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Accounting Policies of TRF Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2017

1. General corporate information

TRF Limited, ("the Company") incorporated in 1962 has its Registered Office at 11 Station Road, Burma Mines, Jamshedpur 831007. The Company is listed on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited, BSE Limited and The Calcutta Stock Exchange Limited. The Company undertakes turnkey projects of material handling for the infrastructure sector such as power and ports and industrial sector such as steel plants, cement, fertilizers and mining. The Company is also engaged in production of such material handling equipments at its manufacturing plant at Jamshedpur.

The financial statements are presented in Indian Rupee (INR) which is also Functional Currency of the Company.

2. First time adoption of Ind AS

The Company has adopted Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) as notified by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs with effect from 1st April 2016, with a transition date of 1st April 2015. The adoption of Ind AS has been carried out in accordance with Ind AS 101, First-time Adoption of Indian Accounting Standards. Ind AS 101 requires that all Ind AS standards and interpretations that are issued and effective for the ''first Ind AS financial statements'' for the year ended. 31st March 2017, be applied retrospectively and consistently for all financial years presented. However, in preparing these Ind AS financial statements, the Company has availed certain exemptions and exceptions in accordance with Ind AS 101, as explained in note 4. The resulting difference between the carrying values of the assets and liabilities in the financial statements as at the transition date under Ind AS and Previous GAAP have been recognized directly in retained earnings.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies

3.01 Statement of compliance

The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Ind ASs notified under the Companies (Indian Accounting Standard) Rules, 2015. Up to the financial year ended March 31, 2016, the Company prepared its financial statements in accordance with the requirements of Previous GAAP, which includes Standards notified under the Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013. These are the Companies first Ind AS financial statements. The date of transition to Ind AS is April 1, 2015. Refer Note 4 for the details of first time adoption exemptions availed by the Company.

3.02 Basis of preparation and presentation

These separate financial statements of the Company are prepared under the historical cost except for certain financial instruments that are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Historical cost is generally based on fair value of the consideration given in exchange for goods and services.

Fairdale is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, regardless of whether that price is directly observable or estimated using another valuation technique. In estimating the fair value of an asset or a liability, the Company takes into account the characteristics of the asset or liability if market participants would take those characteristics into account when pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. In these separate financial statements, the fair value for measurement and/or disclosure purpose is determined on such basis except for leasing transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 17, and measurements that have some similarities to fair value but are not fair value, such as net realizable value in Ind AS 2 or value in use in Ind AS 36.

In addition, for financial reporting purposes, fair value measurements are categorized into Level 1,2 or 3 based on the degree to which the inputs to the fair value measurements are observable and the significance of the inputs to the fair value measurement in its entirely. (Refer note 41.10)

- Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the entity can access at the measurement date;

- Level 2 inputs are inputs, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly; and

- Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

3.03 Use of estimates

The preparation of separate financial statements in conformity with the recognition and measurement principles of Ind AS requires the management of the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported balances of assets and liabilities, disclosures relating to contingent liabilities as at the date of the separate financial statements and the reported amounts of income and expense for the periods presented.

3. Summary of significant accounting policies (Contd.)

Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognized in the period in which the estimates are revised and future periods are affected.

In particular, information about significant areas of estimation uncertainty and critical judgments in applying accounting policies that have the most significant effect on the amounts recognized in the financial statements are included in the following notes:

- Revenue from construction contracts (Refer Note 3.04(ii))

- Useful lives of Property, plant and equipment & intangible assets (Refer Note 3.10and 3.11)

- Assets and obligations relating to employee benefits (Refer Note 40)

- Valuation and measurement of income taxes and deferred taxes (Refer Note 3.09)

- Provisions and Contingencies (Refer Note 3.14)

- Retention money receivable (Refer foot note below Note 13)

- Going Concern(ReferNote45.02)

3.04 Revenue recognition

Revenue is measured at fair value of the consideration received or receivable and is reduced by rebates, allowances and taxes and duties collected on behalf of the government. The Company has assumed that recovery of excise duty flows to the Company on its own account, for the reason that it is a liability of the manufacturer which forms part of the cost of production, irrespective of whether the goods are sold or not. Accordingly revenue includes excise duty.

i) Sale of goods

Revenue from the sale of goods is recognized when the goods are delivered and titles have been passed, at which time all the following conditions are satisfied:

- the Company has transferred to the buyer the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods;

- The Company retains neither continuing managerial involvement to the degree usually associated with ownership nor effective control over the goods sold;

- the amount of revenue can be measured reliably;

- it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the transaction will flow to the Company; and

- the costs incurred or to be incurred in respect of the transaction can be measured reliably.

The Company provides normal warranty for general repairs for 12 to 18 months on products sold in line with industry practice. A liability is recognized at the time the product is sold.

ii) Construction contracts

Revenue from contracts are recognized on percentage completion method specified under Indian Accounting Standard (Ind AS) 11 - Construction Contracts. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognized when the outcome of a construction contract can be estimated reliably. Revenue and costs are recognized by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity at the end of the reporting period, measured based on the proportion of contract costs incurred for work performed to date relative to the estimated total contract costs, except where this would not be representative of the stage of completion.

The outcome of a construction contract is considered as estimated reliably when (a) all critical approvals necessary for commencement of the project have been obtained; (b) the stage of completion of the project reaches reasonable level of development. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs of respective project. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognized when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs. 100 crore, profit is recognized when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crore, profit is recognized either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs. 40 crore whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total revenue from the contract, the expected loss is recognized immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc. For determining the expected cost to completion of the contracts, cost of steel, cement and other related items are considered at current market price based on fixed cost purchase orders placed or firm commitments received from suppliers / contractors as these purchase orders and future firm commitments are enforceable over the period of the contracts.

When the outcome of a construction contract cannot be estimated reliably, contract revenue is recognized to the extent of contract costs incurred that is probably recoverable. Contract costs are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

When contract costs incurred to date plus recognized profit less recognized losses exceed progress billing, the surplus is shown as amount due from customers for contract work. For contracts where progress billings exceed contract costs incurred to date plus recognized profits less recognized losses, the surplus is shown as the amounts due to customers for contract work. Amounts received before the related work is performed are included as a liability as advances received. Amounts billed for work performed but not yet paid by customer are included under trade receivables.

iii) Dividend and interest income

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive payment has been established and that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income from a financial asset is recognized when it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the amount of income can be measured reliably. Interest income is accrued on a time basis, by reference to the principal outstanding and at the effective interest rate applicable, which is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts through the expected life of the financial asset to the asset''s net carrying amount on initial recognition.

3.05 Lease

The Company as lessee

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognized as operating leases. The Company''s significant operating leasing arrangements are for premises (office, residence etc.). The leasing arrangements which normally have a tenure of eleven months to three years are cancellable with a reasonable notice, and are renewable by mutual consent at agreed terms. The aggregate lease rent payable is charged as rent in the statement of profit and loss.

3.06 Foreign currencies

Transactions in currencies other than entity''s functional currency (foreign currency) are recorded at the rates of exchange prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies (other than derivative contracts and net investment in non-integral foreign operations) remaining unsettled at the end of the each reporting period are re-measured at the rates of exchange prevailing at that date. Non-monetary items carried at fair value that are denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the rate prevailing at the date when the fair value was determined. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are not retranslated.

Exchange difference on monetary items are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise except for exchange differences on monetary items receivable from or payable to a foreign operation for which settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur (therefore forming part of the net investment in the foreign operation), which are recognized initially in other comprehensive income and reclassified from equity to the statement of profit and loss on repayment of the monetary items.

The Company has opted under Ind AS 101 First time adoption of Indian Accounting Standards to defer/capitalize the exchange difference arising on reporting of long-term foreign currency monetary items recognized up to March 31, 2016, in line with the paragraph 46A of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. Accordingly, exchange differences arising on settlement and re-measurement of other long-term

foreign currency monetary items are accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account “and amortized over the maturity period or up to the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the statement of profit and loss.

3.07 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets, which are assets that necessarily take a substantial period of time to get ready for their intended use or sale, are added to the cost of those assets, until such time as the assets are substantially ready for their intended use.

Interest income earned on the temporary investment of specific borrowings pending their expenditure on qualifying assets is deducted from the borrowing cost eligible for capitalization.

All other borrowing costs are recognized in profit or loss in the period in which they are incurred.

3.08 Employee benefits

i) Short-term benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the statement of profit and loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Defined contribution retirement benefits

Payments to defined contribution retirement benefits are recognized as an expense when employees have rendered services entitling them to the contributions. Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to funds/schemes managed by independent trusts or authority.

Contributions are paid in return for services rendered by the employees during the year. The company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund/scheme does not hold sufficient assets to pay/extend employee benefits. The Company provides Provident Fund facility to all employees and Superannuation benefits to selected employees. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries. The Company''s Provident Fund is exempted under section 17 of Employees'' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act, 1952. Conditions for exemption stipulate that the Company shall make good deficiency, if any, in the interest rate declared by the trust vis-a-vis interest rate declared by the Employees'' Provident Fund Organization. The liability as on the balance sheet date is ascertained by an independent actuarial valuation.

iii) Defined benefit retirement benefits

The cost of providing defined benefit retirement benefits are determined using the projected unit credit method, with independent actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each reporting period. The Company provides gratuity to its employees and pension to retired whole-time directors. Gratuity liabilities are funded and managed through separate trust (except in case of some employee of Port and Yard Equipment Division where the funds are managed by Life Insurance Corporation of India). The liabilities towards pension to retired whole-time directors are not funded.

Re-measurements, comprising actuarial gains and losses, return on plan assets excluding amounts included in net interest on the net benefit liability (asset) and any change in the effect of the asset ceiling (if applicable) are recognized in the balance sheet with a charge or credit recognized in other comprehensive income in the period in which they occur. Re-measurement recognized in the comprehensive income are not reclassified to the statement of profit and loss but recognized directly in the retained earnings. Past service costs are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which the amendment to plan occurs. Net interest is calculated by applying the discount rate to the net defined liability or asset at the beginning of the period, taking into account of any changes in the net defined benefit liability (asset) during the period as a result of-contribution and benefit payments.

Defined benefit costs which are recognized in the statement of profit and loss are categorized as follows:

- service cost (including current service cost, past service cost, as well as gains and losses on curtailments and settlements); and

- net interest expense or income;

The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the standalone balance sheet represents the actual deficit or surplus in the Company''s defined benefit plans. Any surplus resulting from this calculation is limited to the present value of any economic benefits available in the form of refunds from the plans or reduction in future contributions to the plans.

The liability for termination benefit is recognized at the earlier of when the entity can no longer withdraw the offer of the termination benefit and when the entity recognizes any related restructuring costs.

iv) Other Long-term benefits

The Company provides annual leave which are accumulating and vesting to its employees. The annual leave benefit is not funded. The cost of providing annual leave benefits are determined using the projected unit credit method, with independent actuarial valuations being carried out at the end of each reporting period. All actuarial gains or losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they occur.

3.09 Taxation

i) Current tax

Current tax is payable based on taxable profit for the year. Taxable profit differs from ''profit before tax'' as reported in the statement of profit and loss because of items of income or expense that are taxable or deductible in other years and items that are never taxable or deductible. The current tax is calculated using tax rates that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the end of the reporting period.

ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized on temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities in the separate financial statements and the corresponding tax bases used in the computation of taxable profits. Deferred tax liabilities are generally recognized for all taxable temporary differences. Deferred tax assets are generally recognized for all deductible temporary differences to the extent that is probable that taxable profits will be available against which those deductible temporary differences can be utilized. Such deferred tax assets and liabilities are not recognized if the temporary difference arises from the initial recognition of assets and liabilities in a transaction that affects neither the taxable profit nor the accounting profit.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences, except where the Company is able to control the reversal of the temporary difference and it is probable that the temporary difference will not reverse in the foreseeable future. Deferred tax assets arising from the deductible temporary differences are only recognized to the extent it is probable that there will be sufficient taxable profits against which the benefits of the temporary difference can be utilized and they are expected to reverse in the foreseeable future.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets is reviewed at the end of each reporting period and reduced to the extent that it is no longer probable that sufficient taxable profits will be available to allow all or part of the asset to be recovered.

Deferred tax liabilities and assets are measured at the tax rates that are expected to apply in the period in which the liability is settled or the asset is realized, based on tax rates (and tax laws) that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the end of the reporting period.

iii) Current and deferred tax are recognized in the statement of profit and loss, except when they relate to items that are recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity, in which case, the current and deferred tax are also recognized in other comprehensive income or directly in equity respectively.

3.10 Property, Plant and Equipment

Buildings and Roads, Plant and Equipment, Furniture and Fixtures and Vehicles held for use in the production or supply of goods or services, or for administrative purposes are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses. Cost includes purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non-refundable taxes, any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use and borrowing costs capitalized in accordance with the Company''s accounting policy.

Properties in the course of construction for production or supply of goods or services or for administrative purposes are carried at cost, less any recognized impairment losses.

Depreciation is recognized so as to write off the cost of assets (other than properties under construction) less their residual values over the useful lives, using the straight-line method. Depreciation of assets commences when the assets are ready for their intended use. The estimated useful lives and residual values are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes is accounted as change in estimate on a prospective basis. Estimated useful lives of the assets are as follows:

Buildings and Roads : 5to60years

Plant and Equipment : 3to15years

Furniture and Fixtures : 10years

Office Equipments : 3to5years

Computers : 3years

Motor Vehicles : 5to8years

An item of property, plant and equipment is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of an item of property, plant and equipment is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment recognized as of April 1,2015 measured as per the Previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

3.11 Intangible assets

Intangible assets with finite useful lives that are acquired separately are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment (if any) losses. Amortization is recognized at straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The estimated useful life and amortization method are reviewed at the end of each reporting period, with the effect of any changes in estimate being accounted for on a prospective basis. Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives that are acquired separately are carried at cost less accumulated impairment losses. Estimated useful lives of the intangible assets are as follows:

Software : 1to10years

An intangible asset is derecognized upon disposal or when no future economic benefits are expected to arise from the continued use of the asset. Any gain or loss arising on the disposal or retirement of intangible assets is recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its intangible assets recognized as of April 1,2015 measured as per the Previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

3.12 Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

At the end of each reporting period, the Company reviews the carrying amounts of its tangible and intangible assets to determine whether there is any indication that those assets have suffered any impairment loss. If any such indication exists, the recoverable amount of the asset is estimated in order to determine the extent of the impairment loss (if any). When it is not possible to estimate the recoverable amount of an individual asset, the Company estimates the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit to which the asset belongs. Intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and intangible assets not yet available for use are tested for impairment at least annually, and whenever there is an indication that the asset may be impaired.

Recoverable amount is the higher of fair value less costs of disposal and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value using a pre-tax discount rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money and risks specific to the asset for which the estimates of future cash flows have not been adjusted.

If the recoverable amount of an asset or cash generating unit is estimated to be less than the carrying amount, the carrying amount of the asset or cash generating unit is reduced to its recoverable amount. An impairment loss is recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

When an impairment loss subsequently reverses, the carrying value of the asset or cash generating unit is increased to the revised estimate of its recoverable amount, but so that the increased carrying amount does not exceed the carrying amount that would have been determined had no impairment loss been recognized for the asset or cash generating unit in prior years. Any reversal of an impairment loss is recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

3.13 Inventories

Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

Stores and spares are valued at cost comprising of purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Value of inventories are generally ascertained on the "weighted average" basis.

3.14 Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets

3.14.01 Provisions

Provisions are recognized when the Company has a present obligation (legal or constructive) as a result of past event, it is probable that the Company will be required to settle the obligation, and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation.

The amount recognized as a provision is the best estimate of the consideration required to settle the present obligation at the end of the reporting period, taking into account the risks and uncertainties surrounding the obligation. When a provision is measured using the cash flows estimated to settle the present obligation, its carrying amount is the present value of those cash flows (when the effect of the time value of money is material).

When some or all of the economic benefits required to settle a provision are expected to be recovered from a third party, a receivable is recognized as an asset if it is virtually certain that reimbursement will be received and the amount of the receivable can be measured reliably.

3.14.02 Warranties

Provisions for the expected cost of warranty obligations under local sale of goods legislation are recognized at the date of sale of the relevant products, at the management''s best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the Company''s warranty obligation.

3.14.03 Onerous contracts

An onerous contract is considered to exist where the Company has a contract under which the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received from the contract. Present obligation arising under onerous contracts are recognized and measured as provisions.

3.14.04 Contingent liabilities and assets

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognized because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed and not recognized. In the normal course of business, contingent liabilities may arise from litigation and other claims against the company. Guarantees are also provided in the normal course of business. There are certain obligations which management has concluded, based on all available facts and circumstances, are not probable of payment or are very difficult to quantify reliably, and such obligations are treated as contingent liabilities and disclosed in the notes but are not reflected as liabilities in the separate financial statements. Although there can be no assurance regarding the final outcome of the legal proceedings in which the company is involved, it is not expected that such contingencies will have a material effect on its financial position or profitability.

3.15 Financial instruments

Financial assets and financial liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instruments.

Financial assets and financial liabilities are initially measured at fair value. Transactions cost that are directly attributable to the acquisition or issue of financial assets and financial liabilities (other than financial assets and financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss) are added to or deducted from the fair value of the financial assets or financial liabilities, as appropriate, on initial recognition. Transactions cost directly attributable to the acquisition of financial assets or financial liabilities at fair value through profit and loss are recognized immediately in the statement of profit and loss.

3.16 Financial assets

All regular purchases or sales of financial assets are recognized and derecognized on a transaction date basis. Regular purchases or sales are purchases or sales of financial assets that require delivery of assets within the time frame established by regulation or convention in the marketplace.

All recognized financial assets are subsequently measured in their entirety at either amortized cost or fair value, depending on the classification of the financial assets.

3.16.01 Effective interest method

The effective interest method is a method of calculating the amortized cost of a debt instrument and of allocating interest income over the relevant period. The effective interest rate is the rate that exactly discounts estimated future cash receipts (including all fees and points paid or received that form an integral part of the effective interest rate, transaction costs and other premium or discounts) through the expected life of the debt instrument, or, where appropriate, a shorter period to the net carrying amount on initial recognition.

Income is recognized on an effective interest basis for debt instruments other than those financial assets classified as at FVTPL. Interest income is recognized in the statement of profit and loss and is included in the "Other income" line item.

3.16.02 Investments in equity instruments at FVTOCI

On initial recognition, the Company can make an irrevocable election (on an instrument-by-instrument basis) to present the subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income pertaining to investments in equity instruments. This election is not permitted if the equity investment is held for trading.

These elected investments are initially measured at fair value plus transaction costs. Subsequently, they are measured at fair value with gains and losses arising from changes in fair value recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in the ‘Reserve for equity instruments through other comprehensive income''. The cumulative gain or loss is not reclassified to profit or loss on disposal of the investments.

A financial asset is held for trading if:

- it has been acquired principally for the purpose of selling it in the near term; or

- on initial recognition it is part of a portfolio of identified financial instruments that the Company manages together and has a recent actual pattern of short-term profit-taking; or

- it is a derivative that is not designated and effective as a hedging instrument or a financial guarantee.

The Company has equity investments in two entities, and elected to FVTOCI irrevocable option for both of these investments.

Dividends on these investments in equity instruments are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the Company''s right to receive dividends is established, it is probable that the economic benefits associated with the dividend will flow to the entity, the dividend does not represent a recovery of part of cost of the investment and the amount of dividend can be measured reliably. Dividends are included as part of'' Other income ‘in the profit and loss.

3.16.03 Financial assets at fair value through profit and loss (FVTPL)

Investments in equity instruments are classified as at FVTPL, unless the Company irrevocably elects on initial recognition to present subsequent changes in fair value in other comprehensive income for investments in equity instruments which are not held for trading (see note 3.16.02 above).Financial assets at FVTPL are measured at fair value at the end of each reporting period, with any gains or losses arising on re-measurement recognized in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognized in profit or loss is included in the'' Other income'' line item.

3.16.04 Investment in Subsidiaries, Joint ventures and Associates

Investments in subsidiaries, joint venture and associates are measured at cost as per Ind AS 27 - Separate Financial Statement.

3.16.05 Impairment of financial assets

The Company applies the expected credit loss model for recognizing impairment loss on trade receivables, other contractual rights to receive cash or other financial instruments. Expected credit losses are the weighted average of credit losses with the respective risks of default occurring as the weights. Credit loss is the difference between all contractual cash flows that are due to the Company in accordance with the contract and all the cash flows that the Company expects to receive, discounted at the original effective interest rate. The Company estimates cash flows by considering all contractual terms of the financial instrument.

The Company measures the loss allowance for a financial instrument at an amount equal to the lifetime _ expected credit losses if the credit risk on that financial instrument has increased significantly since initial recognition. If the credit risk on a financial instrument has not increased significantly since initial recognition, the Company measures the loss allowance for that financial instrument at an amount equal to 12-month expected credit losses. 12-month expected credit losses are portion of the life-time expected credit losses and represent the lifetime cash shortfalls that will result in default occurs within the 12 months after the reporting date and thus, are not cash shortfalls that are predicted over the next 12 months. If the Company measures loss allowance for a financial instrument at life time expected credit loss model in the previous period, but determines at the end of reporting period that the credit risk has not increased significantly since initial recognition due to improvement in credit quality as compared to the previous period, the Company again measures the loss allowances based on 12 months expected credit loss. When making the assessment of whether there has been a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, the Company uses the change in the risk of a default occurring over the expected life of the financial instrument instead of the change in the amount of expected credit losses. To make that assessment, the Company compares the risk of a default occurring on the financial instrument as at the reporting date with the risk of a default occurring on the financial instrument as at the date of initial recognition and considers reasonable and supportable information, that is available without undue cost or effort, that is indicative of significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition.

For the trade receivables or any contractual right to receive cash or another financial asset that result from transactions that are within the scope of Ind AS 11 and Ind AS 18, the Company always measures the loss allowance at an amount equal to lifetime expected credit losses.

Further, for the purpose of measuring lifetime expected credit loss allowance for trade receivables, the Company has used a practical expedient as permitted under Ind AS 109. This expected credit loss allowance is computed based on a provision matrix which takes into account historical credit loss experience and adjusted for forward-looking information.

The impairment requirements for the recognition and measurement of a loss allowance are equally applied to debt instruments at FVTOCI except that the loss allowance is recognized in other comprehensive income and is not reduced from the carrying amount in the balance sheet.

3.16.06 De-recognition of financial assets

The Company de-recognizes a financial asset when the contractual rights to the cash flow from the asset expire, or when it transfers the financial asset and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of the asset to another party. If the Company neither transfers nor retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership and continues to control the transferred asset, the Company recognizes its retained interest in the asset and an associated liability for amounts it may have to pay. If the Company retains substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership of a transferred financial asset, the Company continues to recognize the financial asset and also recognizes a collateralized borrowing for the proceeds received.

On de-recognition of financial asset in its entirety, the difference between the asset''s carrying amounts and the sum of the consideration received and receivable and the cumulative gain or loss that had been recognized in other comprehensive income and accumulated in equity is recognized in the statement of profit and loss if such gain or loss would have otherwise been recognized in the statement of profit and loss on disposal of that financial asset.

On de-recognition of a financial asset other than in its entirety (e.g. when the Company retains an option to repurchase part of a transferred asset), the Company allocates the previous carrying amount of the financial asset between the part it continues to recognize under continuing involvement, and the part it no longer recognizes on the basis of the relative fair values of those parts on the date of the transfer. The difference between the carrying amount allocated to the part that is no longer recognized and the sum of the consideration received for the part no longer recognized and any cumulative gain or loss allocated to it that had been recognized in other comprehensive income is recognized in profit or loss if such gain or loss would have otherwise been recognized in profit or loss on disposal of that financial asset. A cumulative gain or loss that had been recognized in other comprehensive income is allocated between the part that continues to be recognized and the part that is no longer recognized on the basis of the relative fair values of those parts.

3.16.07 Foreign exchange gain and losses

The fair value of financial assets denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated at the spot rate at the end of each reporting period.

- For foreign currency denominated financial assets measured at amortized cost and FVTPL, the exchange differences are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

- Changes in the carrying amount of investments in equity instruments at FVTOCI relating to changes in foreign currency rates are recognized in other comprehensive income.

3.17 Financial liabilities and equity instruments

3.17.01 Classification as debt or equity

Debt and equity instruments issued by the Company are classified as either financial liabilities or as equity in accordance with the substance of the contractual arrangements and the definition of a financial liability and an equity instrument.

3.17.02 Classification as debt or equity

An equity instrument is any contract that evidences a residual interest in the assets of an entity after deducting all of its liabilities. Equity instruments issued by the Company are recognized at the proceeds received, net of direct issue costs.

3.17.03 Financial liabilities

All financial liabilities are subsequently measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method or at FVTPL. However, financial liabilities that arise when a transfer of a financial asset does not qualify for de-recognition or when the continuing involvement approach applies, financial guarantee contracts issued by the Company, and commitments issued by the Company to provide a loan at below-market interest rate are measured in accordance with the specific accounting policies set out below.

3.17.03(i) Financial liabilities at FVTPL

Financial liabilities are classified as at FVTPL when the financial liability is either contingent consideration recognized by the Company as an acquirer in a business combination to which Ind AS 103 applies or is held for trading or it is designated as at FVTPL.

Financial liabilities at FVTPL are stated at fair value, with any gains or losses arising on re-measurement recognized in profit or loss. The net gain or loss recognized in profit or loss incorporates any interest paid on the financial liability and is included in the ''Other income'' line item.

3.17.03(ii) Financial liabilities subsequently measured at amortized cost

Financial liabilities that are not held-for-trading and are not designated as at FVTPL are measured at amortized cost at the end of subsequent accounting periods. The carrying amounts of financial liabilities that are subsequently measured at amortized cost are determined based on the effective interest method.

Interest expense that is not capitalized as part of costs of an asset is included in the ''Finance costs'' line item.

3.17.04 Financial guarantee contracts

A financial guarantee contract is a contract that requires the issuer to make specified payments to reimburse the holder for a loss it incurs because a specified debtor fails to make payments when due in accordance with the terms of debt instrument.

Financial guarantee contracts issued by a Company are initially measured at their fair values and, if not

- the amount of loss allowance determined in accordance with impairment requirements of Ind AS 109; and

- the amount initially recognized less, when appropriate, the cumulative amount of income recognized in accordance with the principles of Ind AS 18

3.17.05 Foreign exchange gains and losses

For financial liabilities that are denominated in a foreign currency and are measured at amortized cost at the end of each reporting period, the foreign exchange gains and losses are determined based on the amortized cost of the instruments and are recognized in ''Other income''.

The fair value of financial liabilities denominated in a foreign currency is determined in that foreign currency and translated at the spot rate at the end of the reporting period. For financial liabilities that are measured as at FVTPL, the foreign exchange component forms part of the fair value gains or losses and is recognized in profit or loss.

3.17.06 De-recognition of financial liabilities

The Company de-recognizes financial liabilities when, and only when, the Company''s obligations are discharged, cancelled or have expired. An exchange between with a lender of debt instruments with substantially different terms is accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and the recognition of a new financial liability. Similarly, a substantial modification of the terms of an existing financial liability (whether or not attributable to the financial difficulty of the debtor) is accounted for as an extinguishment of the original financial liability and the recognition of a new financial liability. The difference between the carrying amount of the financial liability derecognized and the consideration paid and payable is recognized in profit or loss.

3.17.07 Derivative financial instruments

The Company enters into a variety of derivative financial instruments to manage its exposure to interest rate and foreign exchange rate risks, including foreign exchange forward contracts, interest rate swaps and cross currency swaps.

Derivatives are initially recognized at fair-value at the date the derivative contracts are entered into and are subsequently re-measured to their fair value at the end of each reporting period. The resulting gain or loss is recognized in profit or loss immediately unless the derivative is designated and effective as a hedging instrument, in which event the timing of the recognition in profit or loss depends on the nature of the hedging relationship and the nature of the hedged item.

3.18Segment

Information reported to the Chief operating decision maker (CODM) for the purpose of resource allocation and assessment of segment performance focuses based on products and services. Accordingly, directors of the Company have chosen to organize the segment based on its product and services as follows:

- Products & Services

- Projects & Services

The Company''s chief operating decision maker is the Managing Director.

Revenue and expenses directly attributable to segment are reported under each reportable segment. Expenses which are not directly identifiable to each reporting segment have been allocated on the basis of associated revenue of the segment and manpower efforts. All other expenses which are not attributable or allocable to segments have been disclosed as Unallocable expenses.

Assets and liabilities that are directly attributable or allocable to segments are disclosed under each reportable segment. All other assets and liabilities are disclosed as Unallocable.

The company''s financing and income taxes are managed on a company level and are not allocated to operating segment.

3.19 Earning per share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after tax before other comprehensive income by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the financial year.

Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the profit after-tax by the weighted average number of equity and dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

3.20 Recent accounting pronouncements - Standards issued but not yet effective:

In March 2017, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued the Companies (Indian Accounting Standards) (Amendments) Rules, 2017, notifying amendments to Ind AS 7,''Statement of cash flows ‘and Ind AS 102,''Share-based payment''. These amendments are in accordance with the recent amendments made by International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) to IAS 7,''Statement of cash flows ‘and IFRS 2,''Share-based payment'' respectively. The amendments are applicable to the company from 1st April 2017.

Amendment to Ind AS 7

The amendment to Ind AS 7 requires the entities to provide disclosures that enable users of financial statements to evaluate changes in liabilities arising from financing activities, including both changes arising from cash flows and noncash changes, suggesting inclusion of a reconciliation between the opening and closing balance sheet for liabilities arising from financing activities, to meet the disclosure requirement.

This amendment may have impact on the Company which is yet to be assessed.

Amendment to IndAS102

The amendment to Ind AS 102 provides specific guidance to measurement of cash-settled awards, modification of cash-settled awards and awards that include a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes. It clarifies that the fair value of cash-settled awards is determined on a basis consistent with that used for equity-settled awards. Market-based performance conditions and non-vesting conditions are reflected in the ''fair values'' but non-market performance conditions and service vesting conditions are reflected in the estimate of the number of awards expected to vest. Also, the amendment clarifies that if the terms and conditions of a cash-settled share based payment transaction are modified with the result that it becomes an equity-settled share-based payment transaction, the transaction is accounted for as such from the date of the modification. Further, the amendment requires the award that includes a net settlement feature in respect of withholding taxes to be treated as equity settled in its entirety. The cash payment to the tax authority is treated as if it was part of an equity settlement.

The Company does not have share based payments hence there will be no impact on the financial statements.

4. First-time adoption - mandatory exceptions and optional exemptions

4.01 Overall principle

The Company has prepared the opening standalone balance sheet as per Ind AS as of April 1,2015 (the transition date) by recognizing all assets and liabilities whose recognition is required by Ind AS, not recognizing items of assets or liabilities which are not permitted by Ind AS, by reclassifying items from Previous GAAP to Ind AS as required under Ind AS, and applying Ind AS in measurement of recognized assets and liabilities. However, this principle is subject to the certain exception and certain optional exemptions availed by the Company as detailed below.

4.02 De-recognition of financial assets and liabilities

The Company has applied the de-recognition requirements of financial assets and financial liabilities prospectively for transactions occurring on or after April 1,2015 (the transition date).

4.03 Classification of debt instruments

The Company has determined the classification of debt instruments in terms of whether they meet the amortized cost criteria or the FVTOCI criteria based on the facts and circumstances that existed as of the transition date.

4.04 Impairment of financial assets

The Company has applied the impairment requirements of Ind AS 109 retrospectively; however, as permitted by Ind AS 101, it has used reasonable and supportable information that is available without undue cost or effort to determine the credit risk at the date that financial instruments were initially recognized in order to compare it with the credit risk at the transition date. Further, the Company has not undertaken an exhaustive search for information when determining, at the date of transition to Ind ASs, whether there have been significant increases in credit risk since initial recognition, as permitted byIndAS101.

4.05 Deemed cost of property, plant and equipment and intangible assets

The Company has elected to continue with the carrying value of all of its property, plant and equipment and intangible assets recognized as of April 1,2015 (transition date) measured as per the Previous GAAP and use that carrying value as its deemed cost as of the transition date.

4.06 Determining whether an arrangement contains lease

The Company has applied Appendix C of Ind AS 17 determining whether an arrangement contains a lease to determine whether an arrangement existing at the transition date contains a lease on the basis of facts and circumstances existing at that date.

4.07 Equity investments at FVTOCI

The Company has designated investment in equity shares of HDFC Bank Limited, Rujuvalika Investments Limited as at FVTOCI on the basis of facts and circumstances that existed at the transition date.

4.08 Assessment of embedded derivatives

The Company has assessed whether an embedded derivative is required to be separated from the host contract and accounted for as a derivative on the basis of the conditions that existed at the later of the date it first became a party to the contract and the date when there has been a change in the terms of the contract that significantly modifies the cash flows that otherwise would be required under the contract.


Mar 31, 2016

. General corporate information

TRF Limited, ("the Company") incorporated in 1962 has its Registered Office at 11 Station Road, Burma Mines, Jamshedpur 831007. The Company is listed on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited, BSE Limited and The Calcutta Stock Exchange Limited. The Company undertakes turnkey projects of material handling for the infrastructure sector such as power and ports and industrial sector such as steel plants, cement, fertilizers and mining. The Company is also engaged in production of such material handling equipments at its manufacturing plant at Jamshedpur.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

2.01 Basis of accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards specified under Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act 2013 ("the 2013 Act"). The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on going concern and on accrual basis. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.02 Use of estimates

The presentation of financial Statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include estimated cost of contracts, useful life of fixed assets, provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognized prospectively in the current and future periods.

2.03 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit/(loss) before extraordinary items and taxes is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.04 Fixed assets

i) Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses (if any) The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non-refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to tangible assets are capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. The Company has adopted the provisions of para 46 /46A of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, accordingly, exchange differences arising on restatement/settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets.

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets are provided on a straight line basis using the useful lives prescribed in Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

ii) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost, less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment (if any) The cost of an intangible asset includes purchase cost (net of rebates and discounts), including any import duties and non-refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs on making the asset ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase/completion is recognized as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

The Cost of Intangible assets are amortized on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life. The cost incurred to acquire any technical knowhow is amortized over its estimated useful life not exceeding six years from the date of transfer of technical know how and cost incurred to acquire software is amortized on a straight line basis over an estimated useful life of five years.

iii) Capital work-in-Progress

Expenditure incurred on construction of assets which are not ready for their intended use are carried at cost less impairment (if any), under Capital work-in-progress. The cost includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non-refundable taxes, any directly attributable costs and Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of the asset.

2.05 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets/cash generating units at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.06 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary (if any) in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

2.07 Lease

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalized at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognized as operating leases. The Company''s significant operating leasing arrangements are for premises (Office, Residence etc.,) The leasing arrangements which normally have a tenure of eleven months to six years are cancellable with a reasonable notice, and are renewable by mutual consent at agreed terms. The aggregate lease rent payable is charged as rent in the statement of profit and loss.

2.08 Inventories and Contract in Progress

Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

Stores and spares are valued at cost comprising of purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Value of inventories are generally ascertained on the "weighted average" basis.

2.09 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprises of cash and cheques on hand, remittances in transit, balances in current accounts and deposit accounts with banks having original maturity of three months or less from the date of deposit.

2.10 Revenue recognition

i) Sale of products

Revenue from the sale of products is recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Revenue includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of discounts and other sales related taxes.

ii) Revenue from contracts

Revenue from contracts are recognized on percentage completion method specified under Accounting Standard (AS) 7-Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs of respective project. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognized when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs. 100crore, profit is recognized when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crore, profit is recognized either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs. 40 crore whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total revenue from the contract, the expected loss is recognized immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc. For determining the expected cost to completion of the contracts, cost of steel, cement and other related items are considered at current market price based on fixed cost purchase orders placed or firm commitments received from suppliers / contractors as these purchase orders and future firm commitments are enforceable over the period of the contracts. Cost incurred in excess of that considered for revenue recognition, if any, in respect of a contract is carried forward in the Balance Sheet as contracts in progress.

iii) Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognized when the company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

2.11 Employee benefits

i) Short term benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognized as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the statement of profit and loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to funds/schemes managed by independent trusts or authority. Contributions are paid in return for services rendered by the employees during the year. The Company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund/scheme does not hold sufficient assets to pay/extend employee benefits. The Company provides Provident Fund facility to all employees, Superannuation benefits to selected employees. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred inline with the treatment of wages and salaries. The Company''s Provident Fund is exempted under section 17 of Employees'' Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provision Act, 1952. Conditions for exemption stipulate that the Company shall make good deficiency, if any, in the interest rate declared by the trust vis-s-vis interest rate declared by the Employees'' Provident Fund Organization. The liability as on the balance sheet is ascertained by an independent actuarial valuation.

iii) Defined benefit plans

The Company provides gratuity, compensated absence to its employees and pension to retired whole-time directors. Gratuity liabilities are funded and managed through separate trust (except in case of Port and Yard Equipment Division in which the funds are managed by Life Insurance Corporation of India) The liabilities towards leave encashment and pension to retired whole-time directors are not funded. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by an independent actuarial valuation as per the requirements of Accounting Standards (AS) 15 - Employee Benefits. The liability recognized in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognized past service costs. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortized on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. All actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in full in the year in which they occur.

2.12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred. Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.13 Earnings Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares together with any dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

2.14 Foreign currency transactions

i) Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency (other than derivative contracts and net investment in non-integral foreign operations) and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are re measured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on the re measurement of monetary items, other than long-term foreign currency monetary items are included in the statement of profit and loss.

ii) Net investment in non-integral foreign operations is accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company''s net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. The exchange differences on restatement of long-term receivables from non-integral foreign operations that are considered as net investment in such operations are accounted as per policy for long-term foreign currency monetary items stated in para (iv) below until disposal of such net investment, in which case the accumulated balance in "Foreign exchange fluctuation reserve" is recognized as income/expense in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognized.

iii) Foreign Currency forward contracts, other than those entered into to hedge foreign currency risk on unexecuted firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions are treated as foreign currency transactions and accounted accordingly as per Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. The difference between the contract rate and spot rate on the date of transaction is recognized as premium/discount and recognized over the life of the contract. Exchange differences arising on account of re measurement and gains and losses arising on account of roll over/cancellation of foreign currency forward contracts are recognized in the statement of profit and loss.

iv) The Company has opted for accounting the exchange difference arising on reporting of long-term foreign currency monetary items in line with the paragraph 46A of Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. Accordingly exchange difference arising on the settlement and re measurement of long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital asset are accounted by addition or deduction to the cost of the depreciable assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Exchange differences arising on settlement and re measurement of other long-term foreign currency monetary items are accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortized over the maturity period/up to the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss except in case of exchange differences arising on net investment in non-integral foreign operations, where such amortization is taken to "Foreign exchange fluctuation reserve" until disposal of the net investment.

2.15 Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information are available and for which operating results are evaluated regularly by the executive management in assessing performance and to take decision on allocation of resources. The accounting policies adopted for the segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of the their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocable revenue/expenses/asset/liabilities".

2.16 Taxes on Income

i) Current tax

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets against unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward loss under tax laws, are recognized only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. Deferred tax assets on other timing differences are recognized only to the extent that there is a virtual certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

iii) Minimum alternate tax

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is recognized as an asset in the balance sheet when there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period and it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

iv) Current and Deferred taxis measured based on the provisions of tax laws and tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date.

2.17 Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets

i) Provision

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an out flow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

ii) Provision for warranty

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures.

iii) Contingent liabilities and assets

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognized because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed and not recognized. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed.

2.18 Research and development expenses

Research and development costs (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged to the statement of profit and loss in the year in which they are incurred. Fixed assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for fixed assets.

2.19 Derivative contracts

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency and interest rate swaps, option contracts to hedge its existing assets and liabilities and foreign currency forward contracts to hedge firm commitments and highly probable transactions. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations. All other derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognized in the statement of profit and loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognized, until realized, on grounds of prudence.

Rights, preferences and restrictions attached to shares

i) Equity Shares

The company has one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs.10 per share. Each shareholder is entitled for one vote per share held. The dividend proposed by the board of directors is subject to the approval of the shareholders in the ensuing annual general meeting, except in case of interim dividend. In the event of liquidation, the equity shareholders are entitled to receive the remaining assets of the Company after distribution of all preferential amounts, in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.


Mar 31, 2014

1. General corporate information

TRF Limited, ("the Company") incorporated in 1962 has its Registered Office at 11 Station Road, Burma Mines, Jamshedpur 831007. The Company is listed on the National Stock Exchange of India Limited, BSE Limited and The Calcutta Stock Exchange Limited. The Company undertakes turnkey projects of material handling for the infrastructure sector such as power, ports and industrial sector such as steel plants, cement, fertilisers and mining. The Company is also engaged in production of such material handling equipments at its manufacturing plant at Jamshedpur.

2. Summary of significant accounting policies

2.01 Basis of accounting

The financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India (Indian GAAP) to comply with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956 ("the 1956 Act") (which continue to be applicable in respect of Section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 ("the 2013 Act") in terms of General Circular 15/2013 dated 13 September, 2013 of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, Government of India) and the relevant provisions of the 1956 Act/ 2013 Act, as applicable. The financial statements are prepared under the historical cost convention on going concern and on accrual basis. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

2.02 Use of estimates

The presentation of financial statements in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosures of contingent liabilities as at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the year. Examples of such estimates include estimated cost of contracts, useful life of fixed assets, provision for doubtful debts, employee benefits, provision for taxes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised prospectively in the current and future periods.

2.03 Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit/(loss) before extraordinary items and taxes is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

2.04 Fixed assets

i) Tangible assets

Tangible assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses (if any). The cost of an asset includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non-refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs of bringing an asset to the location and condition of its intended use. Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of the asset until such time that the asset is ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure relating to tangible assets are capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. The Company has adopted the provisions of para 46 / 46A of AS 11 The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates, accordingly, exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets are adjusted to the cost of the respective assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets.

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets are provided on a straight line basis applying the rates and in the manner prescribed in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.

2.04 Fixed assets

ii) Intangible assets

Intangible assets are stated at acquisition cost, less accumulated amortisation and accumulated impairment (if any). The cost of an intangible asset includes purchase cost (net of rebates and discounts), including any import duties and non-refundable taxes, and any directly attributable costs on making the asset ready for its intended use. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

The Cost of Intangible assets are amortised on a straight line basis over their estimated useful life. The cost incurred to acquire any technical know-how is amortised over its estimated useful life not exceeding six years from the date of transfer of technical know how and cost incurred to acquire software is amortised on a straight line basis over an estimated useful life of five years.

iii) Capital work-in-Progress

Expenditure incurred on construction of assets which are not ready for their intended use are carried at cost less impairment (if any), under Capital work-in-progress. The cost includes the purchase cost of materials, including import duties and non-refundable taxes, any directly attributable costs and Interest on borrowings used to finance the construction of the asset.

2.05 Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets/cash generating units at each balance sheet date are reviewed for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

2.06 Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost less provision for diminution other than temporary ( if any) in value of such investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

2.07 Lease

Assets leased by the Company in its capacity as a lessee, where substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership vest in the Company are classified as finance leases. Such leases are capitalised at the inception of the lease at the lower of the fair value and the present value of the minimum lease payments and a liability is created for an equivalent amount. Each lease rental paid is allocated between the liability and the interest cost so as to obtain a constant periodic rate of interest on the outstanding liability for each year.

Lease arrangements where the risks and rewards incidental to ownership of an asset substantially vest with the lessor are recognised as operating leases. The Company''s significant operating leasing arrangements are for premises (Office, Residence etc.,). The leasing arrangements which normally have a tenure of eleven months to six years are cancellable with a reasonable notice, and are renewable by mutual consent at agreed terms. The aggregate lease rent payable is charged as rent in the statement of profit and loss.

2.08 Inventories

Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished products are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary. Cost includes purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs incurred in bringing the goods to the point of sale. Work-in-progress and finished goods include appropriate proportion of overheads and, where applicable, excise duty.

Stores and spares are valued at cost comprising of purchase price, non refundable taxes and duties and other directly attributable costs after providing for obsolescence and other losses, where considered necessary.

Value of inventories are generally ascertained on the "weighted average" basis.

2.09 Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprises of cash and cheques on hand, remittances in transit, balances in current accounts and deposit accounts with banks having original maturity of three months or less from the date of deposit.

2.10 Revenue recognition

i) Sale of products

Revenue from the sale of products is recognised in the statement of profit and loss when the significant risks and rewards of ownership have been transferred to the buyer, which generally coincides with the delivery of goods to customers. Revenue includes consideration received or receivable, excise duty but net of discounts and other sales related taxes.

ii) Revenue from contracts

Revenue from contracts are recognised on percentage completion method specified under Accounting Standard (AS) 7 - Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs of respective project. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognised when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognised when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognised either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs. 40 crores whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total revenue from the contract, the expected loss is recognised immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc.

iii) Dividend and Interest income

Dividend income is recognised when the company''s right to receive dividend is established. Interest income is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

iv) Government grants

Incentives of revenue in nature from the government are recognised in the statement of profit and loss on accrual basis.

2.11 Employee benefits

i) Short term benefits

Short term employee benefits are recognised as an expense at the undiscounted amount in the statement of profit and loss of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Defined contribution plans

Defined contribution plans are those plans where the Company pays fixed contributions to funds/schemes managed by independent trusts or authority. Contributions are paid in return for services rendered by the employees during the year. The company has no legal or constructive obligation to pay further contributions if the fund/scheme does not hold sufficient assets to pay/extend employee benefits. The Company provides Provident Fund facility to all employees, Superannuation benefits to selected employees. The contributions are expensed as they are incurred in line with the treatment of wages and salaries.

iii) Defined benefit plans

The Company provides gratuity, compensated absence to its employees and pension to retired whole-time directors. Gratuity liabilities are funded and managed through separate trust (except in case of Port and Yard Equipment Division in which the funds are managed Life Insurance Corporation of India). The liabilities towards leave encashment and pension to retired whole-time directors are not funded. The present value of these defined benefit obligations are ascertained by an independent actuarial valuation as per the requirements of Accounting Standards (AS) 15 - Employee Benefits. The liability recognised in the balance sheet is the present value of the defined benefit obligations on the balance sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets (for funded plans), together with adjustments for unrecognised past service costs. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. All actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the statement of profit and loss in full in the year in which they occur.

2.12 Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred. Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying assets are capitalised as part of the cost of such assets till such time the asset is ready for its intended use. A qualifying asset is an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use. All other borrowing costs are recognised as an expense in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they are incurred.

2.13 Earnings Per Share

The basic earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing the net profit attributable to the equity shareholders for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares together with any dilutive equity equivalent shares outstanding during the year, except where the results would be anti-dilutive.

2.14 Foreign currency transactions

i) Foreign currency transactions are recorded on initial recognition in the reporting currency i.e. Indian rupees, using the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities in currencies other than the reporting currency (other than derivative contracts and net investment in non-integral foreign operations) and foreign exchange contracts remaining unsettled are remeasured at the rates of exchange prevailing at the balance sheet date. Exchange difference arising on the settlement of monetary items, and on the remeasurement of monetary items, other than long-term foreign currency monetary items are included in the statement of profit and loss.

ii) Net investment in non-integral foreign operations is accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction. Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company''s net investment in non-integral foreign operations outstanding at the balance sheet date are restated at the year-end rates. The exchange differences on restatement of long-term receivables from non-integral foreign operations that are considered as net investment in such operations are accounted as per policy for long-term foreign currency monetary items stated in para (iv) below until disposal of such net investment, in which case the accumulated balance in "Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Reserve" is recognised as income / expense in the same period in which the gain or loss on disposal is recognised

iii) Foreign Currency forward contracts, other than those entered into to hedge foreign currency risk on unexecuted firm commitments or highly probable forecast transactions are treated as foreign currency transactions and accounted accordingly as per Accounting Standard (AS) 11 - Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. The difference between the contract rate and spot rate on the date of transaction is recognised as premium/discount and recognised over the life of the contract. Exchange differences arising on account of remeasurement and gains and losses arising on account of roll over/cancellation of foreign currency forward contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss.

iv) The Company has opted for accounting the exchange difference arising on reporting of long-term foreign currency monetary items in line with the paragraph 46A of Accounting Standards (AS) 11 - Effects of changes in foreign exchange rates. Accordingly exchange difference arising on the settlement and remeasurement of long-term foreign currency monetary items relating to the acquisition of depreciable capital asset are accounted by addition or deduction to the cost of the depreciable assets and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets. Exchange differences arising on settlement and remeasurement of other long-term foreign currency monetary items are accumulated in "Foreign Currency Monetary Item Translation Difference Account" and amortised over the maturity period/upto the date of settlement of such monetary items, whichever is earlier, and charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss except in case of exchange differences arising on net investment in non-integral foreign operations, where such amortisation is taken to "Foreign Exchange Fluctuation Reserve" until disposal of the net investment.

2.15Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information are available and for which operating results are evaluated regularly by the executive management in assessing performance and to take decision on allocation of resources. The accounting policies adopted for the segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "unallocable revenue/expenses/asset/liabilities".

2.16 Taxes on Income

i) Current tax

Current tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the provisions of the Income-tax Act, 1961.

ii) Deferred tax

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets against unabsorbed depreciation and carried forward loss under tax laws, are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. Deferred tax assets on other timing differences

are recognised only to the extent that there is a reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

iii) Minimum alternate tax

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax during the specified period and it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

iv) Current and Deferred tax is measured based on the provisions of tax laws and tax rates enacted or substantively enacted as at the Balance Sheet date.

2.17 Provisions, Contingent liabilities and Contingent assets

i) Provision

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions (excluding retirement benefits) are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

ii) Provision for warranty

The estimated liability for product warranties is recorded when products are sold. These estimates are established using historical information on the nature, frequency and average cost of warranty claims and management estimates regarding possible future incidence based on corrective actions on product failures.

iii) Contingent liabilities and assets

Contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events and the existence of which will be confirmed only by the occurrence or non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events not wholly within the control of the Company, or is a present obligation that arises from past events but is not recognised because either it is not probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation, or a reliable estimate of the amount of the obligation cannot be made. Contingent liabilities are disclosed and not recognised. Contingent Assets are neither recognised not disclosed.

2.18Research and development expenses

Research and development costs (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss in the year in which they are incurred. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for fixed assets.

2.19 Derivative contracts

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency and interest rate swaps, option contracts to hedge its existing assets and liabilities and foreign currency forward contracts to hedge firm commitments and highly probable transactions. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations. All other derivative contracts are marked-to- market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.


Mar 31, 2013

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements

The financial statements are prepared as a going concern under historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply on all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year.

(b) Use ofestimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, assessment of income taxes, estimated cost of contracts and useful lives of fixed assets. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialised.

(c) Inventories

Raw materials, work-in- progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value on weighted average basis. Stores and spare parts and loose tools are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of work- in- progress and finished goods is determined on full absorption cost basis.

(d) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(e) Fixed assets Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at original cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated depreciation and impairement losses, if any. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Interest on borrowings during the period of construction is added to the cost of fixed assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalised only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortisation and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognised as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

Capital work-in-progress:

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

(f) Depreciation and amortisation

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets is provided on straight line basis at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

Technical knowhow is amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding six years commencing from the date of purchase of the technology.

Software expenditure is amortised over five years commencing from the date when the expenditure is incurred.

(g) Impairment of assets

The carrying value of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognised, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognised for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

(h) Revenue recognition (other than contracts)

Revenue from sale of goods / rendering of services is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales excludes sales tax collected from customers.

(i) Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

(j) Accounting of contracts

Contract Revenue is recognised on percentage completion method as required under Accounting Standard 7 - Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognised when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs.100 crores, profit is recognised when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognised either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs.40 crores whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc.

(k) Foreign exchange transactions

(i) Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non- integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

(iii) Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognised as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The exchange differences on restatement / settlement of loans to non-integral foreign operations that are considered as net investment in such operations are accumulated in a "Foreign currency translation reserve" until disposal / recovery of the net investment.

The exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalised as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets or amortised on settlement / over the maturity period of such items if such items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets. The unamortised balance is carried in the Balance Sheet as "Foreign currency monetary item translation difference" .

During the previous year, in line with the Notification dated 29th December,2011 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company had opted for the option given in Paragraph 46A of the Accounting Standard-11 "The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly, the Company has, with effect from April 1, 2011, amortized the foreign exchange loss/(gain) incurred on foreign currency monetary items over the balance period of such long term foreign currency monetary items . The amortized portion of foreign exchange loss (net) incurred on long term foreign currency monetary items for the year ended March 31, 2013 is Rs. 526.61 lakhs (previous year Rs. 313.61 lakhs). The unamortized portion carried forward as on 31st March, 2013 is Rs. 284.75 lakhs (previous year Rs. 226.94 lakhs).

(l) Accounting of forward contracts

Premium / discount on forward exchange contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortised over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the Balance Sheet date.

(m) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(n) Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company''s contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognised immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is amortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognised in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for unrecognised past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes.Long Service Awards are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognised during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognised as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

(o) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortisation of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilised for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset upto the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

(p) Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organisation and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under''''Unallocated revenue/expenes/assets/liabilities".

(q) Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognised as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognised on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognised for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realise such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognised for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realised. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their realisability.

(r) Research and development

Research and development costs (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred. Fixed assets utilised for research and development are capitalised and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

(s) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimates of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation. Contingent Liabilities are not recognised but disclosed in the notes. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made, unless the possibility of an outflow of resources is remote.

Provision for anticipated warranty costs is made on the basis of technical and available cost estimates.

Contingent Assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the Financials Statements.

(t) Derivative

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, forward contracts with an intention to hedge its existing assets and liabilities, firm commitments and highly probable transactions. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations.

All other derivative contracts are marked-to-market and losses are recognised in the Statement of Profit and Loss. Gains arising on the same are not recognised, until realised, on grounds of prudence.


Mar 31, 2012

(a) Basis of accounting and preparation of financial statements.

The financial statements are prepared as a going concern under historical cost convention on an accrual basis and comply on all material respects with the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the financial statements are consistent with those followed in the previous year except for change in the accounting policy for 'Foreign exchange transactions' as more fully described in Note 1. (k). (iii).

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, assessment of income taxes, estimated cost of contracts and useful lives of fixed assets. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Difference between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialized.

(c) Inventories

Raw materials, work-in- progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value on weighted average basis. Stores and spare parts and loose tools are valued at lower of cost and net realizable value.

Cost of work- in- progress and finished goods is determined on full absorption cost basis.

(d) Cash flow statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(e) Fixed assets Tangible fixed assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at original cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated/ depreciation. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Interest on borrowings during the period of construction is added to the cost of fixed assets. Subsequent expenditure relating to fixed assets is capitalized only if such expenditure results in an increase in the future benefits from such asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance.

Intangible assets

Intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any. The cost of an intangible asset comprises its purchase price, including any import duties and other taxes (other than those subsequently recoverable from the taxing authorities), and any directly attributable expenditure on making the asset ready for its intended use and net of any trade discounts and rebates. Subsequent expenditure on an intangible asset after its purchase / completion is recognized as an expense when incurred unless it is probable that such expenditure will enable the asset to generate future economic benefits in excess of its originally assessed standards of performance and such expenditure can be measured and attributed to the asset reliably, in which case such expenditure is added to the cost of the asset.

Capital work-in-progress

Projects under which assets are not ready for their intended use and other capital work-in-progress are carried at cost, comprising direct cost, related incidental expenses and attributable interest.

(f) Depreciation and amortization

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets is provided on straight line basis at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

Technical know-how is amortized over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding six years commencing from the date of purchase of the technology.

Software expenditure is a mortised over five years commencing from the date when the expenditure is incurred.

(g) Impairment of assets

The carrying values of assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for impairment. If any indication of impairment exists, the recoverable amount of such assets is estimated and impairment is recognized, if the carrying amount of these assets exceeds their recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the net selling price and their value in use. Value in use is arrived at by discounting the future cash flows to their present value based on an appropriate discount factor. When there is indication that an impairment loss recognized for an asset in earlier accounting periods no longer exists or may have decreased, such reversal of impairment loss is recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss, except in case of revalued assets.

(h) Revenue recognition (other than contracts)

Revenue from sale of goods / rendering of services is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership to the buyer. Sales excludes sales tax collected from customers.

(i) Other income

Interest income is accounted on accrual basis. Dividend income is accounted for when the right to receive it is established.

(j) Accounting of contracts

Revenue from long-term contracts, where the outcome can be estimated reliably is recognized on percentage completion method by reference to the stage of completion of the contract activity as required under Accounting Standard 7 - Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs of the contract. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognized when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs.100 crores, profit is recognized when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognized either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs. 40 crores is incurred whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognized immediately, irrespective of the work done. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is estimated based on current technical data and estimate of costs to be incurred in future. Contract Revenue earned in excess of billing has been reflected under 'Other Current Assets' and billing in excess of contract revenue is reflected under 'Other Current Liabilities' in the Balance Sheet.

(k) Foreign exchange transactions

(i) Initial recognition

Transactions in foreign currencies entered into by the Company and its integral foreign operations are accounted at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of the transaction or at rates that closely approximate the rate at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Measurement of foreign currency monetary items at the Balance Sheet date

Foreign currency monetary items (other than derivative contracts) of the Company and its net investment in non- integral foreign operations outstanding at the Balance Sheet date are restated at the year-end rates.

(iii) Treatment of exchange differences

Exchange differences arising on settlement / restatement of short-term foreign currency monetary assets and liabilities of the Company are recognized as income or expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss. The exchange differences on restatement / settlement of loans to non-integral foreign operations that are considered as net investment in such operations are accumulated in a "Foreign currency translation reserve" until disposal / recovery of the net investment.

The exchange differences arising on restatement / settlement of long-term foreign currency monetary items are capitalized as part of the depreciable fixed assets to which the monetary item relates and depreciated over the remaining useful life of such assets or amortized on settlement / over the maturity period of such items if such items do not relate to acquisition of depreciable fixed assets. The unamortized balance is carried in the Balance Sheet as" Foreign currency monetary item translation difference".

During the year, in line with the Notification dated 29th December,2011 issued by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, the Company has opted for the option given in Paragraph 46A of the Accounting Standard-11" The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates". Accordingly, the Company has, with effect from April 1, 2011, amortized the foreign exchange loss/(gain) incurred on foreign currency monetary items over the balance period of such long term foreign currency monetary items . The amortized portion of foreign exchange loss (net) incurred on long term foreign currency monetary items for the year ended 31st March, 2012 is Rs. 313.61 lakhs. The unamortized portion carried forward as on 31st March, 2012 is Rs. 226.93 lakhs. Had the Company, followed the earlier policy of charging the entire amount to Statement of Profit and Loss, the profit before tax for the year would have been lower by Rs. 226.93 lakhs.

(l) Accounting of forward contracts

Premium / discount on forward exchange contracts, which are not intended for trading or speculation purposes, are amortized over the period of the contracts if such contracts relate to monetary items as at the Balance Sheet date.

(m) Investments

Long term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognize any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(n) Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include provident fund, superannuation fund, gratuity fund and compensated absences.

Defined contribution plans

The Company's contribution to provident fund and superannuation fund are considered as defined contribution plans and are charged as an expense as they fall due based on the amount of contribution required to be made.

Defined benefit plans

For defined benefit plans in the form of gratuity fund the cost of providing benefits is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method, with actuarial valuations being carried out at each Balance Sheet date. Actuarial gains and losses are recognized in the Statement of Profit and Loss in the period in which they occur. Past service cost is recognized immediately to the extent that the benefits are already vested and otherwise is a mortised on a straight-line basis over the average period until the benefits become vested. The retirement benefit obligation recognized in the Balance Sheet represents the present value of the defined benefit obligation as adjusted for un recognized past service cost, as reduced by the fair value of scheme assets. Any asset resulting from this calculation is limited to past service cost, plus the present value of available refunds and reductions in future contributions to the schemes. Long Service Awards are recognized as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date.

Short-term employee benefits

The undiscounted amount of short-term employee benefits expected to be paid in exchange for the services rendered by employees are recognized during the year when the employees render the service. These benefits include performance incentive and compensated absences which are expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service.

Long-term employee benefits

Compensated absences which are not expected to occur within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employee renders the related service are recognized as a liability at the present value of the defined benefit obligation as at the Balance Sheet date less the fair value of the plan assets out of which the obligations are expected to be settled.

(o) Borrowing costs

Borrowing costs include interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost. Costs in connection with the borrowing of funds to the extent not directly related to the acquisition of qualifying assets are charged to the Statement of Profit and Loss over the tenure of the loan. Borrowing costs, allocated to and utilized for qualifying assets, pertaining to the period from commencement of activities relating to construction / development of the qualifying asset up to the date of capitalisation of such asset is added to the cost of the assets.

(p) Segment reporting

The Company identifies primary segments based on the dominant source, nature of risks and returns and the internal organization and management structure. The operating segments are the segments for which separate financial information is available and for which operating profit/loss amounts are evaluated regularly by the Executive Management in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance.

The accounting policies adopted for segment reporting are in line with the accounting policies of the Company. Segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the Company as a whole and are not allocable to segments on reasonable basis have been included under "Unallocated revenue/expenses/assets/liabilities"

(q) Taxes on income

Current tax is the amount of tax payable on the taxable income for the year as determined in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) paid in accordance with the tax laws, which gives future economic benefits in the form of adjustment to future income tax liability, is considered as an asset if there is convincing evidence that the Company will pay normal income tax. Accordingly, MAT is recognized as an asset in the Balance Sheet when it is probable that future economic benefit associated with it will flow to the Company.

Deferred tax is recognized on timing differences, being the differences between the taxable income and the accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantially enacted as at the reporting date. Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for all timing differences. Deferred tax assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognized only if there is virtual certainty that there will be sufficient future taxable income available to realize such assets. Deferred tax assets are recognized for timing differences of other items only to the extent that reasonable certainty exists that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which these can be realized. Deferred tax assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date for their reliability.

(r) Research and development

Research and development costs (other than cost of fixed assets acquired) are charged as an expense in the year in which they are incurred. Fixed assets utilized for research and development are capitalized and depreciated in accordance with the policies stated for Fixed Assets.

(s) Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimates of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation. Contingent Liabilities are not recognized but disclosed in the notes. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made, unless the possibility of an outflow of resources is remote.

Provision for anticipated warranty costs is made on the basis of technical and available cost estimates.

Contingent Assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the Financial Statements.

(t) Derivative

The Company enters into derivative contracts in the nature of foreign currency swaps, forward contracts with an intention to hedge its existing assets and liabilities, firm commitments and highly probable transactions. Derivative contracts which are closely linked to the existing assets and liabilities are accounted as per the policy stated for Foreign Currency Transactions and Translations.

(ii) Terms/Rights attached to Equity Shares

The company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs 10 per share. Each equity shareholder is entitled to one vote per share. The company declares and pays dividend in Indian Rupees. The dividend proposed by the Board of Directors is subject to the approval by the shareholders in the ensuing Annual General Meeting.

During the year ended 31st March 2012, the amount of per share dividend recognized as distribution to equity shareholders was Rs 4 per share (Previous year: Rs 2 per share).

In the event of the liquidation of the company, the holders of equity shares will be entitled to receive remaining assets of the company, after the distribution of all preferential amounts. The distribution will be in proportion to the number of equity shares held by the shareholders.

Notes :

(i) Long term loan from DBS Bank aggregating Rs. 5,746.91 lakhs (previous year Rs. 6,090.53 lakhs) is secured by pari passu first charge on the fixed assets of the Company.

(ii) Long term loan from Dena Bank aggregating Rs. 3,000 lakhs (previous year Rs 3,000 lakhs) is secured by pari passu first charge on the fixed assets and second charge on the current assets of the Company.

(iii) Long term loan from Axis Bank aggregating Rs. 4,267.17 lakhs (previous year Rs. nil) is secured by first pari passu first charge on the fixed assets of the company, present and future except asset charged exclusively to Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), and second charge on the current assets of the Company.

Note : Details of the security for the short-term borrowings

Buyers' line of credit, cash credit and short term loans from banks are secured by hypothecation, ranking pari passu, of all tangible movable assets including in particular stocks of raw materials other than those purchased under Bill discounting (components) scheme of Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI), finished goods, work-in-progress, consumables, spares and other movable assets and book debts, out standings and all other receivables. Facilities from Canara Bank and Central Bank of India aggregating Rs. 3,780.88 lakhs (previous year Rs. 26.64 lakhs) and Rs. 4,490.55 lakhs (previous year Rs. 4,458.92 lakhs) respectively, are also secured, by hypothecation ranking pari passu, of fixed assets, present and future, except on an asset hypothecated to SIDBI as first charge.


Mar 31, 2011

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements have been prepared on accrual basis following the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant presentation requirements of the Companies Act, 1956

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Examples of such estimates include provisions for doubtful debts, employee benefits, assessment of income taxes, estimated cost of contract and useful lives of fixed assets. Actual results could differ from those estimates. The estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are recognised in the period in which the estimate is revised if the revision affects only that period or in the period of the revision and future periods if the revision affects both current and future periods.

(c) FIXED ASSETS

Tangible Fixed Assets

Tangible fixed assets are stated at original cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any, less accumulated/ depreciation. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Interest on borrowings during the period of construction is added to the cost of fixed assets.

Intangible Assets

Intangible assets are initially measured at cost and amortised so as to reflect the pattern in which the assets economic benefits are consumed.

(d) DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION

Tangible Assets

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets is provided on straight line basis at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

Intangible Assets

(a) Technical Knowhow

The expenditure is amortised over the estimated period of benefit, not exceeding six years commencing with the date of purchase of the technology.

(b) Software Expenditure

The expenditure incurred is amortised over five years commencing from the date when the expenditure is incurred.

(e) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The carrying amount of fixed assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss will be recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is higher of net realisable value and value in use.

(f) INVESTMENTS

Long term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognise any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(g) INVENTORIES

Raw materials, work-in-progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Stores and spare parts and loose tools are carried at cost less obsolescence.

Cost of inventories is ascertained on the weighted average basis. Cost of work-in-progress and finished goods is determined on full absorption cost basis.

(h) REVENUE RECOGNITION (OTHER THAN CONTRACTS)

Revenue is recognised on completion of sale of goods / rendering of services. Sales excludes sales tax collected from customers.

(i) ACCOUNTING OF CONTRACTS

Contract Revenue is recognised on percentage completion method as required under Accounting Standard 7 - Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognised when the outcome of the contract can be

20. NOTES TO THE ACCOUNTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2011 (Contd.)

estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs.100 crores, profit is recognised when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognised either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs.40 crores whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc.

(j) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

i) Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions are translated at year end exchange rates. The difference in translation and realised gains/losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. ii) In respect of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(k) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

i) All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short -term Employee Benefits are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered.

ii) Companys contributions towards Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund paid /payable during the year are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which the employee renders the related service.

iii) Companys liability towards gratuity, long term compensated absences and pension to whole time directors are determined by independent actuaries, using the projected unit credit method. Past services are recognised on a straight line basis over the average period until the benefit become vested. Actuarial gains or losses are recognised immediately in the statement of profit & loss account as income or expense. Obligation is measured at present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to the market yields at the balance sheet date on Government Bonds where the currency and terms of the Government Bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms of the defined benefit obligation.

iv) Companys liabilities towards post -retirement medical benefits for separated employees, farewell gifts, long service awards and Early Separation Compensation (ESS) are measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows as per the requirements of Accounting Standard-15 on "Employee Benefits".

v) Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account.

(l) SEGMENT REPORTING

Segment accounting policies are in line with policies of the company. In addition, the following policies have been followed for segment reporting:

i) Segment revenues include sale and other income directly attributable with/allocable to the segment including inter segment revenue. ii) Expenses that are directly identifiable with/ allocable to segments are considered for determining the segment result. Expenses which relate to the company as a whole and not allocable to Segments are included under " unallocable corporate expenditure". iii) Incomes which relate to the company as a whole and not allocable to segments are included under "unallocable corporate income". iv) Segment assets and liabilities include those which are directly identifiable with the respective segments. Unallocable corporate assets and liabilities are those which relate to the company as a whole and are not allocable to any segment.

(m) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation. The company does not recognise contingent liability. A disclosure for a contingent liability is made, unless the possibility of an outflow of resources is remote. Provision for anticipated warranty costs is made on the basis of technical and available cost estimates.

(n) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred Tax Assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax can be realised.

(o) BORROWING COST

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the manufacturing, acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are included as part of the cost of such assets.

A qualifying asset is one that necessarily takes more than twelve months to get ready for intended use or sale.

Other borrowing costs are recognised as expense in the period in which they are incurred.


Mar 31, 2010

(a) BASIS OF PREPARATION OF ACCOUNTS

The financial statements have been prepared in compliance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India and the Accounting Standards notified by the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 and the relevant presentation requirements of the Companies Act, 1956

(b) FIXED ASSETS

All fixed assets are stated at original cost net of tax/duty credits availed, if any less amortisation/ depreciation. Cost comprises of the purchase price and any attributable cost of bringing the assets to its working condition for its intended use. Interest on borrowings during the period of construction is added to the cost of fixed assets.

(c) DEPRECIATION AND AMORTISATION

Tangible Assets

Depreciation on all tangible fixed assets is provided on straight line basis at the rates and in the manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act,1956.

Intangible Assets

Technical know-how fees are amortised over a period of six years. Computer software is amortised over a period of five years.

(d) IMPAIRMENT OF ASSETS

The carrying amount of fixed assets are reviewed at each Balance Sheet date to assess if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss will be recognised wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount which is higher of net realisable value and value in use.

(e) INVESTMENTS

Long term investments are carried at cost and provisions are recorded to recognise any decline, other than temporary, in the carrying value of each investment. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value.

(f) INVENTORIES

Raw materials, work-in- progress and finished goods are valued at lower of cost and net realisable value. Stores and spare parts and loose tools are carried at cost less obsolescence.

Cost of inventories is ascertained on the ‘weighted average ‘ basis. Cost of work- in- progress and finished goods is determined on full absorption cost basis.

(g) REVENUE RECOGNITION (OTHER THAN CONTRACTS)

Revenue is recognised on completion of sale of goods / rendering of services. Sales excludes sales tax collected from customers.

(h) ACCOUNTING OF CONTRACTS

Contract Revenue is recognised on percentage completion method as required under revised Accounting Standard 7 - Construction Contracts. The stage of completion is determined as a proportion that contract costs incurred for work performed up to the closing date bear to the estimated total costs. Profit (contract revenue less contract cost) is recognised when the outcome of the contract can be estimated reliably and for contracts valued up to Rs.100 crores, profit is recognised when stage of completion is 40% or more, and for contracts valued more than Rs. 100 crores, profit is recognised either at 25% stage of completion or an expenditure of Rs.40 crores whichever is higher. When it is probable that the total cost will exceed the total contract revenue, the expected loss is recognised immediately. For this purpose total contract costs are ascertained on the basis of contract costs incurred and cost to completion of contracts which is arrived at by the management based on current technical data, forecast and estimate of net expenditure to be incurred in future including for contingencies etc.

(i) FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

1. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at the exchange rates prevailing on the date of transaction. Monetary assets and liabilities relating to foreign currency transactions are translated at year end exchange rates. The difference in translation and realised gains/losses are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

2. In respect of items covered by forward exchange contracts, the premium or discount arising at the inception of such a forward exchange contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract. Any Profit or Loss arising on cancellation or renewal of such a forward exchange contract is recognised in the Profit and Loss Account.

(j) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS

1. All employee benefits falling due wholly within twelve months of rendering the service are classified as short term employee benefits. Short -term Employee Benefits are recognised as an expense in the profit and loss account of the year in which the related service is rendered

2. Companys contributions towards Provident Fund and Superannuation Fund paid /payable during the year are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which the employee renders the related service

3. Companys liabilities towards Gratuity [other than Port & Yard Equipment (P&YE Division)] and pension for whole- time directors are ascertained by an independent actuarial valuation as per the requirements of Accounting Standard- 15 (revised 2005) on “Employee Benefits”.The gratuity liability in respect of P & YE division is determined based on premiums paid to the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) under the group gratuity scheme. Provision for leave salaries is made on the basis of an independent actuarial valuation.

4. Companys liabilities towards post -retirement medical benefits for separated employees, farewell gifts, long service awards and Early Separation Compensation (ESS) are measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows as per the requirements of Accounting Standard-15 (revised 2005) on “Employee Benefits”.

5. Actuarial gains and losses in respect of post employment and other long term benefits are charged to the profit and loss account

(k) SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments are identified based on the dominant source and nature of risks and return and the internal organisation and management structure.

Revenue and expenses has been identified to segments on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment.

(l) PROVISIONS, CONTINGENT LIABILITIES AND CONTINGENT ASSETS

A provision is recognised when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefit will be required to settle the obligation and in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are determined based on best estimate of the expenditure required to settle the present obligation. Reimbursement against a provision is recognised as a separate asset based on virtual certainty. Provision for anticipated warranty costs is made on the basis of technical and available cost estimates.

(m) TAXES ON INCOME

Tax on income for the current period is determined on the basis of taxable income and tax credits computed in accordance with the provisions of the Income Tax Act,1961.

Deferred tax is recognised, subject to the consideration of prudence in respect of Deferred tax assets, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable Income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

Deferred Tax Assets in respect of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses are recognised if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax can be realised.

(n) MISCELLANEOUS EXPENDITURE

Compensation to employees who have opted for retirement under Early Separation / Voluntary Retirement offered under various schemes of the Company is amortised over two to ten years depending upon the maximum balance period of service of the employees under the relevant schemes so as to amortise it entirely upto March 31, 2010. Accordingly the balance as on March 31, 2010 is Nil.

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