Mar 31, 2014
A. Basis of preparation : The financial statements of the company have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in India (Indian GAAP). The company has prepared these financial statements to comply in all material respects with the accounting standards notified under the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended) and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared on an accrual basis and under the historical cost convention. The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of financial statements are consistent with those of previous year.
b. Use of estimates : The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.
c. Tangible fixed assets : Fixed assets are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price, borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.
d. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets : Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a straight-line basis using the rates as prescribed under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956.
e. Advances : Advances are classified under four categories i.e.,
(i) standard assets,
(ii) sub-standard assets,
(iii) doubtful assets,
(iv) Loss assets in accordance with the RBI guidelines.
Provisions on standard assets is made as stipulated in RBI guidelines.
f. Impairment of assets : Carrying amount of assets is reviewed at Balance Sheet date, if there is indication of impairment, based on the internal and external factors. The assets are treated as impaired when the carrying amount of asset exceeds its recoverable amount. An impairment loss, if any, is charged to Profit and Loss account in the year in which the asset is identified as impaired. Reversal of impairment loss recognized in prior year, is recorded when there is an indication that impairment loss recognized for the assets no longer exists or has decreased.
g. Investments : Long-term investments are carried at cost. h. Inventories : Inventories are valued at cost.
i. Revenue recognition : Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the company and the revenue can be reliably measured.
Interest Income is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the applicable interest rate. Interest income is included under the head "other income" in the statement of profit and loss.
j. Retirement and other employee benefits
All employee benefits are in short term in nature and are expensed as and when they accrues.
k. Income taxes
Income taxes comprise current tax, deferred tax and earlier year tax. Current taxes are accrued for on the basis of tax payable to tax authorities in accordance with The Income Tax Act 1961. Deferred income taxes reflect the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years. Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date.
l. Earnings per share
Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.
A provision is recognized when the company has a present obligation as a result of past event, it is probable that an outflow of resources embodying economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Provisions are not discounted to their present value and are determined based on the best estimate required to settle the obligation at the reporting date. These estimates are reviewed at each reporting date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.
n. Contingent liabilities
The company does not recognize a contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.