Defined Benefit Plans

The cost of providing benefits i.e. gratuity is determined using the projected Unit Credit Method, with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised immediately in the Profit and Loss Account.

3. Other Long-term employee benefits

Other long term employee benefits is recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account as and when it accrues. The Company determines the liability using the Projected Unit Credit Method with actuarial valuation carried out as at the balance sheet date. The actuarial gains and losses in respect of such benefit are charged to the profit and loss Account.

VIII. FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION

A. All assets and liabilities in foreign currency, which are monetary in nature, outstanding at the close of the year are valued at the exchange rate at the close of the year. The loss or gain due to fluctuation of exchange rates is charged to Profit & Loss account.

The company alsq enters into forward contracts to hedge some of its exposures in foreign currency. Profits/losses on settlement during the year and restatement of these contracts as at the year end, are credited/charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

B. Investments outside India are carried in the Balance Sheet at the rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

IX. BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of qualifying assets are capitalised for the period until the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. Other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the period in which they are incurred.

X. TAXATION

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable to the taxation authorities in respect of taxable income for the period. Deferred tax is recognised subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing difference being differences between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

XI. LEASE RENTALS

Lease rentals paid in respect of assets taken on lease are charged to revenue over the estimated life of the asset.

XII. CATALYST

Cost of Catalyst is amortised over its estimated useful life or estimated units of production as applicable.

 
Subscribe now to get personal finance updates in your inbox!