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Accounting Policies of Thomas Cook (India) Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1.1 Basis of Preparation

i) Compliance with Ind AS

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the Indian Accounting Standards (hereinafter referred to as the ‘Ind AS’) as notified by Ministry of Corporate Affairs pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 4 of the Companies (Indian Accounting standards) Rules, 2015 that are notified and effective as at 31st March, 2017.

These financial statements for the year ended 31st March, 2017 are the first the Company has prepared under Ind AS. For all periods upto and including the year ended 31st March, 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles (hereinafter referred to as ‘Previous GAAP’) used for its statutory reporting requirement in India immediately before adopting Ind AS. The financial statements for the year ended 31st March, 2016 and the opening Balance Sheet as at 1st April, 2015 have been restated in accordance with Ind AS for comparative information. In accordance with Ind AS 101 First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standard, the Company has presented a reconciliation from the presentation of Restated Financial Information under Accounting Standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 (“Previous GAAP”) to Ind AS of Shareholders’ equity as at March 31, 2016, April 1, 2015 and of the Statement of Comprehensive Income and Statement of Cash Flows for the year ended March 31, 2016 as provided in note 33.

ii) Historical cost convention:

Standalone Financial Statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis, except for the following:

- certain financial assets and liabilities that is measured at fair value,

- defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value, and

- share based payment

1.2 Segment reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the chief operating decision maker. The board of directors, the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer have been identified as being the chief operating decision maker. Refer note 36 for segment information presented.

1.3 Foreign currency translation and transactions

a) Functional and presentation currency

A Company’s functional currency is the currency of the primary economic environment in which an entity operates and is normally the currency in which the entity primarily generates and expends cash.

Presentation currency is the currency in which the financial statements are presented. These financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR), which is Company’s functional and presentation currency.

b) Transactions and balances

(i) Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using exchange rates at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non - monetary items which are carried at historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at the period end exchange rates are recognised in profit or loss. Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss.

All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rates and the exchange variations arising out of settlement / conversion at the FEDAI rates are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

1.4 Revenue Recognition

The entity provides travel products and services to leisure and corporate travellers in India and abroad. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable. Amounts disclosed as revenue are net of returns, trade allowances, rebates, taxes and amounts collected on behalf of third parties.

The entity recognises revenue when significant risk and rewards are transferred to the customer, the amount of revenue can be reliably measured, it is probable that future economic benefits will flow to the entity and specific criteria have been met for each of the entity’s activities as described below. The entity bases its estimates on historical results, taking into consideration the type of customer, the type of transaction and the specifics of each arrangement.

Income from the sale of airline tickets is recognized as an agent on the basis of net commission earned, at the time of issuance of tickets, as the Company does not assume any performance obligation post the confirmation of the issuance of an airline ticket to the customer. Performance linked bonuses from airlines are recognized as and when the performance obligations under the schemes are achieved.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

Income from tours and packages, excluding income on airline tickets sold to customers as a part of tours and packages is accounted on gross basis as the Company is determined to be the primary obligor in the arrangement i.e., the risks and responsibilities are taken by the Company including the responsibility for delivery of services.

The income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies is included on the basis of net margins earned. Revenue on foreign exchange transactions are recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

1.5 Taxes on Income

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

Income tax for the period comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Income tax is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss except to the extent that it relates to items recognised in ‘Other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case the tax is recognised in ‘Other comprehensive income’ or directly in equity, respectively.

Current tax is the expected tax payable on the taxable income for the year, using tax rates enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date, and any adjustments to tax payable in respect of previous years. Interest income/expenses and penalties, if any related to income tax are included in current tax expense.

Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities.

Deferred tax is recognised using the liability method on taxable temporary differences between the tax base and the accounting base of items included in the Balance Sheet of the Company. Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax is realized or settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognised for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilise those temporary differences and losses. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that the related tax benefit will be realised.

A deferred tax liability is recognised based on the expected manner of realisation or settlement of the carrying amount of assets and liabilities. However, deferred tax liabilities are not recognised if they arise from the initial recognition of goodwill. Certain temporary differences arising on initial recognition of assets or liabilities that affect neither accounting nor taxable profit are not recognised.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities; and the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to income taxes levied by the same taxation authority.

1.6 Leases

As a lessee

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Lease payments under leases are charged or credited to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease unless the lease payments to the lessor are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor’s expected inflationary cost increases, in which case the same are recognised as an expense in line with the contractual term.

Lease arrangements of property, plant and equipments where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments. Each lease payment is apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The outstanding liability pertaining to non - current portion is included in other long - term borrowings and the current portion is included in other financial liabilities. The finance charge is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

1.7 Impairment of Assets

a) Financial assets

A financial asset not carried at fair value is assessed at each reporting date to determine whether there is objective evidence that it is impaired. A financial asset is impaired if objective evidence indicates that a loss event has occurred after the initial recognition of the asset, and that the loss event had a negative effect on the estimated future cash flows of that asset that can be estimated reliably.

Objective evidence that financial assets are impaired can include default or delinquency by a debtor, restructuring of an amount due to the Company on terms that the Company would not otherwise consider, indications that a debtor or issuer will enter bankruptcy, the disappearance of an active market for a security. The entity considers evidence of impairment for receivables for each specific asset. All individually significant receivables are assessed for specific impairment.

An impairment loss in respect of a financial asset measured at amortized cost is calculated as the difference between its carrying amount and the present value of the estimated future cash flows discounted at the asset’s original effective interest rate. Losses are recognized in statement of profit and loss and are reflected as an allowance account against receivables. Interest on the impaired asset continues to be recognized through the unwinding of the discount. When a subsequent event causes the amount of impairment loss to decrease, the decrease in impairment loss is reversed through statement of profit and loss.

Impairment losses on investment carried at fair value through other comprehensive income are recognized by transferring the cumulative loss that has been recognized in other comprehensive income and presented in the fair value reserve in equity, to statement of profit and loss.

The cumulative loss that is removed from other comprehensive income and recognized in profit or loss is the difference between the acquisition costs, net of any principal repayment and amortization, and the current fair value, less any impairment loss previously recognized in statement of profit and loss. Changes in impairment provisions attributable to time value are reflected as a component of interest income.

b) Non-Financial assets:

Goodwill that have an indefinite useful life are not subject to amortisation and are tested annually for impairment, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that they might be impaired. Other assets are tested for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount may not be recoverable. An impairment loss is recognised for the amount by which the asset’s carrying amount exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. For the purposes of assessing impairment, assets are grouped at the lowest levels for which there are separately identifiable cash inflows which are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets (cash-generating units). Non-financial assets other than goodwill that suffered impairment are reviewed for possible reversal of the impairment at the end of each reporting period.

Total impairment loss of a cash generating unit (CGU) is allocated first to reduce the carrying amount of goodwill allocated to the CGU and then to the other assets of the CGU pro-rata on the basis of the carrying amount of each asset in the CGU. An impairment loss on goodwill is recognized in the statement of profit and loss and is not reversed in the subsequent period.

1.8 Cash and Cash Equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash on hand, cheques/drafts on hand, remittances in transit, balances with bank held in current account, demand deposits with maturities of three months or less, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are repayable on demand and form an integral part of an entity’s cash management, and are included as a component of cash and cash equivalents. Bank overdrafts are shown within borrowings in current liabilities in the balance sheet.

1.9 Trade receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at fair value and subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest method, less provision for impairment.

1.10 Financial instruments:

(i) Financial assets

Initial recognition and measurement:

Financial assets are recognised when the entity becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. Financial assets other than trade receivables are initially recognised at fair value. Transaction costs are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss, expect for financial instruments carried at amortised cost, where transaction costs are adjusted in the amortised cost of the asset.

Subsequent measurement:

Financial assets, other than equity instruments, are subsequently measured at amortised cost, fair value through other comprehensive income (‘FVOCI’) or fair value through profit or loss (‘FVTPL’) on the basis of:

(i) the entity’s business model for managing the financial assets and

(ii) the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset.

(a) Measured at amortised cost : Financial assets which have contractual cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding and is held within a business model with the objective of holding the assets to collect contractual cash flows, are subsequently measured at amortised cost using the effective interest rate (‘EIR’) method, less impairment. Amortised cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortisation is included in interest income in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The losses arising from impairment are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. On derecognition, gain or loss, if any, is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(b) Measured at fair value through other comprehensive income : Financial assets which have contractual cash flows that are solely payments of principal and interest on the principal outstanding and is held within a business model whose objective is achieved by both collecting contractual cash flows and selling financial assets, is measured at fair value through other comprehensive income. It is subsequently measured at fair value with unrealised gains or losses recognised in the other comprehensive income (‘OCI’), except for interest income which is recognised as ‘other income’ in the Statement of Profit and Loss using the EIR method. The losses arising from impairment are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. On derecognition, cumulative gain or loss previously recognised in OCI is reclassified from the equity to ‘other income’ in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(c) Measured at fair value through profit or loss: A financial asset not measured at either amortised cost or FVOCI, is measured at FVTPL. Such financial assets are measured at fair value with all changes in fair value, including interest income and dividend income if any, recognised as ‘other income’ in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

All investments in equity instruments classified under financial assets are subsequently measured at fair value. Equity instruments which are held for trading are measured at FVTPL. For all other equity instruments, the Company may, on initial recognition, irrevocably elect to measure the same either at FVOCI or FVTPL. The Company makes such election on an instrument-by-instrument basis. Fair value changes on an equity instrument shall be recognised as ‘other income’ in the Statement of Profit and Loss unless the Company has elected to measure such instrument at FVOCI. Fair value changes excluding dividends, on an equity instrument measured at FVOCI are recognised in OCI. Amounts recognised in OCI are not subsequently reclassified to the Statement of Profit and Loss. Dividend income on the investments in equity instruments are recognised as ‘other income’ in the Statement of Profit and Loss when the company’s right to receive payments is establishes.

Investments in subsidiaries:

Investments in subsidiaries are carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses, if any. Where an indication of impairment exists, the carrying amount of the investment is assessed and written down immediately to its recoverable amount. The accounting policy on impairment of non-financial assets is disclosed in Note 1.7. On disposal of investments in subsidiaries, the difference between net disposal proceeds and the carrying amounts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Upon first-time adoption of Ind AS, the Company has elected to measure its investments in subsidiaries at the Previous GAAP carrying amount as its deemed cost on the date of transition to Ind AS i.e., April 1, 2015.

Derecognition:

The Company derecognises a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire, or it transfers the contractual rights to receive the cash flows from the asset On transfer of the financial asset, the Company evaluates if and to what extent it has retained the risks and rewards of ownership. When it has neither transferred nor retained substantially all of the risks and rewards of the asset, nor transferred control of the asset, the Company continues to recognise the transferred asset to the extent of the Company’s continuing involvement. In that case, the Company also recognises an associated liability. The transferred asset and the associated liability are measured on a basis that reflects the rights and obligations that the Company has retained.

(ii) Financial liabilities

Initial recognition and measurement:

Financial liabilities are recognised when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments. Financial liabilities are initially recognised at fair value plus transaction costs for all financial liabilities not carried at fair value through profit or loss. Financial liabilities carried at fair value through profit or loss are initially recognised at fair value, and transaction costs are expensed in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Subsequent measurement:

Financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortised cost using EIR method. Financial liabilities carried at fair value through profit or loss are measured at fair value with all changes in fair value recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Derecognition:

A financial liability is derecognised when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expires. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the statement of profit or loss.

Guarantee:

Financial guarantee contracts are recognized as a financial liability at the time the guarantee is issued. The liability is initially measured at fair value and subsequently at the higher of amount determined in accordance with Ind AS 37 and the amount initially recognized less cumulative amortisation, where appropriate.

The fair value of financial guarantees is determined as the present value of the differences of the difference in net cash flows between the contractual payments under the debt instrument and the payments that would be required without the guarantee, or the estimated amount that would be payable to a third party for assuming the obligations.

Derivative financial instruments

The Company uses derivative financial instruments, such as forward foreign exchange contracts, to hedge its foreign currency risks. Such derivative financial instruments are initially recognised at fair value on the date on which a derivative contract is entered into and are subsequently remeasured at fair value, with changes in fair value recognised in Statement of Profit and Loss. Derivatives are carried as financial assets when the fair value is positive and as financial liabilities when the fair value is negative.

1.11 Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the balance sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realise the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

1.12 Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment is measured at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognised as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss during the period in which they are incurred. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognised when replaced. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of assets which are carried at cost is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items. Depreciation is provided on a straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The depreciation rates are prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013. If the management’s estimate of the useful life of a fixed asset at the time of acquisition of the asset or of the remaining useful life on a subsequent review is shorter or longer than that envisaged in the aforesaid Schedule, depreciation is provided at a higher or lower rate respectively, based on the management’s estimate of the useful life/remaining life.

Transition to Ind AS:

On transition to Ind AS, the Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognised as at 1 April 2015 measured as per the previous GAAP and use that carrying value as the deemed cost of the property, plant and equipment.

Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value:

Leasehold improvements are amortised over the period of the lease or useful life of the asset, whichever is lower.

The property, plant and equipment acquired under finance leases is depreciated over the shorter of the asset’s useful life and the lease term if there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain ownership at the end of the lease term.

Property, plant and equipment not ready for the intended use on the date of Balance Sheet are disclosed as “Capital work-in-progress”.

The residual values, useful lives and method of depreciation of property, plant and equipment is reviewed at each financial year end and adjusted prospectively, if appropriate. The residual values are not more than 5% of the original cost of the asset. The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period. An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount. Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in the statement of profit and loss.

1.13 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

(i) Goodwill

Goodwill on acquisitions/merger of subsidiaries is included in intangible assets. Goodwill is not amortised but it is tested for impairment annually, or more frequently if events or changes in circumstances indicate that it might be impaired, and is carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Gains and losses on the disposal of an entity include the carrying amount of goodwill relating to the entity sold. Goodwill is allocated to cash-generating units for the purpose of impairment testing. The allocation is made to those cash-generating units or company’s of cash-generating units that are expected to benefit from the business combination in which the goodwill arose. The units or company’s of units are identified at the lowest level at which goodwill is monitored for internal management purposes, which in our case are the operating segments.

(ii) Computer software

Costs associated with maintaining software programmes are recognised as an expense as incurred. Development costs those are directly attributable to the design and testing of identifiable and unique software products controlled by the Company are recognised as intangible assets when the following criteria are met:

- it is technically feasible to complete the software so that it will be available for use

- management intends to complete the software and use or sell it

- there is an ability to use or sell the software

- it can be demonstrated how the software will generate probable future economic benefits

- adequate technical, financial and other resources to complete the development and to use or sell the software are available, and

- the expenditure attributable to the software during its development can be reliably measured.

Directly attributable costs that are capitalised as part of the software include employee costs and an appropriate portion of relevant overheads.

iii) Amortisation methods and periods:

Asset Useful Life

Software (including software - internally generated / developed) 4 years.

Upon first-time adoption of Ind AS, the Company has elected to apply deemed cost exemption for all of its intangible assets as at the date of transition to Ind AS i.e. 1st April, 2015. Accordingly, the Company has continued with the carrying value under Previous GAAP for all of its intangible assets recognised in the financial statements as at the date of transition to Ind AS.

1.14 Borrowings

Borrowings are initially recognised at fair value, net of transaction costs incurred. Borrowings are subsequently measured at amortised cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the redemption amount is recognised in statement of profit and loss over the period of the borrowings using the effective interest method. Fees paid on the establishment of loan facilities are recognised as transaction costs of the loan to the extent that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down. In this case, the fee is deferred until the draw down occurs. To the extent there is no evidence that it is probable that some or all of the facility will be drawn down, the fee is capitalised as a prepayment for liquidity services and amortised over the period of the facility to which it relates. Preference shares, which are mandatorily redeemable on a specific date, are classified as liabilities. The dividends on these preference shares are recognised in statement of profit and loss as finance costs.

Borrowings are removed from the balance sheet when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or expired. The difference between the carrying amount of a financial liability that has been extinguished or transferred to another party and the consideration paid, including any non-cash assets transferred or liabilities assumed, is recognised in statement of profit and loss.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.

1.15 Provisions and contingent liabilities

Provisions are recognised when the entity has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date. Provisions are not recognised for future operating losses. A provision is recognized even if the likelihood of an outflow with respect to any one item included in the same class of obligations may be small. Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure require to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the liability.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Entity or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

1.16 Other Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognized when the right to receive dividend is established.

1.17 Employees Share- based Payments

Share-based compensation benefits are provided to employees via the following plans:

a) Thomas Cook Employees Stock Option Plan -2007

b) Thomas Cook Save As You Earn (SAYE) -2010

c) Thomas Cook Employees Stock Option Plan -2013

d) Sterling Holiday Resorts (India) Limited Employee Stock Options Scheme 2012 - (“SHRIL ESOS 2012”)

The fair value of options granted under each plan is recognised as an employee benefits expense with a corresponding increase in equity. The total amount to be expensed is determined by reference to the fair value of the options granted:

- including any market performance conditions (e.g., the entity’s share price)

- excluding the impact of any service and non-market performance vesting conditions (e.g. profitability, sales growth targets and remaining an employee of the entity over a specified time period), and

- including the impact of any non-vesting conditions (e.g. the requirement for employees to save or holdings shares for a specific period of time).

The total expense is recognised over the vesting period, which is the period over which all of the specified vesting conditions are to be satisfied. At the end of each period, the entity revises its estimates of the number of options that are expected to vest based on the non-market vesting and service conditions. It recognises the impact of the revision to original estimates, if any, in statement of profit and loss, with a corresponding adjustment to equity.

In respect of options granted to the employees of the subsidiary companies, the amount equal to the expense for the grant date fair value of the award is recognized as a debit to investment in subsidiary as a capital contribution and a credit to equity.

Replacement awards are treated as a modification of share based payment arrangement, and the fair value of the new equity instruments (measured at the date of the modification) are included in the measurement of the amount recognised for services received and recognized over the remaining vesting period of the options.

1.18 Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has defined contribution plan for post-employment benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The contributions to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement.

Contribution towards provident fund for certain employees is made to the regulatory authorities, where the Company has no further obligations. Such benefits are classified as Defined Contribution Schemes as the Company does not carry any further obligations, apart from the contributions made on a monthly basis.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the “Gratuity Plan”) covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee’s salary and the tenure of employment.

Contribution to Gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. The amount of net interest expense calculated by applying the liability discount rate to the net defined benefit liability or asset is charged or credited in the statement of profit and loss. Any differences between the interest income on plan assets and the return actually achieved, and any changes in the liabilities over the year due to changes in actuarial assumptions or experience adjustments within the plans, are recognised immediately in ‘Other comprehensive income’ and subsequently not reclassified to the statement of profit and loss.

In respect of certain employees, the Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long-term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. The Company’s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefit

As per the leave Policy of the Company, employees are entitled to avail 30 days of leave during a calendar year. Any carry forward or encashment of the same is not allowed and all unutilised leaves necessarily lapse at the end of the calendar year.

1.19 Contributed equity

Equity shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

1.20 Dividends

Provision is made for the amount of any dividend declared, being appropriately authorised and no longer at the discretion of the entity, on or before the end of the reporting period but not distributed at the end of the reporting period.

1.21 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company’s earnings per share is the net profit for the year after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year and for all years presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.22 Rounding off

All amounts disclosed in the financial statements and notes have been rounded off to the nearest lakhs as per the requirement of schedule III (division II), unless otherwise stated.


Mar 31, 2016

1.1 Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis, except for certain tangible assets which are being carried at revalued amounts. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by the Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 [Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended] and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non - current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has notified the Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016 vide its notification dated 30 March 2016. The said notification read with Rule 3(2) of the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 is applicable to accounting period commencing on or after the date of notification i.e. 1 April 2016.

1.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

1.3 Employees Share- based Payments

Equity settled stock options granted under stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Guidance Note on Employee Share-based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India as required by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Share Based Employee Benefits) Regulations, 2014. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are accounted by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the un-amortised portion.

1.4 Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The contributions to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Contribution to Gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long-term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. Any short fall / excess based on an independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the relevant year.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefit

As per the leave Policy of the Company, employees are entitled to avail 30 days of Annual leaves during a calendar year. Of the unutilized Annual leaves in the calendar year, only 10 (ten) days Annual Leave is allowed to be carried forward to the next year up to 31st March of next calendar year. If not availed, then the carried forward leaves will lapse on 31 March every year. No encashment of leaves is allowed. Provision is created for proportionate unutilised leaves.

1.5 Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation is provided on a pro - rata basis on the straight line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets prescribed under Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, which are as under:

1.6 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. A rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use is considered by the management. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortization rates used are:

1.7 Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from it''s continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset / cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased. An impairment loss is reversed to the extent that the asset''s carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined if no impairment loss had previously been recognised.

1.8 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long - term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of such investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

1.9 Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, Cash and Cash Equivalents includes Cash on Hand, Cheques/Drafts on Hand, Remittances in Transit, Balances with Bank held in Current Account and Demand Deposits with maturities of three months or less.

1.10 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance Sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made. Where there is a possible obligation or a present obligation and the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.11 Foreign Currency Translation

(i) Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non - monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rates and the exchange variations arising out of settlement / conversion at the FEDAI rates are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss at the end of accounting year.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(iii) Forward Exchange Contracts

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such a contract are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting year in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract are recognised as income or as expense for the year.

1.12 Revenue Recognition

Revenue comprises net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tours and card product activities, commissions on travellers'' cheques and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealer. The income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of net margins earned.

Commission on tickets from airlines and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentives from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

1.13 Other Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

1.14 Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight - line basis over the period of the lease.

The Company leases certain tangible and intangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments.

Each lease payment is apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The outstanding liability pertaining to non - current portion is included in other long - term borrowings and the current portion is included in other current liabilities. The finance charge is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each year.

1.15 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the year, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the year. Current tax is measured as the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company re - assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

1.16 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the year. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Mar 31, 2015

2.1 Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to Circular 15/2013 dated September 13, 2013 read with Circular 08/2014 dated April 4, 2014 , till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under Section 211(3C) {Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, as amended} and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non - current as per the Company's operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Employees Share- based Payments

Equity settled stock options granted under stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and the Guidance Note on Employee Share based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are accounted by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the un-amortised portion.

2.4 Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The contributions to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee's salary and the tenure of employment. Contribution to Gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement. The Company's liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long-term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. Any short fall / excess based on an independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the relevant period.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefit

As per the leave Policy of the Company, employees are entitled to avail 30 days of leave during a year. Any carry forward or encashment of the same is not allowed and all unutilised leaves necessarily lapse at the end of the year.

2.5 Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation is provided on a pro - rata basis on the straight line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets or at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, whichever is higher, as follows:

Asset Rates

Computers 25%

Furniture and Fixtures 6.33%

Office Equipment 4.75%

Office Building 1.63%

Vehicles 15%

Leasehold Improvements are amortised over the period of the lease.

Fixed assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

2.6 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. A rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use is considered by the management. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortization rates used are:

Asset Rate

Software (including software - internally 25% generated / developed)

2.7 Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from its continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset / cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset's or cash generating unit's net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

2.8 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long - term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

2.9 Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, Cash and Cash Equivalents includes Cash on Hand, Cheques/Drafts on Hand, Remittances in Transit, Balances with Bank held in Current Account and Demand Deposits with maturities of three months or less.

2.10 Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

2.11 Foreign Currency Translation

(i) Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non - monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rates and the exchange variations arising out of settlement / conversion at the FEDAI rates are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss at the end of accounting period.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(iii) Forward Exchange Contracts

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such a contract are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract are recognised as income or as expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment / highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and gains are ignored in accordance with the Announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on 'Accounting for Derivatives' issued in March 2008.

2.12 Revenue Recognition

Revenue comprises of travellers cheques, commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour, card product activities and holiday packages. The income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of net margins achieved.

Commission on tickets from airlines and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentives from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

2.13 Other Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

2.14 Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight - line basis over the period of the lease.

The Company leases certain tangible and intangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments.

Each lease payment is apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The outstanding liability pertaining to non - current portion is included in other long - term borrowings and the current portion is included in other current liabilities. The finance charge is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

2.15 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured as the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company re - assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

2.16 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company's earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.


Dec 31, 2013

1 General Information :

Thomas Cook (India) Limited (the "Company") is a Public Limited Company listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE). The Company is engaged in diversified businesses primarily working as an Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer. The Company is also engaged in Tour and Travel Business and working as Travel Agent and Tour Operator.

2 Summary of Significant Accounting Policies :

2.1 Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. These financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 of India (the "Act") read with the General Circular 15 / 2013 dated September 13, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non current as per the Company''s operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

2.2 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

2.3 Employees Share- based Payments

Equity settled stock options granted under stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are accounted for as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Guidelines, 1999, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and the Guidance Note on Employee Share based Payments issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. The intrinsic value of the option being excess of market value of the underlying share immediately prior to date of grant over its exercise price is recognised as deferred employee compensation with a credit to employee stock option outstanding account. The deferred employee compensation is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on straight line basis over the vesting period of the option. The options that lapse are accounted by a credit to employee compensation expense, equal to the amortised portion of value of lapsed portion and to deferred employee compensation expense equal to the un-amortised portion.

2.4 Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The contributions to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company provides for gratuity, a defined benefit plan (the "Gratuity Plan") covering eligible employees in accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972. The Gratuity Plan provides a lumpsum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee''s salary and the tenure of employment. Contribution to Gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement. The Company''s liability is actuarially determined (using the Projected Unit Credit method) at the end of each year. Actuarial losses / gains are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they arise.

The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long-term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. Any short fall / excess based on an independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the Statement of Profit & Loss in the relevant period.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefit

As per the leave Policy of the Company, employees are entitled to avail 30 days of leave during a year. Any carry forward or encashment of the same is not allowed and all unutilised leaves necessarily lapse at the end of the year.

2.5 Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.6 Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at acquisition cost, net of accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful lives. A rebuttable presumption that the useful life of an intangible asset will not exceed ten years from the date when the asset is available for use is considered by the management. The amortisation period and the amortisation method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortisation period is changed accordingly. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The amortization rates used are:

2.7 Impairment of Assets

Assessment is done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an asset (tangible and intangible) may be impaired. For the purpose of assessing impairment, the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows from it''s continuing use that are largely independent of the cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets, is considered as a cash generating unit. If any such indication exists, an estimate of the recoverable amount of the asset / cash generating unit is made. Assets whose carrying value exceeds their recoverable amount are written down to the recoverable amount. Recoverable amount is higher of an asset''s or cash generating unit''s net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of an asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Assessment is also done at each Balance Sheet date as to whether there is any indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in prior accounting periods may no longer exist or may have decreased.

2.8 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long - term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

2.9 Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the cash flow statement, Cash and Cash Equivalents includes Cash on Hand, Cheques on Hand, Remittances in Transit, Balances with Bank held in Current Account and Demand Deposits with maturities of three months or less.

2.10 Provision and Contingent Liabilities

Provisions are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and there is a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are measured at the best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the Balance sheet date and are not discounted to its present value.

Contingent liabilities are disclosed when there is a possible obligation arising from past events, the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company or a present obligation that arises from past events where it is either not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle or a reliable estimate of the amount cannot be made.

2.11 Foreign Currency Translation

(i) Initial Recognition

On initial recognition, all foreign currency transactions are recorded by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Subsequent Recognition

As at the reporting date, non - monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction.

All monetary items denominated in foreign currency are restated at Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rates and the exchange variations arising out of settlement / conversion at the FEDAI rates are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss at the end of accounting period.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(iii) Forward Exchange Contracts

The premium or discount arising at the inception of forward exchange contracts entered into to hedge an existing asset / liability, is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Exchange differences on such a contract are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the reporting period in which the exchange rates change. Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract are recognised as income or as expense for the period.

Forward exchange contracts outstanding as at the year end on account of firm commitment / highly probable forecast transactions are marked to market and the losses, if any, are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss and gains are ignored in accordance with the Announcement of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India on ''Accounting for Derivatives'' issued in March 2008.

2.12 Revenue Recognition

Revenue comprises of travelers cheques commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour and card product activities. The income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of margins achieved, since inclusion on the basis of their gross value would not be meaningful and potentially misleading for use as an indicator of the level of the Company''s business.

Commission on tickets and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentives from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

2.13 Other Income

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

2.14 Leases

Leases in which a significant portion of the risks and rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss on a straight - line basis over the period of the lease.

The Company leases certain tangible and intangible assets and such leases where the Company has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value of the leased asset and the present value of the minimum lease payments.

Each lease payment is apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The outstanding liability pertaining to non - current portion is included in other long - term borrowings and the current portion is included in other current liabilities. The finance charge is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

2.15 Taxes on Income

Tax expense for the period, comprising current tax and deferred tax, are included in the determination of the net profit or loss for the period. Current tax is measured as the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the taxation laws prevailing in the respective jurisdictions.

Deferred tax is recognised for all the timing differences, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised and carried forward only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date. At each Balance Sheet date, the Company re - assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets, if any.

The tax year for the Company being the year ending March 31, the provision for taxation for the year is the aggregate of the provision made for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and the provision based on the figures for the remaining nine months up to December 31, 2013, the ultimate tax liability of which will be determined on the basis of the figures for the period April 1, 2013 to March 31,2014.

2.16 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(b) Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to shares

Equity Shares:-The Company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 1 per share. Each shareholder is eligible for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are eligible to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution to preference shareholders of all preferential amounts, in proportion to their shareholding.

Preference Shares:- 319,765 ''Class B'' 0.001% Cumulative Convertible / Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs. 10 each and 271,800 ''Class C 0.001% Cumulative Convertible / Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs. 10 each were issued on February 7, 2007 to the erstwhile shareholders of LKP Merchant Financing Limited (presently known as LKP Finance Limited) pursuant to the Scheme of Amalgamation without payment being received in cash. The terms of conversion / redemption of these preference shares are given in Note (f) below.

(f) Terms of securities convertible into Equity Shares

Class B Preference Shares :-

If the EPS of the Company for any financial year during the Earn out period first exceeds Rs. 30.30, each Class B Preference Share shall be converted into 1 (One) equity share of the Company within 6 (Six) months from the expiry of the said Financial Year. The number of the equity shares to be issued upon conversion of the Class B Preference shares shall be proportionately adjusted in case of any subdivision of equity shares or Bonus issues of equity shares during the Earn Out period. Provided however that if the EPS of the Company does not exceed Rs. 30.30 for any Financial Year comprised in the Earn Out period, each Class B Preference share shall be redeemed by the Company at par within 6 (Six) months from the expiry of the Earn Out period.

Class C Preference Shares :-

If the EPS of the Company for any financial year during the Earn out period first exceeds Rs. 36.40, each Class C Preference Share shall be converted into 1 (One) equity share of the Company within 6 (Six) months from the expiry of the said Financial Year. The number of the equity shares to be issued upon conversion of the Class C Preference shares shall be proportionately adjusted in case of any subdivision of equity shares or Bonus issues of equity shares during the Earn Out period. Provided however that if the EPS of the Company does not exceed Rs. 36.40 for any Financial Year comprised in the Earn Out period, each Class C Preference share shall be redeemed by the Company at par within 6 (Six) months from the expiry of the Earn Out period.

Pursuant to sub division of equity share capital of Company in May 2007, wherein the face value of equity share of Rs. 10 each was sub- divided into equity share of Rs. 1 each, the aforesaid EPS figures have respectively been adjusted to Rs. 3.03 and Rs. 3.64 per the terms of issue of those shares.

The Earn Out period has ended on December 31, 2013 and pursuant to the execution of the consent terms dated February 5, 2014 with LKP Finance Limited, the Company shall convert 319,765 Class ''B'' 0.001% Cumulative Convertible / Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs. 10 each and 271,800 Class ''C 0.001% Cumulative Convertible / Redeemable Preference Shares of Rs. 10 each held by LKP Finance Limited in the Company, into 5,140,000 Equity Shares of Rs. 1 each of the Company, subject to necessary approvals.


Dec 31, 2012

1.1 Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the accounting standards notified under sub - section (3C) of Section 211 of the Companies Act, 1956 (the "Act") and the other relevant provisions of the Act. All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of services and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current - non current classification of assets and liabilities.

1.2 Fixed Assets (Tangible and Intangible) and Depreciation/ Amortisation

(i) Tangible Assets

Tangible Assets are stated at the purchase price of acquisition of such fixed assets including any attributable cost for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Subsequent expenditures related to an item of fixed asset are added to its book value only if they increase the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Losses arising from the retirement of, and gains or losses arising from disposal of fixed assets which are carried at cost are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or the rates determined based on the useful lives of the assets as estimated by the management, whichever are higher. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method.

(ii) Intangible Assets

Intangible Assets are stated at the purchase price of acquisition of such fixed assets including any attributable cost for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. Gains or losses arising from the retirement or disposal of an intangible asset are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Intangible assets are amortised at rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Act or the rates determined based on the useful lives of the assets as determined by the management, whichever are higher. Amortisation is provided on Straight Line Method.

1.3 (i) Foreign Currency Transactions

All the monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rates (except for Sri Lanka branch) and the exchange variations arising out of settlement/conversion at the FEDAI rates are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

Monetary items of Sri Lanka branch are valued at closing rates obtained from Central Bank of Sri Lanka, as the daily buying and selling rates are set on rates obtained from them.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(ii) Foreign Branch

Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the closing exchange rates.

Non monetary assets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Revenue items except depreciation/amortisation are translated at average rate.

Depreciation/amortisation is translated at the rates used for the translation of respective fixed assets.

1.4 Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and are intended to be held for not more than one year from the date, on which such investments are made, are classified as Current Investments. All other investments are classified as Long Term Investments. Current investments are carried at cost or fair value, whichever is lower. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of the investments, such reduction being determined and made for each investment individually.

1.5 Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss as incurred. The contribution to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an arrangement for its Indian operations.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Gratuity. Contribution to gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the company has entered into an arrangement for its Indian operations. Any short fall/(excess) based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

The Company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long-term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. Any short fall based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefit

As per the leave Policy of the Company, employees are entitled to avail 30 days of leave during a year. Any carry forward or encashment of the same is not allowed and all unutilised leaves necessarily lapse at the end of the year.

(iii) Employee benefits of Sri Lanka branch are provided for on the basis of the local laws.

1.6 Employees Stock Option Schemes

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by the Employees Stock Option Schemes and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time, issued by the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly the excess of market value of the stock options as on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options is recognised as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Statement of Profit and Loss on graded vesting period of the options.

1.7 Revenue from Operations

Revenue comprises of travellers cheques commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour and card product activities. In line with established market practice, the income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of margins achieved, since inclusion on the basis of their gross value would not be meaningful and potentially misleading for use as an indicator of the level of the Company''s business.

1.8 Revenue Recognition

Commission on tickets and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentive from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable. Dividend income is recognised when the right to receive dividend is established.

1.9 Leases

Assets acquired under finance lease arrangements are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease payment is apportioned between the finance charge and the reduction of the outstanding liability. The non current portion of outstanding liability is included in long-term borrowings and current portion is included in other current liabilities. The finance charge is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period. Leases in which a significant portion of the risks & rewards of ownership are retained by the lessor are classified as operating lease. Lease rentals in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss.

1.10 Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of estimated taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

Current tax assets and current tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off the recognised amounts and there is an intention to settle the asset and the liability on a net basis. Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to set off assets against liabilities representing current tax and where the deferred tax assets and the deferred tax liabilities relate to taxes on income levied by the same governing taxation laws.

The tax year for the Company being the year ending 31st March, the provision for taxation for the year is the aggregate of the provision made for the three months ended 31st March, 2012 and the provision based on the figures for the remaining nine months up to 31st December, 2012, the ultimate tax liability of which will be determined on the basis of the figures for the period 1st April, 2012 to 31st March, 2013.

1.11 Impairment of Assets

At each Balance Sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, management estimates the recoverable amount. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount, an impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss to the extent carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.

1.12 Provision and Contingent Liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or at present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.

1.13 Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Earnings considered in ascertaining the Company''s earnings per share is the net profit for the period after deducting preference dividends and any attributable tax thereto for the period. The weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period and for all periods presented is adjusted for events, such as bonus shares, other than the conversion of potential equity shares, that have changed the number of equity shares outstanding, without a corresponding change in resources. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period is adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

1.14 Cash and Cash Equivalents

In the Cash Flow Statement, Cash and Cash Equivalents includes Cash on Hand, Cheques on Hand, Remittances in Transit, Balances with Bank held in Current Account and Demand Deposits with maturities of three months or less.

1.15 Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with the generally accepted accounting principles requires that the management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reported period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Dec 31, 2011

(a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the historical cost convention.

(b) Fixed Assets and Depreciation / Amortisation

(i) The gross block of fixed assets is stated at the purchase price of acquisition of such fixed assets including any attributable cost for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or the rates determined based on the useful lives of the assets as estimated by the management, whichever are higher. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method. The rates adopted for depreciation determined on the basis of useful lives of fixed assets are as follows:

(c) (i) Foreign Currency Transactions

All the monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India (FEDAI) rate (except for Sri Lanka branch) and the exchange variations arising out of settlement/conversion at the FEDAI rate are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Monetary items of Sri Lanka branch are valued at closing rates obtained from Central Bank of Sri Lanka, as the daily buying and selling rates are set on rates obtained from them.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the company in its capacity as Authorised Foreign Exchange Dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(ii) Foreign Branch

Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the closing exchange rates.

Non monetary assets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Revenue items except depreciation are translated at average rate.

Depreciation is translated at the rates used for the translation of respective fixed assets.

(d) Investments

Long-term Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Long-term Investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

(e) Employee Benefits

(i) Long-term Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Superannuation scheme. Contributions to Superannuation scheme are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. The contribution to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an agreement for its Indian operations.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The company has Defined Benefit Plan for Post Employment Benefit in the form of Gratuity. Contribution to gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the company has entered into an agreement for its Indian operations. Any short fall/excess based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

The company has Defined Benefit Plan for Other Long Term Employee Benefit in the form of Provident Fund. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. Any short fall/excess based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

(ii) Short-term Employee Benefits

As per the leave policy of the Company, liability for leave balance is treated as short term in nature. Provision towards short term accrued leave is made based on accumulated unutilised leave balances of employees on the payroll of the Company at the year- end.

(iii) Employee benefits of Sri Lanka branch are provided for on the basis of the local laws.

(f) Employee Stock Option Plan

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 as amended from time to time, issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly the excess of market value of the stock options as on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options is recognized as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Profit and Loss account on graded vesting period of the options.

(g) Revenue

Revenue comprises of travellers cheques commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour and card product activities. In line with established international practice, the income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of margins achieved, since inclusion on the basis of their gross value would not be meaningful and potentially misleading for use as an indicator of the level of the Company's business.

(h) Revenue Recognition

Commission on tickets and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentive from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

Revenue from other income is accounted on accrual basis.

(i) Leases

Assets acquired under finance lease arrangements are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. Lease rentals in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

(j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of estimated taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

(k) Impairment of Assets

At each Balance Sheet date, the Company assesses whether there is any indication that an asset may be impaired. If any such indication exists, management estimates the recoverable amount. If the carrying amount of the asset exceeds its recoverable amount an impairment loss is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account to the extent carrying amount exceeds recoverable amount.

(l) Provision and Contingent Liabilities

The Company creates a provision when there is a present obligation as a result of a past event that probably requires an outflow of resources and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made when there is a possible obligation or a present obligation that may, but probably will not, require an outflow of resources. Where there is possible obligation or at present obligation in respect of which the likelihood of outflow of resources is remote, no provision or disclosure is made.


Dec 31, 2010

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India.the accounting standards notified under sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of The Companies Act, 1956 (the Act) and the other relevant provisions of the Act. The significant accounting policies are as follows:

(a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the historical cost convention.

(b) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(i) The gross block of fixed assets is stated at the purchase price of acquisition of such fixed assets including any attributable cost for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or the rates determined based on the useful lives of the assets as estimated by the management, whichever are higher. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method. The rates adopted for depreciation determined on the basis of useful lives of fixed assets are as follows:

Rate of Description of Asset Depreciation

Software 25%

Computers 25%

Office Equipment-VSAT and Communication Router 10%

Vehicles 15%

Fixed assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

(iii) Leasehold properties are amortised over the period of the lease.

(c) (i) Foreign Currency Transactions

All the monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India rate (FEDAI) (except for Sri Lanka branch) and the exchange variations arising out of settlement/conversion at the FEDAI rate are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Monetary items of Sri Lanka branch are valued at closing rates obtained from Bank of Ceylon, as the daily buying and selling rates are set on rates obtained from them.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as authorised dealer are accounted as a part of the revenue.

(ii) Foreign Branch

Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the closing exchange rates.

Non-monetary assets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Revenue items except depreciation are translated at average rate.

Depreciation is translated at the rates used for the translation of respective fixed assets.

(d) Investments

Long-term Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Long-term Investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

(e) Employee Benefits

(a) Defined Contribution Plans

The Company has Defined Contribution Plans for post employment benefits in the form of Provident Fund and Superannuation schemes. Contributions to Defined Contribution schemes such as Provident Fund and Superannuation schemes are charged to the Profit and Loss account as incurred. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company. The contribution to Superannuation scheme are based on the premium contribution called for by Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an agreement for its Indian operations.

(b) Defined Benefit Plans

The Company has Defined Benefit Plans for post employment benefits in the form of Gratuity. Contribution to gratuity is based on the premium contribution called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an agreement for its Indian operations. Any short fall/excess based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

The employees of the Company are entitled to Leave benefits as per the policy of the Company. Provision towards accrued leave is made based on actuarial valuation done by independent actuaries for the accumulated unutilised leave balances of the employees at the year-end.

Retirement benefits of Sri Lanka branch are provided for on the basis of the local laws.

(f) Employee Stock Option Plan

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established after 19th June, 1999 are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly the excess of market value of the stock options as on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options is recognized as deferred employee compensation and is charged to Profit and Loss account on graded vesting period of the options.

(g) Revenue

Revenue comprises of travellers cheques commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour and card product activities. In line with established international practice, the income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of margins achieved, since inclusion on the basis of their gross value would not be meaningful and potentially misleading for use as an indicator of the level of the Companys business.

(h) Revenue Recognition

Commission on tickets and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentive from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

Revenue from other income is accounted on accrual basis.

(i) Leases

Assets acquired under finance lease arrangements are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. Lease rentals in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

(j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of estimated taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.


Dec 31, 2009

The financial statements are prepared to comply in all material aspects with the applicable accounting principles in India, the accounting standards notified under sub-section (3C) of Section 211 of Companies Act, 1956 (the Act) and the other relevant provisions of the Act. The significant accounting policies are as follows:

(a) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements are prepared in accordance with the historical cost convention.

(b) Fixed Assets and Depreciation

(i) The gross block of fixed assets is stated at the purchase price of acquisition of such fixed assets including any attributable cost for bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

(ii) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided at the rates specified in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 or the rates determined based on the useful lives of the assets as estimated by the management, whichever are higher. Depreciation is provided on Straight Line Method. The rates adopted for depreciation determined on the basis of useful lives of fixed assets are as follows:

Rate of Description of Asset Depreciation

Software 25%

Computers 25%

Office Equipment - VSAT and Communication Router 10%

Vehicles 15%

Fixed assets costing Rs. 5,000 or less are fully depreciated in the year of acquisition.

(iii) Leasehold properties are amortised over the period of the lease.

(c) (i) Foreign Currency Transactions

All the monetary items denominated in foreign currency are valued at the Foreign Exchange Dealers Association of India rate (FEDAI) (except for Sri Lanka branch) and the exchange variations arising out of settlement/conversion at the FEDAI rate are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

Monetary items of Sri Lanka branch are valued at closing rates obtained from HSBC, as the daily buying and selling rates are set on rates obtained from them.

Profit or loss on purchase and sale of foreign exchange by the Company in its capacity as authorised dealer are accounted as a part of the turnover.

(ii) Foreign Branch

Monetary assets and liabilities are translated at the closing exchange rates.

Non-monetary assets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction.

Revenue items except depreciation are translated at average rate.

Depreciation is translated at the rates used for the translation of respective fixed assets.

(d) Investments »

Long-term Investments are stated at cost. Provision is made to recognise a decline, other than temporary, in the value of Long-term Investments. Current Investments are stated at lower of cost or fair value.

(e) Retirement Benefits

Contributions to Defined Contribution schemes such as provident fund and superannuation are charged to the profit and loss account as incurred. Provident Fund contributions are made to a Trust administered by the Company. The interest rate payable to the members of the Trust shall not be lower than the statutory rate of interest declared by the Central Government under the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 and shortfall, if any, shall be made good by the Company.

Contributions to gratuity and superannuation schemes are based on the premium contributions called for by the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) with whom the Company has entered into an agreement for its Indian operations. Any short fall/excess based on independent actuarial valuation is accounted for in the relevant period.

The employees of the Company are entitled to Leave benefits as per the policy of the Company. As per the leave policy of the Company, liability for leave balance is treated as short-term in nature. Provision towards short-term accrued leave is made based on accumulated unutilised leave balances of employees on the payroll of the Company at the year-end.

Retirement benefits of Sri Lanka branch are provided for on the basis of the local laws.

(f) Employee Stock Option plan

Stock options granted to the employees under the stock option schemes established after June 19, 1999 are evaluated as per the accounting treatment prescribed by Employee Stock Option Scheme and Employee Stock Purchase Scheme Guidelines, 1999 issued by Securities and Exchange Board of India. Accordingly the excess of market value of the stock options as on the date of grant over the exercise price of the options is recognized as deferred employee compensation and is charged to profit and loss account on graded vesting period of the options.

(g) Turnover

Turnover comprises of travellers cheques commissions and margins on foreign exchange transactions in the normal course of business as authorised dealers, net commissions earned on travel management, service agency charges including profit or loss in respect of tour and card product activities. In line with established international practice, the income arising from the buying and selling of foreign currencies (net of brokerages paid) is included on the basis of margins achieved, since inclusion on the basis of their gross value would not be meaningful and potentially misleading for use as an indicator of the level of the Companys business.

(h) Revenue Recognition

Commission on tickets and service charges from customers are recognised on issue of the tickets. Incentive from airlines are accounted on the basis of tickets issued to sectors travelled.

Revenue on foreign exchange transactions is recognised at the time of purchase and sale.

Revenue on holiday packages is recognised on proportionate basis considering the actual number of days completed as at the year end to the total number of days for each tour.

Revenue from other income is accounted on accrual basis.

(i) Leases

Assets acquired under finance lease arrangements are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Lease rentals are allocated between the liability and the interest cost, so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each period. Lease rentals in respect of operating lease arrangements are charged to the Profit and Loss Account.

(j) Taxes on Income *

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of estimated taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

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