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Accounting Policies of Usher Agro Ltd. Company

Mar 31, 2015

1. Corporate Overview

Usher Agro Limited is engaged in the business of food processing, mainly basic food i.e. wheat, rice and pulses. The Company is having manufacturing facilities for rice, wheat & pulses milling. The company is also engaged in Bio Mass Power generation and Logistic, however the operations in these two segments are comparatively not significant and mainly for captive purpose only.

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy, if any, as discussed below in detail, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management best knowledge of current events and actions. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

(c) Current–non-current classification Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria, in the opinion of the management:

i. it is expected to be realized in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company,s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

iii. it is expected to be realized within 12 months after the reporting date; or

iv. it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria, in the opinion of the management:

i. it is expected to be settled in the company,s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

iii. it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or

iv. the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current financial liabilities.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

(d) Operating cycle

An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets/materials for processing and their realization in Cash or cash equivalents. Where the normal operating cycle cannot be identified, it is assumed to have duration of twelve months

(e) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost (including pre-operative and trial & run expenses) of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Assets under installation or under construction as at the Balance Sheet date are shown as Capital work in progress.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till the period , such assets are ready to be put to use, the qualifying assets is one that take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost not attributable to the acquisition of any capital assets are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred. The cost of acquisition is further adjusted for exchange difference relating to noncurrent foreign currency borrowing attributable to the acquisition of depreciable assets.

(f) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(g) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the Schedule II to the Companies Act, 2013.

There is no change in method of depreciation during the period however by virtue of law the method of calculating rate of depreciation after estimating the balance useful life of the assets has been changed and is in accordance with schedule II of the Companies Act, 2013. Depreciation on addition/deletion to the assets during the period is provided on pro-rata basis.

(h) Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset,s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(i) Leases

Finance Lease Transaction:

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalized.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Operating Lease Transaction:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(j) Investments

Investments that are readily realizable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as noncurrent investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non current investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognize a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

(k) Inventories

Raw Lower of cost and net realizable value. However,

materials, materials and other items held for use in the components, production of inventories are not written down stores and below cost if the finished products in which they spares will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis. Work-in- Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost progress includes direct materials and labour and a and finished proportion of manufacturing overheads based goods on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(l) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

Income from Services

Revenues from Job work & stock processing of material are

recognized as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(m) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Any expense which is the nature of Preliminary expenses, has write off in the year which they have incurred from/ against the Profit & Loss Account.

Any expenses related to public issue/QIP/any other capital raising issue has write off entire expenses in the year which they have incurred from/against the security premium account.

(n) Foreign currency translation

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate at the end of the reporting period. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are rerted using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the period, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the period in which they arise. Exchange differences arising in respect of fixed assets acquired from outside India are capitalized as a part of fixed asset.

(o) Retirement and other employee benefits.

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the period when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

ii. Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial period.

iii. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

iv. The company has started from this period to make the provision for leave encashment on the basis of actuarial at the end of the financial period.

(p) Income taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current period timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the period and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognized only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognized only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realized against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognizes unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realized.

(q) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalized. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period is capitalized as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure is indirectly related to construction or is incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which is not related to the construction activity nor is incidental thereto is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

(r) Segment Reporting Policies

Primary segment is identified based on the nature of products and services. Secondary segment is identified based on geography in which major operating division of the company operate.

For primary segment, the segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segment on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the group as a whole and are not allocable to segment on reasonable basis, have been included under 'Unallocated revenue/expenses/assets/ liabilities".

(s) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(t) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Liabilities whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes on Accounts.

(u) Financial /Commodity Derivatives Transaction

In respect of derivative contracts, premium paid, gain / losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognized in the Profit and Loss Account except in case where they relate to the acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(v) Government Grants

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant /subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Government Grants related to specific fixed assets has been deducted from the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their book value.

Government Grants of the nature of the revenue are recognized on a systematic basis in the profit and loss account over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants either be shown under 'other income, or deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Jun 30, 2014

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy, if any, as discussed below in detail, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management best knowledge of current events and actions. Actual results could difer from these estimates and differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

(c) Current-non-current classifcation

Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfes any of the following criteria:

It is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company''s normal operating cycle;

It is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

It is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date; or

It is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets.

All other assets are classifed as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classifed as current when it satisfes any of the following criteria:

It is expected to be settled in the company''s normal operating cycle;

It is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

It is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting

date; or

The company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counter party, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not afect its classifcation.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current

financial liabilities.

All other liabilities are classifed as non-current.

(d) Operating cycle

An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets/materials for processing and their realization in Cash or cash equivalents. Where the normal operating cycle cannot be identified, it is assumed to have duration of twelve months

(e) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost (including pre-operative and trial & run expenses) of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Assets under installation or under construction as at the Balance Sheet date are shown as Capital work in progress.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till the period , such assets are ready to be put to use, the qualifying assets is one that take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost not attributable to the acquisition of any capital assets are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred. The cost of acquisition is further adjusted for exchange diference relating to non current foreign currency borrowing attributable to the acquisition of depreciable assets.

(f) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby Profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the efects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and fnancing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(g) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition/deletion to the assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

(h) Impairment

The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(i) Leases

Finance Lease Transaction:

Finance leases, which efectively transfer to the Company

substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalised.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Operating Lease Transaction :

Leases where the lessor efectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classifed as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(j) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classifed as current investments. All other investments are classifed as non current investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non current investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

(k) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Work-in-progress and fnished goods Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(l) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will fow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

Income from Services

Revenues from Job work & stock processing of material are recognised as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(m) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Any expense which is the nature of Preliminary expenses, has write of in the year which they have incurred from/ against the Profit & Loss Account.

Any expenses related to public issue/QIP/any other capital raising issue has write of entire expenses in the year which they have incurred from/against the security premium account.

(n) Foreign currency translation

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction. (ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate at the end of the reporting period. Non- monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non- monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

(iii) Exchange Diferences

Exchange diferences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company''s monetary items at rates diferent from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Exchange diferences arising in respect of fixed assets acquired from outside India are capitalized as a part of fixed asset.

(o) Retirement and other employee benefits.

Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a Defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

Gratuity liability is Defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to Profit and loss account and are not deferred.

(p) Income taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes refects the impact of current year timing diferences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing diferences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable Profits. At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognized deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case

may be that sufcient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

(q) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period is capitalised as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure is indirectly related to construction or is incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which is not related to the construction activity nor is incidental thereto is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure. All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

(r) Segment Reporting Policies

Primary segment is identified based on the nature of products and services. Secondary segment is identified based on geography in which major operating division of the company operate.

For primary segment, the segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segment on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the group as a whole and are not allocable to segment on reasonable basis, have been included under ''Unallocated revenue/expenses/ assets/liabilities".

(s) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The

weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares). For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net Profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the efects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(t) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to refect the current best estimates. Liabilities whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes on Accounts.

(u) Financial /Commodity Derivatives Transaction

In respect of derivative contracts, premium paid, gain / losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account except in case where they relate to the acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(v) Government Grants

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant /subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with. Government Grants related to specific fixed assets has been deducted form the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their book value.

Government Grants of the nature of the revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the profit and loss account over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants either be shown under ''other income'' or deducted in reporting the related expenses.

b) The Company has only one class of equity shares having a par value of Rs. 10. The equity shares have rights, preferences and restrictions which are in accordance with the provisions of law, in particular the Companies Act, 1956 below:

c) There are nil number of shares ( P.Y. Nil) in respect of each class in the company held by its holding company or its ultimate holding company including shares held by or by subsidiary or associates of the holding company or the ultimate holding company in aggregate.

e) There are nil number of shares ( Previous year Nil) reserved for issue under option and contracts /commitment for the sale of shares/disinvestment including the terms and amounts.

f) For the period of five years immediately preceding the date as at which the balance sheet is prepared

g) During the year there are no securities issued/converted which are convertible into equity/preference shares. However On 15th December 2009 the company has issued 60,00,000 warrants on preferential basis to the promoters and others to raise Rs. 2,460 lacs through preferential allotment. out of which, 10,00,000 warrants and 50,00,000 warrants have been converted in to equity share in financial year 2009-10 and 2010-11 respectively.

h) There are no calls unpaid ( P.Y. Nil )including calls unpaid by Directors and Ofcers as on balance sheet date

1. Foreign Currency borrowings are secured by way of frst pari passu charge on the entire immovable and movable fixed assets of the company and second pari passu charge on the entire current assets of the company present and future created in favour of respective Banks/Trustees along with the personal guarantees of the Directors of the Company namely Dr. Vinod Kumar Chaturvedi and Mr. Manoj Pathak .

2. Rupee Term Loan are secured by way of frst pari passu charge on the entire immovable and movable fixed assets of the company and second pari passu charge on the entire current assets of the company, both present and future created in favour of respective Banks/Trustees along with the personal guarantees of the Directors of the company namely Mr. Vinod K. Chaturvedi and Mr. Manoj Pathak .

3 Equipment and Vehicle loans are secured against the respective equipment/vehicles financed through the said loans.

* Cash credit /working capital credit facilities are secured by way of frst pari passu charge over the entire current assets and second pari passu charge over the entire Immovable and moveable fixed assets of the company, both present and future created in favour of respective banks/trustees along with personal guarantees of the Directors of the company namely Dr. Vinod K. Chaturvedi and Mr. Manoj Pathak.

The Company has not received any information from "Suppliers" regarding their status under the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act,2006 and hence disclosures relating to amount unpaid as at year end together with interest paid/payable under the said Act have not been given.

Notes

- Trade Receivables (outstanding for a period less than six months) includes Rs 452.79 lacs (P.Y. Rs. 702.40 lacs) receivable from the Subsidiary Company M/s Usher Eco Power Ltd.

- The Classifcation of Trade Receivables outstanding for a period less than six months and exceeding six months is based on the certification from the management, regarding the due date of payment, as per terms of transaction and/or in accordance with further mutual negotiation, formal as well informal with the individual parties concerned


Jun 30, 2013

(a) Basis of preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy, if any, as discussed below in detail, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management best knowledge of current events and actions. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

(c) Current-non-current classification Assets

An asset is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

i. it is expected to be realised in, or is intended for sale or consumption in, the company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

iii. it is expected to be realised within 12 months after the reporting date; or

iv. it is cash or cash equivalent unless it is restricted from being exchanged or used to settle a liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date.

Current assets include the current portion of non-current financial assets.

All other assets are classified as non-current.

Liabilities

A liability is classified as current when it satisfies any of the following criteria:

i. it is expected to be settled in the company''s normal operating cycle;

ii. it is held primarily for the purpose of being traded;

iii. it is due to be settled within 12 months after the reporting date; or

iv. the company does not have an unconditional right to defer settlement of the liability for at least 12 months after the reporting date. Terms of a liability that could, at the option of the counterparty, result in its settlement by the issue of equity instruments do not affect its classification.

Current liabilities include current portion of non-current financial liabilities.

All other liabilities are classified as non-current.

(d) Operating cycle

An operating cycle is the time between the acquisition of assets/materials for processing and their realization in Cash or cash equivalents. Where the normal operating cycle cannot be identified, it is assumed to have duration of twelve months

(e) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost (including pre-operative and trial & run expenses) of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Assets under installation or under construction as at the Balance Sheet date are shown as Capital work in progress.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till the period, such assets are ready to be put to use, the qualifying assets is one that take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost not attributable to the acquisition of any capital assets are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred. The cost of acquisition is further adjusted for exchange difference relating to non current foreign currency borrowing attributable to the acquisition of depreciable assets.

(f) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(g) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition/deletion to the assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

(h) Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset''s net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(i) Leases

Finance Lease Transaction:

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalised.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Operating Lease Transaction:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(j) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as non current investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Non current investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

(k) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(l) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer. Income from Services

Revenues from Job work & stock processing of material are recognised as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(m) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Any expense which is the nature of Preliminary expenses, has write off in the year which they have incurred from/ against the Profit & Loss Account.

Any expenses related to public issue/QIP/any other capital raising issue has write off entire expenses in the year which they have incurred from/against the security premium account.

(o) Retirement and other employee benefits.

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

ii. Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

iii. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

(p) Income taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

(q) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period is capitalised as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure is indirectly related to construction or is incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which is not related to the construction activity nor is incidental thereto is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

(r) Segment Reporting Policies

Primary segment is identified based on the nature of products and services. Secondary segment is identified based on geography in which major operating division of the company operate.

For primary segment, the segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segment on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the group as a whole and are not allocable to segment on reasonable basis, have been included under ''Unallocated revenue/expenses/assets/liabilities".

(s) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(t) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Liabilities whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes on Accounts.

(u) Financial /Commodity Derivatives Transaction

In respect of derivative contracts, premium paid, gain / losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account except in case where they relate to the acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(v) Government Grants

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant /subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Government Grants related to specific fixed assets has been deducted form the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their book value.

Government Grants of the nature of the revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the profit and loss account over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants either be shown under ''other income'' or deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Jun 30, 2012

(a) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy, if any, as discussed below in detail, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b) Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Although these estimates are based upon management best knowledge of current events and actions. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

(c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost (including pre-operative and trial & run expenses) of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Assets under installation or under construction as at the Balance Sheet date are shown as Capital work in progress.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till the period, such assets are ready to be put to use, the qualifying assets is one that take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost not attributable to the acquisition of any capital assets are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred. The cost of acquisition is further adjusted for exchange difference relating to long term foreign currency borrowing attributable to the acquisition of depreciable assets.

(d) Cash Flow Statement

Cash flows are reported using the indirect method, whereby profit / (loss) before extraordinary items and tax is adjusted for the effects of transactions of non-cash nature and any deferrals or accruals of past or future cash receipts or payments. The cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities of the Company are segregated based on the available information.

(e) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition/deletion to the assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

(f) Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factors. An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset's net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(g) Leases

Finance Lease Transaction:

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalised.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Operating Lease Transaction :

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(h) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

(i) Inventories

Raw materials, components, stores and spares : Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Work-in-progress and finished goods : Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(j) Revenue Recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognized when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

Income from Services

Revenues from Job work & stock processing of material are recognised as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Revenue is recognized on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(k) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

Any expense which is the nature of Preliminary expenses, has write off in the year which they have incurred from/against the Profit & Loss Account.

Any expenses related to public issue/QIP/any other capital raising issue has write off entire expenses in the year which they have incurred from/against the security premium account.

(l) Foreign Currency Translation

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate at the end of the reporting period. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting company's monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Exchange differences arising in respect of fixed assets acquired from outside India are capitalized as a part of fixed asset.

(m) Retirement and other Employee Benefits.

i. Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

ii. Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

iii. Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

(n) Income Taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier years.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

(o) Expenditure on New Projects and Substantial Expansion

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period is capitalised as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure is indirectly related to construction or is incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which is not related to the construction activity nor is incidental thereto is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

(p) Segment Reporting Policies

Primary segment is identified based on the nature of products and services. Secondary segment is identified based on geography in which major operating division of the company operate.

For primary segment, the segment revenue, segment expenses, segment assets and segment liabilities have been identified to segment on the basis of their relationship to the operating activities of the segment. Revenue, expenses, assets and liabilities which relate to the group as a whole and are not allocable to segment on reasonable basis, have been included under 'Unallocated revenue/expenses/ assets/liabilities".

(q) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes, if any) by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(r) Provisions and Contingent Liabilities

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Liabilities whose future outcome cannot be ascertained with reasonable certainty, are treated as contingent and disclosed by way of Notes on Accounts.

(s) Financial Commodity Derivatives Transaction

In respect of derivative contracts, premium paid, gain / losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account except in case where they relate to the acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(t) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(u) Government Grants

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant / subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Government Grants related to specific fixed assets has been deducted form the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their book value.

Government Grants of the nature of the revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the profit and loss account over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants either be shown under 'other income' or deducted in reporting the related expenses.


Jun 30, 2010

(a) Basis of Preparation

The financial statements have been prepared to comply in all material respects with the mandatory Accounting Standards issued by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India and the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 1956. The financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention on an accrual basis The accounting policies have been consistently applied by the Company and except for the changes in accounting policy, if any, as discussed below in detail, are consistent with those used in the previous year.

(b)Changes in Accounting Policies

There is no change in any of the significant accounting policies during the year.

However, in the immediate preceding previous year, the company has adopted the Accounting Standard 26 which is mandatory from April 1, 2004. Accordingly the company has provided full balance amount of the preliminary expenses in the profit and loss account of immediate previous year, this change is not having any impact on the profit for the current year. In this connection total Rs Nil (P.Y. Rs 8,12,694/-) have been charged to the current years profit & loss account. Earlier years only l/5,h of total preliminary expenses incurred charged to Profit & Loss Account accordingly.

(c) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost (or revalued amounts, as the case may be), less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses if any. Cost comprises the purchase price and any attributable cost (including pre-operative and trial & run expenses) of bringing the asset to its working condition for its intended use.

Assets under installation or under construction and the related advances as at the Balance Sheet date are shown as Capital work in progress.

Borrowing costs that are attributable to the acquisition or construction of qualifying assets are capitalized as part of the cost of such assets till the period, such assets are ready to be put to use, the qualifying assets is one that take substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale. Other borrowing cost not attributable to the acquisition of any capital assets are recognized as expenses in the period in which they are incurred.

(d) Depreciation

Depreciation is provided using the Straight Line Method as per the rates prescribed under schedule XIV of the Companies Act, 1956. Depreciation on addition/deletion to the assets during the year is provided on pro-rata basis.

(e)Impairment

i. The carrying amounts of assets are reviewed at each balance sheet date if there is any indication of impairment based on internal/external factor An impairment loss is recognized wherever the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its recoverable amount. The recoverable amount is the greater of the assets net selling price and value in use. In assessing value in use, the estimated future cash flows are discounted to their present value at the weighted average cost of capital.

ii. After impairment, depreciation is provided on the revised carrying amount of the asset over its remaining useful life.

(f)Leases

Finance Lease Transaction:

Finance leases, which effectively transfer to the Company substantially all the risks and benefits incidental to ownership of the leased item, are capitalized at the lower of the fair value and present value of the minimum lease payments at the inception of the lease term and disclosed as leased assets. Lease payments are apportioned between the finance charges and reduction of the lease liability based on the implicit rate of return. Finance charges are charged directly against income. Lease management fees, legal charges and other initial direct costs are capitalised.

If there is no reasonable certainty that the Company will obtain the ownership by the end of the lease term, capitalized leased assets are depreciated over the shorter of the estimated useful life of the asset or the lease term.

Operating Lease Transaction:

Leases where the lessor effectively retains substantially all the risks and benefits of ownership of the leased term, are classified as operating leases. Operating lease payments are recognized as an expense in the Profit and Loss account on a straight-line basis over the lease term.

(g) Investments

Investments that are readily realisable and intended to be held for not more than a year are classified as current investments. All other investments are classified as long-term investments. Current investments are carried at lower of cost and fair value determined on an individual investment basis. Long-term investments are carried at cost. However, provision for diminution in value is made to recognise a decline other than temporary in the value of the investments.

(h) Inventories

Raw materials, components, Lower of cost and net realizable value. However, materials and other items held for use in the stores and spares production of inventories are not written down below cost if the finished products in which they will be incorporated are expected to be sold at or above cost. Cost is determined on FIFO basis.

Work-in-progress and finished Lower of cost and net realizable value. Cost includes direct materials and labour and a proportion of goods manufacturing overheads based on normal operating capacity.

Net realizable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business, less estimated costs of completion and estimated costs necessary to make the sale.

(i) Revenue recognition

Revenue is recognized to the extent that it is probable that the economic benefits will flow to the Company and the revenue can be reliably measured.

Sale of Goods

Revenue is recognised when the significant risks and rewards of ownership of the goods have passed to the buyer.

Income from Services

Revenues from Job work and stock processing of material are recognised as and when services are rendered.

Interest

Revenue is recognised on a time proportion basis taking into account the amount outstanding and the rate applicable.

(j) Deferred Revenue Expenditure

The Company has charged full balance amount of Preliminary expenses in the Immediate previous financial year to Profit & Loss Account and changed the policy for amortization of Preliminary expenses equally over a period of 5 years, beginning from the year in which they are incurred.

Expenses relating to public issue are amortized equally over a period of 5 years against security premium account.

(k) Foreign currency translation

(i) Initial Recognition

Foreign currency transactions are recorded in the reporting currency, by applying to the foreign currency amount the exchange rate between the reporting currency and the foreign currency at the date of the transaction.

(ii) Conversion

Foreign currency monetary items are reported using the closing rate at the end of the reporting period. Non-monetary items which are carried in terms of historical cost denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rate at the date of the transaction; and non-monetary items which are carried at fair value or other similar valuation denominated in a foreign currency are reported using the exchange rates that existed when the values were determined.

(iii) Exchange Differences

Exchange differences arising on the settlement of monetary items or on reporting companys monetary items at rates different from those at which they were initially recorded during the year, or reported in previous financial statements, are recognised as income or as expenses in the year in which they arise. Exchange differences arising in respect of fixed assets acquired from outside India are capitalized as a part of fixed asset.

(l) Retirement and other employee benefits

i.) Retirement benefits in the form of Provident Fund is a defined contribution scheme and contributions are charged to the Profit and Loss Account of the year when the contributions to the respective funds are due. There are no other obligations other than the contribution payable to the respective funds.

ii.) Gratuity liability is defined benefit obligations and are provided for on the basis of an actuarial valuation made at the end of each financial year.

iii.) Actuarial gains/losses are immediately taken to profit and loss account and are not deferred.

(m) Income taxes

Tax expense comprises of current tax and deferred tax. Current Income Tax is measured at the amount expected to be paid to the tax authorities in accordance with the Indian Income Tax Act, 1961. Deferred income taxes reflects the impact of current year timing differences between taxable income and accounting income for the year and reversal of timing differences of earlier year.

Deferred tax is measured based on the tax rates and the tax laws enacted or substantively enacted at the balance sheet date. Deferred tax assets are recognised only to the extent that there is reasonable certainty that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised. If the company has unabsorbed depreciation or carry forward tax losses, deferred tax assets are recognised only if there is virtual certainty supported by convincing evidence that such deferred tax assets can be realised against future taxable profits.

At each balance sheet date the Company re-assesses unrecognised deferred tax assets. It recognises unrecognised deferred tax assets to the extent that it has become reasonably certain or virtually certain, as the case may be that sufficient future taxable income will be available against which such deferred tax assets can be realised.

(n) Expenditure on new projects and substantial expansion

Expenditure directly relating to construction activity is capitalised. Indirect expenditure incurred during construction period is capitalised as part of the indirect construction cost to the extent to which the expenditure is indirectly related to construction or is incidental thereto. Other indirect expenditure (including borrowing costs) incurred during the construction period which is not related to the construction activity nor is incidental thereto is charged to the Profit and Loss Account. Income earned during construction period is deducted from the total of the indirect expenditure.

All direct capital expenditure on expansion are capitalized. As regards indirect expenditure on expansion, only that portion is capitalized which represents the marginal increase in such expenditure involved as a result of capital expansion. Both direct and indirect expenditure are capitalized only if they increase the value of the asset beyond its original standard of performance.

(o) Segment Reporting Policies

Identification of segments:

The Company is operating in only one business segment i.e. food processing although the company is operational in different geographical regions i.e. Domestic and Overseas segment, hence there is no separate identification of primary segments and accounting thereof and geographical segment is identified as secondary segment.

(p) Earnings Per Share

Basic earnings per share are calculated by dividing the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders (after deducting preference dividends and attributable taxes, if any] by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Partly paid equity shares are treated as a fraction of an equity share to the extent that they were entitled to participate in dividends relative to a fully paid equity share during the reporting period. The weighted average numbers of equity shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for events of bonus issue; bonus element in a rights issue to existing shareholders; share split; and reverse share split (consolidation of shares).

For the purpose of calculating diluted earnings per share, the net profit or loss for the period attributable to equity shareholders and the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period are adjusted for the effects of all dilutive potential equity shares.

(q) Provisions

A provision is recognized when an enterprise has a present obligation as a result of past event; it is probable that an outflow of resources will be required to settle the obligation, in respect of which a reliable estimate can be made. Provisions are not discounted to its present value and are determined based on best estimate required to settle the obligation at the balance sheet date. These are reviewed at each balance sheet date and adjusted to reflect the current best estimates. Provision for expenditure relating to voluntary retirement is made when the employee accepts the offer of early retirement.

(r) Financial Commodity Derivatives Transaction

In respect of derivative contracts, premium paid, gain / losses on settlement and provision for losses for cash flow hedges are recognised in the Profit and Loss Account except in case where they relate to the acquisition or construction of fixed assets, in which case, they are adjusted to the carrying cost of such assets.

(s) Cash and Cash equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents in the balance sheet comprise cash at bank and in hand and short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less.

(t) Use of estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with Generally Accepted Accounting Principals require estimates and assumptions to be made that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities on the date of financial statement and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from these estimates and differences between actual results and estimates are recognized in the periods in which the results are known/materialize.

(u) Government Grants

Grants from the Government are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the grant /subsidy will be received and all attaching conditions will be complied with.

Government Grants related to specific fixed assets has been deducted form the gross value of the assets concerned in arriving at their bookvalue.

Government Grants of the nature of the revenue are recognised on a systematic basis in the profit and loss account over the periods necessary to match them with related costs which they are intended to compensate. Such grants either be shown under other income or deducted in reportingthe related expenses.

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