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Accounting Policies of Tide Water Oil Company India Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1 Corporate Information

Tide Water Oil Co. (India) Limited is a public limited company domiciled in India .The company is primarily engaged in the business of manufacturing and marketing of Lubricants. Its shares are listed on Bombay Stock Exchange, National Stock Exchange and Calcutta Stock Exchange. The registered office of the company is located at Kolkata.

The financials statements were approved for issue in accordance with the resolution of the Board of Directors on 30th May 2017

2 Summary of significant accounting policies

2.1 Basis of preparation

2.1.1 Compliance with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS)

The financial statements are prepared on accrual basis of accounting and comply in all material aspects with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) notified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 (The Act) [Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Rules, 2015 and Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) Amendment Rules, 2016] and other relevant provisions of the Act.

The financial statements up to year ended 31st March 2016 were prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in India, the accounting standards notified under Companies (Accounting Standard) Rules, 2006 (as amended) read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules, 2014 and other relevant provisions of the Act.

These financial statements are the first financial statements of the company under Ind AS and Ind AS 101 “First Time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards” has been applied. Refer Note 40 for an explanation of how the transition from previous GAAP to Ind AS has affected the company’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company’s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in the Schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of products and the time between the acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non current classification of assets and liabilities.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are classified as non-current assets and liabilities.

2.1.2 Basis of Measurement

The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting under historical cost conventions, except for the following financial assets and financial liabilities which are measured at fair value:

i) certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments and car loan to employees) that is measured at fair value;

ii) defined benefit plans - plan assets measured at fair value.

The methods used to measure fair values are discussed in Note 2.25

2.1.3 Functional and Presentation Currency

These financial statements are presented in Indian Rupees (INR), which is the Company’s functional currency. All financial information presented in INR has been rounded off to the nearest crores (up to two decimals) for the Company.

2.1.4 Use of estimates and management judgments

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Ind AS requires management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that may impact the application of accounting policies and the reported value of assets, liabilities, income, expenses and related disclosures including contingent assets and liabilities at the Balance Sheet date. The estimates and management’s judgments are based on previous experience and other factors considered reasonable and prudent in the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised.

In order to enhance understanding of the financial statements, information about significant areas of estimation, uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that may have the most significant effect on the amount recognized in the financial statements are included in the following notes:

a) Useful life of Property, Plant and Equipment

The estimated useful life of property, plant and equipment is based on a number of factors including the effects of obsolescence, demand, completion and other economic factors (such as the stability of the industry and known technological advancement) and the level of maintenance expenditure required to obtain the expected future cash flows from the assets.

b) Recoverable amount of property, plant and equipment and capital work in progress

The recoverable amount of property, plant and equipment and capital work in progress is based on estimates and assumptions. Any changes in these assumptions may have a material impact on the measurement of the recoverable amount resulting in impairment.

c) Post-retirement benefit plans

Employee benefit obligations are measured on the basis of actuarial assumptions which include mortality and withdrawal rates as well as assumptions concerning future developments in discount rates, the rate of salary increase, the inflation rate and expected rate of return on plan assets. The Company considers that the assumptions used to measure its obligation are appropriate and documented. However, any changes in the assumptions may have any impact on the resulting calculations

d) Provisions and contingencies

The assessments undertaken in recognizing provisions and contingencies have been made in accordance with Ind AS 37, ‘Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets’. The evaluation of the likelihood of the contingent events has been made on the basis of best judgment by management regarding probable outflow of economic resources. Such estimation can change due to unforeseeable developments.

e) Impairment of the Trade Receivables

Considering the historical credit loss experience for trade receivables, the Company applies the simplified approach of recognizing the expected losses from initial recognition of the receivables on case to case basis as provision for impairment.

f) Investment in Subsidiaries and Joint Venture

Investment is carried at cost and provision is made for any indication of impairment on such investments.

2.2 Segment Reporting

Operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with the internal reporting provided to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM). The Board of Directors is collectively the Company’s CODM. Based on the synergies, risks and returns associated with business operations and in terms of Ind AS 108, the Managing Director of the Company has assessed that the Company is predominantly engaged in the business of a single reportable segment of Lubricants during the year. Therefore disclosure requirements of Ind AS 108 on Operating Segments are not applicable to the Company.

2.3 Foreign Currency Transactions

Foreign currency transactions are translated into Indian Rupee (INR) which is the functional currency using the exchange rates at the dates of the transactions. Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies at year end exchange rates are generally recognized in profit and loss.

Non-monetary items that are measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rates at the date when the fair value was determined. Translation differences on assets and liabilities carried at fair value are reported as part of the fair value gain or loss. For example, translation differences on non-monetary assets and liabilities such as equity instruments held at fair value through profit and loss are recognized in profit and loss as part of the fair value gain or loss and translation differences on non-monetary assets such as equity investments classified as Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI) are recognized in Other Comprehensive Income.

Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date of transaction.

2.4 Revenue Recognition and Other Income

Revenue is recognized when significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyers and to the extent it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured, regardless of when the payment is being made. Revenue is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, taking into account contractually defined terms of payment and excluding taxes or duties collected on behalf of the government. The Company has concluded that it is the principal in all of its revenue arrangements since it is the primary obligor in all the revenue arrangements as it has pricing latitude and is also exposed to inventory and credit risks.

Based on the Educational Material on Ind AS 18 on “Revenue” issued by the ICAI, the Company has assumed that recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account. This is for the reason that it is a liability of the manufacturer which forms part of the cost of production, irrespective of whether the goods are sold or not. Since the recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account, revenue includes excise duty.

However, sales tax/ value added tax (VAT) is not received by the Company on its own account. Rather, it is tax collected on value added to the commodity by the seller on behalf of the government. Accordingly, it is excluded from revenue.

The specific recognition criteria described below must also be met before revenue is recognized.

2.4.1 Sale of Goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer, usually on delivery of the goods. Revenue from the sale of goods is measured at the fair value of the consideration received or receivable, net of returns and allowances, trade discounts and volume rebates.

Revenue from sales is based on price specified in the Sales Contracts, net of discounts and schemes which are assessed based on published circulars and expected achievement threshold. No element of financing is deemed present as the sales are made generally with a credit term, which is consistent with market practice.

2.4.2 Sale of Power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognized based on the units as per invoice as transmitted to buyer.

2.4.3 Rental Income

Rental income arising from operating leases on investment properties is accounted for on a straight-line basis over the lease terms and is included in revenue in the statement of profit and loss due to its operating nature.

2.4.4. Interest

Interest Income is recognized using the effective interest rate method. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the gross carrying amount of a financial asset. When calculating the effective interest rate, the company estimates the expected cash flows by considering all the contractual terms of the financial instrument but does not consider the expected credit losses.

2.4.5Dividend

Dividends are recognized in profit and loss only when the right to receive payment is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the company, and the amount of the dividend can be measured reliably.

2.5 Income Taxes

The income tax expense or credit for the period is the tax payable on the current period’s taxable income based on the applicable income tax rate for each jurisdiction adjusted by changes in deferred tax assets and liabilities attributable to temporary differences and to unused tax losses.

The current income tax charge is calculated on the basis of the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the end of the reporting period. Management periodically evaluates positions taken in tax returns with respect to situations in which applicable tax regulation is subject to interpretation. It establishes provisions where appropriate on the basis of amounts expected to be paid to the tax authorities. Additional income taxes that arise from the distribution of dividends are recognized at the same time the liability to pay the related dividend is recognized.

Deferred income tax is provided in full, using the liability method, on temporary differences arising between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their carrying amounts in the financial statements. Deferred income tax is not accounted for if it arises from initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction other than a business combination that at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting profit nor taxable profit (tax loss). Deferred income tax is determined using tax rates (and laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period and are expected to apply when the related deferred income tax asset is realized or the deferred income tax liability is settled.

Deferred tax assets are recognized for all deductible temporary differences and unused tax losses only if it is probable that future taxable amounts will be available to utilize those temporary differences and losses.

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are offset when there is a legally enforceable right to offset current tax assets and liabilities and when the deferred tax balances relate to the same taxation authority. Current tax assets and tax liabilities are offset where the entity has a legally enforceable right to offset and intends either to settle on a net basis, or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

Current and deferred tax is recognized in profit and loss, except to the extent that it relates to items recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity. In this case, the tax is also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, respectively.

2.6 Leases

The determination of whether an arrangement is (or contains) a lease is based on the substance of the arrangement at the inception of the leases. The arrangement is, or contains, a lease if fulfillment of the arrangement is dependent on the use of a specific asset or assets and the arrangement conveys a right to use the asset or assets, even if that right is not explicitly specified in an arrangement.

As a lessee

Leases of property, plant and equipment where the Company, as lessee, has substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are classified as finance leases. Finance leases are capitalized at the lease’s inception at the fair value of the leased property or, if lower, the present value of the minimum lease payments. The corresponding rental obligations, net of finance charges, are included in borrowings or other financial liabilities as appropriate. Each lease payment is allocated between the liability and finance cost. The finance cost is charged to the profit and loss over the lease period so as to produce a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability for each period.

Leases in which a significant portion of risks and rewards of ownership are not transferred to the company as lessee are classified as operating leases. Payments made under operating leases (net of any incentives received from the lessor) are charged to the profit and loss on a straight line basis over the period of the lease unless the payments are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the lessor’s expected inflationary cost increases.

As a lessor

Lease income from operating leases where the Company is a lessor is recognized in income on a straight line basis over the lease term unless the receipts are structured to increase in line with expected general inflation to compensate for the expected inflationary cost increases. The respective leased assets are included in the balance sheet based on their nature.

2.7 Impairment of non financial assets other than inventories

a) The Company assesses, at each reporting date, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. If any Indication exists, or when annual impairment testing for an asset is required, the Company estimates the asset’s recoverable amount. An asset’s recoverable amount is the higher of an asset’s cash-generating unit’s (CGU) fair value less costs of disposal and its value in use. Recoverable amount is determined for an individual asset, unless the asset does not generate cash inflows that are largely independent of those from other assets of the Company. When the carrying amount of an asset or CGU exceeds its recoverable amount, the asset is considered impaired and is written down to its recoverable amount. The resulting impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

b) In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risks specific to the asset. In determining fair value less costs of disposal, recent market transactions are taken into account. If no such transactions can be identified, an appropriate valuation model is used. These calculations are corroborated by valuation multiples, quoted share prices for publicly traded companies or other available fair value indicators.

2.8 Statement of Cash Flows

a) Cash and Cash equivalents

For the purpose of presentation in the statement of cash flows, cash and cash equivalents includes cash in hand, deposits held at call with financial institutions, other short-term, highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and which are subject to an insignificant risk of changes in value, and bank overdrafts. Bank overdrafts are shown under borrowings in current liabilities in the Balance Sheet.

b) Statement of Cash Flows is prepared in accordance with the indirect method prescribed in Ind AS-7" Statement of Cash Flow”

2.9 Trade receivables

Trade receivables are recognized initially at transaction price and subsequently measured at amortized cost less provision for impairment.

2.10 Inventories

Raw Material (including Packing Materials), Stores and Spare parts and Finished Goods are stated at lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost of raw material comprises cost of purchases. Cost of Finished Goods comprise direct material, direct labour and appropriate portion of variable and fixed overhead expenditure, the latter being allocated on the basis of normal operating capacity. Cost of inventories also include all other costs incurred in bringing the inventories to their present location and condition. Cost are assigned to individual items of inventory on the basis of weighted average method. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated costs of completion and the estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

2.11 Investments in subsidiaries and joint venture

Investments in equity shares of subsidiaries and joint venture are carried at cost.

2.12 Financial Assets other than Investments in subsidiaries and joint venture

2.12.1 Classification

The Company classifies its financial assets in the following measurement categories:

- those to be measured subsequently at fair value (either through other comprehensive income, or through profit and loss), and

- those measured at amortized cost

The classification depends on the company’s business model for managing the financial assets and the contractual terms of cash flows.

For assets measured at fair value, gains and losses will either be recorded in profit and loss or other comprehensive income. For investments in debt instruments, this will depend on the business model in which the investment is held. For investments in equity instruments, this will depend on whether the Company has made an irrevocable election at the time of initial recognition to account for the equity investment at fair value through other comprehensive income.

The Company reclassifies debt instruments when and only when its business model for managing those assets changes.

2.12.2

Measurement

At initial recognition, the Company measures a financial asset at its fair value plus, in the case of financial asset not at fair value through profit and loss, transaction costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition of the financial asset. Transaction costs of financial assets carried at fair value through profit and loss are expensed in profit and loss.

Debt Instruments

Subsequent measurement of debt instruments depends on the Company’s business model for managing the asset and the cash flow characteristics of the asset. There are three measurement categories into which the Company classifies its Debt instruments.

- Amortized Cost

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows where those cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest are measured at amortized cost. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at amortized cost and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit and loss when the asset is derecognised or impaired. Interest income from these financial assets is included in finance income using the effective interest rate method.

- Fair Value through Other Comprehensive Income (FVOCI)

Assets that are held for collection of contractual cash flows and for selling the financial assets, where the assets’ cash flows represent solely payments of principal and interest, are measured at FVOCI. Movements in the carrying amount are taken through OCI, except for the recognition of impairment gains or losses, interest revenue and foreign exchange gains and losses which are recognized in profit and loss. When the financial asset is derecognised, the cumulative gain or loss previously recognized in OCI is reclassified from equity to profit and loss and recognized in other gains/(losses). Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income using the effective interest rate method.

• Fair Value through profit and loss

Assets that do not meet the criteria for amortized cost or FVOCI are measured at fair value through profit and loss. A gain or loss on a debt investment that is subsequently measured at fair value through profit and loss and is not part of a hedging relationship is recognized in profit and loss and presented net in the statement of profit and loss within other gains/(losses) in the period in which it arises. Interest income from these financial assets is included in other income.

Equity instruments

The Company subsequently measures all equity investments at fair value. Where the Company’s management has elected to present fair value gains and losses on equity investments in other comprehensive income, there is no subsequent reclassification of fair value gains and losses to profit and loss. Dividends from such investments are recognized in profit and loss as other income when the Company’s right to receive payments is established.

Changes in the fair value of financial assets at fair value through profit and loss are recognized in other gain/ (losses) in the statement of profit and loss. Impairment losses (and reversal of impairment losses) on equity investments measured at FVOCI are not reported separately from other changes in fair value.

2.12.3 Impairment of financial assets

The Company assesses on a forward looking basis the expected credit losses associated with its assets carried at amortized cost and FVOCI debt instruments. The impairment methodology applied depends on whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk. Note 2.26 details how the Company determines whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk.

For trade receivables only, the Company applies the simplified approach of recognizing the expected losses from initial recognition of the receivables on case to case basis as provision for impairment.

2.12.4 Derecognition of financial assets

A financial asset is derecognised only when

- The Company has transferred the rights to receive cash flows from the financial asset or

- Retains the contractual rights to receive the cash flows of the financial asset, but assumes a contractual obligation to pay the cash flows to one or more recipients.

Where the entity has transferred an asset, the Company evaluates whether it has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset. In such cases, the financial asset is derecognised. Where the entity has not transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is not derecognised.

Where the entity has neither transferred a financial asset nor retains substantially all risks and rewards of ownership of the financial asset, the financial asset is derecognised if the Company has not retained control of the financial asset. Where the Company retains control of the financial asset, the asset is continued to be recognized to the extent of continuing involvement in the financial asset.

2.13 Offsetting financial instruments

Financial Assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the Balance Sheet where there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously. The legally enforceable right must not be contingent on future events and must be enforceable in the normal course of business and in the event of default, insolvency or bankruptcy of the Company or the counterparty.

2.14 Property, Plant and Equipment

Freehold land is carried at historical cost. All other items of property, plant and equipment are stated at historical cost less depreciation. Historical cost includes expenditure that is directly attributable to the acquisition of the items.

Subsequent costs are included in the asset’s carrying amount or recognized as a separate asset, as appropriate, only when it is probable that future economic benefits associated with the item will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. The carrying amount of any component accounted for as a separate asset is derecognised when replaced. All other repairs and maintenance are charged to profit and loss during the reporting period in which they are incurred.

Transition to Ind AS

Property, Plant and Equipment up to 31st March, 2015 were carried in the Balance Sheet in accordance with Indian GAAP. The Company has elected to avail the exemption granted by Ind AS 101 “First Time adoption of Ind AS” to regard those amounts as ‘Deemed cost’ at the date of transition to Ind AS (i.e. as on 1st April, 2015).

Stand-by equipments and servicing equipments which meet the recognition criteria of property, plant and equipment are capitalized.

Spare parts (procured along with Plant & Machinery) or subsequently which meet the recognition criteria are capitalized. Other spare parts are treated as “Stores & Spares” forming part of inventory.

Depreciation methods, estimated useful lives and residual value

Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line method to allocate their cost, net of their residual values on the basis of useful lives prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013, which are also supported by technical evaluation.

The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at the end of each reporting period.

Leasehold land is amortized on a straight line basis over the period of lease.

An asset’s carrying amount is written down immediately to its recoverable amount if the asset’s carrying amount is greater than its estimated recoverable amount.

Gains and losses on disposals are determined by comparing proceeds with carrying amount. These are included in profit and loss within other gains/ (losses).

2.15 Capital Work-in-Progress]

Capital Work-in-Progress up to 31st March, 2015 were carried in the Balance Sheet in accordance with Indian GAAP. The Company has elected to avail the exemption granted by Ind AS 101 “First time adoption of Ind AS “ to regard those amounts as deemed cost at the date of the transition to Ind AS.

Expenditure incurred on assets under construction is carried at cost under Capital Work-in-Progress. Such costs comprise purchase price of assets, including duties and non-refundable taxes and other costs that are directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and conditions necessary for it to be capable of operation in the manner indented by management.

2.16 Investment Properties

Property that is held for long-term rental yields or for capital appreciation or both, and that is not occupied by the Company, is classified as investment property. Investment property is measured initially at its cost, including related transaction costs and where applicable, borrowing costs. Subsequent expenditure is capitalized to the asset’s carrying amount only when it is probable that the future economic benefits associated with the expenditure will flow to the Company and the cost of the item can be measured reliably. All other repairs and maintenance costs are expensed when incurred. When part of an investment property is replaced, the carrying amount of the replaced part is derecognized.

Transition to Ind AS

Investment property up to 31st March, 2015 were carried in the Balance Sheet in accordance with Indian GAAP. The Company has elected to avail the exemption granted by Ind AS 101 “First time adoption of Ind AS” to regard those amounts as deemed cost at the date of transition to Ind AS.

2.17 Intangible Assets

Costs associated with maintaining software programmes are recognized as an expense as incurred. Cost of purchased software are recorded as intangible assets and amortized from the point at which the asset is available for use. Intangible assets are amortized over their best estimated useful life ranging up to three years on straight line method. Costs associated with maintaining software programmes are recognised as an expense as incurred.

Intangible assets up to 31st March, 2015 were carried in the Balance Sheet in accordance with Indian GAAP. The Company has elected to avail the exemption granted by Ind AS 101 “First time adoption of Ind AS” to regard those amounts as deemed cost at the date of transition to Ind AS.

2.18 Trade and other payables

These amounts represent liabilities for goods and services provided to the Company prior to the end of financial year which are unpaid. The amounts are unsecured and are usually paid within 30 days of recognition. Trade and other payables are presented as current liabilities unless payment is not due within 12 months after the reporting period. They are recognized initially at their fair value/transaction value and subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

2.19 Borrowings Costs

General and specific borrowing costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset are capitalized during the period of time that is required to complete and prepare the asset for its intended use or sale. Qualifying assets are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale.

Investment income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing costs eligible for capitalization.

Other borrowing costs are expensed in the period in which they are incurred.

2.20 Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provisions for legal claims, discounts, schemes and returns are recognized when the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation as a result of past events, it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation and the amount can be reliably estimated. Provisions are not recognized for future operating losses.

Where there are a number of similar obligations, the likelihood that an outflow will be required in settlement is determined by considering the class of obligations as a whole. A provision is recognized even if the likelihood of an outflow with respect to any one item included in the same class of obligations may be small.

Provisions are measured at the present value of management’s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period. The discount rate used to determine the present value is a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and the risk specific to the liability. The increase in the provision due to the passage of time is recognized as interest expense.

Contingent liabilities are possible obligations that arise from past events and whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more future events not wholly within the control of the Company, such obligation is disclosed as contingent liability.

Contingent Assets are possible assets that arise from past events and whose existence will be confirmed only by occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company. Contingent assets are disclosed in financial statements when in flow of economic benefits is probable on the basis of judgment of management.

2.21 Employee Benefits

2.21.1 Short Term Obligations

Liabilities for wages and salaries, including non-monetary benefits that are expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service are recognized in respect of employees’ service up to the end of the reporting period and are measured at the amounts expected to be paid when the liabilities are settled. The liabilities are presented as current employee benefit obligations in the Balance Sheet.

2.21.2 Other Long-term employee benefit obligations

The liabilities for earned leave are not expected to be settled wholly within 12 months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. They are therefore measured at the present value of expected future payments to be made in respect of services provided by employees up to the end of the reporting period using the projected unit credit method. The benefits are discounted using the market yields at the end of the reporting period that have terms approximating to the terms of the related obligation. Remeasurements as a result of experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in profit and loss.

The obligations are presented as current liabilities in the Balance Sheet if the entity does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement for at least twelve months after the reporting period, regardless of when the actual settlement is expected to occur.

2.21.3 Post-employment obligations

The Company operates the following post-employment schemes:

(a) Defined benefit plans which are Gratuity and Post retirement medical scheme.

(b) Defined contribution plans which are provident fund, Superannuation and Pension.

2.22 Dividends

Dividends and interim dividends payable to the Company’s shareholders are recognised as change in equity in the period in which they are approved by the Company’s shareholders and the Board of Directors respectively.

2.23 Earnings per share

2.23.1 Basic Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is calculated by dividing :

- The profit/ loss attributable to owners of the Company

- By the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year.

2.23.2 Diluted Earnings per share

Diluted earnings per share adjusts the figures used in the determination of basic earnings per share to take into account:

- The after income tax effect of interest and other financing costs associated with dilutive potential equity shares, and

- The weighted average number of additional equity shares that would have been outstanding assuming the conversion of all dilutive potential equity shares.

2.24 Financial liabilities

Financial liabilities of the Company are contractual obligation to deliver cash or another financial asset to another entity or to exchange financial assets or financial liabilities with another entity under conditions that are potentially unfavorable to the Company.

The Company’s financial liabilities include loans & borrowings, trade and other payables.

a) Classification, initial recognition and measurement

Financial liabilities are recognized initially at fair value minus transactions costs that are directly attributable and subsequently measured at amortized cost. Financial liabilities are classified as subsequently measured at amortized cost. Any difference between the proceeds (net of transaction costs) and the fair value at initial recognition is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss or in the carrying amount of an asset if another standard permits such inclusion, over the period of the borrowings using the effective rate of interest.

Borrowings are classified as current liabilities unless the Company has an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting period.

b) Subsequent measurement

After initial recognition, financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the EIR method. Gains and losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss or in the carrying amount of an asset if another standard permits such inclusion, when the liabilities are derecognised as well through the EIR amortization process.

Amortized cost is calculated by taking into account any discount or premium on acquisition and fees or costs that are an integral part of the EIR. The EIR amortization is included as finance costs in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

c) Derecognition

A financial liability is derecognized when the obligation under the liability is discharged or cancelled or expired. When an existing financial liability is replaced by another from the same lender on substantially different terms, or the terms of an existing liability are substantially modified, such an exchange or modification is treated as the derecognition of the original liability and the recognition of a new liability. The difference in the respective carrying amounts is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss.

2.25 Fair value measurement

Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. Normally at initial recognition, the transaction price is the best evidence of fair value.

However, when the Company determines that transaction price does not represent the fair value, it uses inter-alia valuation techniques that are appropriate in the circumstances and for which sufficient data are available to measure fair value, maximizing the use of relevant observable inputs and minimizing the use of unobservable inputs.

All financial assets and financial liabilities for which fair value is measured or disclosed in the financial statements are categorized within the fair value hierarchy. This categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement as a whole:

- Level 1 - Quoted (unadjusted) market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

- Level 2 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is directly or indirectly observable.

- Level 3 - Valuation techniques for which the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement is unobservable.

For financial assets and financial liabilities that are recognized at fair value on a recurring basis, the Company determines whether transfers have occurred between levels in the hierarchy by re-assessing categorisation at the end of each reporting period.

2.26 Financial risk management

The entity’s activities expose it to market risk, liquidity risk and credit risk. In order to minimize effects of the above, various arrangements are entered into by the entity. The following table explains the sources of risk and how the entity manages the risk in its financial statements.

A) Credit risk

Credit risk arises from cash and cash equivalents, investment carried at amortized cost, deposit with banks and financing institutions as well as credit exposure to customer and other parties.

For banks and financial institutions, only high rated banks/ institutions are accepted. For other financial assets, the entity assesses and manages credit risk based on internal credit evaluation. It monitors partywise exposure and based on evaluation credit rating is allotted for each party. Thereafter a credit limit is assigned to each party depending on the solvency of the said party.

The entity considers the probability of default on ongoing basis and at each reporting period.

Microeconomic information is incorporated as part of internal rating model.

In general, it is presumed that credit risk has significantly increased since initial recognition if the payments are more than 60 days past due.

Reconciliation of provisions for doubtful assets has been provided as under:

B) Liquidity risk

Prudent risk liquidity management implies maintaining sufficient cash and cash equivalents and the availability of committed credit facilities to meet obligations when due.

Management monitors rolling forecasts of the group’s liquidity position on the basis of expected cash flow. The entity has access to the following undrawn borrowing facilities at the end of the reporting period:

Bank overdraft facilities may be drawn at any time and may be terminated by the bank without notice.

The following table gives the contractual discounted cash flows falling due within the next 12 (twelve) months.

Maturity of financial liabilities

C) Market risk

i) Foreign currency risk

The entity is exposed to foreign exchange risk arising from foreign currency transactions, primarily with regard to AED, Euro, USD and GBP. Foreign exchange risk arises from future commercial transactions and recognized assets and liabilities denominated in a currency that is not the entity’s functional currency (INR). As per the risk management policy, the gross currency movements are continually monitored and necessary forward contracts are entered into as and when required. However, as the total exposure through currency risk directly is not material, generally forward contracts are not entered into on a regular basis.

In addition to the above, the entity has given a corporate guarantee with regard to the following borrowings availed by its subsidiaries as given in the table below :

i) Price risk

The entity’s exposure to equity securities has classified as fair value OCI in view of the present set of business of the investee entity, necessary provisions has been made in the accounts with regard to the same.

ii) Commodity price risk

The entity is exposed to risk of price volatility of base oil and other derivatives of crude oil, which is required for the manufacturing of lubricant oil.

To mitigate the above risk , entity enters into various purchase contract of base oil.

2.27 Capital Management

A) Risk management

The entity’s objectives when managing capital are to:

a) Safeguard their ability to continue as a going concern

b) Maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital.

As on the reporting date, the entity is debt free.

B) Dividends

1) Dividends recognized for the year end review -

2) Dividends not recognized at the end of the reporting period in line with Ind AS.

2.29 Offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities

There is no offset as at 31st March, 2017 and 31st March, 2016 based on enforceable arrangements.


Mar 31, 2016

Significant Accounting Policies

(i) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in compliance with the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 read with Rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rule, 2014 and the relevant provisions of section 133 of Companies Act 2013.

The accounts presentation under Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the balance sheet date.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION

a. Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized in the Statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Revenue from operations includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of discount and rebate and sales related taxes.

b. Sale of power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognized based on the units as per invoice as transmitted to buyer.

c. Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognized on accrual basis based on interest rates implicit in the transactions.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS

All Fixed Assets are valued at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use.

(iv) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost less amortization. Cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

(v) DEPRECIATION & AMORTIZATION Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are depreciated on straight line basis applying the useful life specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are amortized over their best estimated useful life ranging upto three years on straight line method. Others

Leasehold lands are amortized on straight line basis over the period of lease.

(vi) INVESTMENTS

Non Current Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution which is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value.

(vii) INVENTORIES

Raw materials and Packing materials are valued at weighted average cost comprising purchase price, freight and handling, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs incurred on bringing such inventories to their present location and condition. Finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

(viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Foreign Currency transactions and forward exchange contracts are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are premeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items and on the remeasurement of monetary items are included in the Statement of profit and loss for the year. In case of forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of profit and loss over the period of the contract.

(ix) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Revenue expenditure on research and development are expensed in the year in which these are incurred.

Fixed Asset used for research and development is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses are depreciated in accordance with policy of the Company.

(xi) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Short Term benefits

Short term benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related services are rendered.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to a separate entity. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries.

Defined benefit plans are arrangements that provide guaranteed benefits to employees, either by way of contractual obligations or through a collective agreement. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by independent actuarial valuation as per the requirement of Accounting Standards 15 -Employee Benefits. The liability recognized in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognized past service costs. All actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in full in the year in which they occur.

(xii) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(xiii) IMPAIRMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

(a) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

(b) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

(c) A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances.

(xiv) TAXATION

(a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Tax Authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods in the Statement of Profit and Loss and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet.


Mar 31, 2015

(i) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in compliance with the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2013 thereof pending notification of Accounting Standards in terms of section 133 of Companies Act 2013.

The accounts presentation under Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the balance sheet date.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION

a. Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised in the Statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Revenue from operations includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of discounts and rebates and sales related taxes.

b. Sale of power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognised based on the units as per invoice as transmitted to buyer.

c. Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognized when the Company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis based on interest rates implicit in the transactions.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS

All Fixed Assets are valued at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non refundable taxes and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use.

(iv) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost less amortization. Cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

(v) DEPRECIATION & AMORTIZATION Tangible Assets

Fixed Assets are depreciated on straight line basis applying the useful life specified in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are amortized over their best estimated useful life ranging upto three years on straight line method.

Others

Leasehold lands are amortized on straight line basis over the period of lease.

(vi) INVESTMENTS

Non Current Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution which is other than temporary in nature.

Current investments are carried at lower of cost or fair value.

(vii) INVENTORIES

Raw materials and Packing materials are valued at cost comprising purchase price, freight and handling, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs incurred on bringing such inventories to their present location and condition. Finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

(viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Foreign Currency transactions and forward exchange contracts are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are remeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items and on the remeasurement of monetary items are included in Statement of profit and loss for the year. In case of forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the period of the contract.

(ix) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Revenue expenditure on research and development are expensed in the year in which these are incurred. Fixed Asset used for research and development is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses are depreciated in accordance with policy of the Company.

(xi) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Short Term benefits

Short term benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related services are rendered.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to a separate entity. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries.

Defined benefit plans are arrangements that provide guaranteed benefits to employees, either by way of contractual obligations or through a collective agreement. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by independent actuarial valuation as per the requirement of Accounting Standards 15 - Employee Benefits. The liability recognised in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognised past service costs. All actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in full in the year in which they occur.

(xii) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the Notes to the financial statements. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(xiii) IMPAIRMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

(a) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount.

(b) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

(c) A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances.

(xiv) TAXATION

(a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Tax Authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods in the Statement of Profit and Loss and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet.


Mar 31, 2013

(i) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in compliance with the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 thereof.

The accounts presentation under Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the balance sheet date.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION

(a) Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised in the Statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Revenue includes consideration received or receivable, net of excise duty, discounts and rebates and related taxes.

(b) Sale of power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognised based on the units transmitted to the buyer.

(c) Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognised when the company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis based on interest rates implicit in the transactions.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS

All Fixed Assets are valued at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use.

Certain land, buildings, blending plant and laboratory equipment and grease plant are stated on the basis of their revaluations inclusive of resultant write-ups.

(iv) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost less amortization. Cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

(v) DEPRECIATION

(a) Revalued assets are depreciated on the revalued book value at the rates considered appropriate by the valuer on a straight-line basis and thereafter adjusted to the extent chargeable on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

The provision for depreciation on such revalued Fixed Assets are transferred to Revaluation Reserve to the extent of the difference between the written up value of the Fixed Assets revalued and depreciation adjustment and thus charge the Revaluation Reserve Account with annual depreciation on that portion of the value which is written up.

(b) Other fixed assets are depreciated on written down value basis applying the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

(c) Leasehold lands are amortized on straight line basis over the period of lease.

(d) Items costing not more than Rupees five thousand are fully depreciated during the year of additions.

(e) Intangible assets are amortised over their best estimated useful life ranging upto three years on straight line method.

(vi) INVESTMENTS

Non Current Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution which is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(vii) INVENTORIES

Raw materials and Packing materials are valued at cost comprising purchase price, freight and handling, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs. Finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

(viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Foreign Currency transactions and forward exchange contracts are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are remeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on the remeasurement of monetary items, are included in Statement profit and loss for the year. In case of forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss at over the period of the contract.

(ix) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Revenue expenditure on research and development are expensed out in the year in which these are incurred.

Fixed Asset used for research and development is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses and are depreciated in accordance with policy of the company.

(xi) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Short term benefits

Short term benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related services are rendered.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to a separate entity. Contributions are paid in return of services rendered by the employees during the year. The company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay employee benefits. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries.

Defined benefit plans are arrangements that provide guaranteed benefits to employees, either by way of contractual obligations or through a collective agreement. This guarantee of benefits represents a future commitment of the Company and, as such, a liability is recognised. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by independent actuarial valuation as per the requirement of Accounting Standards 15 - Employee Benefits. The liability recognised in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognised past service costs. All actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in full in the year in which they occur.

(xii) PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(xiii) LEASES

Operating lease payments are recognized as expenditure in the Statement of Profit and Loss on the straight line basis over the lease period.

(xiv) IMPAIRMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

(a) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

(b) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

(c) A previously recognised impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(xv) TAXATION

(a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Tax Authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods in the Statement Profit and Loss and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet. The major component of the respective balances of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are disclosed in the Accounts. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.


Mar 31, 2012

(i) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in compliance with the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 thereof.

The accounts presentation under Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the balance sheet date.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION

(a) Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Revenue includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of sales related taxes.

(b) Sale of power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognised based on the units transmitted to the buyer.

(c) Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognised when the company's right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis based on interest rates implicit in the transactions.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS

All Fixed Assets are valued at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use.

Certain land, buildings, blending plant and laboratory equipment and grease plant are stated on the basis of their revaluations inclusive of resultant write-ups.

(iv) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost less amortization. Cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

(v) DEPRECIATION

(a) Revalued assets are depreciated on the revalued book value at the rates considered appropriate by the valuer on a straight-line basis and thereafter adjusted to the extent chargeable on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

The provision for depreciation on such revalued Fixed Assets are transferred to Revaluation Reserve to the extent of the difference between the written up value of the Fixed Assets revalued and depreciation adjustment and thus charge the Revaluation Reserve Account with annual depreciation on that portion of the value which is written up.

(b) Other fixed assets are depreciated on written down value basis applying the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

(c) Leasehold lands are amortized on straight line basis over the period of lease.

(d) Items costing not more than Rupees five thousand are fully depreciated during the year of additions.

(e) Intangible assets are amortised over their best estimated useful life ranging upto three years on straight line method.

(vi) INVESTMENTS

Non Current Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution which is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(vii) INVENTORIES

Raw materials are valued at cost comprising purchase price, freight and handling, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs or its net realizable value whichever is lower.

Finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

(viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Foreign Currency transactions and forward exchange contracts are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are remeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on the remeasurement of monetary items, are included in statement of profit and loss for the year. In case of forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss at over the period of the contract.

(ix) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Revenue expenditure on research and development are expensed out in the year in which these are incurred.

Fixed Asset used for research and development is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses and are depreciated in accordance with policy of the company.

(xi) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Short term benefits

Short term benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the Statement of Profit and Loss for the year in which the related services are rendered.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to a separate entity. Contributions are paid in return of services rendered by the employees during the year. The company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay employee benefits. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries. Defined benefit plans are arrangements that provide guaranteed benefits to employees, either by way of contractual obligations or through a collective agreement. This guarantee of benefits represents a future commitment of the Company and, as such, a liability is recognised. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by independent actuarial valuation as per the requirement of Accounting Standard 15- Employee Benefits. The liability recognised in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognied past service costs. All actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in full in the year in which they occur.

(xii) PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(xiii) LEASES

Assets acquired under Operating Lease, rentals payable are charged to Statement of Profit and Loss.

Assets acquired under Finance Lease are capitalised at lower of the fair value and present value of the leased assets at inception and the present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charge and the outstanding liability. The finance charge is allocated to periods during the lease term at a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

(xiv) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS)20-Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per equity share have been computed by dividing net profit after tax attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings during the year adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year.

(xv) IMPAIRMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

(a) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

(b) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

(c) A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(xvi) SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments are identified based on the dominant source and nature of risks and return and the internal organization and management structure.

Revenue and expenses has been identified to segments on the basis of their relationships to the operating activities of the segment.

(xvii) TAXATION

(a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Tax Authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods in the Statement of Profit and Loss and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet. The major component of the respective balances of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are disclosed in the Accounts. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.


Mar 31, 2010

(i) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The Financial Statements are prepared under historical cost convention on accrual basis and are in compliance with the Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 1956 thereof.

The accounts presentation under Indian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the balance sheet date.

(ii) REVENUE RECOGNITION

(a) Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognised in the profit and loss account when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer. Revenue includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of sales related taxes.

(b) Sale of power

Revenue from the sale of power is recognised based on bills raised on Power Transmission Company.

(c) Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognised when the company’s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognised on accrual basis based on interest rates implicit in the transactions.

(iii) FIXED ASSETS

All Fixed Assets are valued at cost less depreciation/amortization. The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of fixed assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use.

Certain land, buildings, blending plant and laboratory equipment and grease plant are stated on the basis of their revaluations inclusive of resultant write-ups.

(iv) INTANGIBLE ASSETS

Intangible Assets expected to provide future enduring economic benefits are stated at cost less amortization. Cost comprises purchase price and directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use.

(v) DEPRECIATION

(a) Revalued assets are depreciated on the revalued book value at the rates conidered appropriate by the valuer on a straight-line basis and thereafter adjusted to the extent chargeable on written down value method at the rates prescribed under Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

The provision for depreciation on such revalued Fixed Assets are transferred to Revaluation Reserve to the extent of the difference between the written up value of the Fixed Assets revalued and depreciation adjustment and thus charge the Revaluation Reserve Account with annual depreciation on that portion of the value which is written up.

(b) Other fixed assets are depreciated on written down value basis applying the rates specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

(c) Leasehold lands are amortized on straight line basis over the period of lease.

(d) Items costing not more than Rupees five thousand are fully depreciated during the year of additions.

(e) Intangible assets are amortised over their best estimated useful life ranging upto three years on straight line method.

(vi) INVESTMENTS

Long term Investments are stated at cost less provision, if any, for diminution which is other than temporary in nature. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(vii) INVENTORIES

Raw materials are valued at cost comprising purchase price, freight and handling, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs.

Finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Values of inventories are generally ascertained on the "First In First Out" basis.

(viii) FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS

Foreign Currency transactions and forward exchange contracts are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are remeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on the remeasurement of monetary items, are included in profit and loss for the year. In case of forward exchange contracts, the difference between the contract rate and the spot rate on the date of transaction is charged to the profit and loss account over the period of the contract.

(ix) BORROWING COSTS

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use or sale. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account in the period in which they are incurred.

(x) RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS

Revenue expenditure on research and development are expensed out under the respective head of accounts in the year in which these are incurred.

Fixed Asset used for research and development is stated at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses and are depreciated in accordance with company’s policy.

(xi) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

(i) Short term benefits

Short term benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the profit and loss account for the year in which the related services are rendered.

(ii) Post Employment Benefits

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to a separate entity. Contributions are paid in return of services rendered by the employees during the year. The company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund does not hold sufficient assets to pay employee benefits. The Contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries.

Defined benefit plans are arrangements that provide guaranteed benefits to employees, either by way of contractual obligations or through a collective agreement. This guarantee of benefits represents a future commitment of the Company and, as such, a liability is recognised. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by independent actuarial valuation as per the requirement of Accounting Standard 15- Employee Benefits. The liability recognised in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the

balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognied past service costs. All actuarial gains and losses are recognised in Profit and Loss Account in full in the year in which they occur.

(xii) PROVISIONS,CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

Provisions involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement are recognised when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there wil be an outflow of resources. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed in the notes. Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.

(xiii) LEASES

Assets acqired under Operating Lease, rentals payable are charged to Profit and Loss Account.

Assets acquired under Finance Lease are capitalised at lower of the fair value and present value of the leased assets at inception and the present value of minimum lease payments. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charge and the outstanding liability. The finance charge is allocated to periods during the lease term at a constant periodic rate of interest on the remaining balance of the liability.

(xiv) EARNINGS PER SHARE

The Company reports basic and diluted earnings per share in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS)20-Earnings Per Share. Basic earnings per equity share have been computed by dividing net profit after tax attributable to equity share holders by the weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings during the year adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares per share is computed using the weighted average number of equity shares and dilutive potential equity shares outstanding during the year.

(xv) IMPAIRMENT OF FIXED ASSETS

(a) The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for indicators of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

(b) After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the assets over its remaining useful life.

(c) A previously recognized impairment loss is increased or reversed depending on changes in circumstances. However, the carrying value after reversal is not increased beyond the carrying value that would have prevailed by charging usual depreciation if there was no impairment.

(xvi) SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments are identified based on the dominant source and nature of risks and return and the internal organization and management structure.

Revenue and expenses has been identified to segments on the basis of their relationships to the operating activities of the segment.

(xvii) TAXATION

(a) Tax expense comprises of Current and Deferred Tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the Ta x Authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961.

(b) Deferred Tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the Balance Sheet date. Deferred Tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods in the Profit and Loss Account and the cumulative effect thereof is reflected in the Balance Sheet. The major component of the respective balances of Deferred Tax Assets and Liabilities are disclosed in the Accounts. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to reassess realisation.

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