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Accounting Policies of United Credit Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified by Companies Accounting Standard Rules 2006, read with Sections 133 and 129 of the Companies Act, 2013.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation of the said assets.

4. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets is computed on Written Down Value Method as prescribed in Schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013.

5. Investments:

Investments held by the Company are long term in nature and are stated at cost, unless stated otherwise. Diminution in value, if any, of permanent nature are provided for.

6. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Payments made in foreign currency are converted at the applicable exchange rate prevailing on the date of remittance. Liability on account of foreign currency is converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the end of the year except in case of subsequent payments where liability is provided at actuals. Gain/Loss arising out of fluctuation in exchange rate is adjusted in the statement of Profit and Loss.

7. Employee Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefit is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

Post employment and other Long Term Employee Benefits are provided for in the Accounts in the following manner:

i) Gratuity – Maintained as a defined benefit retirement plan and contribution is made to the Life Insurance Corporation of India, as per Company's Scheme. Provision / write back, if any, is made on the basis of the present value of the liability as at the Balance Sheet date determined by actuarial valuation following Projected Unit Credit Method and is treated as liability.

ii) Leave encashment on termination of service – As per actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date following Projected Unit Credit Method.

iii) Provident Fund – Provident Fund is a Defined Contribution Scheme, where the contribution is made to a Fund administered by the Government Provident Fund Authority.

8. Taxes on Income:

Income Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred charge or credit. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

9. Recognition of Income:

a) Interest on Loan is accounted for on accrual basis.

b) Dividend is recognised when the right to receive is established.

c) Rent Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

10. Prudential Norms:

The Company has followed the prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning against non-performing assets and standard assets as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial Companies.

11 . Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in Accounting Policy:

Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

12. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Assets:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2014

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply in all material aspects in respect with the Notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets including assets given on finance lease are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation of the said assets.

4. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets including assets given on finance lease is provided on Written Down Value Method at the specified rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

5. Investments:

Investments held by the Company are long term in nature and are stated at cost, unless stated otherwise. Diminution in value, if any, of permanent nature are provided for.

6. Stock-in-Shares/Merchandise:

i) Stock-in-shares held for trading purposes are valued at cost or market value/breakup value whichever is lower on individual basis.

ii) Stock of merchandise are valued at lower of cost or market price.

7. Stock on Hire:

i) Stock on Hire under hire purchase agreement are valued at agreement value less instalments received/ receivable.

ii) Repossessed Stock are valued at cost less capital repayment upto the date of repossession.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Payments made in foreign currency are converted at the applicable exchange rate prevailing on the date of remittance. Liability on account of foreign currency is converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the end of the year except in case of subsequent payments where liability is provided at actuals. Gain/Loss arising out of fluctuation in exchange rate is adjusted in the statement of Profit and Loss.

9. Employee Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefit is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

Post employment and other Long Term Employee Benefits are provided for in the Accounts in the following manner:

i) Gratuity - Maintained as a defined benefit retirement plan and contribution is made to the Life Insurance Corporation of India, as per Company''s Scheme. Provision / write back, if any, is made on the basis of the present value of the liability as at the Balance Sheet date determined by actuarial valuation following Projected Unit Credit Method and is treated as liability.

ii) Leave encashment on termination of service - As per actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date following Projected Unit Credit Method.

iii) Provident Fund - Provident Fund is a Defined Contribution Scheme, where the contribution is made to a Fund administered by the Government Provident Fund Authority.

10. Taxes on Income:

Income Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred charge or credit. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantially enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise these assets.

11. Recognition of Income:

a) Income from Leases:

For assets given on lease, lease rentals are charged as and when they become accrued and are accounted for accordingly.

b) Interest on Loan is accounted for on accrual basis.

c) Dividend is recognised when the right to receive is established.

d) Rent Income is accounted for on accrual basis.

12. Prudential Norms:

The Company has followed the prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning against non-performing assets and standard assets as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial Companies.

13. Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in Accounting Policy:

Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

14. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Assets:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2013

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply in all material aspects in respect with the Notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from .these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets including assets given on finance lease are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation of the said assets.

4. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets including assets given on finance lease is provided on Written Down Value Method at the specified rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

5. Investments:

Investments held by the Company are long term in nature and are stated at cost, unless stated otherwise. Diminution in value, if any, of permanent nature are provided for.

6. Stock-in-Shares/Merchandise:

i) Stock-in-shares held for trading purposes are valued at cost or market value/breakup value whichever is lower on individual basis.

ii) Stock of merchandise are valued at lower of cost or market price.

7. Stock on Hire:

i) Stock on Hire under hire purchase agreement are valued at agreement value less instalments received/ receivable.

ii) Repossessed Stock are valued at cost less capital repayment upto the date of repossession.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Payments made in foreign currency are converted at the applicable exchange rate prevailing on the date of remittance. Liability on account of foreign currency is converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the end of the year except in case of subsequent payments where liability is provided at actuals. Gain/Loss arising out of fluctuation in exchange rate is adjusted in the revenue account.

9. Employee Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefit is recognised as an expense in the Statement of Profit and Loss of the year in which related service is rendered.

Post employment and other Long Term Employee Benefits are provided for in the Accounts in the following manner:

i) Gratuity - Maintained as a defined benefit retirement plan and contribution is made to the Life Insurance Corporation of India, as per Company''s Scheme. Provision / write back, if any, is made on the basis of the present value of the liability as at the Balance Sheet date determined by actuarial valuation following Projected Unit Credit Method and is treated as liability.

ii) Leave encashment on termination of service - As per actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date following Projected Unit Credit Method.

iii) Provident Fund - Provident Fund for most of the employees is a Defined Contribution Scheme, where the contribution is made to a Fund administered by the Government Provident Fund Authority.

10. Taxes on Income:

Income Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred charge or credit. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

11. Recognition of Income:

a) Income from Leases: For assets given on lease upto 31.3.2001 lease rentals are charged as and when they become accrued and are accounted for accordingly.

b) Income from Hire Purchase: Income by way of finance charges is arrived at by amortising the instalments containing the financial charges based on Capital Recovery Method.

c) Interest on Loan is accounted for on accrual basis.

d) Dividend is recognised when the right to receive is established.

12. Prudential Norms:

The Company has followed the prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning against non-performing assets and standard assets as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial Companies.

13. Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in Accounting Policy:

Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

14. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Assets:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2011

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply in all material aspects in respect with the Notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the period in which the results are known / materialised.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets including assets given on finance lease are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation of the said assets.

4. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed assets including assets given on finance lease is provided on Written Down Value Method at the specified rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

5. Investments:

Investments held by the Company are long term in nature and are stated at cost. Diminution, if any, of permanent nature are provided for.

6. Stock-in-Shares/Merchandise:

i) Stock-in-shares held for trading purposes are valued at cost or market value/break-up value whichever is lower on individual basis.

ii) , Stock of merchandise are valued at lower of cost or market price.

7. Stock on Hire:

i) Stock on Hire under hire purchase agreement are valued at agreement value less instalments received/ receivable.

ii) Repossessed Stock are valued at cost less capital repayment upto the date of repossession.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Payments made in foreign currency are converted at the applicable exchange rate prevailing on the date of remittance. Liability on account of foreign currency is converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the end of the year except in case of subsequent payments where liability is provided at actuals. Gain/Loss arising out of fluctuation in exchange rate is adjusted in the revenue account.

9. Employee Benefits:

Short Term Employee Benefit is recognised as an expense in the Profit and Loss Account of the year in which related service is rendered.

Post employment and other Long Term Employee Benefits are provided for in the Accounts in the following manner:

i) Gratuity - Maintained as a defined benefit retirement plan and contribution is made to the Life Insurance Corporation of India, as per Company's Scheme. Provision / write back, if any, is made on the basis of the present value of the liability as at the Balance Sheet date determined by actuarial valuation following Projected Unit Credit Method and is treated as liability.

ii) Leave encashment on termination of service - As per actuarial valuation as at the Balance Sheet date following Projected Unit Credit Method.

iii) Provident Fund - Provident Fund for most of the employees is a Defined Contribution Scheme, where the contribution is made to a Fund administered by the Government Provident Fund Authority.

10. Taxes oh Income:

Income Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred charge or credit. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted ,by the Balance Sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realise these assets.

11. Recognition of Income:

a) Income from Leases: For assets given on lease upto 31.3.2001 lease rentals are charged

as and when they become accrued and are accounted for accordingly.

b) Income from Hire Purchase: Income by way of finance charges is arrived at by amortising the

instalments containing the financial charges based on Capital Recovery Method.

c) Interest on'Loan is accounted for on accrual basis, whereas dividend is recognised when the right to receive is established.

12. Prudential Norms:

The Company has followed the prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning against non-performing assets and standard assets as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial Companies.

13. Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in Accounting Policy:

Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

14. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Assets:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.


Mar 31, 2010

1. Basis of Preparation of Financial Statements:

The Financial Statements have been prepared on accrual basis of accounting, under the historical cost convention and in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in India and comply in all material aspects in respect with the Notified Accounting Standards by Companies Accounting Standard Rules, 2006 and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956.

2. Use of Estimates:

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at date of financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Any revision to accounting estimates is recognised in the period in which the results are known/materialized.

3. Fixed Assets:

Fixed Assets including assets given on finance lease are stated at cost less depreciation. Cost includes taxes, freight and other incidental expenses related to acquisition and installation of the said assets.

4. Depreciation:

Depreciation on fixed, assets including assets given on finance lease is provided on Written Down Value Method at the specified rates prescribed in Schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956.

5. Investments:

Investments held by the Company are long term in nature and are stated at cost. Diminution, if any, of permanent nature are provided for.

6. Stock-in-Shares/Merchandise:

i) Stock-in-shares held for trading purposes are valued at cost or market value/breakup value whichever is

lower on individual basis. ii) Stock of merchandise are valued at lower of cost or market price.

7. Stock on Hire:

i) Stock on Hire under hire purchase agreement are valued at agreement value less instalments received/

receivable. ii) Repossessed Stock are valued at cost less capital repayment upto the date of repossession.

8. Foreign Exchange Transactions:

Payments made in foreign currency are converted at the applicable exchange rate prevailing on the date of remittance. Liability on account of foreign currency is converted at the exchange rate prevailing as at the end of the year except in case of subsequent payments where liability is provided at actuals. Gain/Loss arising out of fluctuation in exchange rate is adjusted in the revenue account.

9. Employee Benefits:

i) Defined Contribution Plan

Companys contributions paid/payable during the year to Provident Fund, ESIC and Labour Welfare Fund are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account. Contributions to Provident Fund to the Government authorities are accounted for on accrual basis. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective authorities.

ii) Defined Benefit Plan

In respect of Defined Benefit Plan, the Company is liable to Gratuity and Leave Encashment. In respect of Gratuity, the Company contributes to the qualifying Group Gratuity cum Life Insurance Policy of Life Insurance Corporation of India (LICI) based on the premium notices as per the actuarial valuation carried out by themselves, which are charged to revenue.

Companys liabilities towards leave encashment are determined using the projected unit credit method which considers each period of service as giving rise to an additional unit of benefit entitlement and measures each unit separately to build up the final obligation. Past services are recognised on a straight line basis over the average period until the amended benefits become vested. Obligation is measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using a discounted rate that is determined by reference to market yields at the balance sheet date on Government bonds where the currency and terms of the Government bonds are consistent with the currency and estimated terms of the defined benefit obligation.

iii) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Profit and Loss Account and are not deferred.

10. Taxes on Income:

Income Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred charge or credit. Current tax is determined as the amount of tax payable in respect of taxable income for the year.

Deferred tax expense or benefit is recognised on timing differences being the difference between the taxable income and accounting income that originate in one period and are capable of reversal in one or more subsequent periods. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the Balance Sheet date.

In the event of unabsorbed depreciation and carry forward of losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is virtual certainty that sufficient taxable income will be available in future to realize such assets. In other situations, deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available to realize these assets.

11 Recognition of Income:

a) Income from Leases : For assets given on lease upto 31.3.2001 lease rentals are charged as and when they become accrued and are accounted for accordingly.

b) Income from Hire Purchase : Income by way of finance charges is arrived at by amortising the instalments containing the financial charges based on Capital Recovery Method.

c) Interest on Loan is accounted for on accrual basis, whereas dividend is recognised when the right to receive is established.

12. Prudential Norms:

The Company has followed the prudential norms for income recognition and provisioning against non-performing assets as prescribed by the Reserve Bank of India for Non-Banking Financial Companies.

13. Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in Accounting Policy:

Prior period adjustments, extra-ordinary items and changes in accounting policies having material impact on the financial affairs of the Company are disclosed.

14. Provision, Contingent Liabilities and Assets:

Provisions are recognised when the Company has legal and constructive obligation as a result of a past event, for which it is probable that a cash outflow will be required and a reliable estimate can be made of the amount of the obligation. Contingent liabilities are disclosed when the Company has a possible obligation or a present obligation and it is probable that a cash outflow will not be required to settle the obligation. Contingent assets are neither recognised nor disclosed in the financial statements.



 
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