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Accounting Policies of Tuni Textile Mills Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis.

2. USE OF ESTIMATES

The preparation of financial statements requires judgements, estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual reserves and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialised.

3. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction inclusive of freight, duties and taxes and incidental expenses, less accumulated depreciation, amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

4. INVESTMENT:

Investments are classified into Non Current and Current investments.

a) Non Current investments are being valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made to recognise a decline other than temporary, in the carrying amount of long term investments.

b) Current investments are being valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

5. DEPRECIATION:

a) Premium on leasehold land is amortised over the period of the lease term.

b) Depreciation on fixed assets is provided under the "straight line method" based on the useful lives of assets as prescribed under Part C of Schedule II to the Act.

c) Depreciation in respect of addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the month in that such assets are acquired/installed/started commercial production put to use.

d) Depreciation on fixed assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their respective rates up to the month in which such assets are sold, discarded or demolished.

6. VALUATION OF INVENTORIES:

a) Valuation of inventories is inclusive of taxes or duties incurred and on FIFO basis except otherwise stated.

b) Raw materials and Work in progress are being valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower.

c) Stores, Spares and Tools are being valued at weighted average cost.

d) Goods in Transit, if any, are stated at actual cost up to the date of the Balance Sheet.

e) Finished Stocks are being valued at direct cost or net realisable values whichever is lower.

7. REVENUE RECOGNISATION:

a) Sale of Goods is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is on the dispatch of goods.

b) Sales are stated net of discount, claims, and shortage. Commission, brokerage and incentives on sales, wherever applicable, have been separately recognized as an expense.

c) Incomes from job charges are recognized as and when the services are rendered.

d) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

8. RETIREMENT AND OTHER BENEFITS TO EMPLOYEES:

a) Employees' benefit under defined contribution plan such as contribution to provident fund and employees' benefits under defined benefit plan for leave encashment are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service provided.

b) Post employment benefits under defined benefit plan such as gratuity are charged off in the year in which the employee has rendered services at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and/or losses in respect of post employment benefits are charged to profit and loss account or capitalised in case of new projects are taken up by the company.

9. CAPITAL WORK IN PROGRESS:

The cost incurred for fixed assets, the construction of which is not completed, are included under "capital work-in-progress" and the same are classified and added to the respective assets on the completion.

10. PRIOR PERIOD EXPENSES / INCOME:

The company follows the practice of making adjustments, as a result of errors and omissions, through "prior period items" in respect of all material transaction pertaining to the period prior to current financial year.

11. INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS:

Income from investments, where appropriate, is taken into revenue in full on declaration or receipt and tax deducted at source thereon is treated as advance tax.

12. TREATMENT OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Disputed demands in respect of central excise, customs, income tax and other proceedings etc. are disclosed as contingent liabilities. Payments in respect of such demands, if any, are shown as advances till the final disposal of the matter.

13. EXCISE DUTY & CENVAT CREDIT

CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on raw material, packing material, etc purchased, is accounted for by reducing the cost of the respective items.

Excise duty payable on finished goods lying at the factory premises at the close of the year is provided in the books as per the Excise Rules.

CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on capital goods is accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

14. TAXES ON INCOME

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

15. IMPAIRMENT LOSS

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount(s) of assets exceed their recoverable amounts(s). Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from sale of the asset in an arm length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

16. SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments have been identified in line with the Accounting Standard-17, taking into account the organisational structure as well as the differing risks and returns. The business segment is disclosed as primary segment.

17. BORROWING COSTS

The company capitalises interest and other costs incurred by it in connection with funds borrowed for the acquisition of fixed assets. Where specific borrowings are identified to a fixed asset or a new unit, the company uses the interest rates applicable to that specific borrowing as the capitalisation rate.

Capitalisation of borrowing costs ceases when all the activities necessary to prepare the fixed assets for their intended use are substantially complete. Other borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

18. TRANSACTION IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded by applying the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transactions.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies remaining unsettled at the end of the year, are restated using the closing rates. The exchange difference arising as a result of the above is recognised in the profit and loss account.

c) In case the monetary items are covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end exchange rate and the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract is recognised as exchange difference.

d) In respect of hedging transactions, the premium/discount represented by difference between the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract and forward rate specified in the contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract.

e) Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account in the year in which the exchange rate changes.

f) Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

g) Non-monetary foreign currency items such as investments are carried at cost.




Mar 31, 2014

1. SYSTEM OFACCOUNTING

a) These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to circular 15/2013 dated 13.09.2013 read with circular 08/2014 dated 04.04.2014, till the Standards of Accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by Central government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act,1956 shall continue to apply. Consequently, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under Section 211(3C) (Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006 as amended and other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

b) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company''s normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule Vi to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2. FIXEDASSETS:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction inclusive of freight, duties and taxes and incidental expenses, less accumulated depreciation (except land), amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

3. INVESTMENT:

Investments are classified into Non Current and Current investments.

a) Non Current investments are being valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made to recognise a decline other than temporary, in the carrying amount of long term investments.

b) Current investments are being valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

4. DEPRECIATION:

a) No depreciation is provided for leasehold land and freehold land.

b) Depreciation on fixed assets is being provided on "straight line method" basis at the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the CompaniesAct, 1956, till the WDV is reduced to 5% of the gross value. No further depreciation is provided on such balance amount of 5%.

c) Depreciation in respect of addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the month in that such assets are acquired/installed/started commercial production.

d) Depreciation on fixed assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their respective rates up to the month in which such assets are sold, discarded or demolished.

5. VALUATION OF INVENTORIES:

a) Valuation of inventories is inclusive of taxes or duties incurred and on FIFO basis except otherwise stated.

b) Raw materials and Work in progress are being valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower.

c) Stores, Spares and Tools are being valued at weighted average cost.

d) Goods in Transit, if any, are stated at actual cost up to the date of the Balance Sheet.

e) Finished Stocks are being valued at direct cost or net realisable values whichever is lower.

6. REVENUE RECOGNISATION:

a) Sale of Goods is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is on the dispatch of goods.

b) Sales are stated net of discount, claims, and shortage. Commission, brokerage and incentives on sales, wherever applicable, have been separately recognized as an expense.

c) Incomes from job charges are recognized as and when the services are rendered.

d) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

7. RETIREMENTAND OTHER BENEFITSTO EMPLOYEES:

(a) Employees'' benefit under defined contribution plan such as contribution to provident fund and employees'' benefits under defined benefit plan for leave encashment are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service provided.

(b) Post employment benefits under defined benefit plan such as gratuity are charged off in the year in which the employee has rendered services at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and/or losses in respect of post employment benefits are charged to profit and loss account or capitalised in case of new projects are taken up by the company.

8. CAPITAL WORK IN PROGRESS:

The cost incurred for fixed assets, the construction of which is not completed, are included under "capital work-in-progress" and the same are classified and added to the respective assets on the completion.

9. PRIOR PERIOD EXPENSES/INCOME:

The company follows the practice of making adjustments, as a result of errors and omissions, through "prior period items" in respect of all material transaction pertaining to the period prior to current financial year.

10. INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS:

Income from investments, where appropriate, is taken into revenue in full on declaration or receipt and tax deducted at source thereon is treated as advance tax.

11. TREATMENT OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Disputed demands in respect of central excise, customs, income tax and other proceedings etc. are disclosed as contingent liabilities. Payments in respect of such demands, if any, are shown as advances till the final disposal of the matter.

12. EXCISE DUTY&CENVATCREDIT

a) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on raw material, packing material, etc purchased, is accounted for by reducing the cost of the respective items.

b) Excise duty payable on finished goods lying at the factory premises at the close of the year is provided in the books as perthe Excise Rules.

c) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on capital goods is accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

13. TAXESONINCOME

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable

incomes and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

14. IMPAIRMENTLOSS

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount(s) of assets exceed their recoverable amounts(s). Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from sale of the asset in an arm length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

15. SEGMENTREPORTING

Segments have been identified in line with the Accounting Standard-17, taking into account the organisational structure as well as the differing risks and returns. The business segment is disclosed as primary segment.

16. BORROWING COSTS

The company capitalises interest and other costs incurred by it in connection with funds borrowed for the acquisition of fixed assets. Where specific borrowings are identified to a fixed asset or a new unit, the company uses the interest rates applicable to that specific borrowing as the capitalisation rate. Capitalisation of borrowing costs ceases when all the activities necessary to prepare the fixed assets for their intended use are substantially complete. Other borrowing costs are charged to Statement of Profit & Loss.

17. TRANSACTION IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded by applying the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transactions.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies remaining unsettled at the end of the year, are restated using the closing rates. The exchange difference arising as a result of the above is recognised in the profit and loss account.

c) In case the monetary items are covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end exchange rate and the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract is recognised as exchange difference.

d) In respect of hedging transactions, the premium/discount represented by difference between the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract and forward rate specified in the contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract.

Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account in the year in which the exchange rate changes.

Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

e) Non-monetary foreign currency items such as investments are carried at cost.


Mar 31, 2012

1. SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING

a) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act 1956 following the mercantile system of accounting and recognising income and expenditure on accrual basis.

b) The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known or materialised.

c) All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the Company's normal operating cycle and other criteria set out in Revised Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956. Based on the nature of products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realisation in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of assets and liabilities.

2. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction inclusive of freight, duties and taxes and incidental expenses, less accumulated depreciation (except land), amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

3. INVESTMENT:

a) Investments are classified into Non Current and Current investments.

b) Non Current investments are being valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made to recognise a decline other than temporary, in the carrying amount of long term investments.

c) Current investments are being valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

4. DEPRECIATION:

a) No depreciation is provided for leasehold land and freehold land.

b) Depreciation on fixed assets is being provided on "straight line method" basis at the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, till the WDV is reduced to 5% of the gross value. No further depreciation is provided on such balance amount of 5%.

c) Depreciation in respect of addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the month in that such assets are acquired/installed/started commercial production.

d) Depreciation on fixed assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their respective rates up to the month in which such assets are sold, discarded or demolished.

5. VALUATION OF INVENTORIES:

a) Valuation of inventories is inclusive of taxes or duties incurred and on FIFO basis except otherwise stated.

b) Raw materials and Work in progress are being valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower.

c) Stores, Spares and Tools are being valued at weighted average cost.

d) Goods in Transit, if any, are stated at actual cost up to the date of the Balance Sheet.

e) Finished Stocks are being valued at direct cost or net realisable values whichever is lower.

6. REVENUE RECOGNISATION:

a) Sale of Goods is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is on the dispatch of goods.

b) Sales are stated net of discount, claims, and shortage. Commission, brokerage and incentives on sales, wherever applicable, have been separately recognized as an expense.

c) Incomes from job charges are recognized as and when the services are rendered.

d) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

7. RETIREMENT AND OTHER BENEFITS TO EMPLOYEES:

(a) Employees' benefit under defined contribution plan such as contribution to provident fund and employees' benefits under defined benefit plan for leave encashment are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service provided.

(b) Post employment benefits under defined benefit plan such as gratuity are charged off in the year in which the employee has rendered services at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and/or losses in respect of post employment benefits are charged to profit and loss account or capitalised in case of new projects are taken up by the company.

8. CAPITAL WORK IN PROGRESS:

The cost incurred for fixed assets, the construction of which is not completed, are included under "capital work-in-progress" and the same are classified and added to the respective assets on the completion.

9. PRIOR PERIOD EXPENSES / INCOME:

The company follows the practice of making adjustments, as a result of errors and Commissions, through "prior period items" in respect of all material transaction pertaining to the period prior to current financial year.

10. INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS:

Income from investments, where appropriate, is taken into revenue in full on declaration or receipt and tax deducted at source thereon is treated as advance tax.

11. TREATMENT OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Disputed demands in respect of central excise, customs, income tax and other proceedings etc. are disclosed as contingent liabilities. Payments in respect of such demands, if any, are shown as advances till the final disposal of the matter.

12. EXCISE DUTY & CENVAT CREDIT

a) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on raw material, packing material, etc purchased, is accounted for by reducing the cost of the respective items.

b) Excise duty payable on finished goods lying at the factory premises at the close of the year is provided in the books as per the Excise Rules.

c) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on capital goods is accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

13. TAXES ON INCOME

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

14. IMPAIRMENT LOSS

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount(s) of assets exceed their recoverable amounts(s). Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from sale of the asset in an arm length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

15. SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments have been identified in line with the Accounting Standard-17, taking into account the organisational structure as well as the differing risks and returns. The business segment is disclosed as primary segment.

16. BORROWING COSTS

The company capitalises interest and other costs incurred by it in connection with funds borrowed for the acquisition of fixed assets. Where specific borrowings are identified to a fixed asset or a new unit, the company uses the interest rates applicable to that specific borrowing as the capitalisation rate. Capitalisation of borrowing costs ceases when all the activities necessary to prepare the fixed assets for their intended use are substantially complete. Other borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

17. TRANSACTION IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded by applying the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transactions.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies remaining unsettled at the end of the year, are restated using the closing rates. The exchange difference arising as a result of the above is recognised in the profit and loss account.

c) In case the monetary items are covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end exchange rate and the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract is recognised as exchange difference.

d) In respect of hedging transactions, the premium/discount represented by difference between the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract and forward rate specified in the contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract.

Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account in the year in which the exchange rate changes.

Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

e) Non-monetary foreign currency items such as investments are carried at cost.


Mar 31, 2011

1. SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTING

a) The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India and the provisions of the Companies Act 1956 following the mercantile system of accounting and recognising income and expenditure on accrual basis.

b) The preparation of financial statements requires estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities on the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Difference between the actual results and estimates are recognised in the period in which the results are known or materialised.

2. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed assets are stated at cost of acquisition or construction inclusive of freight, duties and taxes and incidental expenses, less accumulated depreciation (except land), amortisation and impairment loss, if any.

3. INVESTMENT:

a) Long term investments are being valued at cost of acquisition. Provision is made to recognize a decline, other than temporary, in the carrying amount of long term investments.

b) Short-term investments are being valued at cost or market value whichever is lower.

4. DEPRECIATION:

a) No depreciation is provided for leasehold land and freehold land.

b) Depreciation on fixed assets is being provided on "straight line method" basis at the rates and manner specified in Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956, till the WDVis reduced to 5% of the gross value. No further depreciation is provided on such balance amount of 5%.

c) Depreciation in respect of addition to fixed assets is provided on pro-rata basis from the month in that such assets are acquired/installed/started commercial production.

d) Depreciation on fixed assets sold, discarded or demolished during the year is being provided at their respective rates up to the month in which such assets are sold, discarded or demolished.

5. VALUATION OF INVENTORIES:

a) Valuation of inventories is inclusive of taxes or duties incurred and on FIFO basis except otherwise stated.

b) Raw materials and Work in progress are being valued at cost or net realisable value whichever is lower.

c) Stores, Spares and Tools are being valued at weighted average cost.

d) Goods in Transit, if any, are stated at actual cost up to the date of the Balance Sheet.

e) Finished Stocks are being valued at direct cost or net realisable values whichever is lower.

6. REVENUE RECOGNISATION:

a) Sale of Goods is recognized on transfer of significant risks and rewards of ownership which is on the dispatch of goods.

b) Sales are stated net of discount, claims, and shortage. Commission, brokerage and incentives on sales, wherever applicable, have been separately recognized as an expense.

c) Incomes from job charges are recognized as and when the services are rendered.

d) Interest income is accounted on accrual basis.

7. RETIREMENT AND OTHER BENEFITS TO EMPLOYEES:

(a) Employees' benefit under defined contribution plan such as contribution to provident fund and employees' benefits under defined benefit plan for leave encashment are charged off at the undiscounted amount in the year in which the related service provided.

(b) Post employment benefits under defined benefit plan such as gratuity are charged off in the year in which the employee has rendered services at the present value of the amounts payable determined using actuarial valuation techniques. Actuarial gain and/or losses in respect of post employment benefits are charged to profit and loss account or capitalised in case of new projects are taken up by the company.

8. CAPITAL WORK IN PROGRESS :

The cost incurred for fixed assets, the construction of which is not completed, are included under "capital work-in-progress" and the same are classified and added to the respective assets on the completion.

9. PRIOR PERIOD EXPENSES/INCOME:

The company follows the practice of making adjustments, as a result of errors and omissions, through "prior period items" in respect of all material transaction pertaining to the period prior to current financial year.

10. INCOME FROM INVESTMENTS :

Income from investments, where appropriate, is taken into revenue in full on declaration or receipt and tax deducted at source thereon is treated as advance tax.

11. TREATMENT OF CONTINGENT LIABILITIES:

Contingent liabilities are not recognised but are disclosed by way of notes to accounts. Disputed demands in respect of central excise, customs, income tax and other proceedings etc. are disclosed as contingent liabilities. Payments in respect of such demands, if any, are shown as advances till the final disposal of the matter.

12. EXCISE DUTY &CENVAT CREDIT

a) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on raw material, packing material, etc purchased, is accounted for by reducing the cost of the respective items.

b) Excise duty payable on finished goods lying at the factory premises at the close of the year is provided in the books as per the Excise Rules.

c) CENVAT credit available as per the provisions of the Excise Rules on capital goods is accounted for by reducing the cost of capital goods.

13. TAXES ON INCOME

Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year. Deferred tax is recognized, on timing differences, being the difference between taxable incomes and accounting income that originate in one year and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent years.

14. IMPAIRMENT LOSS

Impairment loss is provided to the extent the carrying amount(s) of assets exceed their recoverable amounts(s). Recoverable amount is the higher of an assets net selling price and its value in use. Value in use is the present value of estimated future cash flow expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and from its disposal at the end of its useful life. Net selling price is the amount obtainable from sale of the asset in an arm length transaction between knowledgeable, willing parties, less the cost of disposal.

15. SEGMENT REPORTING

Segments have been identified in line with the Accounting Standard-17, taking into account the organisational structure as well as the differing risks and returns. The business segment is disclosed as primary segment.

16. BORROWING COSTS

The company capitalises interest and other costs incurred by it in connection with funds borrowed for the acquisition of fixed assets. Where specific borrowings are identified to a fixed asset or a new unit, the company uses the interest rates applicable to that specific borrowing as the capitalisation rate. Capitalisation of borrowing costs ceases when all the activities necessary to prepare the fixed assets for their intended use are substantially complete. Other borrowing costs are charged to Profit & Loss Account.

17. TRANSACTION IN FOREIGN CURRENCIES

a) Transactions denominated in foreign currencies are recorded by applying the exchange rates prevailing at the date of the transactions.

b) Monetary items denominated in foreign currencies remaining unsettled at the end of the year, are restated using the closing rates. The exchange difference arising as a result of the above is recognised in the profit and loss account.

c) In case the monetary items are covered by the forward exchange contracts, the difference between the year end exchange rate and the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract is recognised as exchange difference.

d) In respect of hedging transactions, the premium/discount represented by difference between the exchange rate at the date of the inception of the forward exchange contract and forward rate specified in the contract is amortised as expense or income over the life of the contract.

Exchange differences on such contracts are recognised in the statement of profit and loss account in the year in which the exchange rate changes.

Any profit or loss arising on cancellation or renewal of forward exchange contract is recognised as income or as expense for the year.

e) Non-monetary foreign currency items such as investments are carried at cost.

 
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