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Accounting Policies of Unno Industries Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Corporate Information

UNNO INDUSTRIES LIMITED (the Company) is a leading Non Banking Finance Company, Registered with Reserve Bank of India and was incorporated on 4th August, 1992. The Company provides financial support to emerging business entrepreneurs.

2. Basis of Preparation

These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the generally accepted accounting principles in India under the historical cost convention on accrual basis. Pursuant to section 133 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with rule 7 of the Companies (Accounts) Rules 2014, till the standards of accounting or any addendum thereto are prescribed by the Central Government in consultation and recommendation of the National Financial Reporting Authority, the existing Accounting Standards notified under the Companies Act, 1956 shall continue to apply. Accordingly, these financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material aspects with the Accounting Standards notified under section 211(3C) of the Companies Act, 1956, Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006, (as amended), the other relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013 and Reserve Bank of India Regulations in relation to Non Banking Finance Companies to the extent applicable to the Company.

All assets and liabilities have been classified as current or non-current as per the criteria set out in the schedule III to the Companies Act, 2013. Based on the nature of the products and the time between acquisition of assets for processing and their realization in cash and cash equivalents, the Company has ascertained its operating cycle as 12 months for the purpose of current/non-current classification of its assets and liabilities.

a. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management's best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land and buildings are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Other expense on existing fixed assets including day- to- day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Deprecation on fixed assets is calculated on a WDV method using the rates specified under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 arrived on the basis of the useful lives estimated by the management. Useful lives of assets are determined by management by an internal technical assessment except where such assessment suggests a life significantly different from those prescribed by schedule II-part C of the companies act, 2013 where the useful life is as assessed and certified by a technical expert.

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses if any. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and expenditure is reflected in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

Intangible assets (goodwill) arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

Gains or losses arising from derecognizing of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a Substantial period of time to get ready for its Intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

f. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset's net selling price and value in use i.e. the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are classified as finance leases and are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as assets acquired on finance

lease. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges on account of finance leases are charged to statement of profit and loss.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

h. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

i. Revenue Recognition

Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively have been accounted for on accrual basis. Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income- tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date. Deferred Income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting Income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the company reassesses' unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The company writes down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no Longer reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. i.e the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income- tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

k. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year.

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

During the year advances, Receivables and investment made are recoverable and performing, therefore management has not made any provisions for bad or doubtful asset, however 0.25% of the Standard Assets is being provided as per the notification issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

In accordance with the notification No. DNBS.222/CGM(US)-2011 dated 17-01-2011issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) vide its Directions to all NBFCs to make general provision of 0.25% of the standard assets The company has made a provision of Rs.4,05,958./- on the standard assets as on March 31, 2015. The amount of provision on Standard assets is shown separately as Contingent provision against Standard Assets under Long Term Provisions in the Balance Sheet.

Pursuant to section 4C of the Reserve Bank Of India. 1934, during the year the company has transferred an amount of Rs 2,89,182 to Statutory Reserve

m. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence/ non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize the contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

n. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less with banks.

o. Segment Reporting

The company is operating in single segment and hence segment wise separate reporting as per AS 17 issued by ICAI is not required.


Mar 31, 2014

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land and buildings are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Other expense on existing fixed assets including day-to-day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of replacing parts are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a WDV method using the rates specified under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 arrived on the basis of the useful lives estimated by the management

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses if any. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and expenditure is reflected in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

Intangible assets (goodwill) arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

Gains or losses arising from derecognizing of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a Substantial period of time to get ready for its Intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

f. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use i.e. the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are classified as finance leases and are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as assets acquired on finance lease. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges on account of finance leases are charged to statement of profit and loss.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

h. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

i. Revenue Recognition

Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively have been accounted for on accrual basis. Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved

j. Taxes on Income

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Income-tax Act, 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred Income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting Income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the reporting date. Deferred income tax relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The company writes-down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no

Longer reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such write-down is reversed to the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to set-off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. i.e the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT credit as Minimum Alternative Tax under the Income tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit to the an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in respect of statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

k. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

During the year advances, Receivables and investment made are recoverable and performing, therefore management has not made any provisions for bad or doubtful asset, however 0.25% of the Standard Assets is being provided as per the notification issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

In accordance with the notification No. DNBS.222/CGM(US)-2011 dated 17-01-2011issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) vide its Directions to all NBFCs to make ageneral provision of 0.25% of the standard assets The company has made a provision of Rs.3,70,856./- on the standard assets as on March 31, 2014. The amount of provision on Standard assets is shown separately as Contingent provision against Standard Assets under Long Term Provisions in the Balance Sheet. Pursuant to section 4C of the Reserve Bank Of India. 1934, during the year the company has transferred an amount of Rs 2, 59,392 to Statutory Reserve

m. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence/ non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize the contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

n. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less with banks.

o. Segment Reporting

The company is operating in single segment and hence segment wise separate reporting as per AS 17 issued by ICAI is not required.


Mar 31, 2013

A. Use of estimates

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with Indian GAAP requires the management to make judgments estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent liabilities, at the end of the reporting period. Although these estimates are based on the management''s best knowledge of current events and actions, uncertainty about these assumptions and estimates could result in the outcomes requiring a material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets or liabilities in future periods.

b. Tangible fixed assets

Fixed assets, except land and buildings are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and accumulated impairment losses, if any. The cost comprises purchase price borrowing costs if capitalization criteria are met and directly attributable cost of bringing the asset to its working condition for the intended use. Any trade discounts and rebates are deducted in arriving at the purchase price.

Subsequent expenditure related to an item of fixed asset is added to its book value only if it increases the expense on existing fixed assets including da?y ?to day repair and maintenance expenditure and cost of future benefits from the existing asset beyond its previously assessed standard of performance. Other replacing parts are charged to the statement of profit and loss for the period.

c. Depreciation on tangible fixed assets

Depreciation on fixed assets is calculated on a WDV method using the rates specified under the Schedule XIV to the Companies Act, 1956 arrived on the basis of the useful lives estimated by the management

d. Intangible assets

Intangible assets acquired separately are measured on initial recognition at cost. Following initial recognition, intangible assets are carried at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses if any. Internally generated intangible assets, excluding capitalized development costs, are not capitalized and expenditure is reflected in the statement of profit and loss in the year in which the expenditure is incurred.

Intangible assets (goodwill) arising on consolidation or acquisition is not amortized but is tested for impairment.

The amortization period and the amortization method are reviewed at least at each financial year end. If the expected useful life of the asset is significantly different from previous estimates, the amortization period is changed accordingly. If there has been a significant change in the expected pattern of economic benefits from the asset, the amortization method is changed to reflect the changed pattern. Such changes are accounted for in accordance with AS 5 Net Profit or Loss for the Period, Prior Period Items and Changes in Accounting Policies.

Gains or losses arising from derecognizing of an intangible asset are measured as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the statement of profit and loss when the asset is derecognized.

e. Borrowing Cost

Borrowing cost includes interest, amortization of ancillary costs incurred in connection with the arrangement of borrowings and exchange differences arising from foreign currency borrowings to the extent they are regarded as an adjustment to the interest cost.

Borrowing costs directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of an asset that necessarily takes a Substantial period of time to get ready for its Intended use or sale are capitalized as part of the cost of the respective asset. All other borrowing costs are expensed in the period they occur.

f. Impairment of tangible and intangible assets

Management periodically assesses using, external and internal sources, whether there is an indication that an asset may be impaired. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying value of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is higher of the asset''s net selling price and value in use i.e. the present value of future cash flows expected to arise from the continuing use of the asset and its eventual disposal. An impairment loss for an asset is reversed if there has been a change in the estimates used to determine the recoverable amount since the last impairment loss was recognized.

g. Leases

Where the Company is the lessee

Leases which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are classified as finance leases and are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as assets acquired on finance lease. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges on account of finance leases are charged to statement of profit and loss.

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased item, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the statement of profit and loss on a straight line basis over the lease term.

h. Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All o t h e r investments are classified as long term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

i. Revenue Recognition

Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively have been accounted for on accrual basis. Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved

j. Taxes on Income expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Incom?e tax Act,

Tax expense comprises current and deferred tax. Current income tax is measured at the amount 1961 enacted in India and tax laws prevailing in the respective tax jurisdictions where the company operates. The tax rates and tax laws used to compute the amount are those that are enacted or substantively enacted, at the reporting date.

Deferred Income taxes reflect the impact of timing differences between taxable income and accounting Income originating during the current year and reversal of timing differences for the earlier years. Deferred tax is measured using the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at t h e reporting date. Deferred i n c o m e t a x relating to items recognized directly in equity is recognized in equity and not in the statement of profit and loss.

Deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable timing differences. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible timing differences only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. In situations where the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, all deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that they can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each reporting date, the company ?re assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. write?s down the carrying amount of deferred tax asset to the extent that it is no

The carrying amount of deferred tax assets are reviewed at each reporting date. The company will be available against which deferred tax asset can be realized. Any such wri?te down is reversed to Longer reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income the extent that it becomes reasonably certain or virtually certain as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available.

Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are offset, if a legally enforceable right exists to s?et off current tax assets against current tax liabilities and the deferred tax assets and deferred taxes relate to the same taxable entity and the same taxation authority.

Minimum alternate tax (MAT) paid in a year is charged to the statement of profit and loss as current tax. The company recognizes MAT credit available as an asset only to the extent that there is convincing evidence that the company will pay normal income tax during the specified period. i.e the period for which MAT credit is allowed to be carried forward. In the year in which the company recognizes MAT

respect of Minimum Alternative Tax under the Incom?e tax Act, 1961, the said asset is created by way of credit as an asset in accordance with the Guidance Note on Accounting for Credit Available in credit to the statement of profit and loss and shown as "MAT Credit Entitlement." The company reviews the "MAT credit entitlement" asset at each reporting date and writes down the asset to the extent the company does not have convincing evidence that it will pay normal tax during the specified period.

k. Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the year. For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the year attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares

l. Provisions

A provision is recognized when the Company has a present obligation as a result of past event and it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates.

m. Contingent Liabilities

A contingent liability is a possible obligation that arises from past events whose existence will be confirmed by the occurrence/ non-occurrence of one or more uncertain future events beyond the control of the Company or a present obligation that is not recognized because it is not probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation. A contingent liability also arises in extremely rare cases where there is a liability that cannot be recognized because it cannot be measured reliably. The Company does not recognize the contingent liability but discloses its existence in the financial statements.

n. Cash and cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash at bank and in hand and fixed deposits with an original maturity of three months or less with banks.

o. Segment Reporting

The company is operating in single segment and hence segment wise separate reporting as per AS 17 issued by ICAI is not required.


Mar 31, 2012

1. 01 BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The accounts of the Company are prepared under the historical cost convention and in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards except where otherwise stated. Accounting Policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting policies. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on accrual basis except otherwise specified.

1.02 REVENUE RECOGNITION

Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively have been accounted for on accrual basis. Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved.

1.03 FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses, less depreciation.

1.04 DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on the straight line method at the rates prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and on additions on Pro-rata basis.

1.05 INVESTMENTS

Investments (Long Term, other and current investments) are stated at cost. All Investments are held as "Stock in Trade".

1.06 PROVISION FOR DIMINUTION IN VALUE OF INVESTMENTS

Provision for diminution in value of Long Term Quoted Investments and Current Investments are provided at in aggregate for each category at difference between cost and market value (if lower than cost), at the balance sheet date, and Provision for diminution in value Other unquoted Investments are ascertained either from the latest balance sheet of the company, if available or value shares at Re. 1/- per share, as the case may be in accordance with Reserve Bank of India guidelines.

1.07 CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent liabilities are not Provided and are disclosed by way of notes to accounts.


Mar 31, 2010

1. BASIS OF ACCOUNTING

The accounts of the Company are prepared under the historical cost convention and in accordance with applicable Accounting Standards except where otherwise staled. Accounting Policies not specifically referred to are consistent with generally accepted accounting policies. The Company follows the mercantile system of accounting and recognises Income and Expenditure on accrual basis except otherwise specified.

2. REVENUE RECOGNITION

Expenses and income considered payable and receivable respectively have been accounted for on accrual basis. Where the ability to assess the ultimate collection with reasonable certainty is lacking at the time of raising any claim, revenue recognition is postponed to the extent of uncertainty involved.

3. FIXED ASSETS:

Fixed Assets are stated at cost of acquisition inclusive of freight, duties, taxes and incidental expenses, less depreciation.

4. DEPRECIATION

Depreciation on Fixed Assets has been provided on the straight line method at the rates prescribed in schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956 and on additions on Pro-rata basis.

5. INVESTMENTS

Investments (Long Term, other and current investments) are stated at cose. All Investments are held as "Stock in Trade".

6. PROVISION FOR DIMUNATION IN VALUE OF INVESTMETS

Provision for diminution in value of Long Term Quoted Investments and Current Investments are provided at in aggregate for each category at difference between cost and market value (if lower than cost) . at (he balance sheet date, and Provision for diminution in value Other unquoted Investments are ascertained either from the lakes! balance sheet of the company, if available or value shares at Re. 1/- per share , as the case ma} be in accordance with Reserve Bank of India guidelines.

7. CONTINGENT LIABILITIES

Contingent liabilities are not Provided and are disclosed by way of notes to accounts.