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Accounting Policies of Tulsi Extrusions Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and are in consonance with the mandatory accounting standards and statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. Accounting policies not specifically Referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost including directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition and are net of credit under the CENVAT/VAT scheme, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, & deduction of capital subsidy received.

Preoperative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue) and foreign exchange fluctuation incurred during the construction/trial run of new project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets on commissioning.

Capital work in progress includes advances paid to acquire capital assets before the Balance Sheet date.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided using the Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 2013 except Land and goodwill.

e) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and selling expenses. The cost is determined on the basis of First in First out Method and includes expenditure in acquiring the inventories and bringing them to their present location and condition. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, cost includes an appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads depending on the stage of completion. The finished goods stock is maintained in nos. however it is converted in Kgs. as certified by the management

f) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the fair value of investments.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Sales of products are recognized when the products are dispatched and are stated exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, VAT, other taxes & duties but inclusive of trade discounts as approved by the management.

Excise duty represents finished goods dispatched through Personal ledger Account (PLA) and out of Canvas on Capital Goods (RG23C-Part II) but net of unutilized amount in raw material Civet Account (RG23A-Part II). However, the excise duty includes duty incurred during branch stock transfers, but has been appropriately adjusted from mark up price to show net sales.

The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and all income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis. However, in respect of differential excise duty, municipal dues, unsettled rebate and discount and claims receivable and payable, cash system has been consistently adopted. However, it does not affect the profit materially.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

i. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, if any at the year-end are restated at year end rates.

iii. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iv. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Retirement Benefits:

Liability with regard to the Gratuity Plan is determined by actuarial valuation at each Balance sheet date using the projected unit credit method. The Company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the Tulsi Group Gratuity Scheme (the Trust). Trustees administer contributions made to the trust and contributions are invested in specific investments as permitted by the law. The company recognizes the net obligation of the gratuity plan in the balance sheet as an asset or liability, respectively in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15, "Employee Benefits'. The Company's overall expected long-term rate –of-return on assets has been determined based on consideration of available market information, current provisions of Indian law specifying the instruments in which investments can be made, and historical returns. The discount rate is based on the government securities yield. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

j) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Issue expenses with relation to Initial Public Offering (IPO) to the extent of allowable u/s 35D are being written off in five equal annual installments. During the year company has shelved the Mega Project and hence all the miscellaneous expenditures have been transferred to respective fixed assets accounts.

k) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) provided in accordance with tax laws, which give rise to economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future tax liability, is recognized as assets in the balance sheet.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax provision has been made due to difference in depreciation debited to profit & loss account and eligible under Income Tax Act 1961.

l) Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic and diluted Earnings per Share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

m) Impairment of Assets:

An assets is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impaired loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impaired loss in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

n) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to account. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Accounting for leases:

Assets taken on lease where significant portion of risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are retained are classified as "Finance Lease". Such assets are capitalized at fair value of assets.

The Company has only one class of shares referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/each. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share


Mar 31, 2014

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and are in consonance with the mandatory accounting standards and statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies not specifically Referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost including directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition and are net of credit under the CENVAT/VAT scheme, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, & deduction of capital subsidy received.

Preoperative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue) and foreign exchange fluctuation incurred during the construction/trial run of new project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets on commissioning.

Capital work in progress includes advances paid to acquire capital assets before the Balance Sheet date. These advances include Rs. 12.36/- Crores for which no agreement has been executed by company.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided using the Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except Land and goodwill.

e) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and selling expenses. The cost is determined on the basis of First in First out Method and includes expenditure in acquiring the inventories and bringing them to their present location and condition. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, cost includes an appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads depending on the stage of completion. The finished goods stock is maintained in nos. however it is converted in Kgs. as certified by the management

f) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the fair value of investments.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Sales of products are recognized when the products are dispatched and are stated exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, VAT, other taxes & duties but inclusive of trade discounts as approved by the management.

Excise duty represents finished goods dispatched through Personal ledger Account (PLA) and out of Cenvat on Capital Goods (RG23C-Part II) but net of unutilized amount in raw material Cenvat Account (RG23A-Part II). However, the excise duty includes duty incurred during branch stock transfers, but has been appropriately adjusted from mark up price to show net sales.

The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and all income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis. However, in respect of differential excise duty, municipal dues, unsettled rebate and discount and claims receivable and payable, cash system has been consistently adopted. However, it does not affect the profit materially.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

i. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, if any at the year end are restated at year end rates.

iii. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iv. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Retirement Benefits:

Liability with regard to the Gratuity Plan is determined by actuarial valuation at each Balance sheet date using the projected unit credit method. The Company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the Tulsi Group Gratuity Scheme (the Trust). Trustees administer contributions made to the trust and contributions are invested in specific investments as permitted by the law. The company recognizes the net obligation of the gratuity plan in the balance sheet as an asset or liability, respectively in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15, "Employee Benefits'. The Company's overall expected long-term rate –of-return on assets has been determined based on consideration of available market information, current provisions of Indian law specifying the instruments in which investments can be made, and historical returns. The discount rate is based on the government securities yield. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

j) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Issue expenses with relation to Initial Public Offering (IPO) to the extent of allowable u/s 35D are being written off in five equal annual installments. During the year company has shelved the Mega Project and hence all the miscellaneous expenditures have been transferred to respective fixed assets accounts.

k) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) provided in accordance with tax laws, which give rise to economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future tax liability, is recognized as assets in the balance sheet.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax provision has been made due to difference in depreciation debited to profit & loss account and eligible under Income Tax Act 1961.

l) Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic and diluted Earnings per Share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

m) Impairment of Assets:

An assets is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impaired loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impaired loss in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

n) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to account. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Accounting for leases:

Assets taken on lease where significant portion of risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are retained are classified as "Finance Lease". Such assets are capitalized at fair value of assets.


Mar 31, 2012

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and ate in consonance with the mandatory accounting standards and statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies not specifically Referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are slated at historical cost including directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition and are net ot credit under the CENVAT/VAT scheme, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

Preoperative expendHure including borrowing cost (net of revenue) and foreign exchange fluctuation incurred during the construction/trial run of new project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets on commissioning.

Capital work in progress includes advances paid to acquire capital assets before the Balance Sheet date.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided using the Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 except Land and goodwill.

e) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net reaizable value whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selfing price in the onfinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and selling expenses. The cost is determined on the basis of First in First out Method and includes expenditure in acquiring the inventories and bringing them to their present location and condition. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, cost includes an appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads depending on the stage of completion.

f) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the fair value of investments.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Sales of products are recognized when the products are dispatched and are stated exclusive of excise duty, sales tax, VAT, other taxes & duties but inclusive of trade discounts as approved by the management.

Excise duty represents finished goods dispatched through Personal ledger Account (PLA) and out of Cenvat on Capital Goods (RG23C-Part II) but net of unutilized amount in raw material Cenvat Account (RG23A-Part

II). However, the excise duty includes duty incurred during branch stock transfers, but has been appropriately adjusted from mark up price to show net sales.

The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and all income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis. However, in respect of differential excise duty, municipal dues, unsettled rebate and discount and claims receivable and payable, cash system has been consistently adopted. However, it does not affect the profit materially.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

i. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, if any at the year end are restated at year end rates.

iii. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iv. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Retirement Benefits:

Liability with regard to the Gratuity Plan is determined by actuarial valuation at each Balance sheet date using the projected unit credit method. The Company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the Tulsi Group Gratuity Scheme (the Trust). Trustees administer contributions made to the trust and contributions are invested in specific investments as permitted by the law. The company recognizes the net obligation of the gratuity plan in the balance sheet as an asset or liability, respectively in accordance with Accounting Standard (AS) 15, "Employee Benefits'. The Company's overall expected long-term rate -of-retum on assets has been determined based on consideration of available market information, current provisions of Indian law specifying the instruments in which investments can be made, and historical returns. The discount rate is based on the government securities yield. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are recognized in the statement of profit and loss in the period in which they arise.

j) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Issue expenses with relation to Initial Public Offering (IPO) to the extent of allowable u/s 35D are being written off in five equal annual installments.

k) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961. Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) provided in accordance with tax laws, which give rise to economic benefits in the form of tax credit against future tax liability, is recognized as assets in the balance sheet.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax provision has been made due to difference in depreciation debited to profit & loss account and eligible under income Tax Act 1961.

l) Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic and diluted Earnings per Share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti- dilutive.

m) Impairment of Assets:

An assets is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impaired loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impaired loss in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

n) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to account. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Accounting for leases:

Assets taken on lease where significant portion of risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are retained are classified as "Finance Lease". Such assets are capitalized at fair value of assets.

The Company has only one class of shares Referred to as equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10/-each. Each holder of equity shares is entitled to one vote per share.


Mar 31, 2011

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and are in consonance with the mandatory accounting standards and statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires management to make estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost including directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition and are net of credit under the CENVAT/VAT scheme, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

Preoperative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue) and foreign exchange fluctuation incurred during the construction/trial run of new project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets on commissioning.

Capital work in progress includes advances paid to acquire capital assets before the Balance Sheet date.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets except Leasehold Land and Goodwill has been provided using the Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

e) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and selling expenses. The cost is determined on the basis of First in First Out Method and includes expenditure in acquiring the inventories and bringing them to their present location and condition. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, cost includes an appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads.

f) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the fair value of investments.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Sales of products are recognized when the products are dispatched and are stated inclusive of excise duty, sales tax, VAT, other taxes & duties but net of trade discounts as approved by the management. Excise duty represents finished goods dispatched through Personal ledger Account (PLA) and out of Cenvat on Capital Goods (RG23C-Part II) but net of unutilized amount in raw material Cenvat Account (RG23A-Part II). However, the excise duty includes duty incurred during branch stock transfers, but has been appropriately adjusted from mark up price to show net sales. The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and all income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis. However, in respect of differential excise duty, municipal dues, unsettled rebate and discount and claims receivable, cash system has been consistently adopted. However, it does not affect the profit materially.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

i. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, if any at the year end are restated at year end rates.

iii. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iv. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Retirement Benefits:

Annual Contribution towards the gratuity liability is funded with the Reliance Life Insurance Company Ltd. in accordance with the gratuity scheme.

j) Miscellaneous Expenditure:

Issue expenses in relation to Global Depository Receipts (GDR's) have been deducted from securities premium.

Issue expenses with relation to Initial Public Offering (IPO) to the extent of allowable u/s 35D are being written off in five equal annual installments.

k) Taxes on Income:

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

l) Earnings Per Share:

The company reports basic and diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings Per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

m) Impairment of Assets:

An assets is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impaired loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impaired loss in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

n) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets:

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to account. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

o) Accounting for leases:

Assets taken on lease where significant portion of risks and rewards incidental to the ownership are retained are classified as "Finance Lease". Lease rentals are recognised on straight line basis over the lease term basis.


Mar 31, 2010

A) Basis of preparation of financial statements:

The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles and are in consonance with the mandatory accounting standards and statements issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. Accounting policies not specifically referred to otherwise are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

b) Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities on the date of the Financial Statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognized in which the results are known/ materialized.

c) Fixed Assets:

Fixed assets are stated at historical cost including directly attributable costs of bringing the assets to their working condition and are net of credit under the CENVAT/VAT scheme, less accumulated depreciation and impairment loss, if any.

Preoperative expenditure including borrowing cost (net of revenue) and foreign exchange fluctuation incurred during the construction/trial run of new project is allocated on an appropriate basis to fixed assets on commissioning.

Capital work in progress includes advances paid to acquire capital assets before the Balance Sheet date.

d) Depreciation:

Depreciation on Fixed Assets is provided using the Straight Line Method in accordance with the rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

e) Inventories:

Inventories are valued at cost or net realizable value whichever is lower. Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less the estimated cost of completion and selling expenses. The cost is determined on the basis of First in First Out Method and includes expenditure in acquiring the inventories and bringing them to their present location and condition. In the case of manufactured inventories and work in progress, cost includes an appropriate share of labour and manufacturing overheads.

f) Investments:

Investments are stated at cost. Provision for diminution, if any, is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the fair value of investments.

g) Revenue Recognition:

Sales of products are recognized when the products are dispatched and are stated inclusive of excise duty, sales tax, VAT, other taxes & duties, trade discounts and sales returns. However, both excise duty and VAT including education cess has been separately shown in profit and loss account, after net off, to match the respective amount of sales.

The Company generally follows mercantile system of accounting and all income and expenditure items having a material bearing on the financial statements are recognized on accrual basis. However, in respect of differential excise duty and municipal dues, cash system has been consistently adopted. However, it does not affect the profit materially.

h) Foreign Currency Transactions:

i. Foreign currency transactions are recorded at the exchange rate prevailing on the date of the transaction.

ii. Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies, if any at the year end are restated at year end rates.

iii. Non monetary foreign currency items are carried at cost.

iv. Any income or expense on account of exchange difference either on settlement or on translation is recognized in the Profit and Loss Account.

i) Miscellaneous Expenditure

Preoperative expenses of earlier years are being amortized in five equal annual installments. Issue expenses have been capitalized with machinery, electric installation and factory building in the ratio of cost proposed during the initial public offer.

Issue expenses to theextent of allowable u/s 35D are being in five equal annual installments.

j) Taxes on Income

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year in accordance with the provisions of Income Tax Act, 1961.

Deferred tax is recognized, subject to the consideration of prudence, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods.

k) Earnings Per Share

The company reports basic and diluted Earnings Per Share (EPS) in accordance with Accounting Standard 20 on "Earnings Per Share". Basic EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net profit or loss for the year by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year as adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares, except where the results are anti-dilutive.

l) Impairment of Assets

An assets is treated as impaired when the carrying cost of asset exceeds its recoverable value. An impaired loss is charged to Profit and Loss Account in the year in which an asset is identified as impaired. The impaired loss in prior accounting period is reversed if there has been a change in the estimate of recoverable amount.

m) Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets

Provision involving substantial degree of estimation in measurement is recognized when there is a present obligation as a result of past events and it is probable that there will be an outflow of resources. Contingent liabilities are not recognized but are disclosed in the notes to account. Contingent assets are neither recognized nor disclosed in the financial statements.

 
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